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Full text of "Annual report of the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board"

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Compliments of . . . 

METROPOLITAN WATER AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 

HENRY H. SPRAGUE, Chairman. 
HENRY P. WALCOTT. 
JAMES A. BAILEY, JR. 

i Ashburton Place, 

BOSTON. 

William N. Davenport, Secretary. 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... .... No. 57. 

SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

Metropolitan Water and 
Sewerage Board. 



January i, 1907 



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BOSTON : 
WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. 
1907. 



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Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



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CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

I. Organization and Administration, • • • 1 

(1) Board, Officers and Employes, 1 

(2) Offices and Buildings, 3 

(3) Conveyancing, 4 

II. Metropolitan Water District, 5 

III. Metropolitan Water Works, Construction, • 5 

(1) Wachusett Dam and Reservoir, 6 

(a) Wachusett Dam, 6 

(b) Wachusett Reservoir, - 7 

(c) Forestry, , 9 

(rf) Location, Construction and Discontinuance of Roads 10 

(e) Clinton Catholic Cemetery, 10 

(2) Improvement of Wachusett Watershed, . . .11 

(a) Sterling Filter-beds, . 11 

(6) Drainage of Swamps, ... * 12 

(c) Miscellaneous Improvements, '. 12 

(3) Pumping Stations 12 

(4) Improvement of Spot Pond Brook, 13 

(5) Police Protection, . 13 

(6) Acquisition of Lands and Settlements for Lands Acquired, .... 13 

(7) Claims and Settlements for Loss of Business, 19 

(8) Claims and Settlements, for Loss of Employment 20 

(9) Claims and Settlements for Depreciation of Real Estate, 20 

(10; Claims on Acrount of Diversion of Water, 20 

IV. Water Works, Maintenance, 21 

(1) Operation of Works, 21 

(2) Storage Reservoirs, 21 

(3) Distributing Reservoirs, .24 

(4) Aqueducts, 25 

(5) Pumping Stations, 26 

(6) Pipe Lines and Pipe Yards, 27 

(7) Sewerage and Filtration Works, . . . 28 

(a) Clinton Sewerage Works, 28 

(6) Marlborough Brook Filter-beds, 28 

(c) Pegan Brook Filtration Works, 29 

(8) Sanitary Work and Regulations, 29 

(9) Moth Suppression, .31 

(10) Quality of the Water 32 

(11) The Water Supply, 32 

V. Water Works, Financial Statement, v 34 

(1) Metropolitan Water Loans, Receipts and Payments, 35 

(2) Issues of Metropolitan Water Loan Bonds, 36 

(3) Metropolitan Water Loan Sinking Fund, 36 

(4) Annual Assessments and Receipts, 37 

(5) Distribution to Cities and Towns of Sums received from Water furnished to 

Other Municipalities, 37 

(6) Expenditures for the Different Works, 3S 

(7) Detailed Financial Statement under Metropolitan Water Act 42 

(a) Expenditures and Disbursements, 42 

(b) Receipts, 48 

(c) Assets, 49 

(d) Liabilities, . . 49 



iv CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

vi. Metropolitan Sewerage Works, 51 

(1) North Metropolitan Sewerage system, construction, 51 

(2) Booth Metropolitan System, Construction, 52 

(a) Extension of the High-level Sewer, 52 

(6) Connection with Portion of Charles River Valley Sewer, .... 53 

(o) Ward Street Pumping station, .' 54 

(</) Quinoy Pamping Station, 54 

(3) Acquisition of Lauds and Settlements for Lands Acquired, .... 55 

(4) North Metropolitan System, Maintenance, ........ 56 

(5) South Metropolitan System, Maintenance 57 

VII. Sewerage Works, Financial Statement, 59 

(1) Metropolitan Sewerage Loans, Becelpts and Payments, 60 

(o) North Metropolitan System, 60 

(l>) South Metropolitan System, 61 

(2) Issues of Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Bonds, 61 

(3) Metropolitan Sewerage Loans Sinking Fund, 63 

(4) Annual Appropriations, Receipts and Expenditures 64 

(5) Annual Assessments, 64 

(6) Expenditures for the Different Works, . 65 

(7) Detailed Financial Statement, 67 

(a) Expenditures and Disbursements, . 67 

(6) Receipts, 71 

(c) Assets, 71 

(d) Liabilities, 71 

VIII. Consumption of Water, 72 

IX. Electrolysis, 74 

X. Boating and Fishing on Lake Cochituate, 75 

XI. Legislative Acts of the Year 1906, 77 

XII. Apportionment of Annual Assessments for Metropolitan Sewerage Systems, . . 78 

XIII. Recommendations for Additional Water Loans, 79 

XIV. Future Work 80 



Report of the Chief Engineer, 84 

Organization, 84 

Arrangement of Report, 86 

Construction, 86 

Contracts, 86 

Dam and Reservoir Department 87 

Wachusett Dam 87 

South Dike 90 

Relocation and Construction of Roads, 91 

Removal of Soil, 92 

Relocation of Railroads, 93 

Improvement of Wachusett Watershed, 94 

Real Estate, Care and Disposal, 100 

Forestry, 100 

Engineering 102 

Sudbury and Distribution Departments, 103 

Arlington Pumping Station, 103 

Chestnut Hill Pumping Station, 103 

Office Force 104 

Maintenance, 104 

Rainfall and Yield, 104 

Storage Reservoirs, 105 

Sources from which Water has been taken, 112 

Aqueducts, 112 

Wachusett, 112 

Sudbury, 112 

Cochituate, 113 

Weston, 114 



CONTENTS. v 

Report of the Chief Engineer— Concluded. 

Maintenance — Concluded. page 

Pumping Stations 114 

Chestnut Hill High Service, 116 

Chestnut Hill Low Service 117 

Spot Pond .117 

West Roxbury, 118 

Arlington, 119 

Consumption of Water, 120 

Quality of the Water 123 

Sanitary Inspection, 124 

Drainage of Swamps 129 

Distributing Reservoirs 130 

Weston Reservoir, 130 

Chestnut Hill Reservoir, 130 

Waban Hill Reservoir 130 

Forbes Hill Reservoir and Standpipe, 131 

Spot Pond .131 

Mystic Reservoir, 131 

Fells and Bear Hill Reservoirs, 131 

Arlington Standpipe, 131 

Mystic Lake, 132 

Pipe Lines, 132 

Metered Connections, . 134 

Pressure Regulators and Recording Gages, 134 

Electrolysis, 134 

Gypsy and Brown-tail Moths 138 

Clinton Sewerage, .139 

Engineering, 142 



Report of Engineer of Sewerage Works 144 

Organization, 144 

Metropolitan Sewerage Districts, .145 

Areas and Populations, 145 

Metropolitan Sewers, 146 

Sewers purchased and constructed and their Connections, 146 

Cost of Construction, 147 

Pumping Stations and Pumpage 148 

Construction 149 

North Metropolitan System, 149 

Extension of the Metropolitan Sewer in the City of Maiden 149 

South Metropolitan System, . . . 151 

Extension of the High-level Sewer throxigh West Roxbury, Brookline and 

Brighton, 151 

Reversal of Grade at the Lower End of the Charles River Main Sewer, . . 153 

Ward Street Station and Connections, 154 

Concrete Walk and Fences at Ward Street Station Lot, 161 

Additional Pumping Plant at Quincy Station, 161 

Maintenance, 162 

Scope of Work and Force Employed, 162 

Capacity and Results 166 

North Metropolitan System, 166 

Deer Island Pumping Station, 166 

East Boston Pumping Station, 167 

Charlestown Pumping Station, 168 

Alewife Brook Pumping Station 169 

South Metropolitan System, 170 

Ward Street Pumping Station, 170 

Quincy Pumping Station, 171 

Nut Island Screen House, - 172 



vi CONTENTS. 

Report "i Engineer of Sewerage Works Concluded. 
tenanoe — Concluded. 

acitj and Results — Concluded. pack 

c « > — i of Pumping 172 

Care of Special Structures 174 

Soutib Metropolitan outfalls 175 

Material Intercepted at the Screens, 175 



Appendix No. I.— Contracts relating to the Metropolitan Water Works made and pending 

during the Year 1906, 178 

Appendix No. '.'. — Tables relating to the Maintenance of the Metropolitan Water Works, . 183 
Table No. 1. — Monthly Rainfall in Inches at Various Places on the .Metropolitan Water 

Works in l'JOG, 1>3 

Table No. •_». — Rain fall in Inches at Jefferson, Mass., in 1906 184 

Table No. 3. — Rainfall in Inches at Framingham, Mass., in 1906 185 

Table No. 4. — Rainfall in Inches at Chestnut Hill Reservoir in 1906, . .... 186 
Table No. 5. — Rainfall in Inches on the Wachusett Watershed, 1897 to 1906, . . .188 
Table No. 6. — Rainfall in Inches on the Sudbury Watershed, 1875 to 1906, . . .189 
Table No. 7. — Yield of the Wachusett AVatershed in Gallons per Day per Square Mile 

from 1897 to 1906, 190 

Table No. 8. — Yield of the Sudbury Watershed in Gallons per Day per Square Mile from 

1875 to 1906, 191 

Table No. 9. — Wachusett System. — Statistics of Flow of Water, Storage and Rainfall in 

1906 194 

Table No. 10. — Sudbury System. — Statistics of Flow of Water, Storage and Rainfall in 

1906, 195 

Table No. 11.— Cochituate System. — Statistics of Flow of Water, Storage and Rainfall 

in 1906 196 

Table No. 12. — Elevations of Water Surfaces of Reservoirs above Boston City Base at 

the Beginning of Each Month, 197 

Table No. 13. — Average Daily Quantity of Water flowing through Aqueducts in 1906, by 

Months, 198 

Table No. 14. — Statement of Operations of Engines Nos. 1 and 2 at Chestnut Hill High- . 

service Pumping Station for the Year 1906, 199 

Table No. 15. — Statement of Operations of Engine No. 3 at Chestnut Hill High-service 

Pumping Station for the Year 1906 200 

Table No. 16. — Statement of Operations of Engine No. 4 at Chestnut Hill High-service 

Pumping Station for the Year 1906 201 

Table No. 17. — Statement of Operations of Engines Nos. 5, 6 and 7 at Chestnut Hill Low- 
service Pumping Station for the Year 1906 202 

Table No. 18. —Statement of Operations of Engines Nos. 8 and 9 at Spot Pond Pumping 

Station for the Year 1906, 203 

Table No. 19. — Average Daily Consumption of Water in Cities and Towns supplied 

Wholly or in Part by the Metropolitan Water Works 204 

Table No. 20. — Average Daily Consumption of Water from the Low-service System, . 204 
Table No. 21. — Average Daily Consumption of Water from the High-service and Extra 

High-service Systems 205 

Table No. 22. — Average Daily Consumption of Water in Cities and Towns supplied from 

Metropolitan Works, as measured by Venturi Meters in 1906, • . 206 

Table No. 23. — Consumption of Water in the Metropolitan Water District, as constituted 

in the Year 1906, the Town of Swampscott and a Small Section of the 

Town of Saugus, from 1893 to 1906, 209 

Table No. 24. — Chemical Examinations of Water from the Wachusett Reservoir, Clinton, 210 
Table No. 25. — Chemical Examinations of Water from the Sudbury Reservoir, . . 211 
Table No. 26. — Chemical Examinations of Water from Spot Pond, Stoneham, . . . 212 
Table No. 27. — Chemical Examinations of Water from Lake Cochituate, .... 213 
Table No. 28. — Chemical Examinations of Water from a Faucet at the State House, 

Boston 214 

Table No. 29. — Averages of Examinations of Water from Various Parts of the Metro- 
politan Water Works in 1906, 215 



CONTENTS. vii 

Appendix No. 2— Concluded. page 

Table No. 30. — Chemical Examinations of Water from a Faucet in Boston from 1892 to 

1906 217 

Table No. 31. — Colors of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan Water Works in 

1906, 218 

Table No. 32. — Temperatures of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan Water 

Works in 1906, 219 

Table No. 33. — Temperatures of the Air at Three Stations on the Metropolitan Water 

Works in 1906, 220 

Table No. 34. — Table showing Length of Main Lines of Water Pipes and Connections 
owned and operated by Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board, and 
Number of Valves set in Same, 221 

Table No. 35. — Statement of Cast-iron Hydrant, Blow-off and Drain Pipes owned and 

operated by Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board 222 

Table No. 36. — Length of Water Pipes, Four Inches in Diameter and Larger, in the 

Several Cities and Towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water Works, 223 

Table No. 37. —Number of Service Pipes, Meters and Fire Hydrants in the Several Cities 

and Towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water Works, . . . 224 

Table No. 38. — Average Maximum and Minimum Monthly Heights, in Feet, above Bos- 
ton City Base, to which Water rose, at Different Stations on the Metro- 
politan Water Works 225 

Appendix No. 3. — Water Works Statistics for the Year 1906 227 

Appendix No. 4. — Contracts relating to the Metropolitan Sewerage Works, made and pend- 
ing during the Year 1906, ....". 230 

Appendix No. 5. — Financial Statement presented to the General Court on January 14, 1907, 233 
Appendix No. 6. — Legislation of the Year 1906 affecting the Metropolitan Water and Sewer- 
age Board - 237 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Wachusett Dam with Railroad Arch Bridge, Waste Weir and Bastion at NorthAvesterly End, 

Frontispiece. 

Wachusett Dam with Power and Gate House, Pool and Spillway, 6 

Sterling Filter-beds on Brook emptying into Waushacum Pond, Wachusett Watershed, . 10 

Ditches for Swamp Drainage on Wachusett Watershed in Holden, 12 

Construction of Sewer Trench in thickly settled Part of Maiden, for Extension of North 

Metropolitan Sewer, . . 50 

Interior of Ward Street Sewerage Pumping Station with Pumping Engines, .... 54 
Diagram showing Average Rates of Consumption of Water in the Metropolitan District in 

1906 during the Entire Day and during the Hours of 1 and 4 at Night, 73 

Wachusett Dam with Entrance from Boylston Street and Abutment at the Southeasterly 

End 90 

Ditch for Swamp Drainage on Wachusett Watershed in Holden, 94 

Diagram showing Average Rate of Consumption in Metropolitan Water District and Tem- 
perature of Air at Chestnut Hill Reservoir for Each Week during 1906 122 

Construction of Sewer by Use of Excavating Machinery in Street in Maiden, for Extension 

of North Metropolitan Sewer 148 

Heading in Sewer Tunnel in West Roxbury built in Quicksand by Pneumatic Process, . . 152 



Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. 



To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts in General Court assembled. 

The Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board, established under 
the provisions of chapter 168 of the Acts of the year 1901, has 
already presented to your Honorable Body an abstract of the ac- 
count of its doings, receipts, expenditures, disbursements, assets and 
liabilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1906, and now 
presents a detailed statement of the operations for the year, being its 

SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT 

made since the consolidation of the Metropolitan Water Board and 
the Board of Metropolitan Sewerage Commissioners on March 20, 
1901. 

I. ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION. 

(1) Board, Officers and Employes. 

The term of office of Henry H. Sprague expired on March 21, 
1906, and he was reappointed for the three years next succeeding. 
The membership of the Board has consequently remained as in the 
preceding year: Henry H. Sprague, chairman, Henry P. Walcott, 
M.D., and James A. Bailey, Jr. William N. Davenport has con- 
tinued as secretary and in charge of the auditing department. 
Alfred F. Bridgman has been the purchasing agent and paymaster. 

There are also employed in the administrative office a book-keeper, 
an assistant book-keeper, an assistant in auditing, one general clerk, 
three stenographers, a telephone operator, a messenger, and a janitor 
with two assistants, one of whom acts as watchman. 

George D. Bigelow has been in charge of the conveyancing work, 
and he has been assisted by Miss Alline E. Marcy, title examiner. 
Miss Celia M. Tibbetts has performed the conveyancing work which 
has been required in the county of Worcester as her services have 
been needed. 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Frederic p. Stearns has continued to hold the position of Chief 
Engineer of the Hoard, with special oversight of the Water Works, 
but, inasmuch as Mr. Stearns was able to give only a part of his 
services to the Board, much of the work of active supervision has 
devolved upon Dexter Brackctt, the Engineer of the Sudbury and 
Distribution departments. Thomas F. Richardson remained as 
Engineer of the Dam and- Reservoir Department until July 20, 
when he resigned, and the supervision of this department also was 
given to Mr. Brackctt. 

Joseph P. Davis and Hiram F. Mills are retained to act as 
consulting engineers if matters arise requiring their considera- 
tion. 

A reduction has again been made in the engineering force employed 
in construction on the Water Works, but, on the other hand, a con- 
siderable addition has been required in the number employed upon 
the maintenance and operation of w r orks. The force, both in con- 
struction and maintenance, has, upon the average during the year, 
comprised, in addition to the persons above named, 5 division 
engineers, 7 assistant engineers, and others, to the number of 41, in 
various engineering capacities and as sanitary inspectors, clerks, 
stenographers and messengers, numbering in all, 53. The maximum 
engineering force employed at any one time during the year on both 
construction and maintenance was 61. 

Day-labor forces, under the general supervision of the engineers 
and the immediate direction of foremen, varying in numbers from 
time to time, have been employed in pipe laying, in general im- 
provements and repairs, and in minor operations. 

A further maintenance force, numbering, upon the average during 
the year, 217, has been required at the pumping stations and upon 
the reservoirs, aqueducts, pipe lines and other works. This force 
at the end of the year numbered 214. 

William M. Brown, Engineer of the Sewerage Works, has been 
in charge of both construction and maintenance upon these works. 

He was assisted during the year by 3 division engineers, in super- 
vision of both construction and maintenance, 1 division engineer in 
direct charge of the drafting room and records, 5 assistant engineers, 
and 12 others, who were employed in various engineering capacities, 
and a clerk and stenographer. The maximum engineering force em- 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 3 

ployed at any one time daring the year on construction and main- 
tenance of the Sewerage Works was 23. 

Day-labor forces, under the general supervision of the engineers 
and the immediate direction of foremen, have been employed in the 
construction of the pneumatic tunnel on Section 80 of the High- 
level Sewer extension in West Roxbury, in the placing of sidewalks 
and fences at the Ward Street pumping station, in the building of 
foundations for additional boilers and engine plant at the Quincy 
pumping station, and the building of a bellmouth connection between 
the existing Metropolitan Sewer and Section 64 of the Maiden 
sewer extension. 

The maximum number of men employed upon contracts and upon 
day-labor construction upon the Sewerage Works during the year 
was for the week ending December 22, when the number amounted 
to 154. 

The regular maintenance force required for the operation of the 
pumping stations, the care and inspection of the sewers, and for 
other parts of the Sewerage Works, exclusive of engineers and day- 
labor construction forces before enumerated, has upon the average 
numbered 130. 

The whole force of the Sewerage Department at the end of the 
year numbered 156, of whom the engineer in charge and 21 assist- 
ants and draftsmen were engaged in general upon the works, and, of 
the remainder, 79 were employed upon the North System and 55 
upon the South System. 

(2) Offices and Buildings. 

The office of the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board is in 
the buildings numbered 1 and 3 Ashburton Place, at the corner of 
Somerset Street, in which are also located the secretary's, auditing 
and conveyancing offices, and the main engineering offices of both 
the Water Works and the Sewerage Works. 

The headquarters of the Wachusett Dam and Reservoir Depart- 
ment of the Water Works have been maintained in the office build- 
ing in Clinton. Headquarters of the Sudbury and Distribution 
departments have been maintained in the central office in Boston. 
For the Sudbury Department a branch office has been maintained at 
South Framingham. Branch headquarters of the maintenance force 
of the Water Works in the northern part of the District have been 



1 MKTKOPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

in buildings in the (Jlenwood pipe yard in Medtbrd, where there arc 
offices, shops, store rooms and stables ; and the maintenance force 
for the southern part of the District has headquarters in like build- 
ings at the Chestnut Hill Reservoir. 

Branch headquarters of the maintenance and repair forces of the 
Sewerage Works are maintained at the East Boston and Ward Street 
pumping stations and at the storage yard at Hough's Neck. 

(3) Conveyancing. 

Much of the work of the conveyancer has been the revision and 
bringing up to date of titles, which had been previously examined, 
when settlement regarding the estates affected had been finally at- 
tained, or when the suits involving them had been reached in court 
proceedings. 

The acquisition of lands about Lake Waushacum, for the Water 
Works, required an extensive examination of new titles, and like 
examinations have been required on account of the extensions of the 
North and South Metropolitan Sewerage systems. Not so extensive, 
though considerable, examinations of titles have been required in 
the settlement of the many claims for damage to estates arising from 
the flooding of the Germantown district in Clinton, by reason of the 
discontinuance of South Main Street in Clinton, from the widening 
of Crescent Street in West Boylston, and for depreciation in value 
of estates in West Boylston and Sterling, as well as for the prepara- 
tion of the suits brought for the alleged depreciation in value of 
estates in Boylston and damages to meadow lands in Clinton, Lan- 
caster and Bolton by reason of the cessation of floods. 

The conclusion of settlements has called for the drafting of many 
releases and other instruments. 

The conveyancer has prepared eleven takings, covering or affect- 
ing 29 parcels of land aggregating 203.876 acres, as well as many 
public streets, and he has, from time to time, made various investi- 
gations relative to lands and easements required in matters coming 
before the Board. 

The conveyancing force has also been called upon at several times 
by the Attorney-General to perform work not relating to this de- 
partment. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 5 

II. METROPOLITAN WATER DISTRICT. 

There are now 19 municipalities constituting the Metropolitan 
Water District, the cities of Boston, Chelsea, Everett, Maiden, 
Medford, Melrose, Newton, Quincy and Somerville, and the towns 
of Arlington, Belmont, Hyde Park, Lexington, Milton, Nahant, 
Revere, Stoneham, Watertown and Winthrop. Of these, the city 
of Quincy and the towns of Arlington, Lexington, Milton, Nahant 
and Stoneham have, since the formation of the District by the Act 
of the year 1895, been admitted into the District in accordance with 
the provision that the Board shall, on application, admit any other 
city or town than those originally named, any part of which is within 
ten miles of the State House, on such payment of money as the 
Board may determine. The District has an area of 171.7 square 
miles. The population of the District as now comprised, as of July 
1, 1906, the date upon which calculations for the Water Works are 
based, is estimated at 960,460. 

The city of Newton and the town of Hyde Park, though belong- 
ing to the District, do not take water from the Metropolitan sources, 
but still depend upon their own sources of supply. 

No city or town has been admitted to the District within the past 
year. 

III. METROPOLITAN WATER WORKS — CONSTRUCTION. 

The total amount expended for construction, including real estate 
acquired and payment of claims on account of the Water Works, 
during the year 1906, was $1,234,662.79. Of this amount, 
$186,261.57 was expended on account of the Wachusett Dam and 
Reservoir; $4,208.21 on account of the Weston Aqueduct and 
Reservoir: $101,996.14 for the improvement of the Wachusett 
watershed; $899,259.23 for the acquisition of existing waterworks, 
including $896,659.23 paid the cities of Maiden, Medford and Mel- 
rose ; $24,541.17 for construction in the Distribution Department; 
and the remainder, $18,396.47, for various other operations on the 
works. The total amount expended on account of construction 
since the beginning of the Water Works in the year 1895 has been 
,278,877.02. 



6 METROPOLITAN WATKK [Pub. Doc. 

(l) Waohusbtt Daiw am) Reservoir. 
((f) Wachusett Dam. 

But little work remained to be accomplished at the beginning of 
the year in order to secure the substantial completion of the Wa- 
chusetl Dam. 

The McArthur Brothers Company, the contractor for building the 
dam, completed its contract by the excavation of about 1,400 cubic 
yards of earth and 1,900 cubic yards of rock on the waste channel. 
A final settlement with the contractor has not, however, yet been 
effected. 

The granolithic surface on the top of the dam and of the abutment 
at the southeasterly end and the bastion at the northwesterly end, 
as well as the granolithic walk from the abutment to Boylston Street, 
was laid during the early summer, and a heavy fence of brass posts 
and rails was erected on each side of the top of the dam, between 
the terminal structures, for general protection. 

The entrance to the dam from Boylston Street has been completed 
by the laying of a granolithic walk from the street to the abutment, 
the erection of steel gates between the massive granite posts at the 
end of the main dam at its junction with the abutment, and by the 
building of steel fences, gravel walks and granite curbing on both 
sides of the entrance and for a considerable distance along the street. 

An iron fence has also been built from the bastion on the retaining 
wall to the railroad bridge. 

Permanent pipe connection with a Venturi meter has also been 
made with the pipe line supplying water to the Lancaster Mills. 

The road from the bastion along the northwesterly hillside to the 
grounds below the dam has been completed, and the hillside has been 
graded and improved by the removal and use of the large pile of 
loam which had been stored near the end of the dam, and has also 
been planted in places with shrubbery. 

A lighting and pumping plant for use at the dam has been ac- 
quired, and is about ready to be installed in the low T er gate-chamber 
or power-house. The turbine will be operated by water power, and 
the generator with which it is connected will furnish a current for 
lighting and for the operation of motors which will be used for vari- 
ous necessary purposes connected with the works in both the gate- 
chambers. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 7 

The structure of the dam itself has now been completed. The 
construction of the dam has required the excavation of 274,087 
cubic yards of earth and of 102,640 cubic yards of rock, the placing 
of 251,920 cubic yards Of rubble-stone masonry and a total of 
22,519 cubic yards of dimension stone, ashlar, brick and concrete 
masonry, and there have also been used in the work 81,940 barrels 
of Portland cement and 182,480 barrels of natural cement. 

The maximum height of the dam, from the lowest point to which 
excavation was made and masonry laid, to the top of the cornice 
stones, is 228.2 feet. The maximum width or thickness of the dam 
is 185 feet, and this width decreases to 25.04 feet at the high-water 
line. At the top of the dam, which is 20 feet above the high-water 
line, the width is 25.75 feet. 

The length of the main dam is 944 feet, and the length of the 
waste weir beyond the bastion at the northwesterly end, over which 
the water may overflow, is 452 feet. The total length of the dam, 
including the core wall, is 1,476 feet. 

The preliminary work for determining the proper site was begun 
on August 7, 1895. Temporary and preliminary work in connec- 
tion with the construction of the dam began on June 14, 1897. The 
main contract for the dam was made on October 1, 1900, and was 
finished on February 27, 1906. Something remains for final settle- 
ment, but the sum so far expended upon the construction of the dam 
has been $2,270,116.85. 

(b) Wachusett Reservoir. 

The soil had substantially all been stripped from the bed of the 
reservoir prior to the past year. There were, however, on both 
sides of the reservoir steep banks which had been worn away by the 
frosts and waves, so that they had retreated nearly to the limit of 
the original soil stripping. Considerable work, therefore, has been 
done by day labor in clearing, grubbing and removal of soil, in 
order to increase the area subject to overflow. Some material has 
also been removed from the bed of the reservoir, in order to fill the 
gap in the South Dike through which had passed the quarry railroad 
used in the construction of the dam. In other cases, on both sides 
of the reservoir near the dam, where the ground is sloping in the 
vicinity of the flow line, the shores have been protected by cobble- 
stones. 



8 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The work of obtaining the elevations of the bottom of the 
reservoir after excavation has been completed. The succeeding 
calculations necessary to determine the capacity of the reservoir 
at successive elevations of one-tenth of a foot have been nearly 
completed. 

A few further buildings have been removed from the reservoir 
site during the year, and the work of such removal upon the site of 
the reservoir has been completed. The total number of buildings 
removed in West Boylston under the operations of the Board to 
the present time has been 350. There have also been removed from 
the site of the reservoir, 108 buildings in Boylston, 7 in Sterling 
and 45 in Clinton, making the total of removals in all four towns 
510 buildings. % 

Since the beginning of the work the soil has been stripped from 
3,943 acres, in order to fit the bottom of the reservoir for the pur- 
poses of water supply, and there have been removed 6,900,000 cubic 
yards of soil. By far the larger part of this soil has been deposited 
in the North Dike, but a considerable quantity has been placed in 
the South Dike. Large quantities have been used for filling shallow 
flow 7 age areas, for deposit in highway and railroad embankments and 
for grading grounds near the dam. 

In order to prepare the reservoir bottom for the filling w 7 ith water 
anticipated during the year, a final or further cleaning of the bottom 
of the reservoir was made from elevation 363 up to elevation 385. 
This work principally consisted in the removal of weeds, grass and 
bushes which had grown up since the original stripping of the soil 
or since the last cleaning. As the reservoir was not filled, owing to 
the unusually dry season, above elevation 368, considerable work 
will have to be done during the coming year, or later, in again clean- 
ing the bottom of the reservoir up to elevation 385 and beyond that 
to elevation 395, the elevation which will be reached when the 
reservoir is entirely filled. 

The reservoir has an area within the water line of 6.44 square 
miles, or 4,123 acres, and beyond the water line there is a margin 
of 5.28 square miles, or 3,380 acres. The length of the w r ater line 
is 38.66 miles. The reservoir when filled to the water line will con- 
tain 64,951,400,000 gallons. 

The stripping of the soil and the removal of the material to the 
various places of deposit and other work done in the preparation of 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 9 

the reservoir, including the building of the North and South dikes, 
have cost $3,414,837.61. 

The additional sum of $2,834,485.88 was expended in payment 
for real estate taken for the construction of the reservoir. 

(c) Forestry. 

The forestal work upon the marginal land about the reservoir has 
been continued during the past year. The Lamson nursery, so 
called, on the north side, and the Flagg nursery, so called, on the 
south side, have been maintained for the purpose of raising seedlings 
for transplanting. From these nurseries have been transplanted 
more than 188,075 seedlings and plants. This work has been 
accomplished over an area of 162 acres during the year. For the 
purpose the larger number of the seedlings used have been white 
pines, but there has also been a large number of white, Norway and 
Douglas spruces, besides many chestnuts and some Scotch pines, 
tamaracks, larches and locusts. 

The area which has been planted with trees up to the present time 
comprises 1,099 acres, and there remains to be planted, as proposed, 
an area of 321 acres. It is expected that, in addition to the mar- 
ginal strip along the shores of the reservoir, containing 197 acres, 
there will also remain open and not planted an area of 300 acres. 
Of the total 3,380 acres constituting the marginal land, so called, 
1,463 acres were forested when acquired. White pines and arbor 
vitse seedlings have also been planted during the year along the flow 
line of the marginal lands of the Commonwealth for a distance of 
about 4 miles, and some replacing of trees which had been planted 
in previous years in other parts has been done. There remain but 
1% miles to be planted along the flow line. 

There remain in the original seed beds of the Flagg nursery 
283,400 white pines and 101,500 arbor vitae, and in transplanted 
beds 37,500 arbor vitae. In the Lamson nursery there remain 
20,500 sugar maples, 4,010 white oaks, 3,900 walnuts, 14,860 
locusts, 2,400 ashes and 1,030 Norway spruces, all in transplanted 
beds. 

In the making of a fire guard, so called, 40 feet wide, through 
the wooded parts of the margins of the Commonwealth's land, a 
further progress of 2% miles has been made. About 32 acres of 
land have been treated by the filling of holes or by grading after 



10 METROPOLITAN WATEB [Pub. Doc. 

tho removal of houses and outbuildings, and put in proper condi- 
tion and seeded. 

Considerable lumber and fire wood, as well as railroad ties, tele- 
phone poles and the like, have been obtained from the cutting out 
of the trees. The larger part of the lumber and other materials 
has been sold, but some have been reserved for use on the works. 

(d) Location, Construction and Discontinuance of Roads. 
Although no new road has been laid out during the past year and 
no road has been discontinued, considerable work has been required 
upon the roads built in previous years. Inasmuch as Boylston 
Street in the town of Clinton had been badly worn by heavy team- 
ing during the construction of the dam, it was deemed proper to 
resurface the road from the dam to the Boylston town line with 
broken stone. Newton Street in West Boylston was also surfaced 
with gravel for a distance of about 2,200 feet, and Crescent Street 
for a distance of about 2,600 feet. Much other work has been done 
upon various roads, in the paving of gutters, building of railings 
and fences, and in the repairs occasioned by the erosion or washing 
out of the road-beds. 

(e) Clinton Catholic Cemetery. 

A tripartite agreement was entered into on July 1, 1898, between 
the Roman Catholic Bishop of the diocese of Springtield, the St. 
John's Catholic Cemetery Association of Clinton, and the Board, 
by which lands were to be acquired in the southerly part of the 
town of Lancaster for a new cemetery, and the bodies buried in the 
old cemetery were to be removed therefrom by the Cemetery Asso- 
ciation to the new cemetery site. The Board on February 8, 1899, 
assented to a supplementary agreement, by which the work of the 
removal of the bodies was to be performed under the direction of a 
committee consisting of some of the officers of the Association and 
representatives of the lot owners, instead of being done by the 
Cemetery Association. Under these agreements the lands in Lan- 
caster required for the new cemetery were purchased, and the title 
to the larger part was vested in the Commonwealth. The grounds 
were properly laid out and prepared for burial purposes, the bodies 
were all successfully removed from the site of the old cemetery and 
interred in the new, and all the monuments and other stones were 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 11 

reset, and the new cemetery has since been used for burial pur- 
poses. 

Certification was made and notification given in the year 1900 
that everything required by the agreement to be done prior to the 
final settlement had been accomplished. A considerable balance in 
money is due from the Commonwealth under the agreement, which 
provides that on the completion of the work the Bishop, who holds 
the title, shall convey to the Commonwealth the land formerly em- 
braced in the old cemetery, with a release of damages, and there- 
upon the Board shall convey the lands in Lancaster, comprised in 
the new cemetery, to the St. John's Catholic Cemetery Association, 
and pay to the Association the balance of money due from the 
Commonwealth. 

The Board has repeatedly, but without success, asked for the 
carrying out of the agreement for the release of the old cemetery 
site to the Commonwealth, in order that it may on its part, in ac- 
cordance with its agreement, convey to the Cemetery Association 
the new cemetery grounds and pay over to the Association the bal- 
ance of money payable. 

(2) Improvement of Wachusett Watershed. 

(a) Sterling Filter-beds. 

The waters of a small brook, which has its rise in and about the 
village of Sterling Centre, flow into West Waushacum Pond and 
thence by way of the Stillwater River into the Wachusett Reservoir. 
This village has no sewerage system, and the conditions are such 
that the overflow from cesspools and other objectionable drainage 
might possibly run into the brook and thence into the reservoir. It 
was, therefore, determined to provide against pollution from this 
source by the building alongside the brook of four filter-beds, each 
having an area of one-half an acre, into which the water shall be 
diverted and by which it shall be filtered before entering the reser- 
voir. 

A contract for the construction of the beds was made, the work 
was begun early in September, and at the close of the year it had 
nearly reached completion. The sum of $9,971.14 had already been 
spent upon construction, but the land damages have not yet been 
determined. 



12 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

(/>) Dfainage of Swamps, 

The construction of ditches for the drainage of swamps tributary 
to the Wachusett Reservoir had been suspended in the year 1900, on 
account of other more pressing work. It was, however, determined 
during the past year to proceed with the work by the construction of 
ditches for the drainage of three of the swamps on the watershed, 
one south of Sterling Centre, and two situated north of the village 
of Quinepoxet, both partly in the town of Holden and partly in the 
town of Princeton. The three swamps have areas respectively of 
26, 72 and 216 acres, with watersheds embracing a total of 2,600 
acres. The work upon the two former has been completed, leaving 
that upon the larger one still unfinished. The drainage ditches 
constructed have a total length of 19,700 linear feet. The expendi- 
tures for the construction of these ditches, including culverts, farm 
crossings and watering places, not including engineering, for the 
year amounted to $9,886, and the work has been done by day labor. 

(c) Miscellaneous Improvements. 

Considerable progress has otherwise been made in the accomplish- 
ment of the work for preventing the pollution of the Wachusett 
Reservoir in the towns of West Boylston, Boylston and Sterling. 
Twenty-eight cesspools, seven cemented vaults, a gravel filter-bed 
and a drainage ditch have been constructed, in order to prevent 
sew^age and barn drainage from running into the brooks which 
empty into the reservoir. Other work of various kinds has been 
done about the Quinepoxet River, in order to prevent polluting 
matter from entering the streams. 

(3) Pumping Stations. 
The construction of a new brick pumping station in Arlington for 
the high-service supply of that town and the town of Lexington was 
begun on August 27, 1906. This is to take the place of a temporary 
wooden structure which was erected on land purchased for the pur- 
pose of building a permanent station after the admission of the town 
into the Metropolitan Water District. The building has been about 
half completed, and during the coming year will be finished and 
equipped with a new pumping engine and boiler. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 13 

Considerable work was done at the Chestnut Hill low-service 
pumping station for the purpose of so adapting one of the '.aree new 
engines in that station that it may assist in supplying the demands 
for the high service. In this way it has been hoped that the neces- 
sity of purchasing a large new engine for the high service might be 
for a time deferred. The work to this end has so far seemed to be 
successful, and it is anticipated that the addition ot a new high-service 
engine will not be required for the coming year. 

(4) Improvement of Spot Pond Brook. 

No hearing has been called for during the year under the petition 
brought by the city of Melrose for the appointment of commissioners 
under chapter 406 of the Acts of the year 1904, which was an act 
" to provide for the improvement of Spot Pond Brook by the Met- 
ropolitan Water and Sewerage Board." 

(5) Police Protection. 

The police protection called for by the Metropolitan Water Act 
for communities where the work of construction was carried on has 
ceased to be required. The last officers on duty, who were in the 
town of Clinton, were discharged, on account of the discontinuance 
of construction about the Wachusett Dam, on March 31, 1906. 

A total sum of $210,801.74 has been paid, since the beginning of 
the work, for police protection during construction, in accordance 
with the requirements of the Metropolitan Water Act. 

Some police service or guard is required about the Wachusett 
Reservoir, but, inasmuch as this is for the protection of the works, 
it is regarded as a part of the requirements of maintenance. 

(6) Acquisition of Lands and Settlements for Lands 

Acquired. 

The Board acquired during the past year, by purchase, 229.153 
acres in fee and easements in 1 acre, and by takings, 9.005 acres in 
fee and easements in 0.153 acre, — a total of 239.311 acres. The 
larger part of the lands acquired was situated in Sterling, consider- 
able tracts situated upon and in the vicinity of the West Waushacum 
Lake having been purchased for the improvement of the watershed, 
and other parcels having been taken for the building of the filter- 
beds. 



11 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



The total area of all tlu* lands acquired for the Metropolitan Water 
Works since the beginning of operations in the year 1895 has 
amounted to 16,814.733 acres, or 26.273 square miles. 

In some cases the acquisition of lands has first been made by deed, 
and in other cases takings under the powers given by the Metro- 
politan Water Act have first been made ; but it has been the policy 
of the Board to follow the conveyances by takings, and, so far as 
possible, when settlement has been made after takings, to obtain 
releases by deed. 

The number of takings of land made during the year was 7, but 5 
of these covered land supposed to have been already acquired by 
deed. 

List of Takings for Metropolitan Water Works for the Year 1906. 



No. 



Location and Description. 



Former Owners. 



Recorded. Purpose of Taking. 



108 



109 



110 



111 



112 



113 



114 



Arlington (northwest from Brattle 
Street, adjoining Lexington & Ar- 
lington Branch of Boston & 
Lowell Railroad and the pumping 
station lot). Area, 0.015 acre in 
fee. 

Sterling (southeasterly from Worces- 
ter Street, about one mile south 
from Sterling Centre, between loca- 
tions of the Worcester Consolidated 
Street Railway Company and of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad, Fitchburg & Worcester 
Branch). Area, 8.99 acres in fee 
and easements in 0.153 acre. 

Westborough (north of Haskell 
Street, east of State highway, ad- 
joining land of the Westborough 
Insane Hospital). Area, 0.96 acre 
in fee. 

Berlin and Northborouijh (Berlin 
parcel between New York, New 
Haven & Hartford Railroad and 
North Brook; Northborough par- 
cel on Berlin line and New York, 
New Haven & Hartford Railroad). 
Area, 4.274 acres in fee. 

West Boylston (one parcel south of 
Holden Street and two parcels on 
Wilson Place). Area, 43.62 acres 
in fee. 

Clinton and Boylston (on easterly side 
of new highway to Clinton, both 
sides of the Berlin road and of the 
old location of the Central Massa- 
chusetts Railroad). Area, 87.56 
acres in fee. 

Sterling and West Boylston (one 
piece east side Stillwater River, 
easterly from Waushacum Street; 
one piece on west side Waushacum 
Street, a short distance northeast 
from Main Street ; and one at corner 
of Waushacum and North Main 
streets). Area, 55.504 acres in fee. 



Sarah Hourty. 



Helen M. Houghton et 
al., Clara L. Kings- 
bury, Willie R. 
Mitchell, Charles O. 
Nixon. 



Heirs of Levi A. Bath- 
rick. 



1906. 

Aug. 21. 



Sept. 6. 



Dec. 31. 



Lizzie J. Spofford and Dec. 31. 
Lettie A. Knight. 



Myron W. Houghton Dec. 31. 
and Bela T. Chase. 



Heirs of Lorenzo Dec. 31. 
Wood. 



Emily Hosmer et al., Dec. 31. 
Joseph E. White and 
Mary S. Mason. 



Addition to pumping 
station lot. 



Wachusett improve- 
ment (Sterling filter- 
beds). 



Crane Swamp im- 
provement. 



Wachusett Aqueduct. 



Wachusett Reservoir. 



Wachusett Reservoir. 



Wachusett Reservoir. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 15 

Settlements under purchases and takings of land, for all purposes 
of the Water Works, have been effected in the past year in 16 cases, 
and for an aggregate of 538.526 acres with the buildings thereon. 
Of these cases, 6 were on account of the Wachusett Reservoir, 1 on 
account of the Weston Aqueduct, 1 on account of the taking of Spot 
Pond and the surrounding lands, 1 on account of Spot Pond Improve- 
ment, 3 for the improvement of the Wachusett watershed, 2 on ac- 
count of the improvement of the Sudbury watershed and 2 on account 
of the Wachusett Aqueduct. The sums paid in all these settlements 
during the year 1906 have amounted to $976,278.40. In 4 of these 
cases the settlements have been results of suits at law, and the total 
amount paid in the court settlements during 1906 has been $900,- 
612.33. Payments on " account" previously made would make the 
total amount paid in these four cases $1,247,544.30, of which 
$1,214,523.63 was for Spot Pond and surrounding lands and $25,- 
705.99 for Spot Pond Improvement. 

Since the beginning of operations upon the Metropolitan Water 
Works, the number of settlements effected on account of the acqui- 
sition of land for the purposes of the Water Works, including the 
works of water supply acquired from the city of Boston on January 
1, 1898, has amounted to 867 ; and under them the Board has ac- 
quired rights, in fee or easements, in 16,491.876 acres, or 25.768 
square miles, for which an aggregate of $18,245,741.16 has been 
paid. Only 48 of these cases have been settled by judgments ob- 
tained in court, and the total amount paid under these judgments has 
been $1,386,751.59, or less than 8 per cent, of the whole amount paid. 

Of the lands acquired, either in fee or in easement, since the 
beginning of operations upon the Metropolitan Water Works, settle- 
ment has been effected with the owners of all these lands except 
27.257 acres. This amount does not, however, include 69.75 acres 
in Lancaster, which the Board stands ready to convey to the St. 
John's Catholic Cemetery Association ; and 40.059 acres of land in 
Clinton, of which the owners have not been found. 

Not including the settlement with the city of Boston, which was 
effected by agreement out of court, and the settlement with the cities 
of Maiden, Medford and Melrose for Spot Pond and surrounding 
lands, which was made upon the basis of an award by commissioners, 
the Board has obtained settlement by voluntary agreement with 17 /±s 
of all the owners of the lands acquired, and almost 24 /25 of the total 



16 



MKTKOPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



amount oi' money paid in settlements was under voluntary agree- 
ment with the owners. 

The above purchases and takings for which the settlements have 
been made include lands taken in fee with the buildings thereon and 
the water and other rights connected therewith, and lands in which 
casements and other rights are taken ; but they do not include settle- 
ments for diversion of water, depreciation and other damages 
connected with lands not acquired, and in which no fee or easement 
has been taken. 



Summary of Land Settlements for Water Works to December 31, 1906. 



LOCATION. 



For the Year 1906. 



Area in 
Acres. 



Number 

of Settle. 

ments. 



Wachusett Reservoir. 
Berlin, 
Boyleton, . 
Clinton, 
Holden, 
Sterling, . 
West Boyleton, 
Total, . 

Improving Wachusett Water 
shed. 

Holden, .... 

Sterling 

West Boylston, 

Total, .... 

Wachusett Aqueduct. 

Berlin 

Clinton 

Marlborough, . 
Northborough, . 
Southborough, . 

Total 

Sudbury Reservoir. 1 
Marlborough, . 
Southborough, . 

Total, .... 



.252 



> 



27.750 
.074 J 



28.076 



229.150 



> 3 



229.150 



.600 



8.600 



> 2 



Payments. 



$2,243 00 



From Beginning op Work. 



Area in 
Acres. 



Number 

of Settle- 

ments. 



Payments. 



$2,243 00 



$72,500 00 



$72,500 00 



$3,953 10 



$3,953 10 



16.700 

4,003.116 

1,275.015 

167.000 

797.987 

1,652.924 



7,912.742 



151.340 

229.150 

64.430 



444.920 

47.815 
12.310 
51.530 
89.000 
108.660 



309.315 

751.980 
2,019.080 



2,771.060 



} 435 



435 



> 8 



y 70 



70 

153 

153 



$2,951,680 10 



$2,951,680 10 



$133,460 00 



$133,460 00 



$81,677 08 



$81,677 08 



$658,318 75 



$658,318 75 



1 Including settlements made by city of Boston. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



17 



Summary of Land Settlements for Water Works, etc. — Continued. 









For the Tear 1906. 


From Beginning 


of Work. 


LOCATION. 


Area in 
Acres. 


Number 
of Settle- 
ments. 


Payments. 


Area in 
Acres. 


Number 
of Settle- 
ments. 


Payments. 


Improving Sudbury Water- 
shed. 














Ashland, 


- 


1 




.630 


1 




Marlborough, 






- 


1 


. 


.800 






Northborough, 
Sherborn, . 






1.000 


\ 2 


- 


178.049 
1.000 


1 

> 41 

1 


$16,522 16 


Southborough, 






.003 


1 




4.829 


1 




"Westborough, 






- 


J 




205.487 


J 




Total, . 


1.003 


2 


- 


390.795 


41 


$16,522 16 


Clinton Sewerage System. 














Clinton 

Lancaster, .... 


_ 


! • 


- 


5.315 
129.835 


j 36 


$37,794 40 




- 


- 


- 


135.150 


36 


$37,794 40 


Weston Aqueduct. 














Framingham, . 


. 


.520 


1 




102.645 


1 










- 






1.308 






Southborough, 




• 


- 


j" 1 


$923 07 


.450 


)■ 86 


$183,593 40 








- 






73.299 










. . 


- 


. 




295.195 


J 




Total, . 


.520 


1 


$923 07 


472.897 


86 


$183,593 40. 


Distribution System. 














Arlington, 


• 


- 


1 




1.896 


1 










- 






1.359 






Brookline, 




. 


- 






.051 












- 






.158 












_ 






3.213 












- 


> ~ 


~ 


5.147 


> 34 


$171,916 85 








- 






5.224 






Revere, 




• 


- 






.404 






Somerville, 




. 


- 






.009 






Stoneham, 




• 


- 


J 




19.409 


J 






- 


- 


- 


36.870 


34 


$171,916 hb 


Improving Lake Cochituate. 
















- 


- 


- 


2.950 


1 


$1,600 00 








" 1 


- 


2.950 


1 


$1,600 00 



18 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Summary of Land Settlements for Water Works, etc.- 


— Concluded. 




For tub Year 1906. 


1'hom Beginning of Work. 


LOCATION. 


Area in 
Acres. 


Number 
of Settle- 
ments. 


Payments. 


| Area in 
Acres. 


Number 
of Settle- 
ments. 


Payments. 


1 Pond Water Works (Tak- 
ing of January 1, 1S9S). 














Medford, .... 


.630 


) 




.630 


) 




Stoneham, 


216.000 


1 x 


$888,158 32 


216.000 


1 ' 


$1,214,523 63 * 


Total 


216.630 


1 


$888,158 32 


216.630 


1 


$1,214,523 63 


Spot Pond Improvement ( Tak 
ings of August 6 ,1899, aril 
June 2,1902). 


' 












Medford, .... 


41.447 


1 ■ 




41.447 


) 




Stoneham, 


13.100 


$8,500 91 


13.100 


1 ' 


$25,705 99 


Total, .... 


54.547 


1 


$8,500 91 


54.547 


1 


$25,705 99 


Boston Water Work$ 2 (Taking 














o/ January /, 1898). 














Arlington, 








. 


1 




1.586 


1 




Ashland, . 








- 






652.124 






Boston, 








- 






160.630 






Framlngham, 








- 






663.460 






Hopkinton, 








- 




1 


654.729 






Marlborough, 








- 






30.552 






Medford, . 








- 






25.140 






Natick, 








- 






436.223 






Needham, . 








_ 






31.695 






Newton, . 








- 


> - 


— 


78.308 


[ 1 


$12,768,948 80S 


Sherborn, . 








- 






40.385 






Somerville, 








- 






12.426 






Southborougb, 








- 






17.168 






"Way land, . 








- 






177.875 






Wellesley, 








- 






139.115 






Westborough, 








- 


i 




545.912 






Winchester, 








- 


1 




76.094 






Woburn, . 








- 


J 




.578 


J 




Total, . 


- 


- 


- 


3,744.000 


1 


$12,768,948 80 


Aggregates, 






538.526 


16 


$976,278 40 


16,491.876 


867 


$18,245,741 16 



1 Includes $749.71 paid city of Maiden for supplies not part of award. 

2 Estimated areas. 3 Includes interest. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD, 19 

The settlements above enumerated include all lands acquired for 
which a complete settlement has been made. About 114.402 acres 
of the lands acquired and settled for have subsequently been sold 
and conveyed by the Board. This does not include 0.204 of an acre 
in Natick, taken for abolition of grade crossing. 

The tables of settlements for lands acquired do not include : — 

1. Lands for which "payments on account " under chapter 317 
of the Acts of the year 1904 have been made, there being 4.89 
acres on account of which $1,278.07 has been paid, but for which 
no settlement has been reached. 

2. Lands acquired but not paid or settled for, amounting to about 
144.139 acres, including 50.765 acres previously owned by the 
Commonwealth and 66.761 acres of other lands for which no claims 
will probably be made. 

3. Lands embraced in the St. John's Catholic Cemetery, compris- 
ing 26.39 acres in Clinton and 69.75 acres in Lancaster. 

4. Areas of streets. 

(7) Claims and Settlements for Loss of Business. 

For injury to business caused by the carrying out of the Metro- 
politan Water Act in the towns of Boylston and West Boylston and 
in portions of the towns of Sterling and Clinton, settlements were 
made during the year in 17 cases, and in addition 2 cases were dis- 
allowed. In some of these cases claims had been previously filed 
with the Board, but in the greater number suits for damages had 
been directly brought in court. These suits were brought after the 
decision of the Supreme Judicial Court declaring that under certain 
circumstances farming was an established business within the mean- 
ing of the Metropolitan Water Act, for which damages could be re- 
covered. Settlements were accordingly effected in several of these 
suits by the Attorney-General, with the approval of the Board. 

The number of claims of this class settled since the beginning of 
the Water Works has been 322, and the total sum paid on account 
of such claims has been $153,222.36. All of. these claims except 18 
have been settled outside of the court. 



20 METROPOLITAN WATEB [Pub. Doc. 

B) Claims and Settlements for Loss of Employment. 

No claims for loss of employment by residents of West Boylston 
have been filed during the year, but 3 settlements of cases of this 
class already pending have been made. These 3 claims had been 
rejected by the Hoard, but were allowed by the courts. 

The whole number of settlements for such claims effected since 
the beginning of the operations of the Board has been 477. The 
total amount paid on account of these claims has been $85,959.65. 
All of these claims, with the exception of the 3 paid the past year, 
were settled without resort to the courts. 

(9) Claims and Settlements for Depreciation of Real Estate. 

Settlements for depreciation in the value of real estate not taken 
by the Board were made on account of lands situated in the towns 
of West Boylston and Sterling only, all of the Clinton cases having 
been previously settled. Settlements have been effected in 10 cases 
of this class during the year ending December 31, 1906, and the 
sum of $6,974.02 has been paid. Of these, 1 was settled in court. 

The total number of claims for depreciation settled up to Decem- 
ber 31, 1906, has been 275, and the total amount paid thereunder 
has been $265,459.51. All of these claims except 42 were settled 
out of court. 

No settlements or results have been reached in the many suits for 
damages brought under the Act of the year 1904, which gave to the 
owners of real estate situated in that part of the town of Boylston 
lying on the southerly and southeasterly sides of the reservoir, and 
within the limits of the Nashua River watershed, the right to recover 
for the depreciation in value of real estate not taken but injured by 
reason of the operations of the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage 
Board in a manner similar to that provided for owners of real estate 
in the town of West Boylston. 

(10) Claims on Account of Diversion of Water. 
There have been no claims filed during the year for damages for 
the diversion of water. The total sum paid under settlements and 
judgments for such claims since the beginning of the construction of 
the Water Works has been $1,135,708.91. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 21 

The suras enumerated as paid in these and in the preceding 
cases do not include amounts paid for expert services and court 
expenses. 

IV. WATER WORKS — MAINTENANCE. 

Dexter Brackett, the Engineer of the Sudbury and Distribution 
departments, has had supervision over the maintenance and opera- 
tion of all the Water Works of the Metropolitan System. He has 
been assisted by Charles E. Haberstroh, who has the immediate su- 
pervision of the Sudbury and Cochituate works and of the portion of 
the Weston Aqueduct above the Weston Reservoir ; by George E. 
Wilde, who has the immediate supervision of the Weston Reservoir 
and the remainder of the Weston Aqueduct, and of all the reservoirs 
and pipe lines within the Metropolitan District ; and by Arthur E. 
O'Neil, who has charge of the several puuiping stations. Alexander 
E. Kastl, Division Engineer, has had the immediate charge of both 
construction and maintenance of the Wachusett Dam, Reservoir and 
Aqueduct, and of the Clinton Sewerage Works. 

(1) Operation of Works. 

The maintenance of the Water Works embraces the care and opera- 
tion of the five water pumping stations, of the Pegan pumping sta- 
tion and of the Clinton sewerage pumping station, the ten storage 
reservoirs, the ten distributing reservoirs, the four aqueducts, the 
various filter-beds, the 84 miles of distributing main pipes, as well 
as the various pipe yards, gate-houses, siphon and terminal chambers, 
and other structures connected with the several reservoirs and aque- 
ducts, the dwellings for attendants, and various other buildings used 
or held for operating purposes. There are in addition the Mystic 
pumping station and the Mystic Aqueduct, which have not been in 
active operation during the past year. 

(2) Storage Reservoirs. 

The storage reservoirs of the Cochituate and Sudbury watersheds 
have normal capacities amounting to 15,858,500,000 gallons, though 
a somewhat larger amount of water is at certain periods actually 
held by them. The new Wachusett Reservoir has a capacity of 
64,951,400,000 gallons, so that the total capacity of the storage 



SIS METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

reservoirs is < s <>, 809, 900,000 gallons. The various capacities are as 

follows : — 

Cochituate watershed : — Gallons. 

Lake Cochituate, Including Dudley Pond, . . . 2,242,400,000 

Sudbury watershed : — 

Sudbury Reservoir, 7,253,500,000 

Framingham Reservoir No. 1, . . . . 287,500,000 

Framingham Reservoir No. 2, 529,900,000 

Framingham Reservoir No. 3, 1,183,500,000 

Ashland Reservoir, 1,416,400,000 

Hopkinton Reservoir, 1,520,900,000 

Whitehall Reservoir, . 1,256,900,000 

Farm Pond, 167,500,000 

Wachusett watershed : — 

Wachusett Reservoir, . 64,951,400,000 



Total, . 80,809,900,000 

On January 1, 1906, the quantity of water stored in all of the 
storage reservoirs was 28,971,900,000 gallons. There was a con- 
siderable gain made during the month of January, but greater gains 
occurred from the larger rainfalls of the latter part of February and 
of the months of March and April, and from a single rainfall near 
the end of May. The maximum amount in storage was reached on 
July 6, w ? hen the quantity stored in all the reservoirs was 49,805,- 
200,000 gallons. This quantity is by far the largest amount of 
water held in storage at any time, the maximum quantity in the pre- 
ceding year being 33,708,200,000 gallons. After July 6 there was 
almost continual loss of storage in the reservoirs, and at the end of 
the year the quantity in storage was 44,153,200,000 gallons. 

Considerable progress has been made during the past year in fill- 
ing the Wachusett Reservoir, although the yield of the watershed 
was below the average of past years, and the requirements of the 
service have caused large quantities of water to be drawn daily from 
this reservoir. On January 1, 1906, the reservoir contained 17,115,- 
300,000 gallons. The water in the reservoir reached its greatest 
height on July 10, when the reservoir contained 34,462,500,000 
gallons. This quantity was more than half of the capacity of the 
reservoir, and the water rose to elevation 367.75 above Boston City 
Base, which is 27.25 feet lower than the level of the reservoir if 
filled to high-w T ater mark. The quantity of water in storage on 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 23 

December 31, 1906, was 31,752,900,000 gallons, — a net gain in 
storage for the year of 14,637,600,000 gallons. The only water 
discharged from the reservoir into the river below the dam is that 
provided, in accordance with the statute, for the use of the Lancaster 
Mills. The average quantity thus discharged was 3,761,000 gallons 
per day. 

The Sudbury Reservoir, which receives all the water furnished to 
the District through the Wachusett Aqueduct from the Wachusett 
Reservoir, was during the year full or nearly full for 7 months, the 
water having flowed continuously over the crest of the dam into 
Framingham Reservoir No. 3, which is directly below upon the 
river. The water is drawn from the Sudbury Reservoir substan- 
tially during the entire year, a part by way of Framingham Reservoir 
No. 3 through the Sudbury Aqueduct, and a part through the Weston 
Aqueduct. Water was drawn from Framingham Reservoir No. 2 
during the whole or portions of 6 months ; from Ashland Reservoir 
during portions of 2 months; from the Hopkinton Reservoir during 
portions of 6 months. Water was drawn from Framingham reser- 
voirs Nos. 1 and 2 in order to increase the supply in Lake Cochit- 
uate during portions of 6 months of the year. Water was drawn 
from Lake Cochituate during 9 months of the year. The water in 
this lake was lowered toward the latter part of the year, largely in 
order to make certain repairs which had been found necessary, so 
that in the middle of November the surface of the lake was 7 feet 6 
inches below high water. 

It was found necessary to rebuild a portion of the barn at the Sud- 
bury Dam, as it had become unsafe for use. The grounds near the 
dam have been improved by the covering of wastes which had been 
left after construction. Trees have also been set out near the dam 
and at various points around the reservoir. Considerable fencing 
has been done in connection with adjoining proprietors. 

A portion of the house occupied by the gate-keeper at the Ash- 
land Reservoir was destroyed by fire, and that part has been rebuilt. 

At Lake Cochituate it was found necessary to replace the flume in 
the circular dam which was used for keeping the northerly section 
of the lake, formerly known as the Fiske Meadow, covered with 
water at times when the level of the water in the lake has been more 
than usually drawn down. The wooden flume of the dam was re- 
placed by a flume built of Portland cement concrete. The water in 



24 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



this section of the lake being then so drawn down, the opportunity 
was afforded to make a thorough cleaning of this basin, and a certain 
portion of the shore was improved by excavation, so as to prevent 
shallow flowage. 

The usual ordinary repairs have been made at all of the reser- 
voirs. 

The number of persons who come to visit the Wachusett Dam 
has been so great during the summer season that it has been neces- 
sary to have several of the men qualified as special policemen and 
put on duty on Sundays and holidays, so as to preserve order and 
protect the grounds from damage. 



(3) Distributing Reservoirs. 
The distributing reservoirs have a capacity of 2 
Ions, and are usually kept filled or nearly filled 
capacities of these reservoirs are as follows : — 



Spot Pond, . 
Chestnut Hill Reservoir, 
Weston Reservoir, 
Fells Reservoir, . 
Mystic Reservoir, . 
Waban Hill Reservoir, 
Forbes Hill Reservoir, 
Bear Hill Reservoir, 
Arlington Standpipe, . 
Forbes Hill Standpipe, 



,381,230,000 gal- 
with water. The 

Capacity 
in Gallons. 

1,791,700,000 

300,000,000 

200,000,000 

41,400,000 

26,200,000 

13,500,000 

5,100,000 

2,450,000 

550,000 

330,000 



Total, 2,881,230,000 



These reservoirs are all situated within the Metropolitan District, 
and are maintained not only for facilitating the distribution of water, 
but also to afford protection in cases of emergency. The Weston 
Reservoir also serves the purpose of an equalizing reservoir near 
the end of the Weston Aqueduct. 

Considerable work has been required for the reconstruction of the 
gravel walks and resurfacing of a portion of the driveway about the 
Chestnut Hill Reservoir, made necessary by the changing of the grade 
of Beacon Street by the city of Boston. 

The visitors to the buildings and grounds at several of the dis- 
tributing reservoirs, particularly on Sundays and holidays, call for 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 25 

a considerable extra force upon such days for the protection of the 
works and grounds. 

During the past year the Arlington standpipe has been emptied 
and thoroughly cleaned and painted. The grounds about several of 
the reservoirs have been much infested by the gypsy and brown-tail 
moths, and a more extended report of their ravages is given in 
subsequent pages. 

(4) Aqueducts. 

Water was drawn through the Wachusett Aqueduct from the 
Wachusett Reservoir into the Sudbury Reservoir 316 days during 
the past year, an average of 80,764,000 gallons per day. At the 
times when the aqueduct was not in use it was thoroughly cleaned, 
and the structures along the line have been painted and needed re- 
pairs have been made. 

From the Sudbury Reservoir an average of 32,289,000 gallons 
per day was drawn through the Weston Aqueduct into the distribu- 
tion system of the Metropolitan District. From Framingham Res- 
ervoir No. 3 an average of 68,363,000 gallons per day, coming 
principally from the Sudbury Reservoir, was drawn through the 
Sudbury Aqueduct. In addition, an average of 5,634,000 gallons 
per day was drawn through the Sudbury Aqueduct from Framing- 
ham reservoirs Nos. 1 and 2, making in the aggregate an average of 
73,997,000 gallons per day drawn through the Sudbury Aqueduct. 
The Sudbury Aqueduct was in service 359 days during the year. 
Besides the usual cleaning of the aqueduct and of the three siphon 
pipes, joints in the masonry of the siphon chambers and of several 
of the culverts and waste w r eirs were repointed, and considerable 
painting was. done for the preservation of the iron and wood work. 

The Weston Aqueduct was in operation 355 days. The aqueduct 
and structures were given the annual cleaning, and some fencing 
was done along the aqueduct for its protection. 

Water was drawn through the Cochituate Aqueduct a total of 237 
days, an average of 13,288,000 gallons per day. In addition to the 
making of usual repairs, accurate surveys for locating the aqueduct 
and determining the position of property bounds, which have been 
in progress for several years, were finished, and the most of the 
alignment and property bounds had been set. 



26 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

(5) PUMPING Stations. 

About 73 percent, of all of the water supplied to the Metropolitan 
District has been first received through the Chestnut Hill Reservoir 
or directly from the aqueducts near the reservoir, and pumped at 
the Chestnut Hill high-service and low-service stations. The re- 
mainder of the water received was delivered into the distribution 
system by gravity through the Weston Aqueduct. A somewhat 
larger proportion than last year of the water supplied was thus de- 
livered by gravity. From the Chestnut Hill low-service pumping 
station the water is pumped to the lower districts of Boston, Somer- 
ville, Chelsea, Maiden, Medford, Everett and Arlington, and also to 
Spot Pond. The water is pumped from the Chestnut Hill high-ser- 
vice station to the higher districts of Boston, and to Quincy, Water- 
town, Belmont and a part of Milton. Water is pumped a second 
time from Spot Pond to Melrose, Revere, Winthrop, Nahant, 
Swampscott and the higher portions of Somerville, Chelsea, Maiden, 
Medford and Everett; from a station in Arlington to Lexington and 
the higher portions of Arlington ; and from a station in West Rox- 
bury to the higher portions of West Roxbury and Milton. 

The total quantity of water pumped at all of the stations during the 
year was 35,180,570,000 gallons, or 805,660,000 gallons less than the 
preceding year, a considerably less quantity of water being pumped 
at the Chestnut Hill low-service station than during the preceding 
year. The cost of operating all of the stations was $102,377.95, or 
$2.91 per million gallons pumped, — an increase of 30 cents per 
million gallons over the corresponding cost in the preceding year. 
Though this increase in cost of pumping is somewhat due to increase 
in the cost of fuel, it is partly due to the increased cost of labor and 
to the increase in the number of employes made necessary by a re- 
duction in the hours of labor from seven days to six days per week. 

The cost per million gallons of water raised one foot was : for the 
Chestnut Hill high-service station, $0,027 ; for the Chestnut Hill 
low-service station, $0,033 ; for the Spot Pond station, $0.031 ; for 
the West Roxbury station, $0,216 ; for the Arlington station, $0,095. 
These figures show an increase in the cost at the Chestnut Hill high 
and low service stations and in the West Roxbury station, a slight 
decrease in the Arlington station, and no change in the Spot Pond 
station. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 27 

Considerable difficulty has been had with the pumping engine at 
the Arlington pumping station, but it is expected that by temporary 
repairs the engine can be used until the new engine for the station, 
which is in process of building, can be installed and put to service. 

During the year 12,623.88 tons of coal were purchased for use at 
the various stations. Of this total, 9,265.52 tons were bituminous, 
363.37 tons anthracite, 2,655.95 tons buckwheat anthracite, and 
702.41 tons were anthracite screenings. The average price per 
gross ton for the bituminous coal varied at the different stations 
from $4.12 to $4.48. The cost of the anthracite used was $7.28, of 
the buckwheat anthracite $2.84 and $2.93, and of anthracite screen- 
ings $2.24 and $2.52. 

Tests have been continued in order to determine the heating value 
of the coal used and offered for use in the several stations, and also 
to determine the viscosity, specific gravity and burning point of the 
oil used. 

(6) Pipe Lines and Pipe Yards. 

Three breaks in the pipes have occurred during the year. The 
first occurred in the small pipes supplying water to the low-service 
station at Chestnut Hill; but a more serious one was the sudden 
breaking of the 48-inch curved casting in one of the force mains at 
the Chestnut Hill high-service station, which caused the flooding of 
the basement of the building and considerable damage to the grounds 
in the vicinity before it was possible to stop the flow of water. The 
third break occurred in a curve of the 48-inch pipe in Melrose, which 
was broken by the sewer department of that city while blasting for a 
sewer trench. The water had been shut off earlier in the day at the 
request of the Melrose authorities, and the cost of repairing the 
break was paid by the city of Melrose. Twenty-four leaks in pipes 
were discovered and repaired, the leaks being generally due to 
defective leaded joints. 

To facilitate the construction of a new conduit by the Cambridge 
Water Works a main in Watertown was lowered, and in Medford a 
main pipe was raised to permit of the construction of a water drain 
by the city. Considerable changes and repairs have been made in 
the pipe line crossing Chelsea Creek between Chelsea and East 
Boston. Several insulating joints have been set at various points, 
for the purpose of attempting to reduce the quantity of electric 
current flowing along the pipes. 



28 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

For the purpose of measuring the water supplied to the different 
cities and towns in the District, two now meters have been intro- 
duced and two of the meters originally placed have been enlarged. 
There 1 are now in service for this purpose 55 Venturi meters and 
4 Horsey meters. 

The (ilenwood pipe yard, so called, in Mcdford, is maintained as 
the headquarters of the maintenance force of the Water Works in 
the northern part of the District. The maintenance force for the 
southern part of the District has headquarters in buildings at the 
Chestnut Hill Keservoir. 

(7) Sewerage and Filtration Works. 

(a) Clinton Sewerage Works. 

The daily average quantity of sewage pumped and filtered at 
the Clinton Sewerage Works was 23.6 per cent, more than in the 
preceding year. This increase was due to the amount of water 
leaking into the local sewers during the heavier rainfalls of the 
year. 

The average quantity of sewage pumped per day was 795,000 
gallons, and the cost per million gallons raised one foot was $0.19. 

There are now in use 8 settling basins and 25 filter-beds. Ex- 
periments have been in progress during the year, under the super- 
vision of the Chief Engineer of the State Board of Health, in order 
to increase the efficiency of the beds and to improve the character 
of the effluent. 

The cost of operating the pumping station has been $2,731.23 
and of the maintenance of the filter-beds $2,020.14, an amount of 
$6.96 per million gallons filtered. The sum of $1,087.37 has been 
expended in the experimental work. 

The sludge which has accumulated in the settling basins and 
filter-beds has been given to the neighboring farmers, w r ho have 
been glad to take it away and dispose of it upon their farms. 

(b) Marlborough Brook Filter-beds. 

The Marlborough Brook filter-beds, which receive the waters of a 

brook that flows through a section of the city of Marlborough before 

they enter the Sudbury Keservoir, have been in successful operation 

during the entire year. All the water flowing from the brook has 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 29 

been filtered before entering the reservoir, except some small quan- 
tities on two days when there were heavy rainfalls. The beds have 
been cleaned and kept in good condition. 

(c) Pegan Brook Filtration Works. 

The Pegan filter-beds receive the water directly from Pegan 
Brook which flows through portions of the town of Natick, and also 
the water from the intercepting ditch which collects the water 
received from other brooks formerly draining into this section of 
Lake Cochituate, then known as the Pegan Brook Meadow. Water 
was pumped upon the filter-beds on 191 days during the year. The 
total quantity pumped during the year was 246,525,000 gallons, 
of which 158,739,000 gallons came from the Pegan Brook and 
87,786,000 gallons came from the intercepting ditch. 

The cost of operating the pumping station and of cleaning and 
caring for the beds and grounds was $17.50 per million gallons 
pumped. 

(8) Sanitary Work and Regulations. 

The sanitary inspection of the Wachusett, Sudbury and Cochituate 
watersheds has been continued, under the direction of William W* 
Locke, C.E. He has had two regular assistants, and laborers and 
others have been employed from time to time as required to carry 
out the improvements and changes which have been ordered. 

There were 11 cases of typhoid fever reported during the year 
upon the Wachusett watershed, and 44 cases reported upon the 
Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds. None of these cases occurred 
upon lands belonging to the Board. All of them, however, were 
investigated as soon as reported, and proper precautions were taken 
to prevent the pollution of the water supply. So far as known, the 
purity of the water supply has not been affected by any of these 
cases. 

There were inspected during the year 1,450 premises on the 
Wachusett watershed, for the purpose of ascertaining whether there 
were any conditions needing corrections or improvement, particularly 
with reference to cesspools, privy and sink drainage, manure piles 
and manufacturing wastes. Of these, 1,280 were declared to be 
satisfactory at the end of the year, and 170 premises were pronounced 
" unsatisfactory," which classification includes all cases where there 



30 METROPOLITAN WATEB [Pub. Doc. 

may be under the most unfavorable conditions wash from privies or 
direct sink drainage, .-ill suspected oases, and all cases of manufac- 
turing wastes entering brooks or feeders to the reservoir, although 
some attempts may have been made to purify them. Remedies were 
effected by the agents of the Board ill 62 eases, 5 of them being 
remedied by the construction of filter-beds, and the remaining 57 by 
the building of new cesspools and cemented vaults or by the tearing 
down or removal of buildings. Partial remedy was applied in 39 
other eases. 

On the Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds 7,502 premises were 
inspected, and 7,148 of these were pronounced satisfactory at the 
end of the year and 354 unsatisfactory. In the cases of 202 of the 
premises remedies were effected by the agents of the Board, 192 by 
introducing sewer connections and 10 by other means, and there 
were 27 premises where partial remedies were accomplished. In 
addition, connections were made with 37 new houses. 

Improvement in sanitary conditions has also been accomplished 
for the Wachusett watershed by the tearing down or removal of 30 
dwelling houses, 10 barns and 1 storehouse on property owned by 
the Board. One of the mills on the Quinepoxet River, where 50 
men had been formerly employed in the manufacture of cloths, was 
purchased by the Board and was destroyed. A large tract of land 
upon the southerly and westerly shores of West Waushacum Lake, 
extending along the margin of the lake about 3,000 feet was acquired 
and purchased, together with the farm or boarding house and several 
summer cottages standing upon the land. 

At the Whitehall Reservoir more strict inspection has been 
adopted for the prevention of bathing, and measures have been 
taken toward the restriction of boating. 

Samples of water have been collected at monthly and bi-monthly 
periods from different points upon the works, and sent to the State 
Board of Health for analysis and examination. Collections are made 
much more frequent^ for the microscopical and biological examina- 
tions in the laboratory of the Board. During the past year 2,526 
microscopical and 1,017 biological examinations were thus made of 
the water collected from the main feeders of the Sudbury Reservoir 
and Framingham Reservoir No. 3 and of Lake Cochituate, as well as 
monthly tests made to determine the efficiency of the Marlborough 
Brook filter-beds. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 31 

(9) Moth Suppression. 

The gypsy and brown-tail moths were found during the past year 
not only in extended areas in places where they had previously 
existed, but also in places Avhere they had not formerly been dis- 
covered. The regions about Spot Pond have been, as heretofore, 
much the worse infested, and upon them the largest part of the 
work of suppression has been carried on. In the early part of the 
year a large force of men was employed in painting the egg clusters 
of the gypsy moth with creosote and fuel oil, and later in the season 
the foliage of the trees and the shrubbery were sprayed with arsenate 
of lead. 

About Spot Pond the larger trouble has come from the presence 
of the gypsy moth, but considerable work has been done in the 
destruction of the nests of the brown-tail moths. In places the trees 
have been encircled with tanglefoot. Much difficulty was experi- 
enced in the attempt to protect the southern area of the Spot Pond 
lands along the long line between the land of the Commonwealth 
and that of the city of Medford. Much has been accomplished, and 
little serious damage has come to the trees on the land of the Com- 
monwealth in the custody of the Board. 

The lands at the Chestnut Hill and Mystic reservoirs have been 
more or less infested by both gypsy and brown-tail moths, and con- 
siderable work has been done in the destruction of egg clusters and 
nests. The moths have been advancing along the Cochituate, Sud- 
bury and Weston aqueducts, and have been found in considerable 
numbers about the Sudbury and Weston reservoirs, and the brown- 
tail moths have been discovered even upon the grounds about the 
Wachusett Dam in Clinton. 

The work which has been done for the suppression of the ravages 
of the moths in these regions as well as about Spot Pond has been 
sufficient to prevent the destruction of the trees or their serious 
injury. The operations have been carried on by the regular water 
maintenance force, augmented from time to time, as has been found 
necessary, by the employment of other experienced men. The total 
amount expended during the year was $12,700, of which all but 
-about $2,200 was spent on the lands about Spot Pond. 



METROPOLITAN WATKK [Pub. Doc. 

(10) Quality of the Wateh. 

The water delivered to the Metropolitan District has been sub- 
stantially oi' the same quality daring the hist three or four years. 
During the past year the color of the water has been somewhat less, 
while the number of microscopic organisms has somewhat increased. 
No complaints regarding the quality of the water have been received 
from water takers during the year. 

The organisms which prevail more or less in the different reser- 
voirs, and sometimes give the water a noticeable taste or color, are 
in no respect injurious to the public health. In the Wachusett 
Reservoir the number of organisms has been small, and they have 
never imparted an objectionable character to the water. A larger 
number appeared for a while in the Sudbury Reservoir, and there 
was a slightly objectionable odor in the water, but they were broken 
up by passing the water over the Sudbury Dam. There are times 
in the year when the number is also large in Lake Cochituate and 
in other reservoirs, and at such times the water is not drawn from 
these sources. The additional storage given to the water in Spot 
Pond has caused this water general^ to be particularly unobjection- 
able. Sufficient water has not yet been kept in storage in the 
Wachusett Reservoir to obtain the full benefit to be expected in the 
future from Ion 2: storage in that basin. 

(11) The Water Supply. 

The amount of water yielded by both the Sudbury and Wachusett 
watersheds was considerably below the average, although this amount 
was larger than during the preceding year, in which the yield was 
abnormally small. The rainfall on the Sudbury watershed was 44.48 
inches, only 1.56 inches below the average; and the rainfall on the 
Wachusett watershed was 49.08 inches, which is but little below 
the average. This rainfall, however, did not yield a proportional 
amount of water, because it was more widely distributed during the 
year, and there was but a comparatively small rainfall during the 
months when the larger quantity of water is collectible in the reser- 
voirs. The yield of the Sudbury watershed was 19 per cent, less 
than the average, and that of the Wachusett was 14 per cent, below 
the average. 

Water was supplied not only to all the cities and towns included 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 33 

within the Metropolitan Water District, except the city of Newton 
and the town of Hyde Park, but was also supplied, by a special 
agreement, to the town of Swampscott, which is without the limits 
of the District, and to a small part of the town of Saugus, which is 
directly supplied by the town of Revere, under an arrangement with 
the Board. The estimated population, as of July 1, 1906, of the 
territory supplied with water was 913,710. 

The city of Newton and the town of Hyde Park continue to be 
supplied from their own sources, which are still adequate for the 
purpose ; and these municipalities are charged, in accordance with 
the Metropolitan Water Act, as amended in the year 1904, with one- 
fifth of the assessment which they would have been called upon to 
pay on the basis of valuation, and are relieved from any charge made 
on the basis of consumption. 

The total quantity of water supplied by the Metropolitan Water 
Works to the various cities and towns, as determined by pump 
measurement and by the flow through the Weston Aqueduct, together 
with the small quantity yielded by Spot Pond, was 43,369,310,000 
gallons, an average daily supply of 118,820,000 gallons, which is an 
increase in the daily supply of 422,000 gallons. The daily average 
supplied for each inhabitant was 130 gallons, — a slight decrease 
from last year, when the average was 131.2 gallons. 

In addition to the amount thus supplied to the cities and towns in 
the District, 45,000 gallons daily were supplied to the United States 
reservation on Peddock's Island, in accordance with arrangements 
made with the Government. 

The town of Framingham was also permitted, under the law, to 
draw its supply from Farm Pond, but this supply did not enter the 
aqueducts. 

The quantity of water, as measured by the Yenturi meters, when 
delivered to the various municipalities is, owing to leakage from the 
different reservoirs and pipe lines, as well as in a small degree to the 
use of water at the pumping stations, somewhat less than the amount 
given above, the quantity so measured and supplied from the Metro- 
politan Works to each person daily being 128 gallons. 

The city of Newton and the town of Hyde Park supplied from 
their sources to their respective inhabitants a total of 1,191,546,533 
gallons, being a daily average of 62 gallons per inhabitant. 



;>l METROPOLITAN WATKK [Pub. Doc. 



Y. WATKK WORKS — FINANCIAL STATEMENT. 

By chapter 235 of the Acts of the year 1906, the Board was re- 
quired on or before the third Wednesday in January of each year to 
report to the General Court an abstract of its receipts, expenditure 
disbursements, assets and liabilities for the previous fiscal year 
(which, by the provisions of chapter 211 of the Acts of the year 
1905, is the year beginning with the first day of December and end- 
ing with the thirtieth day of November), together with all recom- 
mendations for legislation which it deemed desirable ; and the Board 
was also required by the Act of 1906 to present in the month of 
February a more detailed statement of its doings for the calendar 
year next preceding, which detailed statement should be printed as 
its annual report for the year. 

The financial abstract for the eleven months of the fiscal year end- 
ing with the thirtieth day of November, 1906, 1 was accordingly 
presented to the General Court in January, and a copy of this finan- 
cial abstract is printed as Appendix Xo. 5. 

The following detailed statement of its financial doings, in rela- 
tion to the Metropolitan Water Works, for the calendar year 1906, 
is herewith presented, in accordance with the provisions of the Act 
of 1906, as a part of the annual report of the Board. 

The Metropolitan Water Loans authorized for the construction 
and acquisition of works have amounted to 840,500,000. To this 
sum are added the proceeds from the sale of certain property by the 
Board, and these amounted on January 1, 1907, to $148,361.41. 
The total amount, therefore, which the Board has been authorized to 
expend is $40,648,361.41. The amount of expenditures approved 
by the Board for payment out of the Metropolitan Water Loan Fund 
was, for the year 1906, $1,234,662.79, and the total amount so ap- 
proved for payment since the beginning of the work up to January 
1, 1907, has been $40,278,877.02. There was accordingly a balance 
remaining at the beginning of the year 1907 amounting to $369,484.39. 

The Treasurer of the Commonwealth has issued from time to time, 
on the request of the Board, bonds to the amount of $40,193,000. 

1 Since the Act of 1905 changing the fiscal year came into full effect on the first day of 
January, 1906, the financial abstract submitted in January, 1907, covered only the period 
of the eleven months of the year 1906 ending with November 30. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 35 

These bonds were issued for terms of 39^ and 40 years from 
the date of issue, and bear interest at the rate of 3 per cent, and 
3% per cent, per annum. The sinking fund established for the 
payment of the bonds at maturity amounted on January 1, 1907 to 
$4,897,822.62. 

The amount approved by the Board for the maintenance and opera- 
tion of the Water Works for the year 1906, which was paid out of 
the annual assessments, was $419,748.23. 

The assessments for the year 1906, for the payment of interest on 
the bonds, for the sinking fund requirements, and for the expenses 
of operation and maintenance of the Water Works, which were 
levied upon the various cities and towns in the Metropolitan Dis- 
trict, amounted to $2,262,657.20. 

Receipts from sales of water to municipalities not belonging to 
the District and to water companies were distributed back to the 
cities and towns, in proportion to their respective assessments,, to 
the amount of $19,475.53. 

The detailed financial statement regarding the Metropolitan Water 
Works is as follows : — 

(1) Metropolitan Water Loans, Receipts and Payments. 

The loans for the construction and acquisition of the Metropolitan 
Water Works, the receipts which are added to the proceeds of 
these loans, the expenditures for the construction and acquisition 
of works, and the balance available on January 1, 1907, have been 
as follows : — 

Loan under chapter 488 of the Acts of 1895, $ 27,000,000 00 

Loan under chapter 453 of the Acts of 1901, 13,000,000 00 

Loan under chapter 367 of the Acts of 1906, 500,000 00 



$40,500,000 00 
Proceeds from the sales of property applicable to the construction 
and acquisition of works (of which $24,595.91 is for the year 
1906), 148,361 41 



840,648,361 41 
Amount approved by the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board 
for payments to December 31, 1906 (of which $1,234,662.79 is for 
the year 1906), 40,278,877 02 



Balance January 1, 1907, $369,484 39 



36 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pul). Doc. 



< '2 ) [s8ues or Metropolitan Wateb Loan Bonds. 

The Treasurer of the Commonwealth, under the authority given 

him to issue from time to time, on the request of the Board, 

negotiable bonds to an amount not exceeding $40,500,000, to be 

designated the " Metropolitan Water Loan," has sold bonds as 

follows : — 





Amount 


Itiite of In- 


Price 
received. 






Date op Sale. 


of Bonds 
sold. 


terest (per 
cent.). 


Date due. 


Premium. 


Sept. 25, 1895 


$5,000,000 


3K 


110.67 


July 1,1935, 


$533,500 00 


Nov. 23, 1896, 










2,000,000 


3>£ 


106.76268 


July 1,1935, 


135,253 60i 


Feb. 8, 1897, 










6,000,000 


3^ 


107.82 


July 1, 1935, 


469,200 00 


Jan. 13, 1898, 










2,000,000 


. 3>£ 


113.176 


Jan. 1, 1938, 


263,520 00 


Mar. 2, 1898, 










2,000,000 


3K 


112.877 


Jan. 1, 1938, 


257,540 00 


June 15, 1899, 










3,000,000 


3 


100.64 


July 1,1939, 


19,200 00 


June 28, 1900, 










1,000,000 


3 


102.78 


July 1,1939, 


27,800 00 


Mar. 5, 1901, 










3,000,000 


3 


102.155 


Jan. 1, 1941, 


64,650 00 


July 24, 1901, 










100,000 


3 


100.375 


Jan. 1, 1941, 


375 00 


July 24, 1901, 










150,000 


3 


100.10 


Jan. 1,1941, 


150 00 


July 30, 1901, 










205,000 


3 


100.25 


Jan.l, 1941, 


512 50 


July 31, 1901, 










50,000 


3 


100.25 


Jan. 1, 1941, 


125 00 


Aug. 7, 1901, 










50,000 


3 


100.50 


Jan. 1,1941, 


250 00 


Aug. 8, 1901, 










300,000 


3 


100.10 


Jan. 1,1941, 


300 00 


Aug. 8, 1901. 










200,000 


3 


100.25 


Jan. 1, 1941, 


500 00 


Sept. 17, 1901, 










3,100,000 


SK 


106.71 


Jan. 1,1941, 


208,010 00 


Oct. 1, 1901, 










1,345,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 1,1941, 


- 


Oct. 24, 1901, 










1,500,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 1, 1941, 


- 


Feb. 26, 1902, 










500,000 


3K 


109.13 


Jan. 1, 1942, 


45.650 00 


Feb. 26, 1902, 










3,000,000 


3^ 


109.13 


Jan. 1,1942, 


273,900 00 


April 7, 1903, 










250,000 


3K 


106.725 


Jan. 1,1943, 


16,812 50 


April 17, 1903, 










1,250,000 


3^ 


106.1329 


Jan. 1,1943, 


76,661 25 


Jan. 15, 1904, 










500,000 


ZVz 


104.60 


Jan. 1,1943, 


23,000 00 


Jan. 15, 1904, 










2,000,000 


3% 


104.60 


Jan. 1, 1944, 


92,000 00 


Mar. 24, 1905, 










650,000 


3K 


105.761 


Jan. 1,1945, 


37,446 50 


June 28, 1906, 










943,000 


3^ 


103.09 


Jan. 1,1946, 


29,138 70 


June 28, 1906, 










100,000 


3^ 


100. 


Jan. 1, 1946, 


- 












$40,193,000 


$2,575,495 05 



Including $18,673.60 from readjustment of rate made by the Treasurer in 1897. 



(3) Metropolitan Water Loan Sinking Fund. 
The sinking fund established by the Treasurer of the Common- 
wealth has amounted at the end of each year to sums as follows : — 



$226,286 05 

699,860 70 

954,469 00 

1,416,374 29 

1,349,332 97 

1,573,619 72 

1,662,426 95 

2,256,803 81 

2,877,835 59 

3,519,602 92 

4,207,045 69 

4,897,822 62 



December 31 


1895, 










December 31 


1896, 










December 31 


1897, 










December 31 


1898, 










December 31 


1899, 










December 31 


1900, 










December 31 


,1901, 










December 31 


1902, 










December 31 


1903, 










December 31 


1904, 










December 31 


1905, 










December 31 


1906, 











No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



37 



(4) Annual Assessments and Receipts. 
Assessments for the year, amounting to $2,262,657.20, were re- 
quired for the payment of the interest on the bonds issued by the 
Commonwealth, the sinking fund requirements and the expenses of 
operation and maintenance of the Water Works. The requirements 
were: for interest, $1,336,775.37; for the sinking fund, $520,- 
380.51 ; and for maintenance and operation, $405,501.32. These 
assessments were made by the Treasurer of the Commonwealth upon 
the various municipalities as follows : — 



Arlington, 






. $13,663 68 


Nahant, . 






$4,187 88 


Belmont, . 






5,668 67 


Newton, . 






6,234 22 


Boston, . 






1,822,556 33 


Quincy, . 






46,314 16 


Chelsea, . 






57,687 81 


Revere, . 






16,894 21 


Everett, . 






39,583 12 


Somerville, 






97,160 08 


Hyde Park, 






1,242 52 


Stoneham, 






8,088 06 


Lexington, 






6,205 30 


Watertown, 






14,778 34 


Maiden, . 






38,087 38 


Winthrop, 






13,351 69 


Medford, . 






31,653 25 








Melrose, . 






25,230 09 


$2,262,657 20 


Milton, . 






14,070 41 











The comparatively smaller sums assessed upon the city of Newton 
and the town of Hyde Park were owing to the fact that neither of 
these municipalities had reached the safe capacity of its sources, and 
neither had been furnished with water. 

The proceeds from the operations of the Board, exclusive of the 
proceeds from sales of property, are, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the Water Act, applied to the reduction of the assessment, 
and these, for the year 1906, amounted to $7,693.75. 

The actual expenditures for the maintenance and operation of the 
Metropolitan Water Works were, for the year 1906, $419,748.23. 



(5) Distribution to Cities and Towns of Sums received from 
Water furnished to Other Municipalities. 

Sums have been received during the year 1906, under the pro- 
visions of the Metropolitan Water Act, for water furnished, as 
follows : — 

Swampscott, $4,800 00 

United States Government, 796 19 

Wakefield 200 00 

$5,796 19 



38 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



The Treasurer, in accordance with the requirements of the Act, 
distributed to the cities and towns of the District, in proportion to 
the annual assessments theretofore contributed by them, to which 
were added considerable sums which had been received in the pre- 
ceding year too late for distribution. The distribution was made as 
follows : — 



Arlington, 

Belmont, 

Boston, 

Chelsea, 

Everett, 

Hyde Park, 

Lexington, 

Maiden, 

Med ford, 

Melrose, 

Milton, 



$114 46 


Nahant, 


58 46 


Newton, 


15,886 82 


Quincy, 


416 77 


Revere, 


303 80 


Somerville, 


28 50 


Stoneham, 


34 38 


Watertown, 


433 42 


Winthrop, 


253 78 




182 82 




86 97 





$32 46 


95 


38 


313 55 


141 


16 


800 


30 


66 


48 


137 


96 


88 


06 



819,475 53 



(6) Expenditures for the Different Works. 

The following is a summary of the expenditures made in the 
various - operations for the different works : — 



Construction and Acquisition of 
Works 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



Administration applicable to all parte of the 
construction and acquisition of the works, 
Wachusett Dam and Reservoir : — 

Wachusett Dam, 

North Dike, 

South Dike 

Removal of soil, 

Relocation of railroads, 

Roads and bridges, 

Real estate, 

Damages, real estate not taken, business 
and loss of wages, 

Other expenses, 

Improving Wachusett watershed, 

Wachusett Aqueduct, 

Sudbury Reservoir 

Protection of Sudbury supply 

Amounts carried forward , . 



$87,472 43 
303 06 
1,574 26 
36,293 76 
16,648 62 
15,947 73 
17,380 19 

10,374 02 
267 50 



$10,926 77 



186,261 57 

101,996 14 

4,094 60 

393 30 



$303,672 38 



$2,270,116 86 
749,811 36 
136,871 10 
2,528,155 15 
876,995 94 
545,144 26 
3,179,060 57 

504,641 52 
6,740 42 



$262,601 46 



10,797,537 17 

188,035 81 

1,797,694 80 

2,922,445 21 

129,190 36 

$16,097,504 81 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



39 



Construction and Acquisition op 


For the Year ending 




From Beginning of Work 


Works. 


December 31, 1906. 




to December 31, 1906. 


Amounts brought forivard, 


. • . 


$303,672 


38 


$16,097,504 81 


Improving Sudbury watershed, 




278 


16 




95,385 09 


Protection of Cochituate supply, 










9,000 00 


Improving Cochituate watershed, 










8,860 68 


Improving Lake Cochituate, .... 










103,537 29 


Pipe lines, Dam No. 3 to Darn No. 1, 










48,471 48 


Pipe line, Rosemary siphon, .... 










23,142 98 


Weston Aqueduct : — 














$2,173 20 






$2,352,136 32 






382 26 






288,684 36 






287 93 






584,639 71 




Real estate, taxes and other expenses, . 


1,364 82 


4,208 


21 


204,486 03 


3,429,946 42 


Distribution system : — 




Low service : — 












Pipe lines and connections, 


$420 39 






$1,751,626 06 




Pumping station, Chestnut Hill, 


3,320 22 






462,572 19 




Reservoir, Spot Pond 


- 






578,101 58 




Gate-house and connections, Chestnut 












Hill Reservoir, 


- 






65,480 88 




Real estate and other expenses, . 


- 






90,910 66 




Northern high service : — 












Pipe lines and connections, 


- 






440,539 28 




Spot Pond pumping station, 


- 






291,829 35 




Fells Reservoir, Stoneham, 


- 






141,392 94 




Bear Hill Reservoir, Stoneham, . 


- 






38,267 70 




Real estate and other expenses, ... 


- 






14,838 05 




Southern high service : — 












Pipe lines and connections, 


5,352 14 






514,897 55 




Pumping station, Chestnut Hill, 


104 17 






242,225 52 




Forbes Hill Reservoir, Quincy, . 


- 






90,003 49 




Waban Hill Reservoir, Newton, 


- 






61,592 11 




Real estate and other expenses, . 


- 






10,226 36 




Northern extra high service 


15,215 71 






29,243 86 




Southern extra high service, .... 


15 00 






22,830 67 




Meters and connections, 


567 91 






76,964 91 


' 


Improving Spot Pond Brook, 


274 18 






3,991 23 




Glenwood pipe yard, 


- 






33,100 59 




Chestnut Hill pipe yard, .... 





25,269 


72 


11,311 26 


4,971,946 24 


Diversion of water, South Branch of Nashua 




River,* 




2,429 46 




1,360,240 46 


Acquisition of existing water works :. — 












Reimbursement city of Boston, partially 












constructed Sudbury Reservoir, 


- 






$1,157,921 59 




To Boston, for works taken January 1, 














- 






12,768,948 80 




Amounts carried forward 


- 


$335,857 93 


$13,926,870 39 $26,148,035 45 



1 Of the total expenditures from the beginning of the work, the sum of $150,734.04 is for Clinton 
sewerage system. 



ID 



METROPOLITAN WATKK 



[Pub. Doc 



OONBTBUOTIOIH and Acquisition op 


For tho Year ending 


From Beginning of Work 


Works. 


December 31, 1906. 


to December 31, 1906. 


iimfa brought forward, 


$335,857 93 


$13,926,870 39 $26,148,035 45 


Acquisition of existing water works— Ckm. 






To Maiden, Medford and Melrose for taking 








$896,659 23 


1,240,229 62 


To Newton, for Waban Hill Reservoir, 


" 


60,000 00 


Transfers of works acquired and other prop- 


$15,227,100 01 


erty to accountsfor special works, . 


" 


1,240,262 50 




$13,986,837 51 


Engineering, conveyancing, etc 


2,600 00 


73,126 22 










$1,235,117 16 




Pipes, Valves, Castings, etc., sent first to 






Storage Yards, and afterwards transferred 






as needed to Different Parts of the Work. 






Sent to storage yards, 


$1,864 18 


$2,088,374 70 


Transferred from storage yards to works, and 






included in costs above 


2,318 55 


2,017,496 86 


Balance from beginning of work, 


70,877 84 


Excess of transfers over purchases during the 






year 1906 (deducted) 


454 37 




Total for constructing and acquiring of 






works 


. $1,234,662 79 


$40,278,877 02 



Maintenance and Operation. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



Administration, 

General supervision 

Taxes and other expenses, .... 

Wachusett Reservoir Department : — 

General superintendence 

Reservoir, 

Forestry, 

Sanitary inspection and protection of supply, 

Protection of supply 

Buildings and grounds 

Dam and aqueduct, 

Wachusett dam 

Wachusett aqueduct, 

Clinton sewerage system : — 

Pumping station 

Sewers, screens and filter-beds, . 

Sanitary inspection, 



Amount carried forward, 



$2,460 22 
70,104 97 
5,709 19 
1,427 74 
923 98 
2,273 76 
4,906 20 
3,075 95 
2,328 93 

2,663 81 

2,307 56 

458 92 



$11,329 36 

4,320 54 

44,744 23 



98,641 23 



$159,035 36 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD, 



41 



Maintenance and Operation. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



Amount brought forward, . 

Sudbury Department : — 
General superintendence, 
Superintendence, Framingham office, 

Ashland Reservoir 

Hopkinton Reservoir, 
Whitehall Reservoir, 
Framingham Reservoirs, 1, 2 and 3, 
Sudbury Reservoir, .... 
Lake Cochituate, .... 
Marlborough Brook filters, 

Pegan filters, 

Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds, 

Sanitary inspection, 

Cochituate Aqueduct, 

Sudbury Aqueduct, .... 

Weston Aqueduct, .... 

Biological laboratory, 



Distribution Department : — 

Superintendence, 

Arlington pumping station, pumping service, 

Chestnut Hill low-service pumping station, pumping service, 

Chestnut Hill high-service pumping station, pumping service, 

Spot Pond pumping station, pumping service, 

West Roxbury pumping station, pumping service, 

Arlington standpipe, . . 

Bear Hill Reservoir, 

Chestnut Hill Reservoir, 

Fells Reservoir 

Forbes Hill Reservoir, 

Mystic Lake, conduit and pumping station, .... 

Mystic Reservoir 

Waban Hill Reservoir, 

Weston Reservoir, 

Spot Pond, 

Buildings at Spot Pond 

Pipe lines : — 

Low service 

Northern high service, 

Southern high service 

Supply pipe lines, 

Buildings at Chestnut Hill, 

Chestnut Hill pipe yard, 

Glenwood pipe yard and buildings 

Stables 

Waste prevention, 

Venturi meters, 



Total for maintaining and operating works, 



$3,764 31 
7,754 73 
3,240 18 
2,130 81 
383 22 
4,513 21 
7,310 23 
7,094 47 
2,300 22 
4,314 79 
431 96 
3,058 24 
6,548 31 
9,348 42 
5,718 39 
2,856 26 



$10,346 93 

6,461 52 

35,611 24 

47,215 34 

11,400 90 

7,370 57 

553 50 

210 86 

10,037 05 

1,265 27 

1,156 11 

2,171 28 

1,295 88 

604 94 

2,483 92 

16,954 48 

1,451 84 

10,145 65 
2,706 50 
3,375 06 

784 87 
1,827 29 

472 26 
4,098 63 
5,096 59 
2,924 43 
1,922 21 



$159,035 36 



70,767 75 



189,945 12 
$419,748 23 



\-2 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



I Detailed Financial Statement under Metropolitan 

Water Act. 

The Board herewith presents, in accordance with the require- 
ments of the Metropolitan Water Aet, a detailed statement of the 
expenditures and disbursements, receipts, assets and liabilities for 
the year L906. 

(a) Expenditures and Disbarstnients. 

The total amount of the expenditures and disbursements on ac- 
count of construction and acquisition of works for the year beginning 
January 1, 1906, and ending December 31, 1906, is $1,234,662.79, 
and the total amount from the time of the organization of the Met- 
ropolitan Water Board, July 19, 1895, to December 31, 1906, is 
$40,278,877.02. 

For maintenance and operation the expenditures for the year 
have been $419,748.23, and from the beginning of the work, 
»2, 650,962. 24. 

The salaries of the commissioners, and other expenses of admin- 
istration, have been apportioned to the construction of the works 
and to the maintenance and operation of the same, and appear under 
each of those headings. 

The following is a division of the expenditures according to their 
general character : — 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



Construction of Works and Acquisition 
by Purchase or Taking. 

Administration. 

Commissioners, 

Secretary and auditor, 

Clerks and stenographers, 

Legal services, 

Travelling, 

Stationery and printing, 

Postage, express and telegrams, 

Furniture and fixtures 

Alterations and repairs of buildings, 
Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care 

of building, 

Rent and taxes, main office, .... 
Miscellaneous expenses, 

Amount* carried forward 



$4,666 67 


1,500 00 


3,064 36 


34 40 


585 75 


126 10 



9 00 

544 46 
341 41 

54 62 



$10,926 77 



$10,926 77 



$110,310 25 

47,217 03 

55,572 49 

2,359 00 

3,625 48 

10,767 84 

2,764 07 

4,280 89 

5,752 27 

10,900 09 
4,617 21 
4,444 84 



$262,601 46 
$262,601 46 



No. 57.] 



AND SE WEE AGE BOARD. 



43 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



and 



Amounts brought forward, 

Engineering . 
Chief engineer and department engineers, 
Principal assistant engineers, 
Engineering assistants, 
Consulting engineers, 

Inspectors 

Architects 

Railroad and street car travel, 
"Wagon hire, 
Stationery and printing, 
Postage, express and telegrams, 
Engineering and drafting instruments 

tools 

Engineering and drafting supplies, . 
Books, maps and photographic supplies, 
Furniture and fixtures, 
Alterations and repairs of buildings : — 

Main office, 

Sub-offices, 

Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care 
of buildings : — 

Main office, 

Sub-offices 

Rent and taxes, main office, 
Rent of sub-offices and other buildings, 
Field offices and sheds, . . . 
Clinton office building, 

Unclassified supplies 

Miscellaneous expenses, 

Construction. 
Preliminary work (borings, test pits and other 
investigations) : — 

Advertising, 

Other preliminary work as given in detail in 
preceding annual report 

Contracts, Wachusett Reservoir : — 
Contracts completed and final payments 

made prior to January 1, 1906, . 
Busch Bros., excavating soil, Sect. 6, and 
building road, West Boylston and Boyl- 
ston, — deducted from estimate, Septem- 
ber 5, 1900 

The H. Gore Co., surfacing highways, West 

Boylston, Sect. 1, 

Sundry bills paid under this contract, 
The H. Gore Co., surfacing highways, West 

Boylston, Sect. 2 

Sundry bills paid under this contract, 

Amounts carried forward, .... 



$4,105 33 

6,382 12 

22,453 42 

476 50 
961 66 
44 30 
951 63 
404 46 
128 55 

44 05 

303 21 
175 75 



99 00 
1 00 



1,573 76 

997 20 

1,024 28 

13 00 



29 43 

89 92 



$600 00 

398 82 
1,000 00 

467 91 
1,263 90 

$3,730 63 



$10,926 77 






$206,515 56 




151,607 61 




1,007,158 82 




23,560 07 




290,122 39 




36,161 19 




26,779 49 




44,808 48 




25,870 75 




7,703 91 




19,284 78 




24,807 36 




6,801 34 




14,977 46 




14,038 86 




2,939 36 




23,401 15 




19,446 36 




13,620 03 




4,526 74 




1,274 49 




9,866 87 




8,240 53 




8,624 19 


40,258 57 








$6,306 22 




155,457 41 




$2,644,147 23 




35,160 63. 




6,856 09 




1,000 00 




8,526 58 



$262,601 46 



1,992,137 79 



161,763 63 



$51,185 34 



1,263 90 



$2,696,954 43 $2,416,502 88 



11 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



KM. ChABAOTXB OP EXPENDITURES. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



Amounts brought fonoardi 

( ''instruction — Con. 
Contractu, WaohuMtt Reservoir— Coil. 

Newell x Snowling Construction Co., exca- 
vating soil from Sect. 8 and completing 
westerly portion of North Dike (deducted 
from final estimate), .... 

Bruno, Salomone & Petitti, Sect. 10, Wachu 
sett Reservoir, Boylston and West Boyl 
ston, 

McArthur Bros. Co., building Sect. 2 of the 
relocation of Central Massachusetts Rail 
road 

Francis A. McCauliff, masonry arch bridge 
at West Boylston, .... 

McBride & Co., Stillwater improvement, 
Sundry bills paid under this contract, 

John F. Magee & Co., South Dike, 
Sundry bills paid under this contract, 

McArthur Bros. Co., riprap at South Dike 

McArthur Bros. Co., Wachusett Dam, 

Francis A. McCauliff, granite posts, curbing 
and edgestones, Wachusett Dam, 

Henry Parsons & Son, steel gates and fenc 
ing for Wachusett Dam, 

J. H. McCafferty & Co., brass railing for 
Wachusett Dam 

Simpson Bros. Corp., reinforced granolithic 
surface' on Wachusett Dam, 

Contracts improving Wachusett Watershed : — 
A. McKenzie & Co., Sterling filter-beds, 

Contracts completed, Wachusett Aqueduct, 

Contracts completed, Sudbury Reservoir, 

Contracts completed, protection Sudbury 
Supply : — 
City of Marlborough, main sewer, 

Contracts completed, improving Lake Cochit- 
uate 

Contracts completed, protection Cochituate 
Supply : — 
Town of Framingham, low-level sewer, 

Contracts completed, Rosemary siphon, . 

Contracts completed, pipe line, Dam No. 3 to 
Dam No. 1, 

Contracts completed, Clinton sewerage sys- 
tem, 

Contracts, Weston Aqueduct: — 
Contracts completed and final payments 
made prior to January 1, 1906, . 

Amounts carried forward, . 



J.730 63 $51,185 34 



500 00 

26,027 24 

13,920 00 

1,576 56 

296 40 

720 00 

780 00 

46,465 99 

1,700 00 

1,349 00 

4,185 00 

2,452 72 



103,703 54 
8,490 09 



$163,378 97 



$2,696,954 43 $2,416,502 88 



500 00 
543,680 45 

286,209 39 

12,809 65 

23,314 67 

3,459 45 

138,608 54 

780 00 

15,385 24 

1,605,855 73 

1,700 00 

1,349 00 

4,185 00 

2,452 72 



5,337,244 27 

8,490 09 

1,447,208 55 

1,545,028 33 



9,000 00 
60,657 45 

9,000 00 
5,916 96 

17,240 22 

66,878 22 



$1,781,564 31 



$1,781,564 31 $10,923,166 97 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



45 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



Amounts brought forward, 

Construction — Con . 
Contracts, Weston Aqueduct — Con. 
Shanahan, Casparis & Co., . . Sect. 2, 

Sundry bills paid under this contract, 
Shanahan, Casparis & Co., . . Sect. 3, 

Sundry bills paid under this contract, 
Shanahan, Casparis & Co., . . Sect. 6, 

Sundry bills paid under this contract, 
Shanahan, Casparis & Co., . . Sect. 12, 

Sundry bills paid under this contract, 

Contracts, Distribution System : — 

Contracts completed and final payments 

made prior to January 1, 1906, . 
C. A. Dodge & Co., Arlington pumping 

station, 

R. D. Wood & Co , special castings, 

Deduct value of pipes, valves, etc., included 
in above list, transferred to maintenance 
account December 31, 1900, 

Additional work 
Labor, 
Professional se 

yses, etc., 
Travelling, 
Rent, . 
Water rates, 
Freight and express, 
Jobbing and repairing, 
Tools, machinery, appliances, and hardware 

supplies, 

Electrical supplies 

Castings, ironwork and metals, 

Iron pipe and valves, .... 

Blasting supplies 

Paint and coating, 

Fuel, oil and waste, .... 

Lumber and field buildings, . 

Drain pipe, 

Brick, cement and stone, 

Sand, gravel and rilling, .... 

Municipal and corporation work, . 

Police service 

Sanitary inspection, .... 
Judgments and settlements for damages, 
Unclassified supplies, .... 
Miscellaneous expenses 



vices, medical services, anal 



Amounts carried forward. 



$45 00 



,11,190 44 
421 99 



$36,990 18 

20 00 
105 60 

14 30 

553 34 
204 19 

872 68 

5,745 51 

1,981 50 

23 40 

115 75 

81 02 

2,493 02 

163 03 

1,157 61 

104 25 

505 00 
483 84 

4,280 80 
803 93 

1,357 26 



$163,378 97 



45 00 



$1,781,564 31 $10,923,166 97 



201,827 74 

2,911 80 
126,420 70 

4,214 78 
108,933 26 

7,013 05 
138,151 78 

3,339 77 



2,374,377 19 



11,612 43 



$4,385,494 64 

11,190 44 
2,279 27 

$4,398,964 35 



3,139 77 



58,056 21 



$690,780 01 

1,819 01 
2,532 82 
3,556 73 
1,454 77 
12,650 99 
9,619 15 

73,112 10 

4,924 68 

73,565 24 

57,918 61 

1,362 88 

4,314 68 

10,464 11 

84,242 42 

9,087 31 

25,161 42 

6,857 81 

208,166 67 

210,801 74 

13,010 09 

46,763 86 

16,107 29 

4,443 09 



4,395,824 58 



$233,092 61 



1,672,717 48 
$19,266,086 22 



L6 



METROPOLITAN VTATEE 



[Pub. Doc. 



km. Charaotsb ok Kxi-knihtures. 



For the Year ending; 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



Amount* brought fbrward % 

t t r u c tto n — ('on. 
Legal and expert : — 
Legal service*, .... 
K xpert services, 
Court expenses, 
Miscellaneous expenses, . 

Real Estate. 
Legal and expert : — 

Legal services, . 

Conveyancer and assistants, 

Experts, .... 

Appraisers, 

Court expenses, 

Counsel expenses, . 

Conveyancing supplies, . 

Conveyancing expenses, . 

Miscellaneous expenses, . 
Settlements made by Board, 
Judgments, .... 
Taxes and tax equivalents, 
Care and disposal, 

Damages to Real Estate not taken, to Business 

and on Account of Loss of Wages. 
Legal and expert : — 

Legal services, . 

Expert services, 

Court expenses, 
Settlements, 
Judgments, . 

Claims on Account of Diversion of Water. 
Legal and expert : — 

Legal services, 

Expert services, 

Court expenses, 

Miscellaneous expenses, 

Settlements 

Judgments, 

Purchase of Existing Water Works. 
Legal and expert : — 

Legal services 

Expert services 

Court expenses 

Miscellaneous expenses 

Settlements and judgments, . . . . 

Relocation Central Massachusetts Railroad. 
Settlements, 

Totalamount of construction expenditures, 



$268 16 



$3,053 00 

196 39 
507 13 

5 50 
58 26 

72,528 00 
7,341 17 

6,140 52 



$925 00 
4,180 00 
6,194 02 



$966 80 
57 00 



$2,500 00 
896,659 23 



$233,092 61 



$19,266,086 22 



258 16 



89,829 97 



11,299 02 



1,023 80 



899,159 23 



$1,234,662 79 



$4,668 82 




1,862 66 




1,167 20 




171 05 


7,869 73 


$4,736 31 


107,172 97 




17,871 58 




22,157 75 




10,330 43 




43 25 




3,161 03 




5,852 60 




4,195 81 




3,362,598 84 




166,441 75 




68,182 41 




80,752 65 


3,853,497 38 



$1,130 67 
1,635 08 

12,495 29 
401,445 32 
103,196 20 



519,902 56 



$3,774 98 

19,339 69 

20,072 49 

1,279 63 

917,350 00 

218,358 91 



1,180,175 70 



$1,878 89 

13,569 82 

29,728 38 

1,470 94 

15,227,100 01 



15,273,748 04 



177,597 39 
$40,278,877 02 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD, 



47 



General Character of Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



Maintenance and Operation of Works. 
Administration : — 

Commissioners, 

Secretary, auditor and assistants 

Postage, printing, stationery and other supplies, 

Travelling 

Telephone, heating, lighting and care of building 

Alterations and repairs of building, 

Rent and taxes, office building, 

Miscellaneous expenses, 

Supervision and general superintendence : — 

Chief engineer and department engineers, 

Engineering and clerical assistants 

Postage, printing, stationery and office supplies, 

Telephone, heating, lighting and care of offices, '. 

Travelling and incidental expenses 

Alterations and repairs of buildings 

Rent and taxes, main office, 

Miscellaneous expenses, 

Pumping service : — 

Labor, 

Fuel, 

Oil, waste and packing 

Repairs and renewals 

Small supplies and expenses, . 

Rent, West Roxbury pumping station, 

Superintendents and assistant superintendents, . . . . . 

Engineering assistants 

Laboratory force, 

Sanitary inspectors, 

Recording and scientific instruments and supplies, 

Labor and teaming, 

Tools, machinery and appliances, 

Lumber and hardware supplies 

Jobbing and repairing 

Travelling 

Horses, vehicles and stable expenses, 

Fuel, lighting and telephone, 

Municipal and corporation work, 

Unclassified supplies 

Miscellaneous expenses, ... . 

Conveyancer and assistants 

Taxes and tax equivalents, 

Contracts and agreements, 

Contracts for pipes, valves, etc., bought from construction work since 

January 1, 1906, 

Clinton award, chapter 498, Acts of 1906 

Total expenditures for maintenance and operation, 



$4,666 66 

4,011 67 

1,160 48 

322 20 

443 15 

15 45 

424 74 

285 01 



$7,605 75 
8,066 38 

769 23 
1,327 39 

778 60 

663 24 
1,274 28 

407 13 



$50,866 56 

49,002 85 

1,144 50 

4,300 01 

1,972 61 

773 04 



$3,809 81 

11,508 05 

2,264 62 

3,336 50 

430 28 

113,812 43 

1,496 45 

3,897 76 

2,256 15 

3,182 97 

5,708 15 

4,753 28 

93 09 

6,805 02 

4,857 25 

30 00 

44,714 23 

1,282 45 

240 81 

64,988 00 



$11,329 36 



20,892 00 



108,059 57 



279,467 30 
$419,748 23 



18 



MKTKOPOLITAN WATKK 



[Pub. Doc. 



(b) Receipts, 

The total amount of receipts from rents, sales of property, etc., 
for the year beginning January 1, 1906, and ending December 31, 
1906, is $38,085.85; and the total amount from the time of the 
organization of the Metropolitan Water Board, July 19, 1895, to 
December :'»1, l!>oii, is $500,306.21. The general character of these 
receipts is as follows : — 



General Character of Receipts. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



For distribution back to District : — 

District eutrance fees, 

Supplying water outside of District, 
Water furnished to water companies, . 

To the credit of the loan fund : — 
Real estate and buildings, .... 
Labor, tools, supplies and reimbursements, 

To the credit of the sinking fund : — 
Forfeiture for contracts awarded but not 

executed, 

Rents, 

Land products, 

Unclassified receipts and interest, 



Total receipts, 



$5,796 19 



$5,988 81 
18,607 10 



$2,179 48 

5,308 51 

205 76 



$5,796 19 



24,595 91 



7,693 75 



$38,085 85 



$92,265 00 
90,675 78 
37,145 88 



$33,641 46 
114,719 95 



$500 00 

88,325 61 

40,493 95 

2,538 58 



$220,086 66 



148,361 41 



131,858 14 



$500,306 21 



The foregoing receipts have been credited to the various objects 



or works, as follows : — 



Receipts prom Different Works. 


For the Tear ending 
December 31, 1906. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 


Distribution back to District : — 

Admission into Metropolitan Water District 
(Quincy, Nahant, Arlington, Stoneham, 
Milton and Lexington), .... 

Supplying water to cities and towns outside 
of Water District (Swampscott, Revere, 
Lexington, Wakefield, Cambridge and 
U. S. Government), 

Water furnished to water companies, . 


$5,796 19 

♦lS 706 10 


$92,265 00 

90,675 78 

37,145 88 

$°°0 086 66 








Amounts carried forward , 


$5,796 19 


$220,086 66 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



49 



Receipts from Different Works. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



Amounts brought forward, 

Construction and acquisition of works : — 
Administration, ...... 

Wachusett Dam 

Wachusett Reservoir, 

Wachusett Aqueduct } . 

Weston Aqueduct, 

Sudbury Reservoir and watershed, 

Distribution system, 

Diversion of water, Clinton sewerage system , 
Purchase of existing water works, 

Maintenance and operation of works : — 

Wachusett Aqueduct, 

Wachusett Reservoir 

Sudbury system, 

Distribution system, 

Clinton sewerage system, . 



Total receipts, 



$724 57 
12,095 43 

115 66 

458 16 

3,284 73 

6,783 36 



$280 51 

4,223 85 

2,513 58 

1,296 48 

513 33 



$5,796 19 



23,461 91 



8,827 75 



$38,085 85 



$42 15 

5,624 88 

133,133 28 

5,204 70 

4,863 13 

7,735 42 

65,039 15 

1,277 94 

17,353 63 



$3,750 87 

14,522 14 

10,010 89 

8,470 93 

3,190 44 



$220,086 66 



240,274 28 



39,945 27 



$500,306 21 



(c) Assets. 

The following is an abstract of the assets of the Water Works, 
a complete schedule of which is kept on file in the office of the 
Board : — 

Office furniture, fixtures and supplies ; engineering and scientific instruments and 
supplies; police supplies ; horses, vehicles, field machinery, etc. ; machinery, 
tools and other appliances and supplies ; real estate connected with works 
not completed; completed works, including real estate and buildings con- 
nected therewith. 

(d) Liabilities. 
There are liabilities as follows : — 



Current bills unpaid, . 
Due on monthly pay rolls, 



$8,319 87 
1,998 94 

$10,318 81 



Amounts reserved on Monthly Estimates, not due until Completion of Contracts or 

until Claims are settled. 



Name. 


Work. 


Amount. 


C A. Dodge & Co., . 
A. McKenzie & Co., . 




$1,974 78 
1,233 54 




$3,208 32 



50 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Amounts have been agreed upon in the following cases, but the 
(lords have not yet passed : — 

Martha E. Prescott, estate of, $425; Charles F. C. Henderson, 
$800; West Boylston, town of, $3,100. 

On the claims of the following it is impossible to state the amounts 
due for land damages, water rights and claims for damages to estab- 
lished business, as no sums have been agreed upon, and suits are 
now pending in the court for the determination of most of them : — 

Eliza M. Childs et ah, Charles J. Paine, Benjamin H. Clemmons, 
Edward Dooley, Charles C. Landy, Alfred N. Whiting, Houghton 
Bros., Robert Johnson, John F. O'Brien, Patrick Bradley, Thomas 
H. Burgess, Margaret F. Ton ry, Lucy A. Wood, Joseph O. Bullard 
et al., El win I. Chase, Alzina A. Wilson, Henry F. Keyes, Robert 
C. Houghton et al., John Burns, Patrick Daly, Rebecca T. Farr, 
Annie L. Gibbons, Francis Gibbons, John Gibbons, Henry Wilson 
Co-operative Bank, Mary J. Hensby, William E. Keating, Millard 
E. Lewis, Middlesex Fells Springs Company, Lillian F. Pullen et al., 
William E. Sprague, James E. AVelch, Caroline E. Tyson, John E. 
Stone, Bridget M. Joyce, Israel L. Barnes et al., William L. Ban- 
croft, George H. Chase, Andrew L. Nourse, Byron D. Allen, J. Frank 
Wood et ah, Jennie L. Goodnow, Asa Knight, Worcester County 
Truant School, James H. Atherton, J. Quincy Dix, John E. Farns- 
worth, Mary J. Fyfe, estate of William E. Fyfe, Lizzie M. Gray, 
William B. Haskell, Henry F. Haynes, Sarah G. Haynes, P^ben C. 
Mann, George M. Plummer, Howard D. Stone, Luther Willard, 
Samuel F. Mason, Edward F. Merriam, Henrietta M. Andrews, 
James A. Bigelow, First Parish of Boylston, William H. Brigham, 
John Fitzgerald, estate of Augustus Flagg, Mary J. Hastings, ex- 
ecutrix, George R. Hastings, William H. Hastings, Henry J. Hyde, 
Everett and Oliver S. Kendall, Sanford C. Kendall, William C. 
Rosenthal, Jennie W. Taylor, administratrix, estate of William H. 
Yickery, James H. and Hannah S. Wood, Asenath M. Bartlett, es- 
tate of Charles I. Longley, estate of Daniel M. Marsh, Henry B. 
Stone, Francis W r . M. Goodale, John S. Ott, McArthur Bros. Com- 
pany, Helen M. Houghton et al., Sarah Hourty, Clara L. Kingsbury, 
Willie R. Mitchell, Charles O. Nixon, Margaret Lane, George W. 
Shattuck, George F. Bond. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 51 



VI. METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE WORKS. 

The Metropolitan Sewerage Works are divided into two systems, 
the North Metropolitan System and the South Metropolitan System. 
No change has been made in the territory contributing to these 
systems during the past year. 

The North Metropolitan System provides for the district situated 
largely in the Charles River and Mystic River valleys lying north of 
the Charles River, and embraces the cities of Cambridge, Chelsea, 
Everett, Maiden, Medford, Melrose, Somerville, Woburn and parts 
of Boston, and the towns of Arlington, Belmont, Revere, Stone- 
ham, Wakefield, Winchester, Winthrop and part of Lexington, 9 
cities and 8 towns. The district has an area of 90.50 square miles. 
It has an estimated population, as of December 31, 1906, based 
upon the census of 1905, of 488,663 ; and it is estimated that of this 
number 386,343, or 79.1 per cent., contribute sewage to the North 
Metropolitan System. 

The South Metropolitan System provides for the areas situated in 
the Charles River valley lying south of the Charles River, a small 
portion of the valley north of the Charles River, and also a portion 
of the Neponset River valley, and embraces the cities of Newton, 
Quincy, Waltham and portions of Boston, and the towns of Brook- 
line, Hyde Park, Milton, Watertown and part of Dedham, — 4 
cities and 5 towns. This district has an area of 100.87 square 
miles. It has an estimated population, as of December 31, 1906, 
of 312,380, of which number it is estimated that 167,070, or 53.5 
per cent., contribute sewage to the South Metropolitan System. 

(1) North Metropolitan Sewerage System — Construction. 

By chapter 319 of the Acts of the Legislature of the year 1906, 
the Board was authorized to extend the North Metropolitan System 
by the construction of a main sewer from a point near the centre of 
the city of Maiden, near what is known as Barrett's Pond, to the 
tidal meadows on the southerly borders of the city, where an effi- 
cient overflow into the waters of the Maiden River is to be found. 

When the town of Wakefield was added to the North Metropoli- 
tan System, a new trunk line was built between the boundary of that 
town and the city of Melrose to the centre of the city of Maiden; 
but from this point the original Metropolitan Sewer was estimated to 



52 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

have r carrying capacity sufficient for both the original lino and the 
new line for a considerable number of years. The time, however, 
had come when the original Metropolitan Sewer was inadequate to 
carry away the contents of both sewers. 

A contract was made and work was begun for the construction of 
this sewer in the middle of August, 1906, and the entire work was 
substantially completed near the end of December. The length of 
the extension is 2,950.5 feet, and it is built with a diameter varying 
from about 2.5 feet to 4.5 feet. 

Of the entire length of 2,!)50.5 feet, 608 feet were constructed in 
private land and 2,342.5 feet through streets and ways. 

The expenditures for construction have amounted to $47,369.74, 
and in addition the damages on account of the taking of real estate 
have amounted to $2,000. But a small amount of bills or claims 
remain to be settled. 

(2) South Metropolitan System— Construction. 
(a) Extension of the High-level Sewer. 

The Board was instructed by chapter 406 of the Acts of the year 
1906 to construct an extension of the Hicdi-level Sewer from the 
corner of Centre and Perkins streets in Jamaica Plain through West 
Roxbury, Brookline and as far as Oak Square in Brighton, substan- 
tially as outlined in the Fourth Annual Report made for the year 
1904. The Board had submitted in its report for that year a general 
plan for the construction of the High-level extension from the junc- 
tion with the sewer already constructed to the point mentioned in 
Brighton, and thence further into and through the city of Newton to 
a point near the Charles River at the village of Newton Lower Falls. 
The instruction of the Legislature was for the building of that por- 
tion of the sewer for which the need had already arisen. The Act 
was passed near the end of May. 

The Board at once upon the passage of the Act began the making 
of detailed plans for the construction of this extension, and for con- 
venience the length of 5.6 miles from West Roxbury to Oak Square 
in Brighton was divided into sections numbering consecutively from 
80 to 86 inclusive. Specifications were also prepared for the build- 
ing of the portions of the sewer which, as was anticipated, would 
require the longest periods of time. 

The first section, No. 80, in West Roxbury, extending as far as 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 53 

the Brookline town line, has a length of about 4,500 feet. It was 
anticipated that the building of this section would be more difficult, 
because it extends for a part of the distance through quicksands, 
gravel and clay, and for a portion of the distance is to extend near 
Jamaica Pond, where the bottom of the tunnel will be about 35 feet 
below the usual water surface of the pond. It was deemed necessary 
to carry on the work of building the tunnel by pneumatic processes, 
and it was accordingly determined to construct this section by day 
labor, under the immediate direction of a tried expert. Active 
work was begun at the beginning of October in building a circular 
shaft 70 feet in depth. After the completion of the shaft the work 
of tunneling from headings in both directions was begun, and at the 
end of the year successful progress to the extent of about 134 feet 
of tunnel had been made. 

Near the end of the year bids were asked for the construction of a 
section to be known as No. 85, which consisted in the building of a 
tunnel through Commonwealth Avenue and other streets in the 
Brighton district, to be constructed largely in rock excavation. 
The bids offered for the construction of this part of the sewer were 
so largely in excess of the estimates of cost made by the Engineer 
that it was finally determined to proceed in the construction of a 
portion of the section by day labor. At the end of the year prepara- 
tions were in progress for the immediate beginning of the work. 

(b) Connection with Portion of Charles River Valley Sewer. 

At the date of the last report a small portion of the Charles River 
valle} r sewer, below the point in Vancouver Street where this sewer 
was connected with the Ward Street pumping station, and extending 
for a distance of about 1,800 feet to Gainsborough Street, was, by 
arrangement with the city of Boston, still connected with the Boston 
Main Drainage Works. The work of changing the grade of this 
portion of the old sewer, so that the sewage would be made to run in 
the opposite direction to the Ward Street station and thence be dis- 
posed of in the High-level Sewer, was in progress. This work was 
completed in March of the past year, and thereafter all the sewage 
from the areas in the city of Boston tributary to this portion was 
diverted and disposed of in the High-level Sewer. All the neces- 
sary work was performed by men belonging to the regular mainte- 
nance force. 



:»l METROPOLITAN WATEK [Pub. Doc. 

{(•) Ward st red Pumping Station: 
The two pumping engines for raising the sewage from the Charles 
River valley sewerage district to the High-level Sewer had been 
previously installed in the pumping station, and had been for a con- 
siderable period in operation prior to the past year. Some modifi- 
cations, however, in order to bring them to the contract requirements, 
had been in progress, and consequently the final test of the engines 
had not been made. By the requirements of the contract the en- 
gines were to have a capacity each for pumping 50,000,000 gallons 
of sewage per day, raising the sewage about 40 feet. The various 
changes were completed in the latter part of the year, the final teste 
were made successfully, and both engines were accepted. The en- 
gines are of the vertical triple expansion type with pump plungers 
directly under the steam cylinders, were especially designed for 
pumping sewage, and were furnished by the Allis-Chalmers Com- 
pany of Milwaukee, Wis. The total cost was $204,000. 

During the year granolithic walks have been built around and in 
the pumping station lot, and fences have been erected along Ward 
Street and Vancouver Street and upon the north side of the lot. 
The laying of the walks and the building of the fences have been 
performed from time to time by the day-labor men upon the main- 
tenance force at times when they could be conveniently withdrawn 
from regular maintenance work. 

(d) Quincy Pumping Station. 
The ordinary flow of sewage at the Quincy pumping station had 
so increased as to exceed the capacity of the smaller of the two 
pumps in use, and during the wet weather the flow had exceeded for 
considerable periods the capacity of both the pumps. It was there- 
fore necessary to obtain, both in order to provide for the exigency 
in ordinary periods and also to prevent overflow in wet weather, an 
additional pumping plant. A centrifugal pump was purchased from 
the Lawrence Machine Company of Lawrence, Mass., and was in- 
stalled with a compound Sturtevant engine, both pump and engine 
being of a standard type. Two additional boilers have also been 
introduced. The pump, engine and boilers have all been put in 
place, and it is anticipated that the new plant will be completed so 
as to be put into operation in the coming spring. 



No.- 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



55 



(3) Acquisition of Lands and Settlements for Lands 

Acquired. 

During the year there have been made 4 takings of land and ease- 
ments, 3 of which were for the purposes of the extension of the 
High-level Sewer in West Roxbury and Brighton, and 1 for the 
purposes of the extension of the North Metropolitan Sewer in Mai- 
den. These takings embrace 0.018 of an acre in fee, temporary 
rights in 0.25 of an acre and easements in 20.432 acres, of which 
3.48 acres were in public streets. 

The following is a list of the takings : — 



List of Takings for Metropolitan Sewerage Works for the Tear 1906. 



No. 



Location and Description. 



Former OwDere. Recorded. 



Purpose of Taking. 



12 



13 



14 



15 



Maiden (from a short distance north 
of Waverly Street, southerly 
through Linden Avenue, Pleasant 
Street and private lands to North 
Metropolitan Sewer, about 500 feet 
south of Charles Street). Area, 
0.018 of an acre in fee and ease- 
ments in 2.136 acres. 

Jamaica Plain (from the westerly 
end of strip in which easements 
were taken for the Metropolitan 
Sewer in Perkins Street, a short 
distance west of Centre Street, 
westerly through Perkins 8treet 
and Chestnut Streei to the Brook- 
line boundary line). Area, ease- 
ments in 3.48 acres. 

Jamaica Plain (on northerly side of 
Perkins Street, between South 
Huntington Avenue and Jamaica- 
way). Area, temporary rights in 
0.25 of an acre. 

Brighton (from Brookline line, 
through Harlan Street, Common- 
wealth Avenue, Warren Street, 
Cambridge iStreet and Washington 
Street, to head of Lake Street). 
Area, easements in 14.816 acres. 



Alonzo A. West and 
others, and streets. 



Public streets. 



Edward J. Donovan et 
a/., trustees. 



Trustees of Crescent 
Land Company, devi- 
sees of Otis Shepard, 
and public streets. 



1906. 

Aug. 11. 


Sept. 


6. 


Sept. 


24. 


Dec. 


29. 



Section 64, Maiden ex- 
tension, North Met- 
ropolitan System. 



Section 80, extension 
of High-level Sewer, 
South Metropolitan 
System. 



Section 80, extension 
of High-level Sewer, 
South Metropolitan 
System. 

Part of Section 84 and 
Section 85, High- 
level Sewer, South 
Metropolitan Sys- 
tem. 



Since January 1, 1906, settlements have been effected on account 
of the takings made in the North Metropolitan District in 2 cases, 
involving a payment of $2,000; and in cases in the South Metro- 
politan District 1 settlement has been effected, under which payment 
has been made amounting to $4,589.66. 

Of the 3 sewerage settlements, 2 were on account of the sewer 
extension to Maiden and 1 on account of the Neponset valley sewer 
in the city of Boston, West Roxbury District. 



56 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Summary <>/ Land Settlements for the Year 1906. 



Location. 


Area in 
Acres. 


Number of 
Settlements. 


Payments. 


North Metropolitan District. 
Maiden 

South Metropolitan District. 
Boston, \Vc i st Koxlmry District, 


0.218 
0.506 


2 

1 


$2,000 00 
4,589 66 


Aggregate, 


0.724 


3 


$6,589 66 



(4) North Metropolitan System — Maintenance. 

There are maintained in the North Metropolitan System 58.566 
miles of main sewers, with which are connected 593.88 miles of local 
sewers, the number of connections, public and special, with the 
North Metropolitan System being 620. 

The East Boston and Charles town districts of Boston and the 
cities of Everett, Cambridge, Somerville and Chelsea still maintain 
both separate and combined sewers, and no decided gain seems to 
have been made in any of these municipalities during, the year 
towards the further separation of sewers. All of the other munici- 
palities in the North Metropolitan System maintain separate sewers. 

The four pumping stations maintained for this system are the 
Alewife Brook pumping station at Somerville, the East Boston 
pumping station, the Charlestown pumping station and the Deer 
Island pumping station. 

There have been pumped at the Alewife Brook pumping station 
3,451,000 gallons of sewage per day, with an average lift of 13.08 
feet, at a cost of $0,326 per million gallons per foot lifted: at the 
Charlestown station 30,500,000 gallons per day, 8.26 feet lift, at a 
cost of $0,142 per million gallons per foot lifted ; at the East Boston 
station 56,100,000 gallons per day, 16.59 feet lift, at a cost of 
$0,064 per million gallons per foot lifted; and at the Deer Island 
station 58,100,000 gallons per da} r , 10.66 feet lift, at a cost of 
SO. 089 per million gallons lifted. The cost of pumping per million 
gallons, notwithstanding the increased cost of labor, has remained 
about the same as last year, this cost having been slightly increased 
in two of the stations and decreased in the remaining two stations. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 57 

There has been a decided increase in the amount of sewage pumped in 
the different stations. The total quantity of sewage discharged at the 
outlet in Boston harbor, which is represented by the number of gal- 
lons of sewage pumped at the Deer Island station, was 58,100,000 
gallons per day, which is 3,700,000 gallons in excess of the discharge 
at the outlet the preceding year. 

The amount of sewage discharged in the North Metropolitan Dis- 
trict averaged 150 gallons per day for each person, taking the esti- 
mated population of the District contributing sewage. Owing, 
however, to the fact that many of the sewers are combined sewers, 
this amount represents a considerable quantity of rain water received 
in the sewers, and would be considerably decreased if all the local 
sewers were separate sewers, that is, restricted to the admission of 
sewage proper only. 

During the year 5 public and 3.2 special connections with local 
sewers have been made, — a total addition of 20.31 miles of con- 
necting sewers. 

The salt-water pipes laid from the East Boston pumping station 
upon the muddy bed of the Chelsea Creek for the purpose of sup- 
plying the condensers of the station had been constantly covered 
with silt from the changing character of the bed, and frequent re- 
moval of the silt had caused constant expense. It was consequently 
determined to lay a large pipe upon pile supports over the bed of 
the creek, to the channel where the mouth of the pipe is carried, so 
low as to remain submerged under all conditions. 

Although the extension of the main sewer, which receives the 
sewage of the town of Wakefield, from a point near the centre of 
the city of Maiden to tide water, has been completed, this extension 
had not been put into operation at the end of the year. 

The cost of maintenance of the North Metropolitan System dur- 
ing the past year was $115,196.33, which is slightly less than the 
cost of maintenance for the preceding year. 

(5) South Metropolitan System — Maintenance. 

In the South Metropolitan System there are maintained 38.178 
miles of main sewers, with which are connected 468.18 miles of 
local sewers having 106 connections with the Metropolitan System. 

The Back Bay, Brighton and Dorchester districts of Boston and 
the towns of Brookline and Milton still maintain both separate and 



METROPOLITAN WATEB [Pub. Doc. 

combined sewers. All the other districts contributory to this sys- 
tem maintain separate sewers. 

The Ward Street pumping station, the Quincy pumping station 
and the screen-house at Xut I.sland are maintained for the disposal 
of sewage for this system. 

The Ward Street pumping station has been in regular opera- 
tion during the entire year, although the pumping engines had not 
been finally accepted from the contractors until near the end of the 
year. 

There have been pumped at the Ward Street station an average 
of 24,500,000 gallons per day, with an average lift of 40.65 feet, at' 
a cost of $0,068 per million gallons per foot lifted; and at the 
Quincy station 3,528,000 gallons, 21.25 feet lift, at an average cost 
of $0,226 per million gallons per foot lifted. 

An average of 33,600,000 gallons of sewage has passed daily 
through the screens at the Nut Island screen-house, and has been 
discharged from the outfalls into the outer harbor. The maximum 
discharge per day, which occurred during a heavy storm, was 
i 1 7, 000, 000 gallons. The discharge of sewage through the outfalls 
represents the amount of sewage contributed in the South Metro- 
politan System, which was at the rate of 201 gallons per day per 
person of the estimated number contributing sewage in the District. 
The daily discharge of sewage per capita is considerably larger in 
the South Metropolitan District than it is in the North Metropolitan 
District, because, owing to the large size of the High-level Sewer, 
more storm water is admitted at periods of heavy rainfall. 

An additional pumping engine has been obtained for the Quincy 
station and will be put into operation at the beginning of the year, 
so that the station will soon be relieved from the troubles which have 
occurred particularly in periods of unusual rainfalls. 

Subsequent to the month of March, when the necessary changes 
had been completed by which the sewage from the Huntington 
Avenue section of the Charles River valley sewer was raised into 
the High-level Sewer, the entire Charles River valley sewage has 
been disposed of by the Metropolitan Works, so that thereafter no 
further rental on this account was payable to the city of Boston for 
the disposal of sewage. A small area in the district of Dorchester 
and town of Milton, which is so low that its sewage cannot be 
carried into the High-level Sewer except by pumping, still disposes 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 59 

of its sewage through the Boston Main Drainage Works, and for 
this a rental is paid to the city of Boston. 

The strong tidal currents were found to have caused considerable 
wearing away of the clay filling of the pipe trenches of the great 
outfall pipes of the High-level Sewer laid in the harbor off Nut 
Island. Accordingly it was deemed necessary to lay about 170 
cubic yards of small riprap over the pipes in place of the clay washed 
away. This work was done by a diving contractor. No deposit of 
the sewage discharge was found remaining about the outlet of the 
pipes, and for a considerable distance the pipes were entered and 
found in good condition. 

The expenditures for maintenance of the South Metropolitan Sys- 
tem for the past year were $82,190.61. 

VII. SEWERAGE WORKS — FINANCIAL STATEMENT. 

The financial abstract of the receipts, expenditures, disbursements, 
assets and liabilities of the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board 
for the eleven months of the fiscal year of the Commonwealth end- 
ing with the thirtieth day of November, 1906, was, as stated in 
connection with the Water Works, presented to the General Court 
in January, in accordance with the requirements of chapter 235 of 
the Acts of the year 1906, and a copy of this financial abstract is 
printed as Appendix No. 5. 

The following detailed statement of its financial doings, in relation 
to the Metropolitan Sewerage Works, for the calendar year 1906, is 
herewith presented, in accordance with the provisions of the Act of 
1906, as a part of the annual report of the Board. 

The Metropolitan sewerage loans for the construction of the Sew- 
erage Works of the North Metropolitan System have amounted to 
$6,160,865.73, to which are added receipts from various sources 
amounting to $17,153.40. The amount of expenditures approved 
by the Board for payment for the year 1906 was $47,369.74, and 
the total amount of expenditures approved to January 1, 1907, 
was $6,136,200.30. The balance on hand January 1, 1907, was 
$41,818.83. 

The loans for the construction of the various parts of the South 
Metropolitan System have amounted to $8,867,046.27. The receipts 
applicable to the loan fund have been $6,878.47. The amount of 



60 METROPOLITAN WATKK [Pub. Doc. 

expenditures approved for payment in the year 1906 was $98,730.49. 
The total amount of expenditures approved for payment from the 
beginning of the works has been $7,722,773. 15. The balanoe on 

hand for the South Metropolitan System on January 1, 1907, was 
$l,l. r >l,ir>l.f>!). 

The bonds issued on account of the loans have been for varying 
periods, not exceeding forty years, and bear interest at the rate of 3 
per cent, and 3% per cent. The premiums received on account of 
the sale of bonds on the North Metropolitan System have amounted 
to |175 9 518.65, and those received on account of the South Metro- 
politan System have amounted to $394,133.13. 

The amount expended for maintenance of the North Metropolitan 
System in the year 1906 was $115,196.33, and for the South 
Metropolitan System $82,190.61, a total for both systems of 
$197,386.94. 

The assessments made to meet interest, sinking fund require- 
ments, and maintenance and operation of the North Metropolitan 
System amounted in the year 1906 to $355,538.73, and the assess- 
ments for the South Metropolitan System amounted to $397,322.44. 

The following is a detailed financial statement regarding the 
Metropolitan Sewerage Works : — 

(1) Metropolitan Sewerage Loans, Receipts and Payments. 
The loans for the construction of the Metropolitan Sewerage 
Works, the receipts which are added to the proceeds of these loans, 
and the expenditures for construction, have been as follows : — 

(a) North Metropolitan System. 

Loans under various acts of the Legislature (given in detail in 

report for the year 1901), $5,605,865 73 

Loans under chapters 242, 336 and 399, Acts of 1903, . . . 500,000 00 

Loan under chapter 319, Acts of 1906, 55,000 00 

Proceeds from sales of property and from other sources to Decem- 
ber 31, 1906, 17,153 40 



$6,178,019 13 
Amount approved by the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission and 
the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board for payment to 
December 31, 1906 (of which $47 ,369.74 is for the year 1906), . 6,136,200 30 



Balance, North Metropolitan System, January 1, 1907, . . $41,818 83 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



61 



(6) South Metropolitan System. 

Loans under the Acts of the years 1889 and 1900 (Charles River 

Valley Sewer), . . . . . 

Loans under various acts of the Legislature (given in detail in 

report for the year 1901, Neponset River Valley Sewer), 
Loan under chapter 315 of the Acts of 1903 (Neponset River 

Valley Sewer), 

Loan under chapter 424 of the Acts of 1899, . 

Loan under chapter 356 of the Acts of 1903, . 

Loans under chapters 230 and 246 of the Acts of 1904, 

Loan under chapter 406 of the Acts of 1906, . 

Proceeds from sales of property and other sources to December 

31, 1906 (of which $256.20 is for the year 1906), 

Amount approved by the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission and 
the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board for payment to 
December 31, 1906 (of which $98,730.49 is for the year 1906), . 



Balance, South Metropolitan System, January 1, 1907, 



,046 27 

900,000 00 

4,000 00 

4,600,000 00 

996,000 00 

392,000 00 

1,175,000 00 

6,878 47 

^8,873,924 74 

7,722,773 15 

fl,151,151 59 



(2) Issues of Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Bonds. 

The Treasurer of the Commonwealth, under the authority of the 
successive statutes, has from time to time issued bonds designated 
" Metropolitan Sewerage Loan," as follows : — 



Metropolitan Sewer Loans, North System. 
Bonds issued. 



Date of Sale. 


Amount 

of Bonds 

sold. 


Rate of In- 
terest (per 
cent.). 


Price 
received. 


Dat 


e due. 


Premium. 


Apr. 2, 


1890 


$500,000 


3 


102.40 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 




$12,000 00 


Apr. 2, 


1890, . 












500,000 


3 


103.02 


Jan. 


1,1930, 




15,100 00 


Apr. 2 


1890, . 












500,000 


3 


103.62 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 




18,100 00 


Apr. 2 


1890, 












500,000 


3 


102.327 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 




11,635 00 


Apr., 


1890, 












200,000 


3 


103. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 




6,000 00 


Feb., 


1891, 












50,000 


3 


104. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


1 




Mar., 


1891, 












300,000 


3 


104. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


> 


35,130 361 


Mar., 


1891, 












18,000 


3 


104. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


J 




Jan., 


1892, 












35,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1 , 1930, 




- 


Feb., 


1892, 












29,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 




- 


Mar., 


1892, 












50,000 


3 


101. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 




500 00 


June, 


1892, 












436,000 


3 


101.50 


Jan. 


1,1930, 


1 




July, 


1892, 












150,000 


3 


101.50 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


I 


11,060 001 


Aug., 


1892, 












150,000 


3 


101.50 


Jan. 


1,1930, 


J 





i Readjustment of Treasurer. 






METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Metropolitan Sewer Loans, Xokth System — Go ncluded. 
Bonds issued — Concluded. 



Date or Sale. 


Amount 

of Bonds 

sold. 


( Rate of In- 
terest (per 
cent.). 


Price 
received. 


Date due. 


Premium. 


Nov., 


$3,000 


3 


100.50 


Jan. 


1. MM, 


$15 00 


Nov., 


.. 










200,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


- 


Jan., 


H 










35,000 


3 


100.50 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


175 00 


Jan., 


1S93, 










25,000 


3 


100.50 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


125 00 




1893, 










20,000 


3 


101. 


Jan. 


1,1930, 


200 00 


Feb., 












5,000 


3 


100.50 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


25 00 


Feb.. 


1SS3, 










400,000 


3 


100.25 


Jan. 


1,. 1630, 


1,000 00 


Mar., 


1393, 










94,000 


3 


100.. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


235 00 


Mayl 


1894, 










464,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1,1930, 




Oct., 












MM 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


- 


Oct., 












1 . : l ) 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1,1930, 


- 


Nov., 












15,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1. MM, 


- 


Nov., 


1894, 










10,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


- 


Dec, 


1884, 










6,000 


3 


100, 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


- 


Apr., 












300,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 




Dec, 


UK, 










30,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


_ 


June, 












70,000 




106.243 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


5,084 801 


June, 












1 10,000 




106.243 


Jan. 


1, ISM, 


Apr., 












1 5,000 


3 


100. 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


1 


June, 


1808, 










155,000 


3- 


100. 


Jan. 


1, MM, 


} 22,843 751 


June, 


1898, . 










I 60,000 ■ 




100. 


Jan. 


1, IBM, 


J 


Apr., 


1900, . 










265,000 1 


3 


103.948 


Jan. 


1, 1930, 


10,462 M 


May, 


1903, . 










200,000 




104. " 


Jan. 


:. MM, 


9,959 40 


May, 


1903, . 










50,000 




106 2424 


Jan. 


1,1943, 


3,121 20 


July, 


1903, . 










250,000 




104.419 


July 


1, 1943, 


11,047 50 


June, 


UM, 










1 


55,000 


>X 


103.09 


July 


1, 1943, 


1,699 50 






$6,150,000 


$175,518 65 





: Readjustment of Treasurer. 



Metropolitan Sewer Loans. South System. 
Bonds issued. 



Date or Sale. 



Amount 

of Bonds 

sold. 


Rate of In- 
terest (per 
cent.). 


Price 
received. 


Date due. 


Premium. 


$100,000 


3 


103. 


Jan. 1 , 1930, 


$3,000 00 


400,000 


3 


103. 


Jan. 1, 1930, 


12,000 00 


300,000 


3 


104. 


Jan. 1, 1930, 


JO 00 


300,000 


3 


100.585 


Mar. 1, 1935, 


1,755 00 


50,000 


3 


100. 


Mar. 1, 1935, 


- 


135,000 


3 


100. 


Mar. 1, 1935, 


- 


15,000 


3 


100. 


Mar. 1, 1935, 


- 


300,000 




10c 


Mar. 1, 1935, 


20,940 00 



Apr., 1890, 

Apr., 1890, 

May, 1S90, 
Aug., 

Feb., 1896, 

Dec, 1896, 

Dec , 1896, 
June, 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



63 



Metropolitan Sewer Loans, South System— Concluded. 
Bonds issued — Concluded. 



Date of Sale. 



Amount 

of Bonds 

sold. 



Rate of In- 
terest (per 
cent.). 



Price 
received. 


Date due. 


100. 


Mar. 1, 


1935, 


100.64 


Mar. 1, 


1936, 


100.64 


July 1 


1939, 


100.79 


July 1, 


1939, 


100. 


July 1, 


1939, 


100.915 


Mar. 1, 


1936, 


106.71 


July 1 


1940, 


100. 


July 1 


1939, 


107.243 


July 1, 


1940, 


107.2395 


July 1, 


1940, 


107.79 


July 1, 


1940, 


108.25 


July 1 


1940, 


106.75 


July 1, 


1940, 


106.75 


July 1, 


1940, 


106.75 


July 1 


1940, 


106.494 


July 1 


1940, 


105.9364 


July 1 


1940, 


106.2424 


Jan. 1 


1943, 


105.5453 


Mar. 1 


1935, 


104.929 


July 1 


, 1944, 


103.09 


Jan. 1 


1946, 



Premium. 



June, 

June, 

June, 

Sept., 

Sept., 

Apr., 

Sept., 

Sept., 

Sept., 

Sept., 

Dec, 

Feb., 

Apr., 

Apr., 

Apr., 

Apr., 

Apr., 

May, 

May, 

July, 

June, 



899, 
899, 
900, 
900, 
901, 
901, 
902, 
902, 
902, 
902, 
903, 
903, 
903, 
903, 
903, 
903, 
903, 
903, 
904, 
906, 



$35,000 

25,000 
1,000,000 

10,000 
912 

40,000 
2,000,000 

14,000 
500,000 
150,000 
200,000 
100,000 
100,000 
175,000 
203,000 

25,000 
133,000 
996,000 
4,000 
392,000 
154,000 



$7,856,912 



3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3^ 

3 

3^ 

3>£ 

3X 

3>i 

3^ 

3K 

3^ 

3% 

ZX 

3K 

3^ 

3K 

3K 



$4,088 001 
160 00 
6,400 00 
79 00 

366 00 
134,200 00 

36,215 00 

10,859 25 

15,580 00 

8,230 561 

6,750 00 

11,812 50 

13,702 50 

1,623 50 

7,895 42 

62,174 31 

221 81 

19,321 68 

4,758 60 

$394,133 13 



i Readjustment of Treasurer. 

(3) Metropolitan Sewerage Loans Sinking Fund. 

Under authority of chapter 122 of the Acts of 1899, and section 
14 of chapter 424 of the Acts of 1899, the Treasurer of the Com- 
monwealth was required to consolidate the sinking funds of all the 
Metropolitan sewerage loans into one fund, to be known as the 
Metropolitan Sewerage Loans Sinking Fund. The Board received, 
during the year, from rentals and from other sources, to be applied 
to the sinking fund, $75. 

The sinking fund established has amounted at the end of each year 
to sums as follows : — 



December 31, 1899, 
December 31, 1900, 
December 31, 1901, 
December 31, 1902, 



$361,416 59 
454,520 57 
545,668 26 
636,084 04 



December 31, 1903, 
December 31, 1904, 
December 31, 1905, 
December 31, 1906, 



$754,690 41 

878,557 12 

1,008,724 95 

1,146,998 68 



6 1 METROPOLITAN WATEB [Pub. Doc. 



(4) Annual Appropriations, Receipts and Expenditures. 

The annual appropriations for the maintenance of the Metropoli- 
tan Sewerage Works, the receipts of the Board which are added to 
the appropriations for maintenance, and the expenditures for main- 
tenance for the year ending December 31, 1906, have been as 
follows : — 

North Metropolitan System. 

Balance January 1, 1906 $32,897 15 

Appropriation under chapter 153 of the Acts of 1906, . . . 115,986 50 
Receipts from pumping and from other sources, .... 1,013 43 



$149,897 08 
Amount approved by the Board for payment, 115,196 33 



Balance January 1, 1907, $34,700 75 

South Metropolitan System. 

Balance January 1, 1906 $139 99 

Appropriation under chapter 154 of the Acts of 1906, . . . 87,375 00 
Receipts from sales of property, from pumping, and from other 

sources, 51 50 



$87,566 49 
Amount approved by the Board for payment, 82,190 61 



Balance January 1, 1907, . $5,375 88 

(5) Annual Assessments. 

Assessments for the year, amounting to $355,538.73 for the North 
Metropolitan System and to $397,322.44 for the South Metropolitan 
System, were required for the payment of interest and sinking fund 
requirements and the cost of maintenance and operation of works. 
The requirements for the North Metropolitan System were : for 
interest, $188,299.64; for the sinking fund, $51,252.59; and for 
maintenance, $115,986.50. For the South Metropolitan System the 
requirements were : for interest, $263,281.72 ; for the sinking fund, 
$46,665.72 ; and for maintenance, $87,375. The assessments for 
the North Metropolitan System were made upon the cities and towns 
in the District in accordance with chapter 369 of the Acts of the 
year 1906, and the assessments for the South Metropolitan System 
were made in accordance with ratios fixed by the Apportionment 



No-. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



65 



Commissioners appointed under the provisions of chapter 424 of 
the Acts of the year 1899, and were as follows : — 



Arlington, 
Belmont, . 
Boston, . 
Cambridge, 
Chelsea, . 
Everett, . 
Lexington, 
Maiden, . 
Medford, . 
Melrose, . 



North Metropolitan 

$8,043 51 
4,516 64 
61,791 73 
84,895 57 
22,722 35 
18,823 32 
3,072 26 
27,531 28 
17,018 25 
12,222 49 



Sewerage System. 

Somerville, 

Stoneham, 

Wakefield, 

Winchester, 

Winthrop, 

Woburn, 

Revere, . 

Total, 



,319 97 
4,404 90 
7,140 26 
8,006 97 
6,519 24 
9,813 86 
9,696 13 



$355,538 73 



South Metropolitan Sewerage System. 



Boston, 
Brookline, 
Dedham, . 
Hyde Park, 
Milton, . 
Newton, . 



1164,563 84 

74,105 67 

9,746 91 

12,673 70 

18,965 22 

58,372 99 



Quincy, . 
Waltham, 
Watertown, 

Total, 



$23,813 99 
23,302 26 
11,777 86 

$397,322 44 



(6) Expenditures for the Different Works. 

The following is a summary of the expenditures made in the 
various operations for the different works : — 



Construction and Acquisition op 
Works. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 


North Metropolitan System. 
Original system, main line and branches, 

Ohelsea and Everett outlets, .... 
Maiden extension : — 

Land takings, purchase and recording, 


$2,054 00 

43,140 14 

2,164 60 

•til ^Ift TA 


$5,383,932 67 
68,585 15 
54,877 12 
35,698 29 
11,574 10 
71,216 41 
57,153 06 

$2,054 00 

43,140 14 

2,164 60 

if r>e.q nt 


Wakefield branch extension 


11 00 


215,722 79 
190,081 97 


Total North Metropolitan System, . 


$47,369 74 


$6,136,200 30 



66 



METROPOLITAN WATEB 



[Pub. Doc. 



COMSTBUOTION AND ACQUISITION OF 

W'oKKS. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 



»"Ki 



Quiucy, 



South Metropolitan Syatem. 
Charles River valley fewer, maiu line, 
Neponaet River valley sewer: — 

Main line, 

Brookline branch, .... 

High-level Sewer: — 
Administration, 
Apportionment commission, . 
Land takings, purchase and recur 
Quincy force main, . 
Quincy pumping etution, 
Section 43, Quiucy, . 
Section 44, Quincy, . 
Section 45, Quincy, . 
Section 46, Quincy, . 
Section 47, Quincy, . 
Section 48, Quincy, . 
Sections 48 and 49, cmbunkmeuis, 
Section 49, Quincy, . 
Section 50, Quincy, . 
Section 51, Quincy, . 
Section 52, Quincy, . 
Section 53, Quincy, . 
Section 54, Quincy, . 
Section 55, Milton and Quiucy, 
Section 56, Milton, . 
Section 57, Milton, . 
Section 58, Miltou, . 
Sectiou 59, Milton, . 
Section 60, Milton, . 
Section 61, Milton, . 
Section 62, Milton, . 
Section 63, Milton, . 
Section 64, Neponsct River croesiu 
Section 65, Hyde Park, . 
Section 66, Hyde Park, . 
Section 67, Hyde Park, Stony Brook crossing 
Section 68, Hyde Park and Roxbury, . 
Section 69, "West Roxbury, 
Section 70, West Roxbury, 
Section 71, West Roxbury, 
Section 72, West Roxbury, 
Section 73, West Roxbury, 
Section 74, West Roxbury and Roxbury, 

Section 75, Roxbury 

Section 76, Roxbury, cast-iron force main, 
Section 77, Roxbury, Ward Street pumping 

station 

Section 78, Roxbury, connecting sewer, 
Reversion of grade, Huntington Avenue, 

Amounts carried forward , . 



$5,797 66 



$5,797 66 



$2,247 01 

100 00 

15 08 

2,141 54 



62 75 

52,519 15 

6,047 49 



63,133 02 
$68,930 68 



$866,595 66 
44,935 80 



$51,593 57 

2,000 00 

355,374 82 

18,351 71 

2,141 54 

411,749 22 

299,543 47 

76,139 36 

62,551 26 
109,786 58 
295,319 29 

81,548 64 
169,020 18 
109,570 35 

87,203 68 
155,800 65 

98,042 42 
101,918 39 
305,816 90 
105,736 94 

68,783 24 

94,089 72 
104,444 62 

60,796 13 
129,598 76 
129,612 28 

127.142 45 
47,554 40 
41,333 37 

253,902 72 
32,298 33 
78,493 62 

102.143 68 
131,375 55 

91,888 22 
127,956 76 
494,290 42 
147,296 69 
137,192 99 

80,342 26 

555,258 47 

35,994 69 

6,503 56 



$800,046 27 



$911,531 46 



5,977,501 90 
$7,689,079 63 



No/ 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



67 



Construction and Acquisition of 
Works. 


For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 


From Beginning of Work 
to December 31, 1906. 


Amounts brought forward, 

South Metropolitan System — Con. 
High-level extension : — 
Charles River valley studies 

Section 80 (in part), West Roxbury, . 


$68,930 68 

$11,326 37 

18,252 60 

220 84 

on rnr) qi 


$7,689,079 63 

$3,893 71 

11,326 37 

18,252 60 

220 84 

. - -- V\ fill "it 








Total for South Metropolitan System, 


$98,730 49 


$7,722,773 15 


Total for construction for both systems, . 


. $146,100 23 


$13,858,973 45 



Maintenance. 


For the Year 

ending 

December 31, 1906. 


From Beginning 

of Work to 

December 31, 1906. 




$115,196 33 
82,190 61 


$1,127,975 80 
1,018,546 94 




$197,386 94 


$2,146,522 74 



(7) Detailed Financial Statement. 
The Board herewith presents, in accordance with the Metropolitan 
Sewerage Acts, an abstract of the expenditures and disbursements, 
receipts, assets and liabilities for the year ending December 31, 
1906: — 

(a) Expenditures and Disbursements. 



General Character op Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



Construction op Works and Acquisition by Purchase or 

Taking. 

North Metropolitan System. 
Administration : — 

Secretary, 

Clerks and stenographers, 

Stationery and printing, 

Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care of building, . 

Rent and taxes, main office 



Amount carried forward. 



$375 00 




922 97 




148 30 




274 40 




333 33 


$2,054 00 
$2,054 00 





68 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



QENBBAXi I'lIAKACTEK OP EXPENDITUUES. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



Amount brought forward, 

Xorth Afetrojtolitan System — Con. 
Engineers, inspectors, rodmen, laborers and others, 

Carriage hire and travelling expenses 

Advertising, 

Office supplies, 

Books, maps, plans and blue prints, . . . 

Engineering instruments and repairs of same, 

Engineering supplies, 

Tools and repairs of same, 

Brick, cement, lumber and other field supplies, 

Teaming and express, 

Contracts : — 

T. H. Gill &Co', Section 64 

Land takings, purchase and recording 

Claims for damages, 



Total for North Metropolitan System, 



South Metropolitan System. 

Neponset River Valley Sewer : — 
Brookline branch : — 

Claims and allowances on account of contracts, . 

L;ind takings, purchase and recording, 

High-level Sewer : — 
Administration : — 

Secretary, 

Clerks and stenographers, 

Stationery and printing, 

Postage, express and telegrams 

Telephone, lighting, heating, water and care of building, 

Rent and taxes, main office, 



Chief engineer 

Engineers, inspectors, rodmen, laborers and others, 

Advertising, 

Carriage hire and travelling expenses, 

Office supplies 

Postage, telephone and telegrams, .... 
Books, maps, plans and blue prints, 
Engineering instruments and repairs of same, 

Engineering supplies, 

Tools and repairs of same, 

Brick, cement, lumber and other field supplies, 

Teaming and express, 

Repairs, fittings and supplies, main office, 

Rent of sub-offices, 

Contracts : — 

Allis-Chalmers Co., Section 77, ... . 
Land takings, purchase and recording, . 

Total for South Metropolitan System, 



$4,785 21 


109 40 


49 33 


18 36 


21 43 


32 75 


9 57 


95 


1,939 36 


10 50 


36,126 28 


2,164 60 


48 00 



$750 00 
338 33 
165 84 
35 00 
624 51 
333 33 

$1,250 00 

20,831 25 

95 88 

203 82 

48 21 

46 89 

89 76 

39 02 

98 76 

269 46 

16,252 77 

220 00 

60 00 

80 00 

51,000 00 
100 00 



$1,200 00 
4,597 66 



$2,247 01 



90,685 82 



$2,054 00 



45,315 74 
$47,869' 74 



$5,797 66 



92,932 83 



$98,730 49 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



69 



General Character op Expenditures. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



Maintenance and Operation of Works. 

North Metropolitan System. 
Administration : — 

Commissioners, secretary and assistants, .... 

Postage, printing, stationery and office supplies, 

Bent, telephone, heating, lighting and care of offices, 

Miscellaneous expenses 



General superintendence : — 

Engineer and assistants, 

Postage, printing, stationery and office supplies, 
Rent, telephone, heating, lighting and care of offices, 
Miscellaneous expenses 



Deer Island pumping station : — 

Labor, 

Coal 

Oil and waste 

"Water, 

Packing, 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones and office supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 
East Boston pumping station: — 

Labor, 

Coal, 

Oil and waste, 

Water, 

Packing, 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones and office supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 
Charlestown pumping station : — 

Labor 

Coal, 

Oil and waste, 

Water 

Packing, 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones and office supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 
Alewife Brook pumping station : — 

Labor 

Coal 

Oil and waste, 

Water, 

Packing 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones and office supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, 

Amount carried forward, . 



$,498 34 
540 03 
952 12 
150 56 



$7,862 41 

671 64 

968 79 

850 25 



$11,920 13 

7,921 89 

322 57 

838 80 

172 44 

1,962 41 

178 59 

1,033 58 

11,119 86 

9,318 70 

311 14 

1,270 80 

109 60 

866 83 

125 46 

1,023 54 

10,758 05 
2,391 32 
250 94 
364 80 
107 73 
498 09 
157 70 
330 60 

4,358 44 
1,578 45 

152 93 
162 60 

56 67 

153 82 
134 20 

84 60 



),141 05 



10,363 09 



70,037 18 
$85,531 32 



70 



METROPOLITAN WATKK 



[Pub. Doc. 



; km. CBARAOTBB Or Kxi'KNUlTUUES. 



For the Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 



Amount brought forward, 

North Metropolitan System — Con. 



Sewer linen, labor, 
Supplies and expenses, 



Horses, vehicles and stable account, 
Total 



South Metropolitan System. 
Administration : — 

Commissioners, secretary and assistants, 

Postage, printing, stationery and office supplies, 

Rent, telephone, heating, lighting and care of building, 

Miscellaneous expenses, 

General superintendence: — 

Engineer and assistants 

Postage, printing, stationery and office supplies, 
Rent, telephone, heating, lighting and care of offices, 
Miscellaneous expenses 

Ward Street pumping station : — 

Labor, 

Coal, 

Oil and waste 

Water 

Packing, 

Repairs and renewals, 

Telephones and office supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, .... 
Quincy pumping station : — 

Labor, 

Coal 

Oil and waste 

Water 

Packing, 

Telephones and office supplies 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses 

Nut Island screen-house : — 

Labor, 

Coal 

Oil and waste, 

Water, 

Packing, 

Repairs and renewals 

Telephones and office supplies, 

Miscellaneous supplies and expenses, .... 



Sewer lines, labor, . . 
Supplies and expenses, 



City of Boston, for pumping and interest, 
Horses, vehicles and stable account, 



$23,009 20 
2,735 03 



$3,508 33 

630 75 

553 33 

23 30 



$2,853 33 
309 21 
643 79 
505 30 



$14,133 64 

6,781 40 

865 54 

1,293 60 

747 28 

23 49 

167 92 

2,114 95 

4,799 37 

1,647 87 

34 27 

193 56 

9 40 

39 82 

552 40 

5,226 97 

1,510 00 

47 54 

290 24 

11 66 

22 

83 27 

657 40 



$17,444 10 
2,423 55 



$85,531 32 



25,744 23 
3,920 78 

$115,196 33 



1,715 71 



4,311 63 



Total, 



41,231 81 



19,867 65 
9,507 95 
2,555 86 

$82,190 61 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



71 



(b) Receipts. 
TJie receipts from the sales of property, from rents and from other 



sources, have been credited as follows : — 



Account. 


For Year ending 
December 31, 1906. 


From Beginning 

of Work to 

December 31, 1906. 


North Metropolitan System, — construction, .... 
South Metropolitan System, — construction 

South Metropolitan System, — maintenance, .... 
Metropolitan Sewerage Loans Sinking Fund, .... 


$256 20 

1,013 43 

51 50 

75 00 


$17,153 40 

6,878 47 

8,189 96 

1,078 93 

910 20 




$1,396 13 


$34,210 96 



(c) Assets. 
The following is an abstract of the assets of the Sewerage Works, 
a complete schedule of which is kept on file in the office of the 
Board : — 

Office furniture, fixtures and supplies ; engineering and scientific instruments and 
supplies ; horses, vehicles, field machinery, etc. ; machinery, tools and other 
appliances and supplies ; real estate connected with works not completed ; 
completed works, including real estate connected therewith. 



(d) Liabilities. 
There are liabilities as follows : — 

Current hills unpaid, 

Due on monthly pay rolls, 



$20,292 47 

1,206 06 

$21,498 53 

Amounts on Monthly Estimates, not due until Completion oj Contracts or until 

Claims are settled. 



Name. 


Work. 


Amount. 


High-level Sewer : — 

National Contracting Co., 
E. VV. Everson & Co., 

North Metropolitan Construction : — 
T. H.Gill & Co., .... 


Sect. 73, contract abandoned, 
Sect. 75, .... 

Sect. 64, .... 


$5,516 17 
1,000 00 

4,022 29 




$10,538 46 



72 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

On the claims of the following it is impossible to state the amounts 
due for land and other damages, as no sums have been agreed upon, 
and suits are now pending in the courts for the determination of 
most of them : — 

Boston Elevated Railway Company, Boston & Maine Railroad, 
Anna L. Dunican, Carrie S. Urquhart, N. Jefferson Urquhart, 
Edwin N. Urquhart, Mary Doherty, Mary E. Doherty, Richard 
Jones, James Doherty, Michael Niland, Alonzo A. West, James Fitz- 
patrick, Michael Cashman, William H. Gibbons, Francis Normile. 

VIII. CONSUMPTION OF WATER. 

The average daily quantity of water consumed by the cities and 
towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water Works during the year, 
as delivered from the various sources of supply, was 118,820,000 
gallons, this being but a slight increase over the number of gallons 
per day so supplied in the preceding year. The consumption during 
the year so measured was 130 gallons per inhabitant per day, as 
against 131.2 gallons in the preceding year. There was an increase 
in the total quantity consumed in 9 of the municipalities, and in 9 
there was a decrease. The change, however, in consumption was 
not especially noticeable except in the district of West Roxbury, in 
which there was a large reduction, owing to the discovery of leakages 
in the local pipes. This reduction in the West Roxbury district of 
Boston was due to the inspection made by the water officials of that 
city, who discovered and repaired a break in a 12-inch pipe, together 
with two other defects in service pipes and numerous others in house 
plumbing. The break in the main pipe was causing a waste of 
108,000 gallons per day, which ran into an old well and disappeared. 
The reduction made by the discovery and repair of these defects 
amounted to about 25 per cent, of the total consumption of the 
District. 

The consumption of water during the colder season still continues 
to increase according to the fall of the temperature. This, of 
course, is due to the fact that the water on many of the premises is 
allowed to run continuously in the coldest season in order to avoid 
the freezing of the pipes, and also that there are at this season many 
breakages, due to bad plumbing. In certain days of the winter 
the daily consumption reached 136,000,000 gallons. The great 
waste is especially shown by the consumption of water which occurs 



DIAGRAM SHOWING 

Average: Rates of Consumption of Water 
w thl Metropolitan District in 1906 

DURING THE ENTIRE DAY AND DURING 
THE HOURS OF I AND 4 AT NIGHT 



U-l 



a. 

o cu 

Cd to 

- g 



160 



o <c =f 

. CcL U-1 > 

Ox: . » P to oc: 

o I ^ 5 ^ £ o 

CO ^ S o ^ O CO 



UJ I— 

Cd uj 

uj o=: 

> UJ 

^ > 

CCf UJ 



z. o 

>— CO 
CD a. 



o 



cr: 






*a -z. 

3= O 



oc: 



s 



-< _ 



140 






l-120 



rioo 

O 
(J 



Q) 
CL 



Ul 



80 



c 60 







40 



a; 

O 

t_ 
a; 



20 























































































































































































m 








Ay 


era 


qe 


R 


ate 


1 f 


or 


Di< 


>tr 


Ct 










%& 




\ — 
































1 




































1 






































//// 


































v// 


w 


y/A 


tr** 
































1 


1 


i 
































§; 


W> 


1 


H 


777; 




























1 


m 


M 


H 


^ 




























# 


w 


H 


^ 


'///. 


% 


























m 


n 


w 


^ 


m 


^ 


























'/// 




1 




m 








* 


m 


m 














n 


m 






« 




i 


1 


m 


1 


$1 


1 


i 

4 


1 

gf 
m 

m 


88 

m 


777 


777/ 
//// 


i 


5] 2 TT 


3J8 


10 


j§§8 

19 


4 


2 


22 





2 


18 


2 


94 


Y// 
100 


m 

78 


/7/V 

H 

100 




Percentage* 


yf 


Se 


rvic 


:es 


M 


ete 


reo 









160 



140 






'20 fe 



100*= 

Q. 

O 



80 



(D 



CO 

60 c 







40 

CT 
5 

(D 

20 > 



Daily Average Rate of Consumption 1906 

• Night ■ between I A.M. And 4 A.M. 1906. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 73 

between the hours of 1 and 4 in the morning, when only a very small 
quantity can be used for any legitimate purposes. The consumption 
between these hours reached a point as high as the rate of 105,000,- 
000 gallons per day during some of the coldest weather, and at 
several periods of the cold weather exceeded the rate of 90,000,000 
gallons per day. 

The average amount of the night consumption of water between 
the hours of 1 and 4, and its extent in comparison with the average 
consumption for the entire day, is more graphically shown by the 
accompanying diagram. Notwithstanding the great waste during 
the past year, indicated by the diagram, there has been a notable 
decrease from the preceding year in the night rate of consumption, 
not only during the winter months, but also in the latter part of the 
year, which seems to show that the increasing use of meters in a 
few cities and towns and a more careful inspection of leakages are 
causing a reduction in the quantity of water which is now so wan- 
tonly wasted. 

The number of new meters which have been set during the past 
year in the municipalities of the District was 4,257, a number 
greater than in any previous year, and exceeding by about 1,000 the 
number of new services which were installed. The greater number 
of these meters were set in Maiden, Somerville and Chelsea, and 
more especially in Quincy and Swampscott. In two or three of 
these municipalities the result has seemed to be a decided and 
gratifying decrease in consumption. 

In its report to the Legislature for last year the Board urged the 
making of consumption an element in the assessment of the city 
of Boston as well as in the assessments payable by the other cities 
and towns, believing that the making of consumption an important 
element in its assessment would also influence the city of Boston, 
which pays so large a proportion of the total amount, to take meas- 
ures, by the introduction of meters and more rigorous inspection, 
for the decrease of waste and leakage. 

The Legislature last year passed an act putting the city of Boston 
on the same basis as to assessments as the other cities and towns in 
the District. This Act was made to apply to the assessments of 
Boston during the coming year. 

It is not, however, solely in order to reduce current expenditures 
for the maintenance and operation of works that a decrease in the 



7 1 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

unnecessary use and waste of water is demanded ; the larger demand 
comes from the necessity, if such decrease in consumption is not 
effected, at an earlier period of seeking additional sources of water 
supply and beginning the construction of large and expensive works. 
Such additional extensions and constructions, before they are called 
for by the natural increase of population, will add unnecessarily to the 
burdens of the municipalities concerned, and will require the taking 
of properties and privileges from citizens in other parts of the Com- 
monwealth. The Board, as in its last report, " urges upon the 
various municipalities of the District the adoption of measures, 
througli the introduction of meters, rigorous inspectioiror otherwise, 
which shall tend to decrease the unnecessary consumption, and to 
save unnecessary burdens which fall not only upon the people of the 
District itself, but, in case of uncalled-for extensions of works, upon 
residents of other portions of the Commonwealth, whose lands are 
taken, whose other properties are affected in value, and whose busi- 
ness interests are impaired." 

IX. ELECTROLYSIS. 

No great improvement has been found in the electrical conditions. 
The investigations and experiments which had been in progress rela- 
tive to the extent of the injury done to the water pipes by the under- 
ground electric currents, and which have been made for the purpose 
of overcoming and reducing the injuries which have resulted, have 
been continued during the past year. If anything, the districts in 
which the damages occur seem to be extending. In general, the dis- 
integration had not proceeded so far as to require immediate repairs, 
but the examinations show that the processes are advancing. The 
pipe lines crossing Chelsea Creek between Chelsea and East Boston 
were found to be especially subject to disturbance, and at one point 
it was found that a hole had been made through the pipe, which had 
to be repaired. New insulating joints have been inserted at several 
points in Cambridge, for the purposes of experimentation. The 
subject is one that requires much investigation, not only in order 
to discover the amount of damages caused and the responsibility 
therefor, but also in order to adopt adequate means of protecting 
the pipes. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 75 



X. BOATING AND FISHING ON LAKE COCHITUATE. 

Boating and fishing on Lake Cochituate had so increased in past 
years, and there had been such an increase in the use of the lands 
adjoining the shores of the lake for summer cottages and camping 
purposes, that it was deemed necessary by the Board to make regu- 
lations to check this increase, and to protect the lake from the 
pollution which such increase tended to cause. 

Accordingly, it was provided that there should be no boating or 
fishing upon the northern division of the lake, situated north of the 
county road known as Lake Avenue, for the reason that from this 
section the water is delivered directly into the Cochituate Aqueduct, 
and the danger from the use of water which is polluted, especially 
by typhoid germs, is very greatly increased where the conditions 
are such that the water is used in the Metropolitan District Avithin 
a comparatively short time after pollution. 

Boating was allowed upon the remainder of the lake, in boats which 
had been registered in accordance with regulations made by the 
Board, by persons to whom licenses were issued for the purpose. 
The season was limited to the period beginning April 1 and ending 
September 20, and the number of boats to be registered was restricted 
to 125. A fee of $1 was required for registration, and the owner of 
the boat received a plate bearing a number, which it was required 
should be attached to the boat in such position as always to be kept 
in sight. 

Fishing was permitted during this season in the same portion of 
the lake in boats which were duly registered and used in accordance 
with the requirements of the Board. 

Permission was also given to fish from the highway during this 
season, and at other seasons to enter from the highway and fish 
through the ice in the same portions of the lake where boating was 
permitted. 

It was provided that applications for registration of boats should 
be made on or before the first day of April. The total number of 
persons who applied for registration was 163, but less than 125 in 
number applied before the time thus fixed for the making of applica- 
tions. Permission was granted for the registration of 125 boats; 
in 6 cases the applicant was permitted to use an additional boat or 
tender, but in all these cases he had had in use 2 or more boats the 



76 METROPOLITAN WATEB [Pub. Doc. 

previous year. Of the 125 boats registered, 108 belonged to owners 
resident in Natick and Cochituate, the territory immediately sur- 
ronnding the lake, and 17 of the boats belonged to owners of 
cottages upon the marginal lands surrounding the shores of the lake. 
NO resident of Natick or Cochituate and no owner of a cottage upon 
the margin of the lake who applied within the time limited for 
application was refused registration. 

Three actions were brought for violation of the regulations, and 
in all of them convictions were obtained. Two of the parties paid 
small lines, and one case, which was brought against the owner of a 
cottage who made an application for the use of 3 boats long after the 
time limit for applications had expired and when the full number 
had been granted, appealed to the higher courts. As this owner 
persisted in subsequent violations of the regulations, an injunction 
was applied for to prevent his use of boats, which was granted. An 
appeal has been taken to the Supreme Court, upon the ground that 
the Board had no power to make the regulations for the prevention 
of boating. 

Two inspectors were employed during the summer season to en- 
force the regulations affecting the use of boats, and also to see that 
all proper sanitary measures should be adopted by the occupants of 
cottages and by other persons camping near the lake, in order to 
prevent the pollution of the water. 

The regulations adopted and the measures taken have been suc- 
cessful in improving the sanitary conditions in and around the lake. 
The owners of the registered boats have carefully observed the 
regulations which have been made, and there has been a decided 
reduction in the number of persons camping temporarily around the 
margins of the lake. The sale of lots for cottage or camping pur- 
poses has been discouraged, as well as schemes for the use of adjoin- 
ing lands for picnic purposes. 

It has been determined to permit boating during the year 1907 in 
like manner upon the portions of the lake other than the northern 
division. In the granting of registration of boats consideration will 
be given to the question of residence of the applicant, whether in 
the neighborhood of the lake or otherwise, and of his ownership 
of a cottage existing prior to March 1, 1906. Applications will be 
required to be made before the first day of April. A fee of $1 is 
required for registration, and the owner will, unless he has already 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 77 

received a plate containing a proper number, receive a plate con- 
taining a number, which must be attached to the boat in such position 
as will be required by the agent of the Board, and must always be 
kept in sight. 

The season for which boating will be permitted will be extended 
so that, beginning with April 1, it will end on October 15, instead 
of September 20, as in the preceding year. The owners of cottages 
situated near the lake will be required, as a condition of retaining 
their registration, to maintain their premises in sanitary condition 
satisfactory to the Board. 

XL LEGISLATIVE ACTS OF THE YEAR 1906. 

The legislation of the General Court of the year 1906, authoriz- 
ing further loans for the Metropolitan Water Works to the extent 
of $500,000 (chapter 367), authorizing further loans for extensions 
of the Sewerage Works to the extent of $1,175,000 (chapter 406) 
and to the extent of $55,000 (chapter 319), relative to annual re- 
ports of the Board to the General Court (chapter 235), changing the 
bases for apportioning the annual assessments for the construction 
and maintenance of the Metropolitan Water System (chapter 457), 
and changing the bases for apportioning the annual assessments for 
the construction and maintenance of the Metropolitan Sewerage 
Systems (chapter 369), is set forth in other portions of this report. 

It was provided by chapter 337 that premiums received from the 
sale of bonds issued on account of the Metropolitan Water Loan 
should thereafter be paid into the sinking fund for the extinguish- 
ment of the principal indebtedness, instead of being applied to the 
diminution of the annual assessment as before required ; and in like 
manner, by chapter 338, that premiums received from the sale of 
scrip, certificates of debt or bonds issued on account of the Metro- 
politan Sewerage Works should be paid into the sinking fund for 
the extinguishment of the principal indebtedness, instead of being 
applied as before in diminution of the assessments for the current 
year. 

By chapter 404 it was provided that all sums of money thereafter 
received for the admission of a city or town into the Metropolitan 
Water District should be applied to the payment of the cost of con- 
necting such city or town with the pipes and works of the Metro- 
politan Water District, and, after such cost was paid, should be paid 



7- MKTKOPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

into the Metropolitan Water Loan Sinking Fund, the statutes as pre- 
viously existing having required that sums so received should be 
deducted from the annual assessments. 

By the provisions of chapter 498 the Treasurer of the Common- 
wealth was required to pay, as a part of the expense of the Metro- 
politan Water System, the sum of $64,988 to the town of Clinton. 
This sum was intended to carry into substantial effect an award made 
by a committee appointed by the Governor in the year 1901 for the 
payment of $4,000 in each year, in order to indemnify that town 
for damages caused by the construction of the Metropolitan Water 
Works. This report of the committee had been made to the General 
Court of the year 1902, but the award had then foiled to receive its 
confirmation. The Act further provided that all property held by 
the Board in the town of Clinton, outside of the dam and dike, used 
in the generation or sale of electricity for power or for manufacturing 
purposes, should be subject to taxation. 

The Treasurer of the Commonwealth was required by the provi- 
sions of chapter 533 to pay annually, as a part of the expenses of 
the Metropolitan Water System, to the town of Holden an amount 
equal to the average assessment for the three years preceding the 
purchase of the property by the Commonwealth on all real estate, 
including water rights and machinery acquired and held by the 
Commonwealth as a part of the Metropolitan Water System, such 
payment to be in lieu of taxes or other payments ; it being, however, 
provided that if any buildings standing on land so acquired and held 
should be removed and remain in the town, the value of such build- 
ings as newly located should be deducted from the valuation for such 
assessment. 

XII. APPORTIONMENT OF ANNUAL ASSESSMENTS FOR 
METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE SYSTEMS. 

The Board in its last report called the attention of the Legislature 
to the necessity under the existing laws of providing for a new 
apportionment of the assessments for the North Metropolitan Dis- 
trict, but suggested that, as all the five commissions appointed to 
make the apportionment on the two Metropolitan systems since the 
beginning of the works had adopted the same bases of apportionment, 
there w^ouid seem to be good reason for fixing the bases of appor- 
tionment by legislation, and so avoid the expenditures which were 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 79 

attendant upon the appointment of commissions for each succeeding 
period of five years. 

The Legislature in accordance with this suggestion passed an 
act by which it was provided that the proportions in which each of 
the cities and towns belonging to the North and South Metropolitan 
Sewerage districts, respectively, should make payments, in order to 
meet the interest and sinking fund requirements, based upon the 
respective taxable valuations of the said cities and towns, and that 
the proportions in which each of the cities and towns should make 
payments to meet the cost of maintenance and operation of the 
respective sewerage systems should be based upon the respective 
populations of the cities and towns. It was further made the duty 
of the Board annually upon these bases to determine for each system 
the proportion in which the cities and towns should make payments 
into the treasury of the Commonwealth for these purposes, and it 
was made the duty of the Treasurer of the Commonwealth, in accord- 
ance with the proportions so determined, to fix the respective assess- 
ments of the cities and towns of the District. 



XIII. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ADDITIONAL WATER 

LOANS. 

The Board, in its preliminary report to the Legislature of the 
year 1907, recommended that provision be made for further addi- 
tions to the Metropolitan Water Loan Fund sufficient to carry on 
the necessary construction for the coming year and to meet liabilities 
already accrued. The recommendations made were as follows : — 

It appears from the financial statement that on December 1, 1906, the 
balance remaining on account of the Metropolitan Water Loan Fund, for 
the construction and acquisition of works, was $377,173.50. 

The Wachusett Dam and Reservoir, the last of the greater works whose 
construction was specifically called for during the first period of ten years 
by the Metropolitan Water Act of 1895, have been structurally completed. 
Some additions to the gate-house at the dam, additional grading and prep- 
aration of the marginal lands of the reservoir, and work upon the bed of 
the reservoir, consequent upon the gradual filling with water, must be done 
during the present year. 

The completion and equipment of the new pumping station in Arlington, 
whose construction was begun during the past year, necessary additions to 



80 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

the Chestnut Hill pumping stations, and some minor work upon the aque- 
ducts and pipe lines are demanded. 

There remains much to be done for the improvement of the watersheds 
and for preventing the pollution of the sources of water supply, both for 
the carrying out of the original plans and in order to meet other demands 
which are constantly made in the interests of more complete sanitation. 
Not so much progress was made during the past year in the drainage of 
swamps and in the building of filter-beds and other works upon the water- 
sheds as was contemplated, but the completion of works begun and the 
carrying out of undertakings demanded call for considerable expenditures 
during the current year. 

• The completion of the Dam and Reservoir has left for final settlement 
some of the most important contracts connected with the operations of the 
Board ; and naturally at this stage of the work there are left many other 
claims upon which there has been failure to reach a voluntary agreement, 
and consequently settlement is to be effected by suits in court. These 
suits, numbering about 100, are in a few cases for property taken, but by 
far the larger part arise under claims for damages by reason of alleged 
depreciation in value of property not taken, or injury to estates by the 
operations of the Board, or for injuries to established business, — indirect 
damages, in reference to which agreement is especially difficult, and the 
amounts recoverable in court cannot be accurately estimated in advance. 

Prior to the year 1906 loans for the construction and acquisition of 
works to the amount of $40,000,000 had been authorized, and last year 
further loans to the extent of $500,000 were authorized. 

It is estimated that the requirements above specified may call for the ex- 
penditure of $670,600; but, owing to the balance remaining unexpended, 
additional loans to so great an amount will not be required. It is recom- 
mended that the Treasurer be authorized to issue from time to time, as 
may be required, additional metropolitan water loans for these purposes, 
to an amount not exceeding $300,000. 

Additional pipe lines and further pumping facilities will be required in 
the near future, and accidents or emergencies in extensive works of water 
supply may call for expenditures not anticipated ; but the Board believes 
that the construction of other works than those above enumerated may be 
deferred for the present year. 

XIV. FUTURE WORK. 

The Board is charged with the maintenance and operation of all 
the various works of water supply and for the conveyance and dis- 
tribution of water to the various municipalities of the Metropolitan 
Water District, and with the collection and disposal of the sewage 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 81 

from the various cities and towns constituting the Metropolitan 
Sewerage District. The sums which it will be necessary for the 
Board to expend for this work of maintenance and operation for the 
coming year are estimated to amount to about $650,000. 

A portion of the immediate duties before the Board during the 
coming year, in connection with the Water Works, as has been 
stated in a previous page, is the settlement of many claims and suits 
which have arisen especially in connection with the substantial com- 
pletion of the Wachusett Dam and Reservoir, and of many suits 
which have been brought for the collection of indirect damages, the 
limitation of the period in which such suits could be brought having 
recently expired. 

The work of construction contemplated for the coming year does 
not involve the construction of any large and important works, but 
rather consists in the finishing up of works already begun, and in 
the carrying out of many projects which have been made for the 
improvement of the watersheds and for the prevention of pollution 
of the sources of water supply. 

The Board in its report to the Legislature for the preceding year 
presented a statement of the works which, as it appeared, might be 
required sooner or later during a period of the next few years. The 
estimated cost of these works was a little exceeding $1,800,000. 
Nearly all of these works were contemplated or formed a part of the 
scheme presented by the State Board of Health in its report in the 
year 1895, and in general were works whose construction it was 
stated would be called for perhaps in the second period of ten years 
following the year 1895. It is the opinion of the Board that the 
beginning of the construction of the larger works embraced in the 
list can be deferred, at least for the present year. The building of 
some of the main pipe lines cannot, however, be put off for a longer 
period than one or two years. The construction of others of these 
works is dependent upon the success of efforts made for checking 
the waste and unnecessary use of water. The Board, however, in 
making these estimates included no sums for the acquisition of new 
sources of water supply, and for machinery which may be needed 
for the production of power at the Wachusett Dam. 

The Legislature of last year authorized the issue of bonds to an 
amount not exceeding $1,175,000 for the purpose of constructing 
an extension of the High-level Sewer of the South Metropolitan 



82 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

System, from the corner of Centre and Perkins streets in Jamaica 
Plain through West Roxbury, Brookline and as far as Oak Square 
in Brighton, for which detailed plans had been made. The active 
work oi' construction has begun, and will occupy a period of two or 
more years. The further extension of this sewer through the city 
o\' Newton to a point near the Charles River, which is a part of the 
genera] plan submitted, will not immediately be called for unless 
such extension is required for districts not now embraced within the 
South Metropolitan System. 

When the State Board of Health presented its report in the year 
1895, recommending the establishment of the Metropolitan Water 
Works, it accompanied the report with an estimate of the various 
amounts which would be required to carry out its recommendations. 
The Legislature of that year, in enacting the Metropolitan Water 
Act, not only required the Board then instituted to carry out the 
various recommendations made by the State Board of Health, but it 
also required the Board to take and pay for the works held by the 
city of Boston, for the purposes of water supply, as well as Spot 
Pond and the lands under and surrounding the same, owned by the 
cities of Maiden, Medford and Melrose, to construct various minor 
works, and also to make compensation for various claims for indirect 
damages, for all of which, calling for additional expenditures, no 
estimates were made. Subsequent legislatures have also made 
further requirements calling for large expenditures, but making no 
further appropriations for meeting them. The State Board of 
Health estimated the cost of the w r orks called for by its recom- 
mendations to be $19,045,800. It further estimated that an aque- 
duct to Weston would have to be constructed in the latter part of 
the period embraced within the first ten years, with main distribut- 
ing pipes extending into the District, at a cost of $4,982,000. It 
estimated that works which w 7 ould be called for during the second 
ten years would require an additional expenditure of $1,300,000. 

Not quite all of the works regarded by the State Board of Health 
as necessary for the first period of ten years have yet been con- 
structed. Some of the works estimated for have been omitted as 
not being necessary under the matured plans of construction, wdiile, 
on the other hand, many of the works constructed haye been built 
w 7 ith greatly increased capacities. Making deductions for the works 
which have thus been omitted, but making no addition for the w r orks 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 83 

built with increased capacities, the Board, from careful computations 
made by its engineers, believes that the cost of the works upon 
which estimates were originally made by the State Board of Health 
have not been exceeded in actual construction. While some of the 
works embraced in the original estimates still remain to be built, it 
is believed that their construction would not carry the total of the 
estimates for the works recommended beyond the sums stated by 
the State Board of Health, were not increased expenditures required 
on account of the great rise in the cost of labor and materials. 

The reports of the Chief Engineer and of the Engineer of the 
Sudbury and Distribution departments, relating to the Water Works, 
and the report of the Engineer of the Sewerage Works, with vari- 
ous tables and statistics, are herewith presented. 

Eespectfully submitted, 

HENRY H. SPRAGUE. 
HENRY P. WALCOTT. 

JAMES A. BAILEY, Jr. 

Boston, February 27, 1907. 



84 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



REPORT OF THE CHIEF ENGINEER. 



To the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. 

Gentlemen: — During the year ending December 31, 1906, 1 
have been engaged, as you know, upon consulting work in various 
places to such an extent that 1 have devoted only about one-fifth of 
my time to the Metropolitan Water Works. As the amount of 
compensation was proportioned to the time of service, it seemed ad- 
visable that I should continue as Chief Engineer until the completion 
of the larger contracts and the subsequent adjustment of claims in 
connection with them. During my absence Mr. Dexter Brackett, 
Engineer of the Sudbury and Distribution departments, has super- 
vised the whole of the work, and even when I have been present he 
has continued to supervise nearly all of the work. It therefore 
seems appropriate that the report of the operations of the Engineer- 
ing Department should be made by him. 

Respectfully submitted, 

FREDERIC P. STEARNS, 

Chief Engineer. 
Boston, January 1, 1907. 



To the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. 

Gentlemen : — The following is a report of the operations of the 
Engineering Department of the Metropolitan Water Works for the 
year ending December 31, 1906. 

Organization. 
Thomas F. Richardson, Engineer of the Dam and Reservoir De- 
partment, was absent by permission, from January 20 to March 9, 
and on July 20 he resigned to accept the position of Chief Engineer 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 85 

and Resident Manager of the Federal Construction Company. Mr. 
Richardson had been connected with the department since its organ- 
ization, in 1895, and previous to that time was employed upon the 
preliminary investigations for the Metropolitan Water Supply, 
which were made under the direction of the State Board of Health. 
During his term of service he had charge of the surveys for the 
location of the Wachusett and Weston aqueducts, of the borings 
and investigations preliminary to the location of the Wachusett 
Dam and the North Dike, and was in responsible charge of the con- 
struction of the Wachusett Aqueduct, the Wachusett Dam and the 
South Dike. He also had charge of the construction in the Wachu- 
sett Reservoir during the year 1905. 

Caleb M. Saville, Division Engineer in the Distribution Depart- 
ment, resigned on June 2, in order to accept a position with French 
& Bryant, Civil Engineers of Brookline, Mass. The work of 
which he was in charge, consisting of the supervision of the opera- 
tion of the Venturi meters and of determining the quantity of water 
used in the different cities and towns of the Metropolitan Water 
District, has been subdivided between Alfred O. Doane, Division 
Engineer, and Samuel E. Killam, Office Assistant. 

John W. Lynch, Engineer of Pumping Stations, resigned his 
position on June 20, on account of ill health. Mr. Lynch was in 
charge of the high-service station at Chestnut Hill for several years 
prior to 1898, when the station was owned and operated by the city 
of Boston. From January 1, 1898, when the station passed into 
the control of the Metropolitan Water Board, until the date of his 
resignation, he was in charge of the stations at Chestnut Hill, and 
after December 20, 1900, he also had general charge of the ma- 
chinery in all of the water works pumping stations. 

Arthur E. O'Neil has been in charge of the stations at Chestnut 
Hill since August 16. 

At the close of the year the principal assistants employed under 
the direction of the Chief Engineer and the Department Engineer 
were as follows : — 

Alexander E. Kastl, . Division Engineer in Charge of (he Dam and Reservoir 

Department. 
William E. Foss, . . Division Engineer, Distribution Department. 
Alfred O. Doane, . . Division Engineer, Distribution Department. 
Elliott R. B. Allardice, . Division Engineer, Dam and Reservoir Department. 



SQ METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Benjamin F. Banoox, . Assistant in Charge of Drafting Department. 

Samuel E. Eillam, . . Office Assistant. 

Charles B. Baberstroh, . Assistant Superintendent, Sudbury Department. 

George E. Wilde, . . Assistant Superintendent, Distribution Department. 

Arthur E. O'Neil, . . Engineer of Pumping Stations. 

William ^Y. Locke, . Sanitary Inspector. 

At the beginning of the year the engineering force, including 
those engaged upon both the construction and maintenance of the 
works, numbered 64, and at the end of the year 48. 

There has also been a maintenance force, exclusive of the en- 
gineers mentioned above, averaging 217, employed in the operation 
of the several pumping stations and in connection with the main- 
tenance of the reservoirs, aqueducts, pipe lines and other work. 

Special gangs of men have been employed in constructing ditches 
for the drainage of swamps in Sterling, Holden and Princeton, in 
cleaning weeds from the bottom of the Wachusett Reservoir, in 
erecting curbing and fences and building granolithic surface at the 
Wachusett Dam, in completing the South Dike, in resurfacing roads 
and building gutters in Clinton and West Boylston, in stripping 
soil and in forestal work. The force thus employed has averaged 74. 

Arrangement of Report. 

The arrangement which has been adopted in the reports of pre- 
vious years is followed in continuing this report, and the work 
charged to the construction account is kept separate from that charged 
to the maintenance account; but, as the work of construction and 
maintenance is supervised by the same principal engineers, and in 
very many cases the assistants are engaged upon both classes of 
work, it is not feasible to make a complete separation. 

CONSTRUCTION. 

Contracts. 
A detailed statement of the contracts made and pending during 
the year is given in Appendix No. 1. The following statement 
gives a summary of all the contracts charged to construction from 
the beginning of the work to the end of the year 1906 : — 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



87 



Portion of Work. 


Number of 
Contracts. 


Approximate 
Amount. 


Wachusett Dam, 

Relocation Central Massachusetts Railroad, 

Wachusett Aqueduct and Clinton sewerage, 

Sudbury Reservoir, the portions of contracts not per- 
formed at the time they were assumed from the city 
of Boston, 

Sudbury Department, reservoir, filter-beds, pipe lines 
and improvement of Lake Cochituate, Metropolitan 
Water Works contracts, ....... 

Weston Aqueduct and Reservoir, 

Distribution Department, including pipes, valves and 
special castings purchased for other departments, . 


38 

17 

6 

19 

11 

22 

26 

163 


|3,055,252 12 

1,754,940 68 

512,527 67 

1,516,259 67 

583,220 54 

956,508 17 
2,212,403 31 

4,565,975 77 


Totals, 


302 


$15,157,087 93 



Amount of 4 contracts made in 1906 (approximate), . . . $43,629 72 

Amount of 3 contracts unfinished December 31, 1906 (approximate), 49,618 00 
Value of work done by contract from January 1, 1906, to December 

31, 1906, . 46,688 76 



DAM AND RESERVOIR DEPARTMENT. 

The principal construction work in this department has been in 
connection with the completion of the Wachusett Dam, the building 
of filter-beds in Sterling, the construction of ditches for the drain- 
age of swamps tributary to the Wachusett Reservoir in Sterling, 
Holden and Princeton, and the final clearing of the bottom of the 
Wachusett Reservoir between elevations 365 and 385. 



Wachusett Dam. 

Contract JSTo. 195, Mc Arthur Brothers Company. 

At the beginning of the year the only work remaining to be done 
under this contract was the completion of the excavation of about 
1,400 cubic yards of earth and 1,900 cubic yards of rock in the 
waste channel below the dam. This work was in progress at the 
beginning of the year, and was completed on February 27. The fol- 
lowing table gives the total amount of work done to the end of the 
contract, based on the final estimate : — 



88 



METROPOLITAN 



Earth excavation (cubic yards), 
Rook excavation (cultic yards), . 
Hubble stone masonry (cubic yards), 
Ashlar masonry (cubic yards), . 
Dimension stone masonry (cubic yards), 
Brick masonry (cubic yards), 
Concrete masonry (cubic yards), 
Slope paving (cubic yards), 
Iron and other metal work (tons), 
Roadways and paths (square yards), 
Vitrified pipe for drains (linear feet), 



The following quantities of masonry, used in constructing the 
roadway arch bridge over the waste channel, are not included in 
the above table : — 



\Y. 


LTEB 




[Pub. Doc. 


. 274,087 




. 


. 102,640 




. 




. 251,920 




. 




9,037 








2,742 




. 




1,065 




. 




9,675 








1,899 




> 




894 




. 




9,193 




> 




3,016 



Concrete masonry (cubic yards), 
Ashlar masonry (cubic yards), . 
Dimension stone masonry (cubic yards), 



322 

83 
87 



Additional Work. 
The construction of the granolithic surface on the top of the dam, 
including the abutment and bastion, and the granolithic walk from 
the abutment to Boylston Street, was begun on June 1 and com- 
pleted on July 10. The granolithic surface has an average thick- 
ness of 5!/2 inches. On the abutment and bastion it is divided into 
blocks about 11 feet square, and each block is reinforced longi- 
tudinally and transversely with ^4 _ i ncn corrugated steel bars spaced 
18 inches apart. Between the terminal structures it is divided into 
blocks by joints across the dam spaced 9 feet 9 inches apart, placed 
opposite the brass posts of the fence on top of the dam. Each block 
is reinforced across the dam with }4-inch corrugated steel bars 
spaced 18 inches apart, and also with electrically welded fabric 
made of No. 10 wire with a 10-inch by 12-inch mesh. Over the 
upper gate-chamber the granolithic surface is further reinforced 
with !/2-inch corrugated steel bars spaced 4 feet 5 inches apart. 
Before placing the granolithic surface the top of the dam was coated 
with pow T dered mica, for the purpose of preventing adhesion between 
the masonry of the dam and the granolithic surface, thus allowing 
them to contract and expand independently of each other. The 
joints between the blocks are about half an inch wide, extend the 
full depth of the granolithic surface, and were filled with asphaltum. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 89 

The granolithic walk from the bastion to Boylston Street is 10 
feet wide and 8 inches thick, and divided into blocks 10 feet square. 
The blocks are reinforced with the electrically welded fabric. 

The work was done under the supervision of the Simpson Brothers 
Corporation of Boston, which furnished the skilled labor; the or- 
dinary labor and materials being furnished by the Board. The 
total area laid was 23,610 square feet. 

A brass fence has been erected on each side of the top of the dam 
between the terminal structures, the work being done by the day- 
labor force in March and April. The design of the fence was de- 
scribed in the annual report for the year 1905. 

Steel gates have been erected at the southeasterly end of the dam, 
where it joins the abutment, and a steel fence has been erected 
around the platform at the bastion. 

A steel fence 460 feet long, supported on granite curbing and 
with granite posts at the gateways and corners, has been erected at 
the Boylston Street entrance to the dam. It has three gates, one 
opposite the end of the granolithic walk leading to the dam, the 
others at either end, opposite the gravel paths leading to the abut- 
ment. A gravel walk with granite edgestones has been built along 
the street, also gravel paths from the ends of the fence to the 
abutment. 

The work of erecting the steel gates and fences and building the 
gravel walk and paths was done by the day-labor force. The steel 
gates and fencing were furnished by Henry Parsons & Son of Marl- 
borough, Mass., and the granite posts, curbing and edge stones by 
F. A. McCauliff of Fitchburg, Mass. 

An iron pipe rail fence 235 feet long has been erected on top 
of the retaining wall, extending along the easterly side of the waste 
channel from the bastion to the Central Massachusetts Railroad 
bridge. 

Early in the year a permanent connection was made between the 
48-inch equalizer pipe in well No. 4 of the lower gate-chamber 
and the 24-inch pipe line supplying water to the Lancaster Mills. 
For this purpose 269 feet of 12-inch cast-iron pipe were laid, con- 
trolled by a 12-inch valve, including a 12-inch Venturi meter for 
use in measuring the quantity of water delivered to the mills. 

A 10-inch Venturi meter and a 10-inch valve and valve chamber 
have been set in connection with the 10-inch pipe line from the 



90 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Lower gate-chamber to the fountain in the inner pool, for the purpose 
of regulating and measuring the water supplied to the fountain. 

The road on the westerly hillside, extending from the grounds 
below tin* dam to the bastion, has been improved by the building of 
975 feet of paved gutter and seven 8-inch vitrified pipe culverts 
with drainage inlets in the gutter. The road has also been resur- 
faced with screened gravel. 

The joints in the cobble-stone paved gutter at the foot of the 
down-stream side of the dam have been pointed with cement mortar, 
in order to prevent the growth of weeds and the washing out of the 
stones. 

A large pile of loam, which had been stored near the bastion, at 
the northwesterly end of the dam, has been used in grading the hill- 
side ; and all the newly finished grounds in the vicinity of the dam 
which had been covered with soil, but not seeded, have been graded 
and seeded. There have been planted in beds in the vicinity of the 
walks and roadways 2,230 shrubs, comprising 31 varieties. 

Machinery for a lighting and pumping plant for use at the dam, 
to be installed in the lower gate-chamber and operated by water 
power, has been delivered, but is not yet in position. It consists of 
a 9-inch turbine, furnished by the Holyoke Machine Company, which 
is to be directly connected to a 22% kilowatt generator. The gen- 
erator will furnish current for lighting the building, for operating a 
10 horse-power motor connected with a 6-inch submerged pump to 
be used for pumping water from the wells in the lower gate-chamber, 
and will also furnish current for operating the electric motor on the 
crane used for handling stop-planks and screens in the upper gate- 
chamber. The generator and motor were built by the Stanley 
Electric Company, and are being furnished and installed by the 
Frank Ridlon Company. 

South Dike. 
At the end of 1905 about 1,000 cubic yards of material still re- 
mained to be placed for the filling of the gap in the South Dike, 
through which had passed the quarry railroad used in the construc- 
tion of the Wachusett Dam. This filling was completed by a day- 
labor force working at various times between April 7 and September 
3. The surface was finished with soil to a depth of 18 inches, and 
seeded. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 91 

Relocation and Construction of Roads. 

All the contract work on the last of the new highways required 
on account of the construction of the Wachusett Reservoir was com- 
pleted in November, 1905 ; but some work of a minor character, 
not included in the contracts, remained to be done this year, such as 
paving gutters subject to erosion, improving the drainage, building 
additional guard rail fences and repairing the surfacing where it had 
settled or had been damaged by heavy teaming during the construc- 
tion of other work on the reservoir. 

In West Boylston the following work has been done : On the 
highway crossing the Stillwater River arch the northerly gutter was 
paved with cobble-stones from North Main Street, in Oakdale, to 
the entrance to the grounds of the Worcester County Truant School, 
a distance of about 2,200 feet, and the gravel walk next to the gutter 
surfaced from the Worcester, Nashua & Portland Railroad to the 
Stillwater arch, a distance of about 700 feet. On the new location 
of Worcester Street, south of Prospect Street, the westerly gutter 
was paved with cobble-stones for a distance of about 500 feet. New- 
ton Street was surfaced with gravel for a distance of about 2,200 
feet southerly of the Quinepoxet River arches, and Crescent Street 
for a distance of about 2,600 feet northerly of Prospect Street. A 
12-inch iron pipe culvert was built on Crescent Street, near the 
junction of the new and old locations of the street. Much other 
miscellaneous work was done, such as building and painting addi- 
tional highway railings, placing sand on those parts of the broken- 
stone highways which had begun to disintegrate, grading gutters, 
and grading and surfacing gravel sidewalks. 

During the construction of the dam, Boylston Street, in the town 
of Clinton, from the Clinton-Boylston town line to the dam, had 
been badly worn by heavy teaming ; therefore it was decided to 
resurface this part of the street with broken-stone screenings. The 
work was commenced on July 21 and completed on August 20. 
The steam road roller and the watering cart used on the work were 
hired from the town of Clinton. At the request of the chairman of 
the road commissioners, an additional length of street was surfaced 
in order to reimburse the town for the use of the road roller and 
watering cart. The length of street surfaced is 5,697 feet, of which 
4,419 feet is the length from the town line to the dam, and 1,278 



92 MKTKOPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

feet the additional Length surfaced below the dam to reimburse the 
town for the use of the road roller and watering cart. In this work 
l")li., tons of broken-stone screenings were used. Wooden rail 
fences, aggregating 655 feet in length, were built at several points 
along the westerly line of Boylston Street, between the Wachusett 
Dam and the Boylston town line. 

Removal of Soil. 
Additional Soil Stripping. 

On both shores of the Wachusett Reservoir near Sawyer's Mills, 
and on the southerly shore near Boylston Centre and Pine Hill, 
additional clearing, grubbing and removing of soil have been done 
back of where the steep banks, acted upon by waves, frost and rain, 
have caved away and retreated nearly to the limit of the original soil 
stripping or of the additional soil stripping done last year. The 
soil has been stripped along an aggregate length of about 5,000 feet 
of shore line for a width of from 10 to 20 feet, the abrogate area 
being 1.40 acres. 

Cleaning of the Reservoir Bottom. 

The final cleaning of the reservoir bottom was done between ele- 
vations 363 and 385, from August 25 to December 8, and consisted 
in removing and disposing of the weeds, grass and bushes which 
had grown up since the original stripping of the soil or since the 
last cleaning. Over the greater part of the area the ground was 
harrowed with spring-tooth harrows, and the weeds, grass and 
bushes, together with the roots, were afterwards raked and burned. 
Over the remaining area, where the harrows could not be used on 
account of the ground being rocky, steep or wet, the weeds, grass 
and bushes were mowed close to the ground, and afterwards raked 
and burned. There was cleaned a total of 1,205 acres of ground, 
at a cost of $9,585, or an average cost of $7.95 per acre. This cost 
per acre is much larger than for the cleaning done during the pre- 
vious year, for several reasons. During the past year a larger pro- 
portion of the area was cleaned by harrowing and raking, — a more 
expensive method than by mowing and raking, but giving better re- 
sults ; also, for the reason that more than half the area cleaned had 
not been touched since the original stripping was done several years 
ago, and the growth was consequently heavy. The rate of wages 
paid was also higher than in .previous years. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 93 

Shore Protection. 

From a point about 500 feet south of the Wachusett Dam, the 
easterly shore of the reservoir, in the vicinity of the flow line, has 
been covered with cobble-stones to a depth of about 9 inches, for a 
distance of 1,250 feet and a width of 20 feet, in order to protect it 
from wave action. On the northwesterly shore of the reservoir, just 
above the northwesterly end of the waste weir of the dam, the slope 
of the ground in the vicinity of the flow line was steeper than the 
natural slope of the material, and in order to protect this stretch of 
shore from being undermined by wave action, it has been covered 
with gravel for a distance of 165 feet. 

Relocation of Railroads. 

The principal part of the contract work upon the relocation of 
railroads was completed in 1903. As noted in previous reports, the 
only part not completed was on what is known as Section 2 of 
the relocation of the Central Massachusetts Railroad, Contract No. 
195a (245), McArthur Brothers Company, near the westerly end 
of the Wachusett Dam, where it was necessary to build a temporary 
location for the Central Massachusetts Railroad, in order not to 
interfere with the use of the traveling cableways used in connection 
with the construction of the dam. Last year this gap in the per- 
manent line was finished and put in operation, and the removal of 
the embankment of the temporary line was then begun and was 
nearly completed at the beginning of 1906. The work was com- 
pleted on January 11. 

The following table gives the total amount of work done to the 
end of the contract, based on the final estimate : — 

Earth excavation (cubic yards), 43,012 

Rock excavation (cubic yards), 56,033 

Tunnel excavation (cubic yards), 18,967 

Rubble stone masonry (cubic yards), 987 

Concrete masonry not in tunnel (cubic yards), 2,443 

Concrete masonry in tunnel (cubic yards), 2,208 

Dimension stone masonry (cubic yards), 833 

Face stone masonry for railroad arch bridge (cubic yards), . . 340 

Dry paving (cubic yards), 158 

The only day-labor work in connection with the relocation of 
railroads has been the sowing of grass seed on the slopes of the 



94 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

railroad einbankments between the end of the viaduct and the rail- 
road arch bridge over the waste channel, and the gathering up and 
disposing ^( some old material from the old location of the Central 
Massachusetts Railroad. 

[improvement of Wachusett Watershed. 

Drainage of Swamps. 

The construction of ditches for the drainage of swamps tributary 
to the Wachusett Reservoir, which was suspended on July 7, 1900, 
was resumed during the year, and has been in progress in three 
swamps, one in the town of Sterling just south of Sterling Centre, 
and two in the towns of Holden and Princeton above the junction 
of Trout and Governor brooks. 

The methods of carrying on the w^ork have been substantially 
the same as described in the annual report of January 1, 1899. 
In all cases where ditches have been built permission has been 
obtained from the owners of the land for their construction and 
maintenance, without payment to the owners. 

The ditches constructed have, with few exceptions, a board bottom 
1 foot wide, with 4-inch by 4-inch triangular wooden strips rabbeted 
at the square corner to the edges of the board. The board bottom 
is nailed to 2-inch by 4-inch wooden cross-pieces, 2 feet long, 
spaced about 3 feet apart and laid across the bottom of the exca- 
vation. The triangular strips make w 7 ooden sides to the ditch 3 
inehes high, and serve as a footing for the stone paving on the slopes 
of the diteh. As the bottom of the excavation for the ditches is 
generally in water and the material very soft, it is necessary to use 
some form of board bottom in order to preserve the grade of the 
ditch and afford a support for the slope paving, and the form of 
bottom used facilitates the cleaning of the ditches. Where the 
ditches have steep grades and the ground is more firm, the bottom 
is also paved with stone ; and where the ground is stony, no paving 
is used. 

The swamp south of Sterling Centre has an area of 26 acres, and 
the watershed tributary to its outlet has an area of 225 acres. The 
village of Sterling Centre is at the northerly end of this watershed, 
and a brook rising in the village flows into the swamp. The drain- 
age of the swamp has been accomplished by means of two ditches, 
having an aggregate length of 6,173 feet, one on either side of the 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOAED. 95 

swamp. The depth of the ditches is generally 2% to 3 feet, and the 
slope paving is carried to a height of 1 foot above the board bottom. 
The work was done by a day-labor force, between June 11 and 
August 20. 

The maximum force employed was 39 men and 2 horses, during 
the week ending July 21, and the average force was 24 men and 2 
horses. 

The amount of work done was as follows: 6,173 linear feet of 
ditches, with board bottom and stone paving on the sides ; 11 farm 
crossings, and 1 culvert repaired under the New York, New Haven 
& Hartford Railroad where one of the ditches crosses it. 

The two swamps above the junction of Trout and Governor 
brooks in which work has been done are partly in the town of 
Holden and partly in the town of Princeton north of the village of 
Quinepoxet. 

The swamp on Trout Brook has an area of 72 acres, and the area 
of the watershed above its outlet is about 750 acres. The system 
of drainage consists of two marginal ditches in the upper half of the 
swamp where it is wide, uniting into one ditch in the lower half of 
the swamp where it is narrow. Below the swamp the brook was 
improved by clearing out the brush and removing obstructions in its 
channel for a distance of 600 feet in order to increase its carrying 
capacity. Several minor brooks tributary to the ditches were also 
improved from their junction with the ditches to the edge of the 
swamp. The depth of the ditches is generally 1% to 2 feet, and 
the slope paving is carried to a height of 8 to 12 inches above the 
bottom. The work, which was done by a day-labor force, was 
commenced on June 25 and completed on September 18. 

The maximum force employed was 28 men and 3 horses, during 
the week ending July 28, and the average force was 25 men and 2 
horses. 

The amount of work done was as follows : — 

Ditches with board bottom and stone paving on the sides (linear feet), . 7,088 
Ditches with stone paving on bottom and sides (linear feet), . . . 207 
Ditches without board bottom or stone paving (linear feet), . . . 1,635 

Total length of ditches (linear feet), 8,930 

Brooks improved (linear feet), 916 

Farm crossings, ■ 7 

Watering places, 4 



96 METROPOLITAN WATEB [Pub. Doc. 

The swamp on Governor Brook has an area of 216 acres, and the 

area of the watershed above its outlet is about 1,625 acres. The 
drainage of this swamp will require the construction of 28,400 
linear feet of ditches. Work was commenced on this swamp on 
September 19, and was suspended on December 1, on account of 
cold weather and snow. The depth of the ditches thus far constructed 
is generally lVL* to 3 feet, and the slope paving is carried to a height 
of 1 to 2 feet above the bottom. In connection with this work a 
2-foot by 2-foot concrete culvert was built across the Quinepoxet- 
East Princeton highway, where one of the ditches crosses the 
highway at the Holden-Princeton town line. The old culvert at this 
place was not properly located, and was of insufficient capacity. A 
highway watering place was also built to replace the one at the old 
culvert. The work has been done by a day-labor force. 

The maximum force employed was 27 men and 2 horses, during 
most of the month of October, and the average force was 24 men 
and 2 horses. 

The amount of work done was as follows : — 

Ditches with board bottom and stone paving on the sides (linear feet), . 4,095 
Ditches with stone paving on bottom and sides (linear feet), . . . 112 
Ditches without board bottom or paving (linear feet), .... 390 



Total length of ditches (linear feet), 4,597 

Brook improved (linear feet), 120 

Farm crossings, 5 

Watering places, 3 

2-foot by 2-foot concrete highway culvert, 1 

The total length of ditches constructed during the year was 19,700 
feet, equal to 3.73 miles, at a cost, exclusive of engineering, of 
$9,886, or $0,502 per linear foot. This cost is somewhat higher 
than that of previous years, due to the higher rate of wages paid, 
the higher cost of materials, and to being obliged to begin with fore- 
men and laborers who were not familiar with the work. The cost 
of the work includes the cost of building the culvert, farm crossings 
and watering places. 

On all the swamp drainage work done during the year, the maxi- 
mum force was 63 men and 2 horses, during the week ending July 
21, and the average force was 32 men and 3 horses. 



No. 57.] AND SEWEKAGE BOARD. 97 

Since November 23, 1899, when the drainage of swamps in the 
Wachusett watershed was commenced, there have been constructed 
34,748 linear feet of ditches, equal to 6.58 miles. 

Sterling Filter-beds. 

Plans and specifications for the construction of four filter-beds, 
to be used for filtering the water of a small brook which has its 
head waters in the village of Sterling Centre, were completed in 
July, and a contract for the construction of the beds was made with 
A. McKenzie & Co. on September 1. The beds are located along- 
side the brook, about one mile below the village of Sterling, and 
just below a swamp on which 8,000,000 gallons of water can be 
temporarily stored whenever the flow of the brook exceeds the 
filtering capacity of the beds. 

The watershed tributary to the brook above the filter-beds is 225 
acres. By means of a small concrete dam across the brook the 
water will be diverted to the filter-beds through a paved channel 382 
feet long. There are four beds, each having an area of about half 
an acre, arranged in two pairs adjacent to each other. The beds 
are partly in excavation and partly in fill. 

The material encountered on the site of the beds, aside from the 
surface soil, has been gravel with pockets of sand. The soil and 
other material unsuitable for filtration purposes have been excavated 
from the site of the beds and used in building the embankments sur- 
rounding the beds. The gravel and sand from the parts of the beds 
in excavation have been used in building the parts of the beds in 
fill, all stones more than 4 inches in diameter havino- been removed 
and used in embankments, paving and elsewhere. The parts of the 
beds in excavation have been excavated 8 inches deeper than the 
finished surface, and refilled with screened or selected gravel and 
sand free from clay and stones more than 1 inch in diameter, and 
the same kind of material has been used for the upper foot of the 
parts of the beds in fill. 

The surface of the beds in the northerly or upper pair is 7 feet 
higher than that in the southerly or lower pair. Embankments 
have been built around and between the beds to such an extent as 
to have the surface of the upper beds 8 feet below the top of their 
embankments, and the surface of the lower beds 6 feet below the 
top of the lower embankments. 



98 METROPOLITAN WATKK [Pub. Doc. 

From the diverting dam across the brook channel a paved ditch 
382 feel long runs to the middle of the northerly or upper boundary 
of the beds. From the end of the ditch an 18-inch vitrified pipe 
drain runs between the two upper beds to a concrete manhole oppo- 
site their centres. From this manhole a 15-inch vitrified pipe drain 
runs to a concrete manhole between and opposite the centres of the 
two lower beds. From the latter manhole a 12-inch vitrified pipe 
drain runs to the lower boundary of the beds, where it discharges 
into a paved ditch which joins the brook below the beds. Twelve- 
inch vitrified pipe drains, one to each bed, running from the sides 
of the manholes next to the beds, will conduct the water to the beds. 
Each manhole is provided with a system of shear gates and overflow 
weirs, arranged in such a manner that water can be turned on to 
any one bed or any combination of them ; and at the same time, if 
too much water should come, or a bed should become clogged, the 
water cannot rise higher than within a safe distance of the top of 
the embankments, as it will flow over the weirs into the other beds, 
or, if all the beds are full, over the last weir into the 12-inch vitri- 
fied pipe drain at the lower end of the beds, which is intended for a 
safety drain. 

As the embankment next to the brook encroached upon it in 
several places, it was necessary to relocate the brook, and a new 
channel has been excavated for it along the foot of the embankment. 
This new channel is paved, and receives the effluent from the under- 
drains of the filter-beds. Each pair of beds has three lines of 
underdrains laid at right angles to the new brook channel, those in 
the two beds farthest from the brook being 6 inches and those in the 
two beds next to the brook bein£ 8 inches in diameter. For 212 
feet above and 60 feet below the diverting dam the brook channel 
was very narrow, and ran close to the embankment of the New York, 
Xew Haven & Hartford llailroad. This part of the brook channel 
has been relocated farther away from the railroad embankment, and 
the old brook channel has been filled. The relocated channel is 
paved from its upper end to 15 feet below the dam. At its upper 
end it connects with the system of ditches draining the swamp 
through which the brook formerly ran. 

The diverting dam has an opening 4 feet wide, closed with stop- 
planks. In case it is desired to divert the water from the filter- 
beds, on account of unusual floods or for any other cause, the 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



99 



stop-planks can be removed and the water turned into the brook 
channel below the dam. The diverting dam is so designed that 
water can be allowed to run over its crest, which is 25 feet in length. 

Alongside of the Worcester Consolidated Street Railway track, 
and adjacent to the high part of the beds, about 350 feet of 12-inch 
vitrified pipe underdrain will be laid, for the purpose of taking care 
of any water which may filter into the railway cut. 

The following table gives the quantities of work done to the end 
of the year, and the estimated quantities required to complete the 
work : — 



• 


To December 
31, 1906. 


Estimated 
Quantities re- 
quired to com- 
plete Work. 


Dry rubble stone masonry and paving (cubic yards), .... 


25,270 
41 
166 
132 
269 
145 
856 
880 


2,900 

16 

69 

7 



375 



38 



The maximum force employed by the contractor was 79 men and 
14 horses, during the week ending October 6, and the average force 
was 62 men and 12 horses. 



Sewage Disposal. 

For the purpose of preventing objectionable drainage from enter- 
ing the brooks draining into the Wachusett Reservoir, 28 cesspools, 
7 cemented vaults and one gravel filter-bed have been constructed, 
to take care of barn, sink and privy drainage in the towns of Boyl- 
ston, West Boylston and Holden. 

For the purpose of diverting the surface water from the barnyard 
of the Jennie L. Goodnow farm in West Boylston, a culvert cross- 
ing Fairbank Street, opposite the barn, has been closed, and a new 
stone culvert built across the street at a point about 200 feet north 
of the old culvert. An open ditch 400 feet long has been excavated 
and paved for about 150 feet of its length. 



100 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Improvement of lliver Channels, 

At Warfield's Mill, on the Quinepoxel River above Oakdale, the 
bead of the canal leading from the mill-pond has been filled with 
earth for a Length of about 20 feet, so as to permanently prevent 
any water from entering the canal. 

At the Canada Mills, in Holden, the masonry of the dam for 
about one-third of its length has been removed sufficiently low to 
drain the mill-pond, and the head of the canal has been permanently 
closed by gravel tilling. 

Real Estate, Care and Disposal. 
During the year about 32 acres of land afjout the margins of the 
reservoir, in the towns of Clinton, Boylston and West Boylston, 
have been graded and seeded. This land required considerable 
grading, on account of the holes remaining after the removal of 26 
houses and 11 barns. 

Forestry. 

The work of cutting out fruit, mature and undesirable trees, pre- 
paratory to planting, has been done over about 25 acres. 

The fire guard, 40 feet wide, along the margins of the land pur- 
chased by the Board, has been extended through timber land for 
about 2% miles in West Boylston and Oakdale. An area of 112 
acres was planted between April 16 and 28, and an area of 50 acres 
between October 20 and November 9, with two and three year old 
seedlings from the Flagg nursery. Of the above, about 60 acres 
were in heavy grass land, where three-year-old white and Scotch 
pine, Norway, white and Douglas spruce, European larch and 
American tamarac seedlings have been planted in rows 6 feet apart 
each way. The remaining 102 acres were pasture and sprout land, 
which have been planted with two and three year old white and 
Scotch pines, and Norway and white spruces, 6 feet or 10 feet apart 
each way, with chestnuts planted between for fillers, where a suitable 
filler did not exist. In doing this work the following seedlings 
from the Flagg nursery have been used: 97,800 white pines, 5,800 
Scotch pines, 31,640 white spruces, 7,250 Norway spruces, 22,845 
Douglas spruces, 4,100 American tamaracs, 840 European larches, 
300 locusts and 17,500 chestnuts. The cost of taking trees from 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 101 

the nursery and setting them in the ground has averaged $4.54 per 
1,000 trees, or $5.07 per acre. 

The following table gives information regarding land belonging 
to the Board above the flow-line of the reservoir (outlying land and 
land along the Quinepoxet River above the road which formerly 
crossed the river to the Harris Mills are not included in this 
table) : — 

Acres. 

Area of land which was forested when acquired, ..... 1,463 

Area which has been planted with trees, 1,099 

Area to be planted with trees, 321 

Area open and which will probably not be planted, 300 

Area of marginal strip along shores of reservoir, 197 



Total area belonging to Board, 3,380 

Two and three year old white pine seedlings and three-year-old 
arbor vitas seedlings have been planted along 4 miles of the reservoir 
margin, and where trees planted in previous years have died, they 
have been replaced for about % of a mile. 

The total length of the flow-line of the reservoir, including 1.28 
miles around Cemetery Island, is 39.94 miles. Arbor vitas and 
white pine seedlings have been planted in the marginal strip along 
29 miles, and arbor vitas alone on about 2 miles more of the flow- 
line, where the margin is only 30 feet wide, making a total marginal 
strip planted of about 31 miles of flow-line. Along the dikes, high- 
ways and railroads, for a distance of 5.7 miles, trees will not be 
planted. There remain about 1.5 miles along the Stillwater River 
to be planted with trees. 

The necessary care has been given to the Flagg and Lamson nurs- 
eries during the year. There were transplanted from the nursery 
beds to the transplant rows at the Flagg nursery 123,980 white 
pines, 175 hemlocks and 3,870 white spruces. Besides the above 
stock, this nursery contains, in original seed beds, 283,400 white 
pines and 101,500 arbor vitas ; also, in transplant beds, 37,500 
arbor vitte. 

At the Lamson nursery there are 20,500 sugar maples, 4,010 
white oaks, 3,900 walnuts, 14,860 locusts, 2,400 ashes and 1,030 
Norway spruces, all of which were transplanted from seed beds to 
transplant beds in the spring. 

The trees cut out w r ere largely apple, chestnut, pine, oak and 



102 MKTKOPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

bemlook. The logs obtained were for the most part cut into lumber, 
telephone poles, railroad ties, saw-logs and cord-wood, the principal 
quantities being as follows : — 

20,000 feet B. M. apple-wood lumber. 
6,000 feet B. M. 2-inch white pine plank. 
10,000 survey stakes. 
850 fence pickets. 
168 railroad ties. 
45 telephone poles. 
300 cords fire wood. 
55 cords saw-logs. 

The apple- wood lumber, railroad ties, saw-logs and most of the 
cord- wood have been sold. The other material has been used or 
reserved for use on the work, or remains to be sold. 

All the above-mentioned work has been done by day labor, except 
the manufacture of the lumber, which was done at the saw-mill of 
Lowe & Flagg in West Boylston. 

The maximum day-labor force employed was 41 men and 5 horses, 
during the week ending April 28. 

Engineering. 

In addition to the engineering work necessarily connected with 
the preparation of the final estimates of contract work finished dur- 
ing the latter part of 1905 and the beginning of 1906, and that 
connected with the supervision of the contract and day-labor work 
in progress, the engineering force of the Dam and Reservoir De- 
partment has done much other engineering work, principally as 
follows : — 

Plans, specifications and estimates have been prepared for the 
construction of the Sterling filter-beds. Surveys, calculations and 
plans have been made for a number of takings of lands which had 
been aequired by deed. The plans of the Wachusett Dam have been 
for the most part corrected so as to represent the work as actually 
constructed, for the purpose of making record drawings of the dam. 
Much work has been done in revising land plans. Progress has 
been made on the survey of the marginal line of the watershed, 
about 341/2 miles having been surveyed during the year ; about 5 
miles remain to be surveyed. The entering on the final record 
sheets of the elevations of the bottom of the reservoir, taken after 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 103 

the removal of the soil, has been completed. Contour lines have 
been drawn on these record sheets, covering- an area of about 380 
acres, making a total of 3,800 acres covered by final record sheets 
on which the contour lines have been drawn. Considerable progress 
has been made in calculating the capacity of the reservoir between 
elevations 370 and 395, and at the end of the year the results were 
being tabulated. 

SUDBURY AND DISTRIBUTION DEPARTMENTS. 

The principal work charged to construction in these departments 
has been in connection with the new pumping plant for the northern 
extra high-service district in Arlington and Lexington, and in mak- 
ing changes at the Chestnut Hill low-service pumping station, for 
the purpose of adapting one of the engines for pumping to the high- 
service reservoir. 

Arlington Pumping Station. 

A contract for the construction of a brick building, 90 feet 
long by 46 feet wide, Avith trimmings of Longmeadow brownstone, 
together with a concrete coal pocket 33 feet by 27 feet and a brick 
chimney 70 feet high, was made with C. A. Dodge & Co. on August 
23. The contractor began work on the excavation for the building 
on August 27, and at the close of the year the value of the work 
done was about half the contract price. The brick walls of the 
building were completed to the tops of the windows, the chimney 
was finished, and the concrete foundation for the new engine prac- 
tically completed. 

The Allis-Chalmers Company, which has a contract for furnishing 
the engine, has done but little actual construction, as it has been 
evident that the building would not be ready to receive the engine 
before May 1, 1907. The detailed plans have, however, all been 
made and approved, and the contractor now promises to hasten the 
construction work. 

Chestnut Hill Pumping Station. 
Xew suction and discharge piping and valves have been installed 
in the low-service pumping station in connection with engine No. 7, 
and the pump chambers of that engine have been strengthened for 
the purpose of adapting the engine for use in pumping to the high- 
service reservoir. 



104 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

OFFICE FORCE. 

During the year the drafting force has made plans for ijates and 
fences at t ho Wachusetl Dam ; detailed drawings of the floor of the 
exciter room, and the arrangement of electrical and pumping plant 
at the lower gate-chamber at the Waehusett Dam; construction 
drawings and specifications for a new 64-inch horizontal tubular 
boiler and setting for the Chestnut Hill high-service pumping sta- 
tion : and drawings and specifications for two 54-inch horizontal 
tubular boilers for the Arlington pumping station. Several designs 
were made for a new pumping station building to be built in Arling- 
ton, and working drawings of the accepted design, together with 
specifications for doing the work have been prepared. Plans have 
been made for the reconstruction of the attendant's house at the 
Ashland Reservoir; record drawings of the Weston Aqueduct have 
been completed; and some work has been done on record drawings 
of the Waehusett Reservoir and Aqueduct and Spot Pond. The 
whole number of drawings completed during the year was 120. 
The force employed in the drafting department numbered 5 through- 
out the year. 

The office force, averaging 6 during the year, has performed work 
of a varied character, a large proportion of which has been connected 
with the maintenance of the works. This force has supervised the 
making of plans for land takings on the Waehusett watershed; has 
made computations in connection with the daily measurement of 
water used in the several cities and towns supplied from the Metro- 
politan Works ; also the computations for determining the amount 
of the Metropolitan water assessment to be paid by the several 
municipalities ; and has attended to the procuring of supplies and 
the making of blue prints and photographs. 

MAINTENANCE. 

Rainfall and Yield. 
The total rainfall for the year on the Sudbury watershed has oeen 
44.48 inches, or 1.56 inches below T the average for 32 years. On 
the Waehusett watershed the total rainfall has been 49.08 inches, 
which is but little below the average for the 10 years during which 
records have been kept. On both the Sudbury and Waehusett 
watersheds the yield, although larger than during the year 1905, 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



105 



has been considerably below the average, as a result of the small 
rainfall during the months when the greatest percentage is collect- 
ible in the reservoirs. 

Statistics relating to rainfall and yield of watersheds may be found 
in Appendix No. 3, tables Nos. 1 to 11. 



Storage Reservoirs. 

The quantity of water stored in all of the storage reservoirs on 
January 1, 1906, was 28,971,900,000 gallons. During the month 
of January there was an increase of a little less than 2,000,000,000 
gallons in the quantity stored, but nearly half of this amount was 
lost during the first twenty days of the month of February. During 
the latter part of February and during the months of March and 
April there was a gain in storage of 13,500,000,000 gallons. Dur- 
ing May the gain was small until near the end of the month, when a 
rainfall of about 4 inches caused a gain of over 3,000,000,000 gal- 
lons in storage in three days. The maximum for the year was 
reached on July 6, when the quantity stored in all the reservoirs was 
49,805,200,000 gallons. During July, August, September and 
October there was an almost continual loss of storage. During 
November there was practically no loss, followed by a small loss 
during December ; and at the end of the year the quantity stored 
was 44,153,200,000 gallons. 

The following table gives the quantity of water stored in the 
storage reservoirs at the beginning of each month : — 

Quantity of Water stored in Wachusett Reservoir, and in Reservoirs on Sudbury 
and Cochituate Watersheds, at the Beginning of Each Month, 





In 


In Sudbury 


In All Other 




Date. 


Wachusett 
Reservoir 
(Gallons). 


Reservoir and 

Framingham 

Reservoir No. 3 

(Gallons). 


Storage 
Reservoirs 
(Gallons). 


Total 
(Gallons). 


1906. 










January 1, 


17,115,300,000 


6,831,300,000 


5,025,300,000 


28,971,900,000 


February 1, 






18,159,900,000 


6,848,600,000 


5,755,400,000 


30,763,900,000 


March 1, . 






18,689,100,000 


7,000,100,000 


6,260,500,000 


31,949,700,000 


April 1, 






24,018,300,000 


6,904,000,000 


6,606,100,000 


37,528,400,000 


May 1, 






28,981,800,000 


7,621,900,000 


6,881,400,000 


43,485,100,000 


June 1, 






32,305,400,000 


8,031,000,000 


7,170,500,000 


47,506,900,000 


July 1, 






33,984,900,000 


7,994,300,000 


7,191,600,000 


49,170,800,000 


August 1, . 






34,062,800,000 


7,960,600,000 


6,983,900,000 


49,007,300,000 


September 1, 






33,442,500,000 


7,865,200,000 


6,437,200,000 


47,744,900,000 


October 1, . 






31,694,700,000 


7,921,600,000 


5,793,900,000 


45,410,200,000 


November 1, 






31,149,200,000 


7,890,300,000 


5,225,300,000 


44,264,800,000 


December 1 


31,132,700,000 


7,762,600,000 


5,380,900,000 


44,276,200,000 


1907. 
January 1, 


31,752,900,000 


6,748,900,000 


5,651,400,000 


44,153,200,000 



106 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Wachusett Rest rvoir. — At the beginning of the year the water in 
this reservoir was at elevation 344.06, and the reservoir contained 
17,115,300,000 gallons of water, or. slightly more than one-fourth 
Its full capacity. The yield of the watershed, although greater than 
in 1905, was still below the average. The highest elevation reached 
during the year was 367.75, on July 10, when the reservoir con- 
tained 34,402,500,000 gallons. Water was drawn for the supply 
oi' the Metropolitan District as follows : from January 7 to March 4 ; 
March 19 to May 28 ; June 7 to June 17 ; June 19 to August 16 ; 
August 18 to August 29 ; September 4 to December 16 ; and Decem- 
ber 26 to December 31. At the end of the year the water stood at 
elevation 364.57, and the reservoir contained 31,752,900,000 gal- 
lons, — a net gain in storage for the year of 14,637,600,000 gallons, 
which is an increase of 1,931,900,000 gallons over the net gain dur- 
ing the previous year. The only water discharged from the reservoir 
into the river below the dam was that required for the use of the 
Lancaster Mills, and to keep the surface of the Lancaster Mills pond 
up to the crest of its dam. The average quantity as measured at 
the gaging station below the Lancaster Mills was 3,761,000 gallons 
per day. 

The 50-foot marginal strip along the full reservoir flow-line has 
been kept mowed, and miscellaneous rubbish has been collected from 
time to time along the shore line of the reservoir and burned. 

A large hole was made in the bed of the Quinepoxet River, just 
below the highway bridge in Oakdale, during the spring freshets. 
This has been filled with large stones gathered from the reservoir 
bottom in the vicinity. 

The grass on the north and south dikes has been sold at auction 
for $1,046.50. 

At the Wachusett Dam the maintenance work, consisting of the 
operation of the valves controlling the flow of water, the cleaning 
of screens, taking care of the gate-chambers and of the grounds 
above and below the dam, has been done by 3 gate-keepers, 
assisted by from 2 to 5 laborers whenever necessary. On Sundays 
and holidays during the summer season the presence of a large 
number of visitors on the dam and grounds has made it neces- 
sary to keep several of our men, who have been qualified as special 
police, on duty to preserve order and protect the grounds from 
damage. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 107 

In the lower gate-chamber temperature cracks in the concrete 
foundations have been cut out and pointed with Portland cement 
mortar. The brick piers supporting the 48-inch pipes in wells Nos. 
2 and 3 have been repaired, and a 48-inch flanged l/4-turn in the 
equalizer pipe in well No. 4, which was found to be cracked, has 
been replaced. During the year the Anna Tucker house and barn 
in Boylston, and the Henry March house and barn in Oakdale, 
w 7 hich are now occupied by employes of the Board, have been 
thoroughly repaired and painted. The Clinton office building has 
been shingled and the exterior painted. 

Sudbury Reservoir. — At the beginning of the year the water 
in this reservoir stood at elevation 256.97, or 2.03 feet below the 
stone crest of the dam. During the winter and early spring months 
the water w 7 as kept for the greater part of the time from 2 to 3 feet 
below the crest of the dam, in order to provide storage in case of 
large yields from the watershed. From May 3 until December 7 
the water, except for a short time in September, was flowing con- 
tinuously over the crest of the dam, the elevation of the reservoir 
being kept at the proper height by water furnished from the Wachu- 
sett Reservoir. The flow from the Wachusett Reservoir was shut 
off from December 16 to 26, and at the end of the year the water 
in the Sudbury Reservoir was about 3 feet below the crest of the 
dam . 

Early in the year it was found that about half of the barn at the 
Sudbury Dam was so badly decayed that it was unsafe for use. 
This portion of the barn has been rebuilt, and the whole barn and 
the house occupied by the foreman have been shingled. The barn 
was painted by our own employes. 

The grounds near the dam have been improved by covering an 
unsightly rock dump with loam, planting two dozen swamp maples, 
and by sodding the steep slope of the hillside near the head-house 
of the Weston Aqueduct. 

During the winter 81 electric railway poles and 1,425 ties were 
cut and sold to the Boston & Worcester Street Railway Company, 
and 593 chestnut posts w 7 ere cut for use on the works. 

When opportunity offered, some work has been done toward the 
construction of a rough road, 13,000 feet long, along the northerly 
side of the reservoir, from the dam to Parinenter Street, for use in 
reaching our property on the north side of the reservoir. 



108 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

A fpur-strand twisted wire fence, 1,109 feet long, has been built, 
and 203 feel of stone wall repaired on the property line between 
land <>f the Commonwealth and of Robert A. Clark, who will build an 
equal amount of fence to complete the fencing of the line between 
himself and the land of the Commonwealth. 

During August and September 3,200 pine trees were set out at 
various points around the reservoir. In the winter and early spring 
an inspection of all the woods belonging to the Commonwealth 
around the reservoir was made for gypsy and brown-tail moths. 
None of the former were found, but 3,500 nests of brown-tail moths 
were destroyed, the greater proportion of these being found in 
Marlborough, in the vicinity of the Marlborough filter-beds. 

Marlborough Brook Filter-beds. — These beds have been in use 
throughout the year, and have filtered all the water received from 
the brook except for a small amount on March 10 and during a 
thunder-shower in the night of July 31. All of the beds have been 
cleaned during the year, and grass and weeds were removed from 
the surface of the beds about the first of August. The receiving 
and settling reservoir was cleaned in June, and about 1,100 cubic 
yards of material w T ere removed and used for filling a depression on 
the easterly side of the reservoir, near Walker Street. During July 
and August there was a flow of tar from the reservoir of the Marl- 
borough Gas Company into Marlborough Brook, the quantity at 
one time being so large as to extend down the brook for a distance 
of several hundred feet. The gas company removed the tar from the 
brook, and constructed a cut-off trench to prevent its entering the 
brook in the future. There was a flow of diluted sewage from 
the Marlborough main sew r er to the combined storage reservoir and 
filter-bed on Farm Road during a part of March and for a few days 
in April, and a small flow of ground water continued through the 
sew T er at times until the first of August. 

Framingham Reservoir J\ T o. 3. — The water in this reservoir has 
been kept from 1 to 3 feet below the crest of the dam, its elevation 
being controlled by drafts from the Sudbury Reservoir. 

Framingham Reservoir JSTo. 2. — This reservoir was kept prac- 
tically full throughout the year. Water for the supply of the 
Metropolitan District was drawn from the reservoir during portions 
of the months of February, May, July, September and November, 
and continuously during August and October. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 109 

A four-strand ribbon wire fence, about 4,000 feet long, was built 
in the spring on the property line between land of R. H. Long and 
the Commonwealth on the westerly side of the reservoir. 

Frcuhingham Reservoir JVo. 1. — This reservoir was full through- 
out the year except when drawn upon for the purpose of filling Farm 
Pond or of running water to Lake Cochituate. Water was wasted 
at the dam during the whole or a part of every month in the year 
except October. Water was drawn from this reservoir into Lake 
Cochituate on June 14, 15, 19, 20 and 21 ; from June 30 to July 2 ; 
on July 21, 22 and 23; September 4, 5, 6 and 7; November 27 
and 28 ; and December 3, 4 and 5. 

Ashland Reservoir. — At the beginning of the year water in this 
reservoir was at elevation 220.91, or 4.3 feet below high water, but 
water was flowing over the masonry crest of the waste-way on Jan- 
uary 25. The reservoir remained full and water ran over the flash- 
boards at the waste- way until early in September, when the reservoir 
was drawn upon for the supply of the Metropolitan District, and on 
October 20 its surface had been lowered about 5 feet. In the latter 
part of December the reservoir was again full, and water was flow- 
ing over the crest of the waste- way. 

On April 19 the upper portion of the gate-keeper's house was 
destroyed by fire. The house was a small, one and one-half story 
building, and did not properly accommodate the keeper's family. 
In rebuilding, another story has been added and a more convenient 
arrangement of the interior made. The rebuilding, with the excep- 
tion of the painting, which was done by our own men, was done by 
A. P. Eldridge of South Framingham, at a cost of $1,200. 

Hopkinton Reservoir. — This reservoir was 9.26 feet below high 
water at the beginning of the year. The water gradually rose dur- 
ing January and February, and on March 5 was flowing over the 
stone crest of the waste-way. Water was drawn from the reservoir 
to replenish Framingham Reservoir No. 2 during a portion of each 
month from May to November, excepting June. The reservoir 
remained full and water was running over the flash-boards a portion 
of the time until early in September, when the draft gradually low- 
ered the water to 5 feet below the crest of the dam on November 6. 
On January 1, 1907, the water had risen to elevation 303, or 2 feet 
below high water. 

The flight of steps leading up the side of the embankment of the 



110 METROPOLITAN WATEB [Pub. Doc. 

dam, opposite the filter-beds, has been repaired ; and ;i small piece of 
ground between the foot of the dam and filter-bed No. 1, which was 
covered with water when the filter-beds were in use, has been raised, 
to prevent flooding, 

During the winter, 1,886 chestnut posts were cut on the southerly 
side of the reservoir. 

Whitehall Reservoir, — Water was allowed to run to waste from 
this reservoir during January and portions of February and March. 
The surface of the reservoir fell from elevation 337.27 on January 1 
to 335.45 on February 20. Early in July the reservoir reached its 
old high-water mark, and remained full until the early part of 
December, when water was again allowed to waste. On January 1, 
1907, the elevation of the reservoir was 337.05. 

Farm Pond. — The water in this pond ranged between high-water 
and a foot below during the year. For the convenience of the 
Framingham Water Works, it was partially filled with water drawn 
from Framingham Keservoir No. 1 in September and November. 

Lake Cocliituate. — At the beginning of the year the water in the 
lake was 5.68 feet below high water. No water was drawn from 
the lake from January 1 until April 24, and it was so near high- 
water mark on March 9 that waste was commenced at the outlet 
dam, and continued for the greater portion of the time until April 
24. The lake remained practically full until early in July, after 
w r hich date it gradually lowered until the middle of November, when 
it was 7.6 feet below high water. Water was turned into the lake 
from Framingham reservoirs Nos. 1 and 2 in June, July, September, 
November and December. 

Betw r een October 15 and November 26 the wooden flume through 
the circular dam wdiich is used for keeping the easterly arm of the 
lake, known as the Fiske Meadow, covered with water at times when 
the lake is more than 1 foot below high water, was replaced by a 
flume built of Portland cement concrete. The flume is 6.25 feet 
wide, 42.5 feet long on the bottom and 7.25 feet deep at the centre. 
The floor of the flume and the foundation of the sidewalls are of con- 
crete 14 inches in thickness, reinforced with corrugated steel rods, 
and are supported upon the spruce piles which supported the old 
culvert and upon 4-inch by 4-inch spruce timbers driven through the 
underlying peat and mud to hard bottom. The sidewalls of the 
flume are 18 inches thick at the top, with a batter of about 3 inches 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. Ill 

per foot on the back; they are 7.25 feet high at the centre and 6 
inches high at either end. The slope on the down-stream side of 
the dam was repaved. The elevation of the water above the dam 
can be controlled by stop-planks set in grooves in the side walls of 
the flume. While the work on the flume was in progress considerable 
work was done in removing the rubbish from the shores around the 
basin, and at the easterly end, near West Central Street, the shore 
was improved by excavating so as to prevent shallow flowage. 

During the early part of the year the land between the outlet dam 
and the attendant's house was improved by cutting out trees and 
underbrush which had been killed by fire during the previous year, 
and a few nests of the brown-tail moth were found and destroyed. 
In the latter part of the year the eggs of the gypsy moth were found 
in considerable numbers on the east side of the lake, in the neigh- 
borhood of the summer camps. The w T ork of destroying these was 
begun in December. 

The barn, store-house and carriage-house used by the foreman, 
and the roof of the effluent gate-house, have been painted. 

No water has been turned from Dudley Pond into Lake Cochituate, 
and the elevation of the pond has ranged between 3.9 feet below 
high water at the beginning of the year and 2.39 feet below on 
June 1. 

The surface of Dug Pond has varied between 0.91 of a foot above 
and 3 feet below the invert of the 18-inch overflow pipe. 

W^ater was pumped on to the Pegan Brook filter-beds on 191 
days during the year. The total quantity pumped was 246,525,000 
gallons, of Avhich 158,739,000 gallons were from Pegan Brook and 
87,786,000 gallons from the intercepting ditch which collects water 
from the brooks formerly draining into Pegan Brook Meadow. 
The total quantity of coal consumed was 148,825 pounds, so that 
1,656 gallons of water were pumped per pound of coal. The cost 
of operating the pumping station, cleaning the filter-beds and caring 
for the grounds was $4,314.79, making the cost per million gallons 
pumped $17.50. The filter-beds have been cleaned several times in 
the usual way, by the removal of the deposit which collects on the 
surface of the beds, and in addition the dark-colored sand composing 
the upper surface of the beds has been removed to an average depth 
of about 3 inches. The deeper portion of the receiving reservoir 
on Pegan Brook has also been cleaned of mud and silt, which gen- 



112 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

e rally had a depth of about < s inches, except along the location of 
the old channel, where the depth of the deposit was about 3% feet- 
About 1,027 cubic yards of sand were removed from the surface of 
the filter-beds, and about 2,450 cubic vards of mud and silt from the 
bottom of the receiving reservoir. The sill of the overflow from 
the receiving reservoir and the stop-plank grooves of the overflow, 
which were of wood, and badly decayed, have been removed and 
replaced by a concrete sill and grooves. 

Sources from which Water has been taken. 
An average of 80,764,000 gallons of w T ater per day was drawn 
from the Wachusett Reservoir through the Wachusett Aqueduct 
into the Sudbury Reservoir. An average of 32,289,000 gallons per 
day was drawn from the Sudbury Reservoir through the Weston 
Aqueduct into the distribution system of the Metropolitan District. 
From Framingham Reservoir No. 3 an average of 68,363,000 gal- 
Ions per day, and from Framingham reservoirs Nos. 1 and 2 an 
average of 5,634,000 gallons per day, was drawn through the Sud- 
bury Aqueduct to Chestnut Hill Reservoir. An average of 13,288,000 
gallons per day was drawn from Lake Cochituate through the Cochit- 
uate Aqueduct to Chestnut Hill Reservoir. The Spot Pond drainage 
area furnished 321,000 gallons per day. 

Aqueducts. 

The Wachusett Aqueduct has been in use 316 clays during the 
year. It w 7 as thoroughly cleaned between December 17 and 22. It 
was also examined at this time and found to be in good condition. 
All ironw r ork on structures along the aqueduct, including the ter- 
minal chamber, has been painted. The granolithic surfacing on top 
of the Assabet Bridge has been repaired, and the usual work of 
maintenance along the line of the aqueduct performed. 

The Sudbury ^ir/ueduct has been in service 359 days during the 
year. The aqueduct w 7 as cleaned from Framingham Dam No. 1 to 
Chestnut Hill Reservoir, including the three siphon pipes, from 
May 22 to 24 and June 5 to 8. The joints in the masonry of several 
of the culverts and w r aste-weirs, and in the superstructures of the 
east and west siphon chambers, have been cut out and pointed, the 
work on the culverts and waste- weirs being done by our own em- 
ployes and that on the siphon chambers by R. H. Pickett. Of the 
50 culverts, waterways and waste-weirs on the line of this aqueduct, 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 113 

28 have been repointed within the last few years and 5 have been 
partially pointed. The ironwork in the roofs of the east and west 
siphon chambers and the 4 waste-weirs has been thoroughly scraped, 
to remove the rust, and painted, also the floor beams and gratings 
of the west siphon chamber. The flash-boards in both the east and 
w r est siphon chambers, 161 in number, were painted, also two small 
buildings over manholes on the line of the aqueduct. 

In order to avoid possible claims for damages on account of the 
running of water from the Sudbury Aqueduct through Course Brook 
to Lake Cochituate, the right has been obtained from John West, 
the owner of a parcel of land through which the brook runs, to flood 
his land to a height not exceeding elevation 150.20 at the culvert 
under Speen Street, also the right to enter his land for the purpose 
of repairing or deepening the brook. 

The Newton and Watertown Gas Light Company laid eight 3-inch 
pipes over the aqueduct, under the sidewalk on the easterly side of 
Walnut Street, and the New England Telephone and Telegraph 
Company and the Newton and Watertown Gas Light Company laid 
3-inch and 8-inch pipes over the aqueduct on Boylston Street at 
Newton Upper Falls. The town of Needham laid a 4-inch water 
pipe over the aqueduct at Wellesley Avenue. 

Early in the year about 350 nests of the brown-tail moth were 
destroyed along the line of the aqueduct between the west siphon 
chamber and the westerly end of the Beacon Street tunnel. 

The Cochituate Aqueduct was in use 237 days. The aqueduct was 
cleaned during the month of April. The stone masonry of two of 
the culverts has been repointed. The surveys for locating the 
aqueduct and determining the position of property bounds, which 
have been in progress for several years, have been finished. During 
the year 73 alignment bounds and 195 land bounds have been set, 
and at the end of the year but 36 of the property bounds remained 
to be set to complete the work. 

The Newton and Watertown Gas Light Company laid eight 3-inch 
pipes over the aqueduct at Walnut Street in Newton Centre. 

About 8,600 nests of the brown-tail moth were destroyed along 
the line of the aqueduct between the waste-weir in Wellesley and 
Chestnut Hill Reservoir, and 170 clusters of the eggs of the gypsy 
moth were destroyed on the aqueduct line in Newton and Brighton. 

Beginning at a point about 850 feet east of the road leading from 
Cochituate to Natiok, and extending for a distance of about a mile, 



Ill METROPOLITAN WATKK [Pub. Doc. 

the land through which the aqueduct rune is wet and swampy. This 
has been improved by the construction of a ditch 1,550 feet long, 
12 inches wide at the bottom and 1 1/> to 2 feet deep, with side slopes 
of 2% to 1, draining westerly into Snake Brook, and by a similar 
but somewhat smaller ditch, 1,450 feet long, which carries the sur- 
face water easterly toward Oak Street into Stevens Brook. 

The Weston Aqueduct was in use 355 days. It was cleaned from 
the head-house to siphon chamber No. 4 between March 6 and 17, 
including the siphon pipes at the Sudbury River and Happy Hollow. 
Two screens have been made and set in the head-house. In order 
to keep cattle off* the aqueduct embankments, 2,265 feet of 4-strand 
ribbon wire fence has been built on the property line opposite lands 
of Bullard and Thomas in Wayland, and 704 feet along the line of 
Water Street in Framingham. The interior and exterior woodwork 
of the head-house, meter chamber, 2 gaging chambers and 4 siphon 
chambers has been painted. During the early winter months a 
portion of the woodland near siphon chambers Nos. 1 and 2 was 
improved by cutting underbrush and dead trees, and by thinning 
out the trees so that the remainder may have a better opportunity 
to grow. In doing this work 320 chestnut fence posts and about 
19 cords of wood were obtained. Quite a number of small trees 
and considerable underbrush have also been cut along the aqueduct 
line, for the purpose of saving future expense in protecting the 
property from the gypsy and brown-tail moths. The trees along 
the whole length of the aqueduct have been inspected for moths, 
and both varieties have been found and destroyed in small numbers 
at different points between the terminal chamber in Weston and the 
easterly end of tunnel No. 2 in Framingham. In the latter part of 
November work was begun on a small barn, 20 feet by 30 feet, to 
be built on the land formerly owned by George A. White, which is 
to be used by the foreman in charge of the aqueduct line. It is to 
be built by our regular employes during the winter. 

Pumping Stations. 

Seventy -three per cent, of all the water supplied to the Metro- 
politan District has been pumped at the two stations at Chestnut Hill 
Reservoir ; the remainder was delivered by gravity. The total quan- 
tity pumped at all of the stations during the year was 35,180,570,000 
gallons, or 805,660,000 gallons less than during the preceding year. 
The cost of operating the stations was $102,377.95, equivalent to 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



115 



$2.91 per million gallons pumped, or $0.30 per million gallons more 
than. the corresponding cost during the year 1905. 

The cost per gross ton of fuel used at the Chestnut Hill high- 
service station was $0.08 greater, at the Chestnut Hill low-service 
station $0.04 greater, and at the Spot Pond station $0.36 greater, 
than during the preceding year. The greater part of the increase 
in cost of pumping is due to the increased cost of labor, caused both 
by increase in the rate of wages paid and by increase in the number 
of employes during the last two months of the year, made necessary 
by a reduction in the hours of labor from 56 hours to 48 hours per 
week. The remainder of the increase is due to increase in the cost 
of fuel, and a slight decrease in the efficiency of the pumping 
machinery. 

Tests have been made from time to time to determine the vis- 
cosity, specific gravity and burning point of oil used at the several 
stations, and tests have been made to determine the calorific value 
of coal used and offered for use in the several stations. Twenty- 
four tests have been made of oil and 33 of coal. 

Coal for use at the several stations has been purchased as fol- 
lows : — 





Gross Tons. 






Chestnut 
Hill High- 
service 
Station. 


Chestnut 
Hill Low- 
service 
Station. 


Spot 

Pond 

Station. 


West 
Roxbury 
Station. 


Arling- 
ton 
Station. 


Price 

per Gross 

Ton, in Bins. 


Merchants Coal Company, bituminous, . 


173.60 


- 


- 


- 


- 


$4 79 


C W. Claflin & Co., bituminous, . 


410.50 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 73 


Merchants Coal Company, bituminous, . 


196.39 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 56 


Merchants Coal Company, bituminous, . 


518.99 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 48 


Merchants Coal Company, bituminous, . 


- 


796.07 


- 


- 


- 


4 42 


Spring Coal Company, bituminous, 


53.26 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 15 


William A. Jepson, bituminous, 


2,004.20 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 14 


Anderson Coal Mining Company, bitu- 
minous. 
Merchants Coal Company, bituminous, . 


45.81 
1,371.30 


_ 


— 


.': 


- 


4 10 
4 09 


William A. Jepson, bituminous, 


- 


1,379.69 


- 


- 


- 


4 05 


Merchants Coal Company, bituminous, . 


- 


1,061.86 


- 


- 


- 


4 00 


C. W. Claflin & Co., buckwheat anthra- 
cite. 

C. W. Claflin & Co., buckwheat anthra- 
cite. 

Bay State Fuel Company, screenings, . 


1,230.70 
58.23 


1,061.80 


- 


- 


- 


2 93 
2 84 
2 52 


Bay State Fuel Company, screenings, . 


- 


3.42 


- 


- 


- 


2 52 


Maiden Coal Company, bituminous, 


- 


- 


305.90 


- 


- 


4 38 



111? 



M KTROPOLITAX WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 





Gross Tons. 






Chestnut 
Hill High- 
service 
Station. 


Chestnut 
Hill Low- 
service 
Station. 


Spot 

Pond 

Station. 


West 
Roxbury 
Station. 


Arling- 
ton 
Station. 


Price 

per Gross 

Ton, in Bins. 


Locke Coal Company, bituminous, 


- 


- 


447.91 


- 


- 


$4 35 


Locke Coal Company, screenings, . 


- 


- 


277.39 


■- 


- 


2 24 


D. J. Cutter & Co., anthracite, 


- 


- 


- 


363.37 


- 


7 28 


Locke Coal Company, bituminous, • . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


50.01 


4 60 


Peirce & Winn Company, bituminous, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


113.54 


4 51 


Locke Coal Company, bituminous, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


285.00 


4 48 


Wellington- Wild Coal Co., bituminous, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


51.49 


4 25 


Peirce & Winn Company, screenings, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


193.24 


2 24 


Locke Coal Company, screenings, . 


- 


- 


- 





6.35 
500.04 


2 24 . 


Total gross tons, bituminous, . 


4,774.05 


8,237.62 


753.81 


- 


Total gross tons, anthracite, 


1,230.70' 


1,061.801 


- 


363.37 


- 


- 


Total gross tons, anthracite screen- 
ings. 
Average price per gross ton, bituminous, 


58.23 
$4 26 


3.42 

$4 12 


277.39 

$4 36 


- 


199.59 

$4 48 


- 


Average price per gross ton, anthracite, 


2 931 


2 84 1 




$7 28 


- 


- 


Average price per gross ton, anthracite 
screenings. 


2 52 


2 52 


2 24 


- 


2 24 | 


- 



i Buckwheat. 

Chestnut Hill High-service Station. 

The water used in the high-service district of Boston, the city of 
Quincy and the towns of Watertown, Belmont and Milton, was 
pumped at this station. 

The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 
station : — 



Engines 
Nos.land2, 



Total quantity pumped (million gallons), . 
Daily average quantity pumped (gallons), 
Total coal used (pounds), . 
Gallons pumped per pound of coal, . 
Average head pumped against (feet), 

Cost of pumping : — 

Labor, 

Fuel, 

Repairs, 

Oil, waste and packing 

Small supplies, 

Totals, 

Cost per million gallons pumped, 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 



1,905.11 

5,219,000 

3,014,777 

631.92 

120.99 

$4,945 02 

5,415 43 

2,000 35 

141 58 

144 53 



$12,646 91 

$6,638 
0.055 



Engine 
No. 3. 



514.22 

1,409,000 

518,933 

990.91 

128.44 

$608 62 

908 63 

246 22 

17 43 

17 79 



1,798 69 

$3,498 
0.027 



Engine 
No. 4. 



10,310.81 

28,249,000 

8,518,537 

1,210.40 

131.57 

$13,465 67 

15,253 44 

509 36 

385 53 

393 55 



$30,007 55 

$2,910 
0.022 



Totals for 
Station. 



12,730.14 

34,877,000 

12,052,247 

1,056.25 

129.86 

$19,019 31 

21,577 50 

2,755 93 

544 54 

555 87 

$44,453 15 

$3,492 
0.027 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



117 



The repairs on engine No. 2, which were in progress at the 
beginning of the year, were completed in February, and the engine 
was placed in service on the 19th of that month. A description of 
the work done was given in the report for the year 1905. 

Plans and specifications have been prepared and a contract will 
soon be made for an additional boiler of the same size and design 
as the two 64-inch horizontal tubular boilers now in use at the 
station. 

The joints in the exterior masonry of the pumping station have 
been repointed. 



Chestnut Hill Low-service Pumping Station. 

The quantity of water pumped at this station was about 5 per 
cent, less than during the preceding year. 

The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 
station : — 



Total quantity pumped (million gallons), 
Daily average quantity pumped (gallons), 
Total coal used (pounds), . 
Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 
Average head pumped against (feet), 



Engines 
Nos. 5, 6 and 7 

18,938.69 

51,887,000 

7,955,358 

2,380.61 

51.15 



Cost of pumping : — 

Labor, $16,754 78 

Fuel, 13,583 83 

Repairs, 682 68 

Oil, waste and packing, 535 07 

Small supplies, , 448 60 

Total for station, $32,004 96 

Cost per million gallons pumped, $1,690 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 0.033 



The cost per million gallons pumped was $0,106 greater than for 
the year 1905. This was due to the increase in the cost of labor 
and fuel. 

Spot Pond Pumping Station. 
At this station practically all of the water was pumped with engine 
No*. 9, the 20,000,000-gallon Holly engine, engine No. 8 having 
been in operation only 12 hours and 45 minutes during the year. 



lis 



MKTKOPOLITAX WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 



station : — 

Total quantity pumped (million gallons), 
Daily average quantity pumped (gallons), 
Total coal used (pounds), . 
Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 
Average head pumped against (feet), 



Cost of pumping : — 
Labor, . 
Fuel, . 
Repairs, 

Oil, waste and packing, 
Small supplies, 

Totals, . 



Cost per million gallons pumped, 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 



Totals for Station. 

Engines 

Nos. 8 and 9. 

3,031.77 
8,306,000 
2,533,049 

1,196.09 
127.98 



$6,771 54 

4,485 18 

462 26 

174 97 

311 09 

$12,205 04 



$4,026 
0.031 



The cost per million gallons pumped was $0,078 more than for 
the previous year, due, as at the Chestnut Hill stations, to the in- 
creased cost of labor and fuel. 

Joints in the exterior masonry of the building were repointed, 
and repairs made upon the tile roof and copper gutters. 



West Roxbury Pumping Station. 

At this station water was pumped for supplying the higher por- 
tions of West Koxbury and Milton. 

The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 
station : — 

Pumps operated 7,892 hours 5 minutes; average, 22 hours per day. 

Daily average quantity of water pumped (gallons), .... 646,000 

Daily average quantity of coal consumed (pounds), .... 2,238 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 289 

Average lift in feet, 140 

Cost of pumping : — 

Labor, $3,817 81 

Fuel 2,659 72 

Repairs and small supplies, 667 26 

Total for station, $7,144 79 

Cost per million gallons pumped, $30,281 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 0.216 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



119 



During the first seven months of the year the quantity of water 
consumed in the district supplied from this station showed a consid- 
erable increase, and during several weeks the daily average quantity 
pumped was between 800,000 and 900,000 gallons per day. The 
discovery and repair of a number of leaks in the distribution system, 
one of which amounted to about 108,000 gallons per day, caused a 
very material reduction in the quantity pumped, and at the close of 
the year the daily average quantity of water pumped was less than 
500,000 gallons. 

One of the 54-inch vertical boilers was repaired by putting in new 
tube sheets, the work being done by the Daniel Russell Boiler Works 
of South Boston, at a cost of $175. A new Warren air pump was 
installed in April as an auxiliary to the old air pump, which did not 
work satisfactorily, and which is now held in reserve. In March 
a new plunger rod was placed in the No. 2 pump, to replace one 
which broke while the pump was in operation. 



Arlington Pumping Station. 

All water supplied to the town of Lexington and to the high-ser- 
vice district of Arlington was pumped at this station. 

The following are the statistics relating to operations at this 
station : — 



Pumps operated 8,702 hours 45 minutes ; average, 24 hours per 
Daily average quantity of water pumped (gallons), . 
Daily average quantity of coal consumed (pounds), . 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 

Average lift in feet, 

Cost of pumping : — 

Labor, 

Fuel, 

Repairs and small supplies, 

Total for station, 

Cost per million gallons pumped, 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 



day 



671,000 

4,055 

165 

283 



|3,620 78 

2,670 38 

278 85 

$6,570 01 

$26,843 
0.095 



The quantity pumped was 86,000 gallons per day, or 14.7 per 
cent, greater than during the year 1905. The cost per million gal- 
lons pumped was $0.28 less than during the previous year, due to 
the increase in the amount of water pumped, while the cost of oper- 
ation did not increase in the same proportion. 



1 L >n 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



On October 3 the cast-iron partition between the water cylinders 
in the compound Blake pump, which is constantly used for pumping 

at this station, was found to be cracked. Temporary repairs were 
made by our own employes, which it is expected will permit the use 
ot the pump until the engine in the new station which is now being 
built is placed in service. 

Consumption of Water. 

The daily average quantity of water consumed in the cities and 
towns supplied from the Metropolitan "Water Works during the year 
1906, as measured by the Venturi meters, was 117,524,600 gallons, 
equal to 128 gallons per inhabitant in the district supplied. In 
addition to the above, 45,000 gallons daily were supplied to the 
United States Government reservation on Peddock's Island. The 
daily average quantity supplied to. the Metropolitan Water District, 
as determined by pump measurement and by the flow in the Weston 
Aqueduct and the estimated yield of Spot Pond, was 118,820,000 
gallons, equal to 130 gallons per inhabitant. The excess difference 
of 1,250,400 gallons per day between the quantity delivered by the 
aqueducts and that measured by meters to the several municipalities 
is due to differences in methods of measurement, to leakage from 
the Metropolitan Water Works reservoirs and pipes, and to the use 
of water at the Chestnut Hill and Spot Pond pumping stations. 

The daily average consumption of water in each of the cities and 
towns supplied from the Metropolitan Works during the years 1905 
and 1906, as measured by the Venturi meters, was as follows : — 





Estimated 
Population. 

1906. 




Daily Average 


Consumption. 






1905. 


1906. 


Increase. 






Gallons. 


Gallons 
perCapita. 


Gallons. 


Gallons 
per Capita. 


Decrease. 


Boston, 


601,430 


89,743,900 


151 


90,951,800 


151 


1,207,900 


- 


Somerville, . 


70,950 


6,160,900 


89 


6,301,000 


89 


140,100 


- 


Maiden, 


39,040 


2,019,500 


53 


2,000,100 


51 


- 


19,400 


Chelsea, 


38,000 


4,091,200 


110 


3,694,000 


97 


- 


397,200 


Everett, 


30,270 


2,592,400 


89 


2,441,600 


81 


- 


150,800 


Quincy, 


28,300 


3,050,100 


109 


3,021,800 


107 


- 


28,300 


Medford, 


20,080 


1,921,800 


97 


2,014,100 


100 


92,300 


- 


Melrose, 


14,650 


1,601,100 


112 


1,591,300 


109 


- 


9,800 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



121 





Estimated 
Population. 

1906. 


Daily Average Consumption. 




1905. 


1906. 


Increase. 






Gallons. 


Gallons 
per Capita. 


Gallons. 


Gallons 
per Capita. 


Decrease. 


Revere, 
Watertown, 
Arlington, . 
Milton, 
Winthrop, . 
Stoneham, . 
Belmont, 
Lexington, . 
Nahant, 
Swampscott, 


13,390 
11,550 
9,940 
7,120 
7,240 
6,350 
4,410 
4,230 
1,850 
6,240 


1,006,800 
790,700 
787,700 
320,900 
798,300 
514,000 
266,300 
299,100 
136,600 
534,600 


78 
70 
81 
45 
113 
81 
61 
74 
74 
88 


1,093,200 
771,300 
800,800 
350,300 
819,800 
441,200 
272,900 
335,000 
131,900 
492,500 


82 
67 
81 
49 
113 
69 
62 
79 
71 
79 


86,400 

13,100 
29,400 
21,500 

• 6,600 
35,900 


19,400 

72,800 

4,700 
42,100 


District, 


915,040 


116,635,900 


129 


117,524,600 


128 


888,700 


- 



The consumption in the several districts was as follows :, — 



Gallons 
per Day. 



Increase 
(Gallons 
per Day). 



Southern low-service district, embracing the low-service district of Boston, 
with the exception of Charlestown and East Boston, 

Northern low-service district, embracing the low-service districts of Somer- 
ville, Chelsea, Maiden, Medford, Everett, Arlington, Charlestown and East 
Boston, 

Southern high-service district, embracing the high-service districts of Boston, 
Quiucy, Watertown, Belmont, and a portion of Milton, 

Northern high-service district, embracing Melrose, Revere, Winthrop, Swamp- 
scott, Nahant and Stoneham, and the high-service districts of Somerville, 
Chelsea, Maiden, Medford, Everett and East Boston 

Southern extra high-service district, embracing the highest portions of West 
Roxbury and Milton 

Northern extra high-service district, embracing Lexington and the highest 
portions of Arlington, 

Totals, 

1 Decrease. 



47,769,800 



665,800 



26,258,200 


750,800 1 


33,870,300 


739,400 


8,309,300 


137,300 


646,400 


10,400 


670,600 


85,600 


117,524,600 


888,700 



The consumption in the northern low-service district shows a re- 
duction, while all the other districts show T an increase, as compared 
with the quantity used in 1905. This is due to the fact that in 
Chelsea, East Boston and Somerville, which form a considerable 
part of the northern low-service district, the waste to prevent freez- 
ing of service pipes during the cold months in 1905 was greater in 



L22 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

proportion to the total consumption for that year than in any other 
parts oi' the Metropolitan District. 

The diagram facing this page shows the average rate of consuiim- 
tion in the district supplied by the Metropolitan works for each 
week daring the years 1905 and 1906, also the rate of consumption 
between the hours of 1 and 4 a.m., and the average temperature of 
the air for the week. By examination of the diagram it will be 
seen that during the months of January, February and March, 
1906, the consumption was smaller during the past year than during 

1905, while during the month of December it was larger during 
the latter year. These variations in the consumption were largely 
due to difference in temperature, the earlier months having been 
much warmer and the last month colder in 1906 than in 1905. The 
diagram also shows a noticeable drop in the night rate, not only 
during the winter months but also during the latter half of the year 

1906, which appears to indicate that the increasing use of meters in 
some cities and towns and more careful inspection for leaks are 
causing a reduction in the quantity of water which is being wasted. 

During the latter portion of the year a very noticeable reduction 
was made in the consumption of the district in West Roxbury, which 
is supplied w 7 ith water from the West Roxbury pumping station. 
This reduction was due to the inspection made by the Boston author- 
ities and the discovery and repair of a large leak in a 12-inch main 
on Corey Street, together with two leaks in service pipes and numer- 
ous defects in house plumbing. The leak from the 12-inch main, 
due to the blowing out of a leaded joint, caused a waste of about 
4,500 gallons per hour, or 108,000 gallons per day, which ran into 
an old well and disappeared. A reduction of about 200,000 gallons 
per day, equivalent to about 25 per cent, of the total consump- 
tion of the district, was made by the discovery and repair of these 
defects. 

The number of new meters set during the past year in the cities 
and towns supplied from the Metropolitan Works was 4,257, — a 
greater number than have been set during any year since the Metro- 
politan Water Works have been in operation, and about 1,000 more 
than the number of new services laid. The greater number of the 
meters were set in Maiden, Somerville, Quincy, Swampscott and 
Chelsea. 



Average Rate of- Consumption 



Metropolitan Water District 

AND 



Average Temperature of Air at Chestnut Hill Reservoir 
Each Week during 1906 



Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 

6 13 2027 3 10 17 24 3 10 172431 7 14 2128 5 12 19 26 2 9 16 23307 1421 29 4 II 18 25 1 8 1522 29 6 13 20 27 3 10 17 24 I 8 152229 




6 13 2027 3 1017 24 3 10 17 24 31 7 142128 5 121926 2 9.16 2330 7 I4ZI 28 4 II 18 25 I 8 15 22 29 6 13 20 27 3 10 17 24 I 8 15 22 29 



Jan. Feb. Mar Apr. May June July Aug Sept. Oct. Nov. ■ Dec 

Average Rate of Consumption for each week, thus 

- - between I and A A.M. for each week, thusl 

Average Rate of Consumption in 1905 shown in red 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



123 



Quality of the Water. 

Samples of water have been collected every two months from 15 
points, and monthly from 8 points on the works, and sent to the 
State Board of Health for analysis and examination. Samples of 
water have also been collected weekly at 24 points, biweekly at 7 
points and monthly at 14 points, and examined microscopically and 
for color, odor, taste and turbidity in the biological laboratory of 
the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board, which has been in 
charge of Arthur W. Walker. 

The quality of the water delivered in the Metropolitan District 
has been substantially the same as during the past three or four 
years, except that the number of microscopic organisms has been 
somewhat larger and the color of the water somewhat less. 

The following table gives a comparison of the average results of 
the examinations of water from a tap in Boston for the years. 1900 
to 1906, inclusive : — 







1900. 


1901. 


1903. 


1903. 


1904. 


1905. 


1906. 


State Board of Health Examina- 
















tions. 
















Color (Nessler standard), . 


0.24 


0.24 


0.26 


0.25 


0.23 1 


0.24 1 


0.24 1 


Total residue, . . 


3.80 


4.43 


3.93 


3.98 


3.93 


3.86 


3.86 


Loss on ignition, 


1.20 


1.64 


1.56 


1.50 


1.59 


1.69 


1.39 


Free ammonia, 


0.0012 


0.0013 


0.0016 


0.0013 


0.0023 


0.0020 


0.0018 


( total, . 


0.0157 


0.0158 


0.0139 


0.0125 


0.0139 


0.0145 


0.0159 


Albuminoid ammonia, < dissolved, . 


0.0138 


0.0143 


0.0119 


0.0110 


0.0121 


0.0124 


0.0134 


( suspended, . 


0.0019 


0.0015 


0.0020 


0.0015 


0.0018 


0.0021 


0.0025 


Chlorine, 


0.25 


0.30 


0.29 


0.30 


0.34 


0.35 


0.34 


Nitrogen as nitrates 


0.0076 


0.0173 


0.0092 


0.0142 


0.0110 


0.0083 


0.0054 


Nitrogen as nitrites, .... 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


0.0001 


Oxygen consumed, .... 


0.38 


0.42 


0.40 


0.39 


0.37 


0.35 


0.36 


Hardness, 


1.3 


1.7 


1.8 


1.5 


1.5 


1.4 


1.3 


Metropolitan Water and Sewerage 
















Board Examinations. 
















Color (platinum standard), 


34 


34 


33 


35 


32 


28 


25 




- 


2.0 


2.3 


2.2 


2.4 


1.9 


2.2 




468 


243 


367 


286 


303 


528 


550 


Amorphous matter 


97 


38 


34 


36 


36 


37 


42 




181 


162 


164 


126 


176 


231 


154 



Note. — Chemical analyses are in parts per 100,000, organisms and amorphous matter in standard 
units per cubic centimeter, and bacteria in number per cubic centimeter. The standard unit has an area 
of 400 square microns, and by its use the number of diatomaceae are decreased, and the number of 
chlorophyceae and cyanophyceae are very much increased, as compared with the number of organisms. 

i Platinum standard. 



The color of the water supplied in the northern high-service dis- 
trict is, by storage in the Spot Pond and Fells reservoirs, reduced 
to about two-thirds that of the water supplied to the remainder of 
the Metropolitan District. 



124 METROPOLrTAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

In the biological laboratory there have been made 2.526 micro- 

tpical and 1,017 biological examinations of water collected at vari- 
ous points on the works. Of the microscopical examinations, 1,967 
were of the regular weekly and biweekly samples, and 559 were 
Bpecial examinations. 

The bacteriological work consisted of routine weekly examina- 
tions, the monthly examinations of the main feeders of the Sudbury 
Reservoir, of Framingham Reservoir No. 3 and of Lake Cochituate, 
and monthly tests of the efficiency of the Pegan and Marlborough 
Brook filters. 

In the Waehusett Reservoir the number of organisms has been 
small throughout the year, and never of a character to give the water 
an objectionable taste or odor. In the Sudbury Reservoir the number 
of organisms has been much larger than usual, and from March until 
July Uroglena was present in varying quantities, causing at times 
an objectionable odor in the water of the reservoir. The organisms 
were broken up by passing the water over the Sudbury Dam, and 
both organisms and odor disappeared before the water reached the 
gate-house at the lower end of Framingham Reservoir No. 3. In 
Lake Cochituate the number of microscopic organisms has been 
large, and at times of an objectionable character. From January 1 
until April 23 no water was drawn from these sources, on account 
of the objectionable odor due to the growth of Chlamydomonas. 
Synura was present at different times during the year, but not in 
large enough quantities to cause trouble until December, when the 
odor of the water became so objectionable as to cause its use to be 
discontinued on December 17. The water in Spot Pond has been 
generally free from objectionable organisms, but there was a growth 
of Uroglena in April, which necessitated the shutting oft' of the 
reservoir from the distribution system from April 30 to May 11. 

Sanitary Inspection. 

The sanitary inspection of the Waehusett, Sudbury and Cochitu- 
ate watersheds has been continued during the year under the direc- 
tion of William W. Locke, C.E., Sanitary Inspector. 

On the Waehusett watershed 11 cases of typhoid fever were re- 
ported, 4 in Holden, 1 in Rutland and 6 in Princeton. Five of the 
eases in Princeton occurred in one house, and an analysis of the 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 125 

well water indicated that it was polluted from a privy or cesspool, 
both of which are very near the well. 

On the Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds the number of typhoid 
fever cases reported was 44, — a much larger number than usual. 
Twenty-three of these cases were reported from houses connected 
with the public sewers. Ten cases were reported in Marlborough, 
16 in Natick, 8 in South Framingham, 2 in Ashland, 2 in South- 
borough, 2 in Hopkinton, 3 in Westborough and 1 in Cochituate. 
The cases in Marlborough were scattered throughout the city, and 
spread over the entire year. Nearly all of the cases in Natick and 
the 2 cases in Westborough were doubtless due to an infected 
milk supply, which caused an epidemic in South Natick. All 
of the cases were investigated as soon as reported, and precau- 
tions taken wherever necessary to prevent infection of the water 
supply. 

During the year the sanitary conditions upon the several water- 
sheds have been improved as follows : On the Wachusett watershed 
30 dwelling-houses, 10 barns and 1 store on property owned by the 
Board have been torn down or removed outside the watershed. The 
Dorr and Warfield mills on the Quinepoxet River, where 50 men 
were formerly employed in manufacturing satinets and shoddy, have 
been dismantled. The land on the southerly shore of West Wausha- 
cum Pond has been acquired for a distance of about 3,000 feet, includ- 
ing a farmhouse and barn and 5 summer cottages. Twenty-eight 
cesspools, 7 cemented vaults and 1 gravel filter-bed have been built 
in Boylston, West Boylston and Holden,for the purpose of prevent- 
ing 44 cases of unsatisfactory drainage on 31 premises from entering 
the streams which run into the Wachusett Reservoir. 

On the Sudbury watershed 141 old and 13 new premises were 
connected with the public sewers which convey the drainage outside 
the watershed. Forty-five of these premises are in Marlborough, 
98 in Westborough and 11 in Framingham. The sanitary condi- 
tion at the Cordaville Mills in Ashland is now being improved by 
the substitution of water-closets and a sub-surface filtration plant for 
the privy stacks and boxes heretofore used. At the Whitehall 
Reservoir a more thorough inspection has been maintained to pre- 
vent bathing, and measures have been adopted tending toward the 
restriction of boating. 



126 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

On the Cochituate watershed 51 old and 24 new premises were 
connected with sowers which convey the drainage outside the water- 
shed. Twenty-four of these were in Framingham and 51 in Natick. 

The sanitary conditions around Lake Cochituate have been im- 
proved by the restriction of boating. The use of boats on the north- 
ern section of the lake, from which the supply is directly drawn, 
has been prohibited, and the number of boats used on the other 
sections of the lake has been limited. All boats have been regis- 
tered and numbered and their use confined to persons licensed by 
the Board. Two inspectors were constantly employed during the 
summer season, to see that the regulations affecting the use of boats 
were obeyed, and that the sanitary rules and regulations were obeyed 
by the occupants of the cottages and by other persons camping near 
the lake. The restriction of boating caused a considerable reduction 
in the number of persons camping, particularly those occupying 
tents and temporary camps. 

A summary of the work of sanitary inspection for the year 1906 
is given in the following four tables. The first table shows for the 
Wachusett watershed the number of premises inspected, the classifi- 
cation of cases inspected, and the condition of the premises at the 
end of the year ; the second table gives the corresponding informa- 
tion for the Sudbury and Cochituate watersheds ; the third table 
shows the improvements effected on the Wachusett watershed ; and 
the fourth table the improvements effected on the Sudbury and 
Cochituate watersheds. 

The headings of these tables explain themselves, except in a few 
instances: under the heading "Premises Vacant " are included all 
cases which at present furnish no objectionable drainage, but which 
might furnish such drainage if the premises were occupied ; under 
the heading "Unsatisfactory" are included all cases where there 
may be, under the most unfavorable conditions, wash from privies or 
direct sink drainage, all suspected cases, and all cases of manufac- 
turing wastes entering feeders, even though there may be some 
attempt at previous purification. 

In the third and fourth tables no cases are entered as remedied 
unless complete sew 7 er connections have been made, or all proba- 
bility of future contamination has been removed ; and no cases are 
entered as partly remedied except where positive improvement in 
the sanitary condition has been effected. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



127 



Summary of Sanitary Inspections on the Wachusett Watershed 


in 1906. 






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Classification of Cases 


[NSPECTED 


- 


Condition 

at End of 

Year. 


District. 


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French Brook 


73 


28 


5 


- 


- 


- 


11 


32 


- 


12 


67 


6 


Muddy Brook 


32 


9 


- 


- 


" 


- 


7 


24 


- 


- 


32 


- 


Gates Brook, 


132 


77 


12 


- 


- 


- 


4 


58 


- 


5 


131 


1 


Maiden Brook, . . - . 


17 


7 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


13 


- 


2 


17 


- 


Chaffin Brook 


154 


55 


17 


- 


- 


- 


12 


77 


1 


11 


143 


11 


Asnebumskit Brook, . 


277 


124 


24 


5 


10 


27 


24 


97 


3 


10 


231 


46 


Muschopauge 


95 


24 


2 


- 


6 


7 


10 


52 


1 


7 


78 


17 


South Wachusett Brook, . 


82 


21 


1 


2 


1 


4 


3 


36 


- 


10 


74 


8 


Trout Brook 


38 


5 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


26 


- 


5 


se- 


2 


East Wachusett Brook, 


210 


59 


3 


2 


7 


7 


23 


109 


- 


6 


ise 


24 


Stillwater River, .... 


149 


44 


2 


- 


6 


2 


11 


85 


- 


7 


133 


16 


Waushacum, .... 


1632 


42 


1 


4 


9 


17 


20 


67 


- 


8 


124 


39 


French Hill 


28 


14 

509 


1 

70 


13 


39 


64 


128 


15 

691 


5 


5 
88 


28 


- 


Totals 


1,450 


1,280 


170 



1 On some premises there are 2 or more cases. 

2 Not including 207 summer cottages located near the Waushacum Lakes. 

Summary of Sanitary Inspections on the Sudbury and Cochituate Watersheds 

in 1906. 





Number of Premises 
inspected, 1 


Classification of Cases inspected. 


Condition 

at End of 

Year. 


District. 


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Sudbury Watershed. 

Farm Pond 

Framingham Reservoir No. 3, 

Stony Brook 

Angle Brook, .... 

Framingham Reservoirs Nos. 
1 and 2, and Cold Spring 
Brook, 


242 

71 

288 

1,973 

271 


19 

32 

201 

318 

96 


1 

2 
3 


- 


3 
4 

2 


2 

8 


1 

35 

48 

152 

108 


21 

49 

113 

251 

113 


l 


5 

2 
17 

66 

27 


240 

66 

269 

1,889 

259 


2 

5 

19 

84 

12 



1 On some premises there are 2 or more cases. 



128 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc 



Summary <>t Sanitary Inspections on (he Sudbury and Cochituate Watersheds 

in 1006— Concluded. 





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IS 

a 

6 
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4) 
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£> a, 

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Classification op Cases 


INSPECTED. 


Condition 

at End op 

Year. 


District. 


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OS 

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1.3 


60 

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Eastern Sudbury, . 


239 


201 


3 


- 


2 


- 


47 


43 


2 


6 


225 


14 


Indian Brook, .... 


420 


168 


1 


- 


2 


7 


170 


83 


- 


62 


386 


34 


Western Sudbury, . 


184 


61 


2 


- 


4 


5 


77 


54 


1 


30 


155 


29 


Whitehall Reservoir, 


111 


22 


- 


- 


1 


1 


74 


37 


- 


10 


100 


11 


Cedar Swamp, 


811 


258 


- 


- 


1 


6 


92 


128 


1 


55 


793 


18 


Cochituate Watershed.. 


























Snake Brook, .... 


320 


219 


2 


- 


- 


2 


93 


68 


- 


8 


296 


24 


Pegan Brook 


916 


271 


3 


'- 


3 


4 


77 


110 


1 


29 


887 


29 


Course Brook, 


88 


49 


.- 


- 


- 


- 


29 


41 


- 


7 


86 


2 


Beaver Dam Brook, 


1,069 


208 


9 


- 


4 


3 


90 


183 


3 


16 


1,020 


49 


Dug Pond, .... 


499 


191 


1 


- 


3 


7 


36 


49 


- 


8 


477 


22 


Totals, .... 


7,502 


2,314 


27 


- 


29 


45 


1,129 


1,343 


9 


348 


7,148 


354 



1 On some premises there are 2 or more cases. 



Sanitary Improvements effected on the Wachusett Watershed in 1906. 



District. 



Remedied 

by 

Filter-bed. 



Otherwise 
remedied. 1 



Partly 
remedied. 



French Brook, . 
Muddy Brook, . 
Gates Brook, 
Maiden Brook, . 
Chaffin Brook, . 
Asnebumskit Brook, 
Muschopauge, . 
South Wachusett Brook, 
Trout Brook, . 
East Wachusett Brook, 
Stillwater River, 
Wauehacum, 
French Hill, 
Totals, . 



10 

10 

7 

1 

10 

14 
1 
4 

57 



9 
1 
13 
8 
2 



39 



1 Including buildings torn down or removed. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



129 



Sanitary Improvements effected on the Sudbury and Cochituate Watersheds in 

1906. 



District. 



Remedied by 

Sewer 
Connection. 



Otherwise 
remedied l 



Partly 
remedied. 



Ces&pools 

abandoned 

on Account of 

Sewer 
Connections. 



Sudbury Watershed. 

Farm Pond 

Framingham Reservoir No 3, 
Stony Brook, .... 
Angle Brook 



Framingham Reservoirs Nos. 1 and 2 and 

Cold Spring Brook. 
Eastern Sudbury 



Indian Brook 

"Western Sudbury, . 
Whitehall Reservoir, 
Cedar Swamp, 

Cochituate Watershed. 

Snake Brook, 

Pegan Brook 

Course Brook, 

Beaver Dam Brook, 

Dug Pond, 

Totals 



38 



97 

17 

10 
24 



192 



10 



27 



37 



90 



16 



21 

176 



1 Including buildings burned, torn down or removed. 

Drainage of Swamps. 
The drainage ditches in swamps on the Wachusett and Sudbury 
watersheds, aggregating 27.5 miles in length, not including: those 
built during the past year, have been cleaned, and the grass, weeds 
and brush on either side of the ditches for widths varying from 10 
to 20 feet mowed and burned. About 26,000 linear feet of the 
ditches draining into the Sudbury Reservoir were repaired by relay- 
ing the paving or by driving the stones back into place with a heavy 
rammer. The places repaired were generally in pastures, where 
the side slopes of the ditches and the paving had been damaged by 
the tramping of the cattle. A 48-inch woven wire fence, 663 feet 
long, has been built on the property line between the G. H. Buck 
land and land now or formerly belonging to Marshall Richards and 
John Dolan, for the purpose of preventing cattle from getting into 
the bog which surrounds Brigham's Pond. 



L30 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

Distribi ting Reservoirs. 
The distributing reservoirs maintained by the Board are the Wes- 
ton and Chestnut Hill reservoirs; the Waban Hill and Forbes Hill 

reservoirs and the Forbes Hill standpipe of the southern high-ser- 
vice system; Spot Pond and the Mystic Reservoir, near Tufts Col- 
lege, of the northern low-service system; the Fells and Bear Hill 
reservoirs of the northern high-service system ; and the Arlington 
standpipe of the northern extra high-service system. 

Weston Reservoir. 

Several beds of shrubbery have been planted in the vicinity of 
the screen-chamber and the attendant's residence. Considerable 
labor has been expended in protecting the grounds from the gypsy 
and brown-tail moths, both by destroying the eggs, nests and cater- 
pillars and by cutting and burning underbrush and thinning out 
trees, so as to make the work of destroying the moths easier in the 
future. The reservoir, grounds and buildings are in good condition. 

Chestnut Hill Reservoir. 

The s:ate-houses and grounds have received the usual care. The 
reconstruction of the gravel w r alk around the reservoir, which was 
begun a few years ago, has been continued as opportunity offered, 
and 3,627 feet have been rebuilt during the year. On account of 
the raising of the grade of Beacon Street by the city of Boston, it 
became necessary to resurface a portion of the driveway between the 
two basins of the reservoir, also to trim the lower branches of the 
trees on the northerly side of the street for a distance of about 1,500 
feet. Considerable time was expended in destroying gypsy and 
brown-tail moths. Sixteen screens have been made for the effluent 
irate-house No. 2, usin<r wire from the old screens, with new 7 frames 
and baskets. 

Waban Hill Reservoir. 

Three beds of shrubbery were set out on the grounds in the spring. 
The grounds have received the usual care, and both reservoir and 
grounds are now in good condition. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 131 

Forbes Hill Reservoir and Standpipe. 

Several beds of shrubbery were set out on the grounds early in 
the spring. The joints in the masonry of the stone steps leading to 
the reservoir embankment have been repointed. The reservoir and 
grounds have been kept in order, and the iron and wood work of the 
gate-chamber and standpipe tower have been kept painted by the 
attendant. 

Sp>ot Pond. 
The reservoir and grounds are in good condition, but a large amount 
of work is constantly required to protect the trees from being de- 
stroyed by the gypsy and brown-tail moths. This work is described 
in detail in another part of this report. The growth of small birch 
trees and underbrush on about 50 acres of land in Bear Hill swamp, 
north of the reservoir, has been thinned out ; the brook draining the 
meadow north of Doleful Pond has been deepened and straightened 
for a distance of 1,457 feet, and a concrete floor has been laid in the 
stable. 

Mystic Reservoir. 

Both the reservoir and grounds are in good condition. The 
reservoir was shut off from the distribution system from March 19 to 
April 28, on account of the objectionable taste and odor of the water 
caused by a growth of Uroglena. 

Fells and Bear Hill Reservoirs. 

The east basin of the Fells Reservoir was cleaned between April 9 
and 21, and the west basin between April 27 and May 2. The total 
cost of cleaning the reservoir was $579.55. Both the Fells and Bear 
Hill reservoirs are in good condition with the exception of the wood- 
work of the gate-houses, which requires painting. Arrangements 
for doing this work have been made. 

Arlington Standpipe. 

Early in April the standpipe was emptied for examination, and a 
considerable quantity of silt and ice removed. During May it was 
again emptied, thoroughly cleaned and painted. The interior of 
the standpipe was given one coat of red lead and linseed oil paint, 



132 MKTROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

and two coats of Gilsonite paint obtained from the Barber Asphalt 
Company. The under side of the root' and the roof trusses were 
given two coats of red lead, and the exterior of the standpipe and 

roof were given one coat of while lead and oil paint. The work was 
done by F. A. Tibbetts of Maiden, at a eost of $425. 

Mystic Laic 
The railing of the wooden bridge over the dam and 840 feet of 
fence on the line of Mystic Street have been painted. The gypsy 
and brown-tail moths on the trees have been destroyed. The house 
on the grounds near the dam is now unoccupied, the attendant hav- 
ing resigned and moved away on December 15. Arrangements have 
been made with the Metropolitan Park Commission to have the ele- 
vation of the water in the lake taken and reported daily to this de- 
partment by one of the park policemen. 

Pipe Lines. 

Twenty-four leaks have been repaired on the pipe lines, at a cost 
of $1,685.64. In three cases the pipes broke, in one ease the 
leaded joint between two castings was opened by the movement of 
a 48-inch curve, and in nineteen cases the leaks were due to de- 
fective leaded joints. The first break occurred on February 11, in 
a 6-inch pipe supplying water to the low-service station at Chest- 
nut Hill. On April 18 a 48-inch curve on the force main leading 
from the 30,000, 000-gallon engine at the Chestnut Hill high-service 
station split for its entire length, and as a result the basement of 
the building was flooded with water to a depth of several feet, and the 
grounds in the vicinity of the building considerably damaged by the 
water flowing from the pipe. On November 1 a curve in the 48-inch 
main on Washington Street, Melrose, was broken by the Melrose 
sewer department while blasting for a sewer treneh. There was no 
water pressure on the pipe at the time of the break, the valves hav- 
ing been closed earlier in the day, at the request of the Melrose 
authorities. The cost of repairing this break was paid by the city 
of Melrose. Seven of the defective joints were found on the 36-inch 
pipes crossing the Charles and Mystic rivers. 

Minor changes have been made at several points on the pipe lines, 
as follows : — 

In order to facilitate the construction of the new conduit of the 
Cambridge Water Works at the junction of Irving and Arsenal 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



133 



streets in Watertown, the 20-inch main which supplies Watertown 
and Belmont has been lowered 2.33 feet. The 24-inch pipe near 
Tufts Square in Medford has been raised 15 inches, to permit of the 
construction of a surface water drain by the city of Medford. The 
old 24-inch pipe line crossing Chelsea Creek between Chelsea and 
East Boston has been straightened at a point near the Chelsea shore, 
where it is supported upon a pile foundation, and new pile caps 
have been placed under the pipe. A valve has been set on this line 
on the East Boston side of the channel, in order to facilitate the 
control of the flow through the Venturi meter used in measuring the 
East Boston supply ; and brick chambers have been built around 
two 20-inch valves at the same point, in place of wooden boxes used 
heretofore. 

The pipe bridges over the Saugus and Pines rivers have been 
cleaned and painted. 

Five additional insulating joints have been set in 48-inch pipe 
lines at different points, for the purpose of reducing the quantity 
of electric current flowing on the pipes. The location of these 
joints and the cost of their installation are as follows : — 



Location. 



Cost. 



Boylston and Mount Auburn streets, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts Avenue and Cambridge Street, Cambridge, 
Franklin and North Harvard streets, Brighton, 
Magazine Street, near Central Square, Cambridge, . 
Norfolk Street, near Broadway, Cambridge, 



$234 81 
194 98 

156 34 
212 00 

157 88 



The insulation of these joints is accomplished by the substitution 
of wooden staves for lead in the ordinary bell and spigot joints, 
with a ring of wood separating the spigot end of one pipe from the 
socket of the pipe to which it is joined. A wooden joint has also 
been substituted for the rubber joint in the 48-inch pipe on Massa- 
chusetts Avenue, near the crossing of the Fitchburg Railroad, in 
Cambridge; and a wooden insulating joint placed in the 16-inch 
connection between the Metropolitan and Boston Water Works 
mains at the corner of Morton Street and Blue Hill Avenue in West 
Roxbury. 



l.W METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

M etered Connections. 

For measuring the water supplied to the several cities and towns 
there are now used 55 Venturi meters and 4 Ilersey meters of the 
disc type. 

Changes and additions have been made during the year as fol- 
lows : — 

A 20-inch meter with a throat 5.75 inehes in diameter has been 
set on Broadway, near Williams Street, in Chelsea, for use at times 
when the flow exceeds the registering capacity of the 10-inch meter. 
The throat of the 12-inch meter at the Revere Reservoir has been 
enlarged from 3.75 inches to 5 inches in diameter, and an 8-inch 
throat has been substituted for the 5.25-inch throat on the meter at 
the corner of Blue Hill Avenue and Morton Street in West Roxbury. 
All of these changes were made necessary by increase in the con- 
sumption of water in the district supplied. In order to measure the 
quantity of water used by a few lakers in Medford, a ll/^-ineh Hersey 
disc meter has been set on a by-pass around an 8-inch weighted 
check valve. 

Pressure Regulators and Recording Gages. 

Four pressure regulating valves have been continually in use 
during the year, for reducing and regulating the water pressure in 
the pipes in Lexington, Winthrop, Swampscott and Nahant ; also 
two valves operated by floats, for controlling the level of the water 
in the Revere and Chelsea reservoirs. 

No changes have been made in the number of recording gages 
during the year. The average maximum and minimum elevation of 
the water, due to the pressure at seventeen points in different parts 
of the District, as recorded by these gages, are given in Appendix 
No. 2, Table No. 38. 

Electrolysis. 
There has been no great improvement in the electrical conditions 
on the pipe lines during the past year, and in several districts the 
pipes continue to be seriously damaged. At the suggestion of the 
officials of the Boston Elevated Railway Company, additional insu- 
lating joints have been set on the two 48-inch pipe lines between 
the Chestnut Hill pumping station and Spot Pond. Three of these 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 135 

joints were placed in the westerly line : one in Boylston Street, near 
Mount Auburn Street, in Cambridge, set on May 25 ; one in Cam- 
bridge Common, set June 1 ; and one in Franklin Street, near North 
Harvard Street, Brighton, set June 4. Two joints were placed in 
the easterly line in Cambridge : one in Magazine Street, near Central 
Square, set June 9 ; and one in Norfolk Street, near Broadway, set 
June 12. 

Measurements made in May, before setting these insulating joints, 
showed that there was a fall of potential, averaging about 20 volts, 
on the uninsulated street railway returns in both the north and 
south portions of the districts traversed by these pipe lines ; that 
there were 85 amperes of current leaving the easterly line and 135 
amperes leaving the westerly line under conditions likely to produce 
damage to the Metropolitan mains by electrolysis. In addition to 
these quantities, there were being delivered to the pipe systems of 
other cities from both the Metropolitan lines 100 amperes of cur- 
rent, as follows : Boston, 50 amperes ; Somerville, 40 amperes ; and 
Medford, 10 amperes. 

Measurements taken in July, after the additional joints had been 
set, indicated that the current leaving the easterly line had been 
reduced from 85 amperes to about 65 amperes. 

The effect of the additional joints in the westerly line could not 
be determined, on account of the breaking down of a joint in Massa- 
chusetts Avenue, near the crossing of the Fitchburg Railroad. This 
joint was replaced on August 24 with a joint having wood insulation. 
Upon examination of the old joint, it was found that the sheet rub- 
ber, one-half inch in thickness, which was used as insulating mate- 
rial, had been changed to a hard, cinder-like substance for about one 
inch around several of the bolts on the lower side of the joint, and 
that this change had destroyed its value as an insulating material. 
Chemical examination indicated that the rubber had been subjected 
to high heat without access to ox}^gen, and the conclusion arrived at 
is that lightning caused the damage. The iron casting on the posi- 
tive side of the joint was pitted both outside and inside the pipe by 
electrolysis, while the negative side was in perfect condition. The 
largest pitting, which was on the inside of the pipe, was about 6 
inches by 4 inches by % an inch in depth. As this damage was 
caused in one year and eight months, it is very evident that the 
joints did not prevent electrolysis of the pipes, and that joints 



136 METROPOLITAN YYATEB [Pub. Doc. 

under conditions similar to this one will require renewal at frequent 
intervals. 

There are now seven Insulating joints on the westerly line and six 
on the easterly line. As a result of setting these joints, the cur- 
rent Leaving the westerly line to cause electrolysis of the Metro- 
politan pipes has been reduced from about 155 amperes to 120 
amperes, and on the easterly line from 140 amperes to 65 amperes. 

Measurements made in December, 1903, showed currents of from 
5 to 15 amperes flowing southerly on each of the two 24-inch sub- 
merged pipe lines crossing Chelsea Creek between Chelsea and East 
Boston, a portion of which left the pipe in the channel. In Septem- 
ber of the past year it was discovered that currents of from 2 to 30 
amperes were flowing northerly from the East Boston shore on each 
of the pipe lines, and that nearly all of this was leaving them before 
reaching the Chelsea shore. Examination of the pipes showed that 
they were badly disintegrated, and at one point a hole was cut clear 
through the pipe while making the examination, causing a leak 
which had to be plugged. An investigation showed that the reversal 
of the direction of the current on these pipes was due to the fact 
that the East Boston power station was shut down for the summer, 
and that the cars in East Boston were being operated with current 
from the Lincoln Wharf power station in Boston. On September 
10 and 24 tests were made to determine the source of the current, 
by shutting off for a period of one minute the current from the 
Lincoln Wharf power station, from which current was being sup- 
plied to all the cars in East Boston. On both trials the current 
flowing on the Metropolitan pipes was from 8 to 22 amperes while 
the cars were running, and from to 4 amperes while the current 
was shut off from the Lincoln Wharf station. 

The 42-inch, 24-inch and 20-inch pipes in Broadway, Chelsea, 
are being seriously injured by currents of electricity which flow 
from them toward the power station of the Boston & Northern 
Bail way in Chelsea. In May, 190G, about 150 amperes of current 
were flowing on the Metropolitan 24-inch main in Second Street, 
Chelsea, of which about 50 amperes flowed off through a connection 
with the pipes of the city of Chelsea, and the remaining 100 amperes 
flowed oft* of the Metropolitan mains in Broadway under conditions 
likely to injure the pipes. In the city of Lynn the 12-inch pipe in 
Washington Street, near Xahant Road, was uncovered and examined 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 137 

at two points in April, and pittings were found in the pipe from 
% to % of an inch in depth. The pipe which was relaid in 1904 was 
also uncovered and examined at one point on Washington Street at 
Sagamore, and several pittings were found about % 0I> an i ncn in 
depth. Measurements made during the past year indicate that the 
amount of current flowing on the Metropolitan pipes in Lynn has 
increased since the last survey was made. Other points where cur- 
rent is leaving the Metropolitan pipes are : Commonwealth Avenue 
in Newton, near the power station of the Boston Suburban Street 
Railway; West Street in Hyde Park; Main Street in Stoneham, 
and Boston Avenue in Medford. 

In order to protect the lead sheaths of the telephone cables from 
injury by electrolysis, it is the practice of the telephone and railway 
companies to place a bond between the railway returns and the tele- 
phone cable sheaths. The result of this is to increase the difference 
of potential between the telephone cables and the water pipes, and 
to cause the damage to the pipes to be greater than it would be 
without the bonds. Several instances of damage to local service 
pipes and mains where they cross the telephone cables have already 
been noticed in Cambridge, Chelsea and Hyde Park. 

In considering this question, it must be remembered that the 
quantities, voltage and direction of the currents, as given in this 
report, represent approximately the average condition at the time 
the observations were made ; but the actual conditions are very 
erratic, and during even the short period of observation vary 
through a large range, at times increasing to as much as twice the 
average and at other times decreasing to zero, or even reversing in 
polarity and direction. There is also a large change in conditions 
from day to day, due to the varying traffic and to changes in the 
distribution of the load between the various power stations. The 
conditions during the past year have been disturbed more than usual 
by the installation of new power stations. A new station located 
on Broadway, at Alewife Brook, in Somerville, was put into service 
during May, and another located on Salem Street, in Medford, near 
the Fellsway West, was put into service about September. 

With the advent of cold weather, some of the power stations 
which had been shut down during the summer were placed in ser- 
vice, and power was also obtained by the Boston Elevated Street 
Railway from the Hyde Park station of the Old Colony Street Rail- 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

way Company. Alternating current was obtained from the Edison 
Electric [lluminating Company, which was converted to direct cur- 
rent at substations, one near the bridge between Boston and Charles- 
town, and the other at the Forest Hills car house on Washington 
Street in West Roxbury. 

Gypsy and Brown-tail Moths. 

Of the land under the control of the Board, used for the purposes 
of water supply, amounting to about 9,700 acres, not more than 1,000 
acres have as yet been infested by the gypsy and brown-tail moths, 
and the area where the moths are present in sufficient numbers to 
seriously injure the foliage does not exceed 500 acres. The gypsy 
moth has been very prevalent around Spot Pond and Mystic Lake, 
and has been found in considerable and increasing numbers in the 
vicinity of the Chestnut Hill and Weston reservoirs, at Lake Cochitu- 
ate, and along the line of the Sudbury, Cochituate and Weston aque- 
ducts as far west as Framingham. The nests of the brown-tail moths 
have been found not only w 7 here the gypsy moths were present, but 
also on land around the Sudbury Reservoir in Marlborough, South- 
borough and Framingham, along the line of the Wachusett Aqueduct, 
and on the grounds about the Wachusett Dam in Clinton. 

During January and February a force of about 25 men was em- 
ployed on the grounds about Spot Pond in painting the egg clusters 
of the gypsy moth with a mixture of equal parts of creosote and fuel 
oil. In March and April the trees were thinned out and under- 
brush cut on about 50 acres of swamp north of the pond, and the 
trees on 150 acres were scraped and painted with tanglefoot. The 
spraying of the foliage with arsenate of lead began on May 19 and 
was continued until the first week in July, the area covered being 
about 110 acres. For this work one steam, one gas and two hand 
spraying machines, together with a force of about 25 men, were 
used. When all the machines were in operation about 200 pounds 
of arsenate of lead were used daily. 

Adjoining the Water Works land at the south end of Spot Pond, 
for a distance of 2,500 feet, is land belonging to the city of Medford. 
This land was badly infested with gypsy moths, but nothing was 
done tow r ard protecting the property. As a result, the trees were 
stripped of leaves, and great difficulty w r as experienced in preventing 
the caterpillars from entering upon the Water Works land and dev- 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 139 

astating that also. The most efficient means of preventing this was 
found to be a line of hemlock boards, 10 inches wide, set on edge 
along the property line and coated on one side with tanglefoot. 
Hay, sprinkled with fuel oil, was also used for the same purpose, 
but proved less efficient. The land around the Fells Reservoir is in 
the custody and control of the Metropolitan Park Commission ; but, 
as the trees in the vicinity of the reservoir w r ere quite badly infested, 
with the consent of the superintendent of the Fells Reservation, 
those on a strip 50 feet wide surrounding the reservoir were painted 
with tanglefoot, and large numbers of caterpillars were destroyed 
by our employes. At Mystic Lake and at Chestnut Hill Reservoir 
the egg clusters were destroyed and the foliage sprayed with arsenate 
of lead. At the Weston Reservoir the number of trees infested 
with the gypsy moth was comparatively small, and the foliage was 
not sprayed. Where the caterpillars were discovered, bands of 
burlap were placed around the trees and the caterpillars killed. On 
the lands around the reservoirs in Framingham, Southborough and 
Marlborough, and in the vicinity of the Wachusett Dam in Clinton, 
a considerable number of the nests of the brown- tail moth were re- 
moved from the trees and destroyed. As a result of the work done 
during the past two years, the number of gypsy moth egg clusters 
to be destroyed on the property around Spot Pond is very much less 
than last year ; but at the Chestnut Hill Reservoir and at the Weston 
Reservoir the number has increased, this increase being due in some 
measure to the neglect of the owners of adjoining properties. 

The total amount expended for the work on all the Water Works 
lands was about $12,700, of which approximately $10,500 was ex- 
pended in protecting the lands around Spot Pond. 

Clinton Sewerage. 
The Clinton sewage disposal works were in daily operation during 
the whole year. The quantity of sewage pumped and filtered was 
795,000 gallons per day, or 152,000 gallons per day more than 
during the preceding year, and 51,000 gallons per day more than the 
average during any year since the plant was put into operation in 
September, 1899. This increase was due to the heavy rainfall dur- 
ing the months of May, June, July and August, which increased 
the amount of ground water leaking into the town sewers. Dur- 
ing these four months the quantity of sewage treated was 60 per 



1 10 



M I :tkopolita n water 



[Pub. Doc. 



cent, larger than during the corresponding months of the preceding 
vcar. 

At the pumping station during- the early part of the year new 
plungers and valves were put into the pump. The outside wood 
work and the interior iron and wood work of the pumping station 
building have been painted. 

Following are statistics relating to the operation of the pumping 
station : — 



Daily average quantity of sewage pumped (gallons), 
Daily average quantity of coal consumed (pounds), 
Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 
Number of days pumping, ..... 
Cost of jmmping : — 

Labor, 

Fuel, 

Repairs and supplies, . . . . . 



Total for station, .... 

Cost per million gallons pumped, . 

Cost per million gallons raised 1 foot high, 



795,000 


1,361 


584 


365 


$1,284 69 


1,136 95 


309 59 


$2,731 23 


$9 41 


19 



Filter-beds. 

The sewage has been applied on the filter-beds in practically the 
same way as in previous years, except that no distinction has been 
made between the 19 beds from which all soil had been removed 
when they were built and the 6 beds from which soil to the depth of 
6 inches had been removed in 1904. 

The (S settling basins were used in rotation from January 1 to 
April 4 and from September 14 to the end of the year. During 
January, February, March and December the sewage was turned 
through one of the basins for two weeks, when it was drained off 
and another basin used. At the other times one basin was used for 
three days, then immediately drained off and another put into use. 
From April 5 to September 14, while the use of the settling basins 
was suspended, one of the regular filter-beds was used for the first 
30 minutes of each day as a sludge bed to care for the heavy sewage. 
After being used about a month in this way it was allowed to dry 
out and then raked and cleaned. In the mean time, another bed 
was put into use as a sludge bed. The sludge accumulated in the 
settling basins, and the so-called sludge bed has been given to the 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



141 



neighboring farmers, who were only too glad to use it on their 
farms. 

During the warmer part of the year, from Mareh 27 to December 
2, the sewage was applied to a bed having an area of one acre for 
11/2 hours, the amount per application being about 163,000 gallons, 
and each bed was used about once in 4% days, the average rate 
being about 34,000 gallons per acre per day. 

During the colder parts of the year, when the temperature was 
below 15 degrees above zero, all the, sewage of one day's pumping 
was applied to one of five beds which had been prepared with fur- 
rows 3 feet 6 inches apart, the average amount per application 
being 491,000 gallons, and each bed was used about once in 7 days, 
which gives an average of about 71,000 gallons per acre per day. 
When the temperature was higher than 15 degrees above zero the 
sewage was applied to the other or flat beds for about 1% hours, the 
amount per application being about 177,000 gallons, and each bed 
was used about once in 9% days, which gives an average of about 
19,000 gallons per acre per day. In previous years during the 
winter season when the temperature was above 15 degrees above 
zero the sewage was applied to the flat beds for about 21/2 hours ; 
but this year, owing to the milder weather, it has been possible to 
keep the beds open with less sewage per application. 

The results of chemical analyses of the sewage and effluent are 
given in the following table : — 



[Parte per 100,000.] 





1901. 


1902. 


1903. 


1904. 


1905. 


January to 
June, 1906, 


July to 
December, 

1906, 
inclusive. 


Whole 
Year 














inclusive. 


1906. 


Albuminoid ammonia, sew 


1.0025 


1.0517 


.9233 


.7967 


1.1250 


.9017 


.8100 


.8558 


age. 


















Albuminoid ammonia, efflu 


.0741 


.0891 


.0782 


.0686 


.0787 


.1093 


.0816 


.0955 


ent. 


















Per cent removed, 


91 


89 


92 


91 


93 


88 


90 


89 


Oxygen consumed, sewage 


10.73 


8.85 


8.65 


8.57 


13.11 


9.87 


9.82 


9.84 


Oxygen consumed, effluent 


.82 


1.15 


1.12 


.99 


1.126 


1.44 


1.23 


1.34 


Per cent, removed, 


91 


84 


87 


88 


91 


85 


87 


86 


Free ammonia, sewage, 


3.4533 


4.3284 


3.8292 


3.97 


4.7533 


3.3400 


3.7900 


3.5650 


Free ammonia, effluent, 


.5792 


.6862 


1.0185 


.99 


.9588 


.9247 


1.6200 


1.2723 


Per cent, removed, 


83 


84 


73 


75 


80 


72 


57 


64 


Nitrogen as nitrates, efflu 


.9298 


.9815 


.4168 


.4046 


.2665 


.0890 


.2000 


.1445 


ent. 



















142 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The character of the effluent has not been as good as during pre- 
vious years, and experiments have been in progress, under the 
direction of the Chief Engineer of the State Board of Health, for the 
purpose of determining the best method of improving the efficiency 
of the beds. In May and ,hme three of the filter-beds which were 
not underdrained at the time the works were constructed were 
underdrained with 6-inch vitrified pipe, and a well was placed in 
each bed, for the purpose of obtaining samples of the ground water. 
A small filter-bed, having an area of .01 of an acre, was built for 
the purpose of filtering a portion of the effluent from the filters. 
In Jnlv wooden conveyers, having an a^re^ate length of 784 feet, 
were placed on two of the beds, for the purpose of securing a 
uniform distribution of the sewage. The cost of this experimental 
work was $1,087.37. The investigations are still in progress. 

The cost of maintaining the filter-beds, exclusive of the cost of 
the experimental wort, has been as follows : — 

Labor, $ 1,941 52 

Repairs and supplies, . . . 78 62 

Total, . $2,020 14 

Cost per million gallons filtered, $ 6 96 

Engineering. 
A very large portion of the time of the engineering force is now 
devoted to matters pertaining to the maintenance and operation of 
the works. The more important of these matters are the superin- 
tendence of the operation of the Venturi meters and of the flow of 
water from the several reservoirs through the aqueducts ; the deter- 
mination of the quantities of water used in the several municipalities ; 
the tabulation of the records of rainfall as measured at twelve sta- 
tions on the works, of the elevations of the several storage and dis- 
tributing reservoirs and of the pressures in the mains at different 
points in the Metropolitan District ; the making of calculations to 
determine the yield of the several watersheds, the quantities deliv- 
ered by the several aqueducts, the quantities pumped at the several 
pumping stations and the cost of pumping. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 143 

Appended to this report are tables of contracts giving the amount 
of work done and other information, a long series of tables relating 
to the maintenance of the Metropolitan Water Works, tables show- 
ing the length of main pipes and number of service pipes, meters 
and fire hydrants in the Metropolitan Water District, and a sum- 
mary of statistics for 1906. 

Respectfully submitted, 

DEXTER BRACKETT, 

Engineer Sudbury and Distribution Departments. 
Boston, January 1, 1907. 



Ill 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



EEPOKT OF ENGINEER OF SEWERAGE WORKS. 



To the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. 

Gentlemen : — The following is a report of the operations of the 
Engineering Department of the Metropolitan Sewerage Works for 
the year ending December 31, 1906. 

Organization. 

The engineering organization during the year has been as fol- 
lows : — 



Division Engineers : — 

Frederick D. Smith, 



Frank I. Capen, . 
Setii Peterson, 1 . 
Frank A. Emery, . 



. In charge of maintenance and construction, 
South Metropolitan System, in Quincy and 
Milton. 

. In charge of maintenance and construction, North 
Metropolitan System. 

. In charge of construction of air tunnel, Section 
80, South Metropolitan System. 

. In charge of office, drafting room and records. 



In addition to the above, there were employed at the end of the 
year 16 engineering and other assistants. 



i Part of the year. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWEKAGE BOARD. 



145 



METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE DISTRICTS. 

Areas and Populations. 

During the year no changes have been made in the extent of the 
sewerage districts. The area of the North Metropolitan District 
remains at 90.50 square miles, and of the South Metropolitan Dis- 
trict at 100.87 square miles, — a total, inclusive of water surfaces, 
of 191.37 square miles. These districts include the whole or parts 
of 25 cities and towns, as set forth in the following table. 

The populations in the table are based on the census of 1905. It 
will be noted that the recent census returns do not fully justify all 
the published forecasts of earlier reports. 

Table showing Areas and Estimated Populations within the Metropolitan Sewerage 

District, as of December 31, 1906. 



City or Town. 



Area (Square 
Miles). 



Estimated Popu- 
lation. 



o . 

&■»-• 
o o 

XI 



f Arlington, . 

Belmont, 

Boston (portions of), 

Cambridge, . 

Chelsea, 

Everett, 

Lexington, 1 

Maiden, 
{ Medford, 

Melrose, 

Revere, 

Somerville, . 

Stonebam, . 

Wakefield, . 

Winchester, 

Winthrop, . 
^ Woburn, 



O o 

at 

+-> 

3 
o 
m 



( Boston (portions of), 

Brookline, . 

Dedham, 1 . 

Hyde Park, 
<( Milton, 

Newton, 

Quincy, 

Waltham, . 
I, Watertown, 



Totals, 



5.20 
4.66 
3.45 
6.11 
2.24 
3.34 
5.11 
5.07 
8.35 
3.73 
5.86 
3.96 
5.50 
7.65 
5.95 
1.61 
12.71 



20.39 

6.81 

9.40 

4.57 

12.59 

16.88 

12.56 

13.63 

4.04 



90.50 



100.87 



191.37 



10,080 

4,490 

94,153 

99,470 

38,330 

30,810 

3,990 

39,430 

20,390 

14,750 

13,470 

71,740 

6,430 

10,630 

8,630 

7,410 

14,460 



- 488,663 



152,390 
24,610 

7,630 
14,850 

7,220 
37,940 
28,850 
27,160 
11,740 



312,380 
801,043 



1 Part of town. 



in; 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



METROPOLITAN SEWERS. 
Sewers Purchased and Constructed and their Connections. 

Within the Sewerage Districts there are now 96.74 miles of Met- 
ropolitan sewers. Of this total, 8.79 miles of sewers, with the 
Qnincy pumping station, have been purchased from cities and towns 
of the districts, the remaining 88 miles of Metropolitan sewers hav- 
ing been constructed by the Metropolitan boards. 

The position, lengths and sizes of these sewers are given in the 
following tables, together with other data referring to the public 
and special connections with the system : — 



North Metropolitan System. 





Size of Sewers. 




cConnec- 
s, Decem- 
31, 1906. 


Special Connections. 


City or Town. 


Character or Location of 


Number 
in 






"3s 

a 




Connection. 


Opera- 






9 


p'Z £> 




tion. 






iJ 


Ph 






Boston : — 












Deer Island, . 




1.367 


4 


- _ 


— 


East BostOD, . 






22 


Shoe factory, 


1 


Charlestown, . 


6' 7"X"' 5" to 1', . 


3.292 


13 j 


Navy Yard 

Almshouse 


8 




V 




r 


Club house, . . ... 
Fire Dept. Station, . 
Bakery, . . . 




Chelsea, 


8'4"X9'2"to.l'10"x2'4", . 


5.123 


9 i 

i 


Rendering works, 
Metropolitan Water Works 
blow-off, .... 
Metropolitan Waterworks 




Everett, 


8'2"X8' 10" to 4' 8"X5'1", . 


2.925 


6 I 


blow-off, .... 
Cameron Appliance Co., . 
Metropolitan Waterworks 




Maiden, 


4' 6"X4' 10" to 1' 3", . 


4.4931 


26 \ 


blow-off 










I 


Private buildings, 




120 








{ 


Private buildings, 




107 


Melrose, 


4' 6"X4' 10" to 10", . 


6.099 2 


32 J 


Factory, 
Railroad station, 






Cambridge, 


5'2"X5' 9" to 1'3", . 


7.167 


29 j 

( 


Slaughter-house, 
City Hospital, 
Tannery, 












Slaughter-houses (3), 






Somerville, 


6' 5"X7'2" to I' 10"X2'3", . 


3.471 


10 < 
1 

I 

20 ( 


Car-house, . 
Stable, . 

Rendering works, 
Armory building, 






Medford, . 


4'8"X5'1" to 10", 


5.359 


Private buildings, 












1 


Stable, .... 












r 
i 


Tannery, 
Private buildings, 






Winchester, 


2' 11"X3 3" tol'3", . 


6.428 


i 
L 


Gelatine factory, 
Stable, . 
Railroad station, 






Stoneham, . 


1' 3" to 10" 


0.010 


4 


- 






Woburn, 


1* 10"X2' 4" to I' 3", . 


0.933 


3 
( 


Glue factory, 
Private buildings, 




109 


Arlington, . 


1' 6" to 10", .... 


3.5203 


33 j 


Railroad station, 
Car-house, . 




3 



i Includes .988 of a mile of sewer purchased from the city of Maiden. 
J Includes .736 of a mile of sewer purchased from the town of Melrose. 
, Includes 2.631 miles of sewer purchased from the town of Arlington. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWEKAGE BOAED. 



147 



North Metropolitan System — Concluded. 





Size of Sewers. 


n 

0) 

3 

£.2 

"So 

a 


Public Connec- 
tions, Decem- 
ber 31, 1906. 


Special Connections. 


City or Town. 


Character or Location of 
Connection. 


Number 

in 
Opera- 
tion. 


Belmont, 
Wakefield, 1 . 
Revere, . 




58.5662 


3 
1 

2 

237 


- 


383 





South Metropolitan System. 










r 


Private house, 


1 


Boston (Back Bay), 


6' 6" to 3' 9", 


1.5003 


8<i 


Administration building, 
Boston Park Department, . 


1 








I 


Simmons College buildings, . 


1 


Boston (Brighton), 


5' 6" to 12", . 


3.714* 


11 
( 


Abattoir, .... 
Chocolate works, . 


3 

2 


Boston (Dorches- 


3'X4'to2'6"x2'7", . 


2.8705 


8 


Paper mill, 


1 


ter). 






I 


Private buildings, . 


2 


Boston (Roxbury), 


6'6"X7, 4'0", . 


1.430 


( 


Parental school, 


1 


Boston (West Rox- 


9'3"Xl0'2"tol2", . 


7.068 


9 


Lutheran Evangelical Church, 


1 


bury). 






( 


Private buildings, . 


4 


Brookline, 


5' 6", . 


0.127 


2 


- - 


- 


Dedham,. 


4'X4'l"to3'9"X3'10", 


2.350 


5 


- 


- 


Hull, 


60" pipe, 


0.750 


- 


- 


- 


Hyde Park, 


10'7"XH'7"to4'X4'l", 


4.527 


M | 


Mattapan Paper Mills, . 
Private buildings, . 


1 

2 


Milton, 


H'Xl2'to8", 


3.600 


9 


- - 


- 


Newton, . 


4' 2"X4' 9" to 1' 3", . 


2.911 


6 


Private houses, 


2 


Quincy, . 


ll'3"xl2'6"to24"pipe, 


6.580 


4 


- 


- 


Waltham, 


3'6"X4\ 


0.001 


1 


- - 


- 


Watertown, . 


4' 2"X4' 9" to 12", 


0.7506 


5 


Factories, .... 


2 






38.178 


82 




24 



1 The Metropolitan sewer extends but a few feet into the towns of Belmont and Wakefield. 

2 Includes 2.787 miles of Mystic River valley sewer in Medford, Winchester and Woburn, running 
parallel with the Metropolitan sewer. 

3 Includes .355 of a mile of sewer purchased from the city of Boston. 

4 Includes .026 of a mile of sewer purchased from the town of Watertown. 

5 Includes 1.24 miles of sewer purchased from the city of Boston. 

8 Includes .025 of a mile of sewer purchased from the town of Watertown. 



Cost of Construction. 

[To December 31, 1906.] 

The cost of the 96.7 miles of Metropolitan sewers enumerated 
above, including seven stations, siphons and appertaining structures, 
may be summarized as follows : — 



North Metropolitan System, 
South Metropolitan System, 



$6,136,200 30 
7,722,773 15 

$13,858,973 45 



US 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Information relating to areas, populations, local sewer connections 
and other data for the whole Metropolitan Sewerage District appear 



in the following table : — 



North Metropolitan District. 



Area 

(Square 
Miles). 



DO. 60 



Estimated 

Total 
Population. 



488,663 



Miles of 

Local Sewer 

connected. 



593.88 



Estimated 

Population 

contributing 

Sewage. 



386,343 



Ratio of 

Contributing 

Population 

to Total 
Population 
(PerCent.). 



79.1 



Connections made 

with Metiio- 

politan Sewers. 



Public. 



Special. 



237 



383 



South Metropolitan District. 


100.87 


312,380 


468.18 


167,070 53.5 


82 


24 


Entire Metropolitan District. 


191.37 


801,043 


1,062.06 


553,413 


69.1 


319 


407 



Of the estimated gross population of 801,043 on December 31, 
1906, 553,413, representing 69.1 per cent., were on that date con- 
tributing sewage to the Metropolitan sewers, through a total length 
of 1,062.06 miles of local sewers owned by the individual municipali- 
ties. These sewers are connected with the Metropolitan System by 
319 public and 407 special connections. It appears, also, that there 
has been during the year an increase of 48.75 miles of local sewers 
connected with the Metropolitan System, and that 9 public and 34 
special connections have been added. 



Pumping Stations and Pumpage. 
The following table shows the average daily volume of sewage 
lifted at each of the six Metropolitan pumping stations during the 
year, as compared with the corresponding volumes for the previous 
year : — 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



149 



Pumping Station. 



Average Daily Pumpage. 



Jan. 1, 1905, 

to 
Dec. 31, 1905. 



Jan. 1, 1906, 

to 
Dec. 31, 1906. 



Increase during 
the Year. 



Deer Island, 

East Boston, 

Charlestown, 

Alewife Brook, 

Quincy, 

Ward Street, . 



Gallons. 
54,400,000 

52,400,000 

29,900,000 

3,234,000 

3,180,000 

20,940,000 



Gallons. 
58,100,000 

56,100,000 

30,500,000 

3,451,000 

3,528,000 

24,500,000 



Gallons. 
3,700,000 

3,700,000 
600,000 
217,000 
348,000 

3,560,000 



Per Cent. 
6.8 

7.1 

2.0 

6.7 
10.9 
17.0 



CONSTRUCTION. 

NORTH METROPOLITAN SYSTEM. 
Extension of the Metropolitan Sewer in the City of Malden. 

Chapter 319 of the legislative Acts of 1906 authorized the exten- 
sion of a Metropolitan Sewer in Maiden from near Barrett's Pond 
to the tidal meadows on the southerly side of the city. 

In 1900, when the town of Wakefield was added to the District, 
a new Metropolitan sewer was constructed from Wakefield to Bar- 
rett's Pond in Maiden, and there connected with an existing Metro- 
politan Sewer. 

The original Metropolitan Sewer below this point is now too small 
to provide for sewage from both sewers. It has, therefore, been 
found necessary to extend the sewer authorized in 1900 to a point 
where it can connect with a larger Metropolitan main with overflow 
into the tidal waters of Maiden River, which may serve until the 
works are more comprehensively relieved. 

This extension has been known as Section 64 of the North Metro- 
politan System. 

Section 64, Maiden Extension. 

Division Engineer in Charge. — Frank I. Capen. 
Contractors. — T. H. Gill & Co., Somerville, Mass. 

The section involves a sewer extending from a point on Jackson 
Street near the crossing of the Saugus Branch of the Boston & 
Maine Railroad and near Station 55 of Section 40 of the North Met- 
ropolitan System, northerly through Jackson Street to Spot Pond 



i;>o 



METROPOLITAN WATKR 



[Pub. Doc. 



Brook, through private lands, Pleasant Street and Linden Avenue, 
to a point in Section 58 of the North Metropolitan System 200 feet 
south of Mountain Avenue, — a total distance of 2, !)")(). 5 feet. 

Additional data in relation to this route are given in the following: 
table : — 



Extension of the Metropolitan Sewer in Maiden, authorized by Chapter 319, 

Acts of 1906. 



Location. 



Jackson Street from Saugus Branch 
Railroad to Spot Pond Brook. 



Extension of Jackson Street of 205 
feet in private land and 582 feet 
in Linden Avenue at end of sec- 
tion. 



In private land from a point about 
200 feet beyond Spot Pond Brook 
to Pleasant Street at Linden 
Avenue and in Linden Avenue 
for about 500 feet. 



Size. 



4' 6", 



3' 6", 



2'4"X3' 6", 



Length 
(Feet). 



1,336.98 



786.93 



826.59 



Remarks. 



Excavation for 330 feet of peat and silt; 
remainder through miscellaneous filling, 
with a Bmall layer of sand and gravel 
over fine sand. 

205 feet excavation in sand and gravel over 
fine sand; 582 feet in Linden Avenue, 
coarse sand and gravel with about 3 feet 
of hardpan at bottom for last 300 feet 
with boulders. 

Through the private land the excavation 
was in sand with some miscellaneous fill- 
ing above; in Linden Avenue excavation 
was in coarse sand and gravel. 



A contract was entered into August 8, 1906, with T. H. Gill & 
Co., of Somerville, contractors, for this construction. The contract 
extended from Station + 3.80 to 29 -f* 54.3, — a total distance 
of 2,950.5 feet. 

The contractors started work on Jackson Street at Charles Street 
on August 14, 1906, and worked in both directions, using a bucket 
excavator, northerly to a point 200 feet beyond Spot Pond Brook. 
Southerly toward the Saugus Branch Railroad the work was started 
with a portable derrick, but this was soon abandoned, and most of 
the excavation was done without the aid of machinery. Excavation 
on this portion of the work was completed late in December. 

A second opening was started August 15, in private land north of 
Spot Pond Brook, and worked for part of the distance with a portable 
derrick. Generally around curves and between buildings the exca- 
vation was made without machinery. This portion of the work was 
completed about the middle of December. 

A third opening was started about September 11, at the corner of 
Linden Avenue and Pleasant Street. A bucket excavator was used 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 151 

on this part of the work to the end of the section, for a distance of 
about 950 feet. This excavation was completed December 24. 

At the crossing of Spot Pond Brook the route of the brook was 
temporarily changed through diversion trenches, while 56 feet of 
trench was excavated, and four lengths of 42-inch cast-iron pipe 
placed under the brook location. The work was begun September 
13 and was completed November 14. 

This whole length of sewer was built of standard concrete, except 
the overflow at Saugus Branch Brook and manholes on the main line 
of sewer ; these were of brick, reinforced with concrete. For a 
length of 255 feet on the marsh near the Saugus Branch Brook the 
concrete of the sewer invert rests on piles. For this length the 
concrete was reinforced with Ransome steel rods longitudinally and 
transversely in the invert and transversely in the arch. 

At the date of the report the work is practically completed except 
for minor repairs to surfaces in private lands and resurfacing of 
streets, which, on account of their frozen condition, will be delayed 
until spring. 

The connection with Section 40 by means of a bellmouth at the 
lower end of this section was made by day labor of the maintenance 
force of the North Metropolitan Sewerage Works. 

SOUTH METROPOLITAN SYSTEM. 

Extension of the High-level Sewer through West Rox- 
bury, brookline and brighton. 

Chapter 406 of the legislative Acts of 1906 authorized the con- 
struction and operation of an extension of the main sewer of the 
South Metropolitan System, known as the High-level Sewer, through 
the districts of West Roxbury, Brookline and Brighton. 

During the past year surveys and studies of the geology over the 
route of the sewer have been in progress. As adopted, the route 
extends from the corner of Perkins and Centre streets, in Jamaica 
Plain, through Brookline to Oak Square in Brighton. An outline 
of this route and other data in relation to it are given in the follow- 
ing table : — 



L52 



MKTROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Extension of the High-level Sewer, authorized by Chapter 406, Acts of 1906. 



Location. 


Size 
(Diameter). 


Length 
(Feel). 


Remarks. 


West Roxbury : in Perkins and Chestnut 
streets, from Centre Street to the 
boundary line between West Rox- 
bury and Brookllne. 

Brookllne: In Chestnut, Kendall and Cy- 
press streets, Brlngton Roa'i, private 
land, Gorham Avenue, Greeuough, 
Washington, Park and Winchester 
streets, private land and Columbia 
Street to the Brightou boundary line. 

Brighton : in Harlan Street, private land, 
Commonwealth Avenue, Warren, 
Cambridge and Washington streets 
to Oak Square. 
Branch lines in Cambridge, Market, 
Bennett and Washington streets. 


1 

1 6'6"X7'0" 

f 70" 

J 

| 7'0" 
1 6'6"X7'0" 
f G'3"X6'6" 
| 5'9"X6'0" 

J 

] 5'9"X6'0" 

)■ 60" cast-iron 

pipe. 

) 24"X28" to 
\ 12" 


j 3,085 j 

} r 

} 11,760 \ 

j I 

J 9,905 J 
J 5,050 j 


600 feet in rock tunnel. 
2,485 feet in air tunnel. 

3,360 feet in air tunnel. 
1,500 feet in rock tunnel. 
800 feet In earth tunnel. 
6,100 feet in earth open cut. 

6,050 feet in rock tunnel. 
300 feet in earth tunnel. 
3,555 feet in earth open cut.. 

2,250 feet in tunnel. 

2,800 feet in earth open cut. 




29,800 
5.64 miles. 





For convenience, this length of 5.64 miles has been divided into 
contract sections, numbered from 80 to 86, both inclusive. 



Section 80, West Roxbury and Brookllne. 

Division Engineer in Charge. — Seth Peterson. 

Superintendent of Construction by Day Labor. — Charles A. Haskin. 

This section extends from a branch in the existing bellmouth at 
the corner of Centre and Day streets along Perkins and Chestnut 
streets, in West Roxbury, passing Jamaica Pond, to the Brookline 
town line ; thence in Brookline, along Chestnut Street to near 
Kendall Street, a length of about 4,500 feet. It is wholly in tunnel, 
at depths ranging from 70 feet in Perkins Street to about 20 feet in 
Chestnut Street. From Centre Street to near Zamora Street and 
along Perkins Street it is anticipated the tunnel headings will be in 
Roxbury puddingstone, with seams of clay and quicksand that may 
admit w r ater freely to the headings. 

From Zamora Street, passing Jamaica Pond, to near the end of 
the section, the tunnel headings are expected to be in open sand 
and quicksand. The water line of the sewer passing Jamaica Pond 
is about 35 feet below the usual elevation of the water surface of the 
pond. To avoid any possibility of accident to Jamaica Pond, the 
tunnel work in its vicinity is being carried out by pneumatic proc- 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 155 

esses and by day labor, under the direction of Charles A. Haskin, 
pneumatic expert. 

A shaft leading down to the tunnel is located on Perkins Street, 
about 475 feet east of Jamaicaway. At this point an unoccupied 
lot, about 65 feet by 150 feet, has been rented, and lockers for 
machinery, tools and supplies erected. 

Work on the shaft was begun October 3, 1906. The shaft is 
circular, 8 feet inside diameter, with 12-inch Portland brick walls. 
Steel cylinders 20 feet long were first sunk in the street, and 
lined with 12-inch Portland brickwork; excavation then pro- 
ceeded in depths of 3 feet, secured by polings. The masonry below 
the steel casing was suspended by rods from the casing itself. 

This method of shaft excavation was pursued for a depth of 57 
feet below the surface. At that depth water was encountered. An 
air lock was then introduced on the head of the steel cylinders at the 
street, and an air pressure about 6 pounds in excess of atmospheric 
pressure maintained. The completed shaft is 70 feet in depth. At 
the date of this report tunnel headings have advanced about 70 feet 
each way from the shaft. The vertical air lock was removed Decem- 
ber 24, and horizontal locks have been constructed in each heading. 
The west heading is now in fine, sharp sand, and advancing at the 
rate of about 30 feet per week under 6 pounds of air pressure. The 
east heading is in sand, gravel and quicksand, and advancing at 
the rate of about 40 feet per week under air pressure of about 6 
pounds per square inch. 

The plant for carrying out this work includes 2 horizontal tubular 
boilers of 100 horse-power each, and 1 of 75 horse-power; 3 air 
compressors of Rand type, 75 horse-power each; hoisting engine at 
the shaft, and two electric generating sets of 100 16-can die-power 
lights each. 

The completed tunnel is circular, in cross-section, 7 feet inside 
diameter, with 12-inch Portland brick walls. Steel tunnel plates 
are used to cover the arch for about one-half its periphery. 

Reversal or Grade at the Lower End of the Charles 

River Main Sewer. 

At the date of the last report about 1,100 feet of the invert of the 
Charles River main sewer east from Vancouver Street had been 
modified by introducing a concrete invert about 3 feet in diameter, 



154 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

haying an inclination of 1 foot in 1,500 feet in the direction of the 
main sower leading to the Ward Street station. 

On March 19, 1,860 feet of the modified invert had been com- 
pleted, to Bryant Street. This length provides for all Metropolitan 
connections on this branch, and the sewage from these Metropolitan 
areas was deflected from the city of Boston works to the South Met- 
ropolitan System on the following date's: — 

Parker Street district, 15-inch connection, .... January 15,1906. 

Hemenway Street district, 12-inch connection, . . . February 14, 1906. 

Bryant Street district, 12-inch connection, .... February 14, 1906. 

Bryant Street district, 24-inch connection, . . . . March 19,1906. 

Below the Bryant Street connection a 40-inch penstock valve has 
been introduced at the end of the modified invert. 

From Bryant Street to Gainsborough Street the Charles River 
main sewer, 6 feet 6 inches in diameter, was cleared of deposit, 
washed, and the exclusion valve at Gainsborough Street closed. 

Between the valves at Bryant and Gainsborough Streets is a length 
of about 1,600 feet of abandoned sewer, now filled with ground 
water. 

From the commissioner's channel of Stony Brook to Bryant Street, 
for a length of 561 feet, a reinforced concrete drain, equivalent in 
size to a 36-inch pipe, was constructed below the modified invert. 
This connects with a 35-inch branch from Stony Brook, which has 
sometimes been used by the city for flushing the Huntington Avenue 
sewer with water from Stony Brook. The arch of this drain was 
reinforced with expanded metal of sufficient strength to resist any 
pressure that might reach it. 

Section 77, Ward Street Station and Connections. 

At the date of the last report the pumping plant at the Ward 
Street station had not been formally tested or accepted. During the 
past year the tests prescribed in contracts with the engine builders 
have been successfully carried out, and the plant formally accepted 
by the Board. 

This plant was installed for raising sewage from the Charles River 
valley Metropolitan Sewerage District, about 40 feet to the High- 
level Sewer, recently constructed. Through this sewer it is dis- 
charged into the waters of Boston harbor, off Nut Island, in Quincy. 



,No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 155 

The engines, pumps and steam plant were furnished by the Allis- 
Chalmers Company of Milwaukee, Wis., under a contract dated Janu- 
ary 17, 1902. The pumps are specially designed for pumping sewage. 

The sewage is delivered to the station through a trunk sewer in 
Vancouver Street 7 feet 9 inches by 6 feet 6 inches. Before entering 
the station, sewage is passed through screens which intercept rags, 
paper and other floating materials. 

The screens are of %-inch round iron bars, securely held in steel 
frames. These frames, with intercepted material, are mechanically 
raised to the level of the screen-chamber floor. 

After passing the screens, sewage is delivered through concrete 
and cast-iron pipes to the pumps. Beyond the pumps, sewage is 
forced through lines of 48-inch cast-iron pipes, about 1,600 feet in 
length, to the High-level Sewer, which conveys it by gravity to an 
outlet in the harbor. 

The pumps were first operated in September, 1904. By agree- 
ment between the Board and the Allis-Chalmers Company, they have 
been operated in the regular service of the station since October 14, 
1904, prior to official test and acceptance by the Board. The official 
trials, specified in the contract, were made November 9 and Decem- 
ber 4, 1906 ; on December 12, 1906, the whole plant was formally 
accepted by the Board. 

The tests were conducted by F. I. Capen and F. A. Emery, Divi- 
sion Engineers, and William M. Francis, Engineer in charge of the 
station, for the Metropolitan Sewerage Works, and T. T. Hubbard, 
M.E., representing the Allis-Chalmers Company. 

Description of Plant. 

The contract with the Allis-Chalmers Company was for furnishing 
and erecting two engines, each of 50,000,000 gallons daily capacity, 
together with four vertical, tubular boilers of the Deane type, with 
piping and other accessories. 

The engines are of the vertical triple-expansion direct-connected 
plunger type, with pump plungers directly under the steam cylinders. 
The pumps up to and including the engine crank shafts were built 
at the "Reliance Works," and the steam ends, including the massive 
"A" frames and upper bed-plates, at the West-Allis Works, Mil- 
waukee. The final fitting and assembling of these parts occurred at 
the Ward Street station. 



L56 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The steam ends of the pumps are practically standard design, the 
several cylinders being, respectively, 21 inches, 38 inches and 58 
inches in diameter, with a total plunger movement of 60 inches. 

The pump plungers are suspended from the cross heads of the 
several cylinders by four rods guided at intervals throughout their 
length. This affords a rigid connection between the piston and 
the plunger and a direct drive from the one to the other. Each 
engine has two suction and two discharge pipes lying externally to 
the suction and discharge chambers with which they are respectively 
connected. 

The discharge pipe on either side of each engine lies immediately 
above and in the same vertical plane with each suction pipe. The 
plunger chambers lie in the longitudinal centre line of the engine, 
and between two suction and two delivery chambers, which are in 
line diametrically opposite to the longitudinal centre line of the 
engine. 

The castings for the discharge chambers are extended vertically, 
forming air chambers and at the same time supports for the pillow 
block bed-plates of the engines. X-braces span the distances 
betw r een the valve chambers, rendering the construction extremely 
rigid. 

Each engine has three single-acting outside-packed plungers, and 
six suction and six delivery valve chambers. Each suction and de- 
livery chamber contains 36 valves, making a total of 432 valves for 
each engine. These valves were specially designed to act with 
sewage, and are of the flap type, with rubber and canvas seats which 
are bolted to brass plates. They are hinged,, and swing on a man- 
ganese bronze hinge bolt. 

The nominal area of the waterway through the suction and dis- 
charge valves is about 200 per cent, of the area of the pump 
plungers. 

The steam inlet and exhaust valves in the heads of the high and 
intermediate-pressure cylinders are operated by valve gear of the 
Reynolds-Corliss type. The steam and exhaust valves in the heads 
of the low-pressure cylinder are in duplicate, and are of the poppet 
type, operated by cams. The governor controls the time of cutting off 
in the high-pressure cylinder, or it may be adjusted and fixed by hand. 

The cut-off in the intermediate-pressure cylinder is adjustable by 
hand, while that on the low-pressure cylinder is fixed and cannot 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 157 

be altered. All valves receive their motion from eccentrics on a lay 
shaft which is driven by cranks on either end, set at 90° and con- 
nected by driving rods with cranks on the main engine shaft. 

The steam cylinders are jacketed on barrels. Reheating coils in- 
troduced between the cylinders have been isolated and plugged, and 
the introduction of steam through the jackets is now as follows : 
Steam from the high-pressure jackets is led to a Flynn trap, the 
discharge of which outlets to the low-pressure cylinder jacket. A 
branch from the inlet pipe of this trap furnishes steam, under a 
pressure which is regulated by hand, to the jacket of the intermedi- 
ate cylinder. The outlet from the intermediate jacket is piped to a 
second Flynn trap, which also discharges into the jacket of the low- 
pressure cylinder. The drain from the discharge side of the low- 
pressure cylinder jacket is piped to the feed- water tank.* 

Surface *condensers using sewage as a cooling medium were con- 
templated by the contract. In place of these, a modification of the 
Bulkley or barometric type of condenser, adapted to the use of 
sewage for cooling, was introduced. The passages through this 
condenser are larger than ordinarily used with clear water. These 
condensers have been furnished in duplicate with each engine, and 
so arranged that any one may be in operation while all the others 
are shut off. 

Exhaust steam circulates through a feed-water heater placed in 
the exhaust pipe before entering the condenser. 

The supply of fresh water for boiler feed is first circulated around 
the jacket of the dry-air pump, then to the feed-water heater in the 
exhaust pipe from the engine, and thence to the supply tank for the 
feed pump. Here it mingles with the discharges from the cylinder- 
jacket drains, from which receptacle it is drafted by a feed pump 
driven from the main engine, and forced through a fuel economizer 
before arriving at the boilers. The economizer is of the standard 
Green type, with 140 tubes, each 4 %g inches in diameter and 9 feet 
long, around which the escaping gases from the boilers pass on their 
way to the chimney. 

Steam is furnished by four vertical fire-tube boilers, designed by 
and built under supervision of Dean & Main, mechanical engineers, 
for the Allis-Chalmers Company. The steam is supplied to the 
engine through duplicate lines of 8-inch pipe fitted with Van Stone 
steam joints and controlled by stop- valves of Chapman make. 



L58 



MKTKOPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



The following tables contain principal dimensions of engines and 
boilers : — 

Principal Dimensions of Engines. 

Diameter II. P. cylinder (indies) 21 

Diameter I. 1*. cylinder (inches), '. 38 

Diameter L. P. cylinder (inches), . 58 

Diameter plungers (inches), 48.25 

Stroke of pistons and plungers (inches), 60 

Diameter of suction pipes (2) (inches), 42 

Diameter of discharge pipe (1) (inches), ...... 48 

Diameter of fly wheels (2), each engine (feet), 18 

Revolutions per minute for capacity, ....... 25 

Piston speed per minute for capacity (feet), 250 



Principal Dimensions of Boilers. 
Length of shell, .... 
Internal diameter of shell, 
Thickness of shell plates, 
Number and diameter of tubes, 
Length of tubes, .... 
Water heating surface (square feet), 
Super heating surface (square feet), 
Total heating surface (square feet), 
Grate area (square feet), 
Area through tubes (square feet), . 
Area through smoke flue nozzle (square feet). 
Ratio water heating surface to grate area, 
Ratio total heating surface to grate area, 
Ratio grate area to tube area, . 
Ratio grate area to smoke flue nozzle, . 



24' 11]" 
90|" 

f" 
302-2" 

14' 1 If" 

1,758.55 
627.12 

2,385.67 

33.18 

5.47 

. 7.00 
53: 1 
72: 1 

6.07: 1 

4.74: 1 



Trials. 

The type and design of boiler were specified to the engine builders, 
so that no formal boiler tests have been required or made. 

The engines are duplicates, — all the moving parts are identical 
in both engines. The record of their operation for about two years 
has indicated that they are equally efficient. 

To avoid delay and inconvenience in maintaining the continuous 
service at the station, the Board, on May 21, 1906, agreed to accept 
tests on one engine as representative of both. 

The engine selected for testing has been known as No. 1, and is 
located at the westerly end of the engine room. A 36-inch cast-iron 
by-pass pipe leads from the discharge pipe of this engine around the 
easterly end of the station to the suction sewer. It was thus possi- 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



159 



ble to circulate the discharge from this pump continuously through 
the pump and station. A controlling valve in the pipe line provided 
for throttling the pipe until the pressure specified in the contract 
test was obtained. 

A temporary weir was erected along the line of this by-pass. The 
weir is 10 feet long, with angle-iron crest. The sewage approaches 
the weir through stilling racks placed in the channel of approach, 
which is about 24 feet long. The head of water over the weir has 
been measured by hook gages located in a measuring chamber at one 
side of the weir. The water in this chamber is supplied through an 
orifice in the wall of the weir chamber. 

Two boilers furnished steam used during the tests. Steam was 
conveyed to the engine through one of the duplicate 8-inch steam 
mains, and, in order that leakage should be reduced to the minimum, 
all connections between it and auxiliary lines were blanked off by 
pieces of boiler plate inserted between the flanges of connecting 
branches. 

The feed water was taken directly from the city mains, weighed 
in barrels resting on platform scales, and fed to the boilers by the 
feed pump connected with the engine under test through a temporary 
2-inch pipe line. Pressure on the 36-inch discharge line from the 
pump was indicated by a mercury column. 

During the test the sewage used as a cooling medium in the 
barometric condensers was delivered over a weir. This amount 
was determined and proper correction made for it in estimating the 
total volume of the sewage pumped. 

Trial Data and Results. 

[Engine tested (represented action of two), No. 1] 



Capacity and 
Slip Trial. 



Duty Trial. 



Date of trial, 
Duration of trial, 



Average Pressures. 
Steam at boilers (pounds), 
Steam at throttle (pounds), 
First receiver (pounds), .... 
Second receiver (pounds), .... 
Vacuum (pounds per square inch), . 



Nov. 9, 1906, 
6 hours, 



Dec. 4, 1906. 
10 hours. 

152.3 
151.13 

30.63 
—2.54 

27.9 



160 



MKTKOPOLITAN WATER 



[Pul). Doc. 



Trial D<ita and Results — Concluded. 

[Kngine tested (represented action of two), No. 1.] 



Capacity and 
Blip Trial. 



Duty Trial. 



Average Temperatures {Degrees F.). 

Water fed to boiler, 

Water in force main 

Head pumped against. 

Average net head pumped against (pounds pressure) 

Average net head pumped against (feet), 

Revolutions. 

Total revolutions during tests, 

Average revolutions per minute 

Average piston speed (feet per minute), . . . . . 

Useful Work performed by Engine. 

Total water pumped (no allowance for slip), plunger displacement of 
pumps (United States gallons). 

Water fed to Boilers. 

Total water fed to boilers (pounds) 

Deduction for leakage, storage and use of calorimeter (pounds), 

Total steam chargeable to engine (pounds), 

Steam used by Engine. 
Average entrainment in steam entering engine (per cent.), . 
Total dry steam used by engine (pounds), 

Duties. 

Capacity per 1,000 pounds commercially dry steam, plunger displace- 
ment (contract basis) (foot-pounds). 

Weir Measurements . 

Length of weir (feet), 

Average depth of water on weir (feet) 

Calculated discharge over weir (gallons), 

Calculated discharge of condenser water over weir (gallons per 24 

hours). 
Total calculated discharge from pumps (gallons per 24 hours), . 

Volume displaced by plungers (gallons per 24 hours) 

Slip (percent.) 



17.5 
40.3 

8,882 

24.67 

246.76 

12,659,000 



104 
54.35 

17.6 
40.5 

14,591 

24.32 

243.26 

20,795,000 



47,433 
1,116 



46,317 



45,995 



152,719,000 



9.956 


9.957 


1.7145 


1.6878 


48,124,000 


46,989,000 


1,009,000 


1,110,000 


49,133,000 


48,099,000 


50,635,000 


49,908,000 


2.97 


3.62 



No. 57.] * AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 161 

Concrete Walks and Fences at Ward Street Station Lot. 

During the year a granolithic sidewalk has been placed on the 
Ward Street front of the pumping station lot, together with a 
granolithic walk, 12 feet wide, from the sidewalk to the main door 
of the engine room. 

A substantial iron fence secured to masonry posts is being placed 
along the Ward Street side of the lot. Permanent picket fences 
have been placed along Vancouver Street and the north side of the 
station lot. The work on the fences and walks has been carried out 
from time to time by day labor of the maintenance force, as it was 
found possible to withdraw the labor from regular maintenance 
work. 

Additional Pumping Plant at Quincy Station. 

The ordinary sewage flow at this station exceeds the capacity of 
the smaller pump now in use, and during wet weather of winter 
and spring the flow has exceeded for considerable periods the 
capacity of both pumps now in use. 

During the year additional pumping plant has been installed. On 
August 29 the Board purchased, of the Lawrence Machine Company 
of Lawrence, Mass., one of their standard design centrifugal pumps. 
This pump has 16-inch side suction, with 15-inch bottom discharge 
and 46-inch impellers. The pump is directly connected to a verti- 
cal cross-compound Sturtevant engine of the standard type. The 
steam cylinders are 10 inches and 18 inches in diameter, with 
10-inch stroke. This plant has a range of capacity from 4,000,000 
to 10,000,000 gallons per 24 hours, with lifts from 17 to 28 feet. 

The foundations for the pump and engine were built under the 
direction of the Engineer by day labor. The suction and discharge 
piping for the pump was furnished and placed by the Board. 

Miscellaneous piping and accessories from the engine to boilers, 
including feed pump and condenser, are to be furnished by the 
Board and erected by the engineer in charge of the station and his 
assistants. 

Two additional boilers, of about 100 horse-power each, have also 
been introduced. These were furnished under contract with the 
Robb-Mumford Company of South Framingham, dated August 31, 
1906. They are of the horizontal return tubular type, with over- 
hanging fronts and masonry settings, similar in general design and 



L62 



M KTROPOLITAN WATKK 



[Pub. Doc. 



outline to boilers already existing at the station. The foundations 
lor the boilers were built by day labor, under the direction of the 
Engineer. 

General data in relation to these boilers is given in the following 
table : — 



Diameter (inches), .... 

Length of tubes (feet), . 

Outside diameter of tubes (inches), 

Number of tubes, .... 

(irate area (square feet), 

Nominal horse-power of each boiler, 

Working pressure per square inch (pounds), 

Hydrostatic test pressure (pounds), 



66 

16 

3 

110 

30 

96 

125 

200 



At the date of this report the boilers are in place, with smoke flue 
connected to the chimney. The pump and engine are placed, with 
suction and discharge piping partly placed. It is anticipated that 
this new plant will be in condition to operate in the coming spring. 



MAINTENANCE. 
Scope of Work and Force Employed. 

The maintenance of the Metropolitan Sewerage System includes 
the operation of seven stations and 96.74 miles of Metropolitan 
sewers, receiving the discharge from 1,062.06 miles of town and 
city sewers at 319 points, together with the care and study of in- 
verted siphons under streams and in the harbor. 

The permanent maintenance force of 134 men includes 81 en- 
gineers and other employes at the pumping stations, and 53 men 
employed on actual sewer maintenance and care of pumping station 
grounds. In the three following tables the use of the completed 
systems and other data are shown : — 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



163 



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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



165 





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u;i; 



MKTKOPOLITAX WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



f CAPACITY AND KESULTS. 

The following tables summarize the pumping records for the year 
for the Metropolitan Sewerage stations: — 

North M ktuopolitan System. 
Deer Island Pumping Station. 
At this station are three submerged centrifugal pumps, with im- 
pellers or wheels 8.25 feet in diameter, driven by triple-expansion 
engines of the Reynolds-Corliss type. 

Contract capacity of pumps: 45,000,000 gallons each, with 19-foot lift. 

Average duty for the year: 57,600,000 foot-pounds. 

Average quantity raised each day: 58,100,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 4 engineers, 4 firemen, 3 oilers, 3 screenmen and 1 relief screenman. 

Coal used: first-quality Cumberland, costing from $3.44 to $3.95 per ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, 
Station of the 



Lifts and Duties at the Deer Island Pumping 
North Metropolitan System. 



Months. 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 

per Day 

(Gallons). 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet) . 


Average 

Duty (ft.- lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal) . 


1906. 

January, . 






1,867,600,000 


60,200,000 


48,300,000 


91,500,000 


10.79 


62,600,000 


February, . 






1,744,500,000 


62,300,000 


49,400,000 


84,800,000 


10.77 


59,800,000 


March, 






2,471,400,000 


79,700,000 


63,600,000 


124,300,000 


11.01 


60,200,000 


April, 






2,219,200,000 


74,000,000 


53,500,000 


108,800,000 


11.15 


55,800,000 


May, . 






1,803,300,000 


58,200,000 


45,400,000 


111,600,000 


10.79 


54,300,000 


June, . 






1,670,100,000 


55,700,000 


48,000,000 


72,100,000 


10.68 


52,600,000 


July, . 






1,684,400,000 


54,300,000 


42,800,000 


81,900,000 


10.60 


59,400,000 


August, 






1,459,300,000 


47,100,000 


39,800,000 


53,700,000 


10.35 


57,300,000 


September, 






1,399,000,000 


46,600,000 


41,800,000 


62,200,000 


10.15 


60,700,000 


October, 






1,445,600,000 


46,600,000 


39,300,000 


71,200,000 


10.27 


54,100,000 


November, 






1,576,900,000 


52,600,000 


42,300,000 


89,600,000 


10.58 


57,400,000 


December, 






1,858,200,000 


59,900,000 


45,900,000 


85,100,000 


10.73 


57,300,000 


Total, . 


21,199,500,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


58,100,000 


46,700,000 


86,400,000 


10.66 


57,600,000 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



167 



East Boston Pumping Station. 

At this station are three submerged centrifugal pumps, with im- 
pellers or wheels 8.25 feet in diameter, driven by triple-expansion 
engines of the Reynolds-Corliss type. 

Contract capacity of pumps: 45,000,000 gallons each, with 19-foot lift. 

Average duty for the year: 56,500,000 foot-pounds. 

Average quantity raised each day: 56,100,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 4 engineers, 4 firemen, 4 oilers, 3 screenmen and 1 relief screenman. 

Coal used: first-quality Cumberland, costing from $3.45 to $4.25 per ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the East Boston Pumping 
Station of the North Metropolitan System. 



Months. 




Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 

per Day 

(Gallons). 


Minimum . 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft. -lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1906. 

January, . 




1,805,600,000 


58,200,000 


46,300,000 


89,500,000 


16.47 


61,600,000 


February, 








1,688,500,000 


60,300,000 


47,400,000 


82,800,000 


16.73 


59,600,000 


March, 








2,409,400,000 


77,700,000 


61,600,000 


122,300,000 


17.43 


58,500,000 


April, 








2,159,200,000 


72,000,000 


51,500,000 


106,800,000 


17.31 


58,000,000 


May, . 








1,741,300,000 


56,200,000 


43,400,000 


109,600,000 


16.68 


56,700,000 


June, . 








1,610,100,000 


53,700,000 


46,000,000 


70,100,000 


16.53 


50,200,000 


July, . 








1,622,400,000 


52,300,000 


40,800,000 


79,900,000 


16.42 


56,200,000 


August, 








1,397,300,000 


45,100,000 


37,800,000 


51,700,000 


16.24 


59,700,000 


September, 






1,339,000,000 


44,600,000 


39,800,000 


60,200,000 


16.20 


54,800,000 


October, 






1,383,600,000 


44,600,000 


37,300,000 


69,200,000 


16.20 


56,500,000 


November, 






1,516,900,000 


50,600,000 


40,300,000 


87,600,000 


16.23 


50,900,000 


December, 






1,796,200,000 


57,900,000 


43,900,000 


83,100,000 


16.60 


55,700,000 


Total, . 


20,469,500,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


56,100,000 


44,700,000 


84,400,000 


16.59 


56,500,000 



168 



MKTROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Ohariestown Pumping Station. 
At this station are three submerged centrifugal pumps, two of 
them having impellers or wheels 7.5 feet in diameter, the other 
8.25 feet iu diameter. They are driven by triple-expansion engines 
of the Reynolds-Corliss type. 

Contract capacity of pumps: two, 22,000,000 gallons each, with 11-foot lift ; one, 60,000,000 

gallons, with 8-foot lift. 
Average duty for the year: 59,300,000 foot-pounds. 
Average quantity raised each day: 30,500,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 4 engineers, 4 firemen, 3 oilers, 3 screenmen and 1 relief screenman. 
Coal used: first quality Cumberland, costing from $3.45 to S3. 95 per ton. 



Table oj Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Charlestown Pumping 
Station of the North Metropolitan System. 



Months. 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 

(Gallons). 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 
Day 

(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft. -lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1906. 

January, . 

February, . 

March, 

April, 

May, . 

June, . 

July, . 

August, 

September, 

October, . 

November, 

December, 






939,400,000 

923,900,000 

1,169,800,000 

1,012,500,000 

957,600,000 

905,800,000 

931,600,000 

861,700,000 

809,400,000 

809,900,000 

811,300,000 

1,001,800,000 


30,300,000 
33,000,000 
37,700,000 
33,700,000 
30,900,000 
30,200,000 
30,100,000 
27,800,000 
27,000,000 
26,100,000 
27,000,000 
32,300,000 


23,800,000 
25,800,000 
28,800,000 
27,100,000 
25,700,000 
26,000,000 
22,100,000 
24,100,000 
23,900,000 
20,600,000 
22,000,000 
25,100,000 


47,400,000 
41,900,000 
60,200,000 
52,100,000 
60,300,000 
40,900,000 
43,500,000 
32,700,000 
38,300,000 
37,400,000 
43,600,000 
54,500,000 


7.89 
8.55 
8.79 
8.50 
8.30 
8.24 
8.17 
8.39 
8.05 
7.93 
8.00 
8.28 


56,700,000 
60,900,000 
61,700,000 
63,900,000 
62,100,000 
62,700,000 
64,500,000 
61,500,000 
60,800,000 
51,800,000 
50,500,000 
54,800,000 


Total, . 
Average, 


11,134,700,000 


30,500,000 


24,600,000 


46,100,000 


8.26 


59,300,000 



No. 57.] 



AND SE AVER AGE BOARD. 



169 



Alev:ife Brook Pumping Station. 
The plant at this station consists of the original installation of 
small commercial pumps and engines, i.e., two 9-inch Andrews 
vertical centrifugal pumps, with direct-connected compound maiine 
engines, together with the recent additions. The latter consists of 
a specially designed engine of the vertical cross-compound type, 
having between the cylinders a centrifugal pump rotating on a 
horizontal axis. 



Contract capacity of the two original pumps: 4,500,000 gallons each, with 13-foot lift. 

Contract capacity of new pnmp : 13,000,000 gallons, with 13-foot lift. 

Average duty for the year: 17,000,000 foot-pounds. 

Average quantity raised each day: 3,451,000 gallons. 

Force employed : 3 engineers, 1 relief engineer, 2 screenmen and 1 relief screenman. 

Coal used : first quality Cumberland, costing from $4.10 to $4.35 per ton. » 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Alewife Brook Pumping 
Station of the North Metropolitan System. 




170 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



9 South Metropolitan System. 

Ward Street Pumping Station. 
At this slat ion arc two vertical, triple-expansion pumping en- 
gines, of the Allis-Chalmers type, operating reciprocating pumps, 
the plungers of which are 48 inches in diameter with a 60-inch 
stroke. 



Contract capacity of pumps: 50,000,000 gallons each, with 45-foot lift. 
Average duty for the year: 87,200,000 foot-pounds. 
Average quantity raised each day: 24,500,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 4 engineers, 4 firemen, 3 oilers, 3 screenmen, 1 relief engineer, 1 ma- 
chinist and 1 laborer. 
Coal used: first quality Cumberland, costing $4.17 per ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Ward Street Pumping 
Statio?i of the South Metropolitan System. 



Months. 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 

(Gallons). 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 
Day 

(Gallons). 


Average 

Lift 
(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft.-lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1906. 

January, . 






749,900,000 


25,900,000 


20,600,000 


36,300,000 


40.75 


103,900,000 


February, . 
March, 






755,000,000 


26,900,000 


18,300,000 


33,700,000 


40.50 


102,000,000 






1,016,000,000 


'32,800,000 


23,400,000 


41,000,000 


42.20 


99,900,000 


April, 






990,100,000 


33,000,000 


22,200,000 


40,200,000 


42.55 


93,600,000 


May, . 






860,300,000 


27,800,000 


19,400,000 


42,500,000 


41.00 


95,700,000 


June, . 






638,100,000 


21,300,000 


18,200,000 


31,500,000 


39.85 


84,200,000 


July, . 






663,400,000 


21,400,000 


17,300,000 


31,500,000 


40.45 


87,200,000 


August, 






638,500,000 


20,600,000 


15,000,000 


24,700,000 


40.16 


80,700,000 


September, 






680,300,000 


22,700,000 


15,000,000 


28,300,000 


39.85 


79,300,000 


October, 






600,000,000 


19,300,000 


15,300,000 


26,400,000 


40.25 


73,200,000 


November, 






666,000,000 


22,200,000 


16,200,000 


29,800,000 


40.10 


71,700,000 


December, 






628,000,000 


20,300,000 


15,400,000 


30,700,000 


40.10 


75,400,000 


Total, . 


8,885,600,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


24,500,000 


18,000,000 


33,000,000 


40.65 


87,200,000 



Records from plunger displacement. 
Average slip for the year about 15.2 per cent. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



171 



Quincy Pumping Station. 
At this station are two compound condensing Deane pumping 



engines. 



Contract capacity of pumps: one, 3,000,000 gallons, the other, 5,000,000 gallons, with 36- 
foot lift. 
Average duty for the year : 32,100,000 foot-pounds. 
Average quantity raised each day : 3,528,000 gallons. 

Force employed: 3 engineers, 1 relief engineer, 2 screenmen and 1 relief screenman. 
Coal used: first quality Cumberland, costing from $4.50 to $6 per ton. 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at the Quincy Pumping Station 

of the South Metropolitan System. 



Months. 

* 


Total 
Pumpage 
(Gallons). 


Average 
per Day 
(Gallons) . 


Minimum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Maximum 

Day 
(Gallons). 


Average 
Lift 

(Feet). 


Average 

Duty (ft. -lbs. 

per 100 lbs. 

Coal). 


1 

January, 


906 






110,849,000 


3,576,000 


3,305,000 


3,790,000 


21.18 


32,500,000 


February, 








102,813,000 


3,672,000 


3,427,000 


4,158,000 


21.16 


33,200,000 


March, 








143,052,000 


4,615,000 


3,796,000 


6,659,000 


21.58 


35,500,000 


April, 








139,638,000 


4,655,000 


3,842,000 


5,256,000 


22.48 


37,600,000 


May, . 








122,394,000 


3,948,000 


3,394,000 


4,508,000 


20.91 


34,400,000 


June, . 








112,596,000 


3,753,000 


3,273,000 


4,336,000 


21.19 


33,700,000 


July, . 








103,376,000 


3,335,000 


2,984,000 


4,044,000 


21.11 


32,600,000 


August, 








93,004,000 


3,000,000 


2,716,000 


3,261,000 


20.99 


30,800,000 


September, 






80,620,000 


2,687,000 


2,546,000 


2,910,000 


21.02 


26,900,000 


October, . 






87,419,000 


2,820,000 


2,467,000 


3,261,000 


21.22 


26,000,000 


November, 






91,521,000 


3,051,000 


2,596,000 


3,518,000 


21.29 


28,500,000 


December, 






100,050,000 


3,227,000 


2,999,000 


3,741,000 


20.87 


33,000,000 


Total, . 


1,287,332,000 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


Average, 






- 


3,528,000 


3,112,000 


4,037,000 


21.25 


32,100,000 



17l> 



METROPOLITAN WATEB 



[Pub. Doc. 



1 JVW Island Screen House. 

The plant at the house includes two sets of screens in duplicate, 
actuated l>v small reversing engines of the Fitchburg type. Two ver- 
tical Deane boilers, 80 horse-power each, operate the engines, pro- 
vide heat for the house and burn materials intercepted at the screens. 

Average quantity of sewage passing screens daily, 33,600,000 gallons. 
Total materials intercepted at screens during the past year, 1,247 cubic yards. 
Materials intercepted per million gallons of sewage discharge, 2.75 cubic feet. 
Force employed: 3 engineers, 1 relief engineer, 3 screenmen and 1 relief screenman. 
Coal used : 322 tons first quality Cumberland, costing from $3.59 to $3.'95 per ton. 

Cost of Pumping. 

In the following tables the total cost of pumping and the rate 
per million foot-gallons at each of six pumping stations are shown 
in detail : — 

Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Deer Island Station. 

Volume (21,199.5 Million Gallons) X Lift (10.86 Feet) =225,987 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 

Labor 

Coal 

Oil, 

Waste, 

Water, 

Packing, 

Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 
Totals, 



Cost. 


Cost 

per Million 

Foot-gallons. 


$9,522 51 


$0.04214 


7,063 11 


.03125 


232 47 


.00103 


73 61 


.00033 


808 80 


.00358 


259 73 


.00115 


2,142 58 


.00948 


$20,102 81 


$0.08896 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the East Boston Station. 

Volume (20,469.5 Million Gallons) X Lift (16.59) =339,589 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 

Labor, 

Coal 

Oil, 

Waste, 

Water 

Packing 

Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 
Totals, 



Cost. 


Cost 

per Million 

Foot-gallons. 


$9,470 93 


$0.02788 


9,134 78 


.02690 


280 04 


.00083 


48 15 


.00014 


1,270 80 


.00374 


79 51 


.00023 


1,634 43 


.00482 


$21,918 64 


$0.06454 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



173 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Charlestown Station. 

Volume (11,134.7 Million Gallons) X Lift (8.26 Feet) = 91,973 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 



Cost. 



Cost 

per Million 

Foot-gallons. 



Labor, 

Coal, 

Oil 

Waste 

"Water, 

Packing 

Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 
Totals 



$8,885 15 
2,909 03 
183 89 
88 58 
364 80 
111 91 
559 69 



$13,103 05 



$0.09661 
.03163 
.00200 
.00096 
.00397 
.00122 
.00608 

$0.14247 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Alewife Brook Station. 

Volume (1,258.97 Million Gallons) X Lift (13.08 Feet) = 16,467 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 



Cost 

per Million 

Foot-gallons. 




Labor, 

Coal, 

Oil 

Waste 

Water, 

Packing 

Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 
Totals 



$0.19892 
.09838 
.00469 
.00243 
.00987 
.00327 
.00897 

$0.32653 



Average Cost per Million Foot-gallons for Pumping at the Ward Street Station. 

Volume (8,885.6 Million Gallons) X Lift (40.65 Feet) = 361,190 Million Foot-gallons. 



Items. 



Cost. 



Cost 

per Million 

Foot-gallons. 



Labor, 

Coal, 

Oil 

Waste, 

Water 

Packing, 

Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 
Totals 



$12,002 90 

7,893 88 

812 78 

93 29 

1,324 80 

131 33 

2,300 21 

$24,559 19 



$0.03323 
.02185 
.00225 
.00026 
.00367 
.00036 
.00637 

$0.06799 



171 



MKTKOPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc, 



Average Cost per Million Fool-gallons for Pumping at the Quincy Station. 

Volume (1,287.3 Million Gallons) X Lift (21.25 Feet) =27,355 Million Foot gallons. 



Items. 



Cost. 



Cost 
per Million 
Foot-gallons. 



Labor, 
Coal, 



Oil, 



Waste, 

Water, 

Packing 

Miscellaneous supplies and renewals, 
Totals, 



$4,020 60 

1,475 33 

23 04 

14 00 

193 66 

6 48 

464 74 

$6,197 75 



$0.14697 
.05393 
.00084 
.00051 
.00708 
.00024 
.01699 

.$0.22656 



Care of Special Structures. 

Salt-water Pipe for supplying Condensers at East Boston Pumping 

Station. 

The existing salt-water pipes for this station were laid on the 
muddy bed of Chelsea Creek. The bed of this creek is changing, so 
that the pipes are constantly being covered with silt. 

During the year a 10-inch pipe on a pile structure with platform 
at an elevation of about 4 feet above high water has been carried 
out to a point nearly 75 feet beyond the bulkhead line of Chelsea 
Creek, as established by the United States Government. The pipe 
is turned down at the end of this structure into a depth of water of 
about 8 feet at low tide, so as to remain submerged under extreme 
tidal conditions. 

This work has been carried out under licenses granted by the 
Harbor and Land Commission and the United States Government. 

The piles were furnished and driven by Lawler Brothers, con- 
tractors, and the remainder of the work carried out by the mainte- 
nance force. 



Riprap Reinforcement at End of 60-inch Outlet Pipe for the South 

Metropolitan System. 

The strong tidal currents at the 60-inch outlet pipes in the harbor 
off Nut Island have occasioned some scouring of loose clay backfill- 
ing of the pipe trenches in that vicinity. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 175 

During the month- of August the diving contractor who placed 
the pipes deposited 170 cubic yards of small riprap, in place of clay 
filling washed away. 

The diver found no sand or other visible deposit from the sewage 
discharge on the bed of the harbor in the vicinity of the outfalls. 
He entered the pipes for a distance of 50 feet, and found the pipes 
entirely clean and in normal condition. 

South Metropolitan Outfalls. 

The 60-inch outlet pipes in the harbor have been in operation 
twenty-six months at the date of this report. During the past year 
the average flow through them has been 33,600,000 gallons of 
sewage per day, with a maximum rate of 97,000,000 gallons at a 
time of melting snow. 
* 

Material Intercepted at the Screens. 

The material intercepted at the screens at the North Metropolitan 
sewerage stations, consisting of rags, paper and other floating 
matters, has during the year amounted to 2,141 cubic yards. This 
is equivalent to 2.8 cubic feet for each million gallons of sewage 
pumped at Deer Island. 

The material intercepted at the screens at the South Metropolitan 
sewerage stations has amounted to 2,942 cubic yards, equal to 6.5 
cubic feet per million gallons of sewage delivered at the outfall 
works at Nut Island. 

Studies of sewage flows in the Metropolitan sewers, siphons and 
outfall pipes indicate that they are satisfactorily free from deposit 
and in normal condition. 

Respectfully submitted, 

WM. M. BROWN, 

Engineer Sewerage Works. 
Boston, January 1, 1907. 



APPENDIX. 



ITS 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Tub. Doc. 



Appendix Io. 1 . 



Contracts made and pending during 

[Note. — The details of contracts made before 



l. 

Num- 
ber 
of Con- 
tract. 



10 



11 



195 

245 

288 

289» 

2913 

293 3 

294 

295 



296 



8-M3 



9-M 



2. 

WORK. 



Wachusett Dam, 



Section 2 of relocation of 
Central Massachusetts 
Railroad (extension of 
Contract No. 195). 

Pumping engine for the 
Arlington station. 

Brass railing posts, Wa- 
chusett Dam. 

Granite posts, curbing and 
edgestones for Wachu- 
sett Dam. 

Steel gates and fencing at 
Wachusett Dam. 

Arlington pumping sta- 
tion. 

Sterling filter beds, Ster- 
ling, Mass. 



Reinforced granolithic 
surface on Wachusett 
Dam. 

Remodelling and rebuild- 
ing attendant's house at 
Ashland Dam. 

Repairing boiler at Chest- 
nut Hill high-service 
pumping station. 



3. 

Num- 
ber of 
Bids. 



11 



Amount of Bin. 



4. 

Next to Low- 
est. 



$1,680,870 00 



7,900 00 
5,780 00 
1,741 00 

1,485 00 
29,093 00 
10,230 50 



1,365 00 
2,766 00 



5. 

Lowest. 



$1,603,635 001 



7,830 00 
4,150 001 
1,700 001 

1,349 001 

28,328 001 
9,803 501 



1,200 001 
1,791 001 



6. 

Contractor. 



McArthur Brothers 
Company. 

McArthur Brothers 
Company. 



Allis-Chalmers Co., 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

J. H. McCafferty & 
Co., Boston, Mass. 

F. A. McCauliff, 

Fitchburg, Mass. 



Henry Parsons & Son, 
Marlborough, Mass. 

C. A. Dodge & Co., 
Boston. 

A. McKenzie Sc Co., 
Leominster, Mass. 



Simpson Brothers 
Corporation, Bos- 
ton. 

A. P. Eldridge, South 
Framingham, Mass. 



Elodge Boiler Works, 
Boston. 



i Contract based upon this bid. 



2 Competitive bids were not received on this contract. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



179 



Appendix No. 1. 



the Year 1906 — Water Works. 

1906 have been given in previous reports.] 



Date 
of Contract. 



8. 

Date of 

Completion of 

Work. 



Prices of Principal Items of 
Contracts made in 1906. 



10. 

Value of Work 
done Decem- 
ber 31, 1906. 



Oct. 1, '00, 
April 18, '02, 

Oct. 28, '05, 
Sept. 8, '05, 
Dec. 12, '05, 

Feb. 3, '06, 
Aug. 23, '06, 
Sept. 1, '06, 



May 7, '06, 



Aug. 15, '06, 



Nov. 28, '06, 



Feb. 27, '06, 
Jan. 11, '06, 



Feb. 26, '06, 
Mar. 7, '06, 

Aug. 13, '06, 



July 10, '06, 



Oct. 18, '06, 



For whole work, $9,790 

For whole work, $1,349, 

For whole work, $28,328, 

For earth excavation, $0.29 per cubic yard; for 
concrete masonry, $7.50 per cubic yard ; for rub- 
ble stone masonry and paving, $2.70 per cubic 
yard; for furnishing and laying vitrified pipe: 
18-inch, $1.50 per linear foot; 15-inch, $1.20 per 
linear foot; 12-inch, $0.90 per linear foot; 8-inch, 
$0.65 per linear foot; 6-inch, $0.60 per linear 
foot. 

Cost of work plus $0.04 per square foot on each 
foot laid. 

For whole work, $1,200, 

For whole work, $1,791, 



$1,606,481 04 
286,521 00 



4,185 00 
1,700 00 

1,349 00 

15,000 00 

9,900 00 



2,452 72 
1,200 00 



10 



11 



3 Contract completed. 



ISO 



M KTROPOLITAN WATEB 



[Pub. Doc. 



Contracts made and pending duhing the 





1. 

Number 
of Con- 
tract. 


2. 

WORK. 


Num- 
ber of 
Bide. 


Amount of Bid. 


6. 




4. 

Next to Low- 
est. 


B. 

Lowest. 


Contractor. 


1 

2 

3 
4 


Special 
Order.' 

Special 

Order. 

Special 
Order. 

Special 
Order. 


15 tons special castings, . 

Furnishing and erecting 
electric apparatus in 
gate-house at Wachusett 
Dam. 

Hercules water wheel at 
Wachusett Dam. 

Cut stone for retaining 
wall at the Arlington 
pumping station. 


3 
3 

2 
4 


$59 00 
per ton. 

888 23 

1,050 00 
637 00 


$57 501 

per ton. 

864 00 1 

900 001 
598 001 


Warren Foundry and 

Machine Co., \ e « 
York, N. Y. 

Frank Rldlon Co., 
Boston. 

Holyoke Machine Co., 
Holyoke, Mass. 

John Harrington, 
East Cambridge, 
Mass. 



3 Contract completed. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



181 



Year 1906 — Water Works — Continued. 



7. 

Date 
of Contract. 



8. 

Date of 

Completion of 

Work. 



9. 



Prices of Principal Items of 
Contracts made in 1906. 



10. 

Value of Work 
done Decem- 
ber 31, 1906. 



April 4, '06, 
June 7, '06, 

Aug. 27, '06, 
Nov. 16, '06, 



Sept. 22, '06, 



For all castings, $57.50 per ton of 2,000 pounds, 



For whole work, 



For whole work, $900, 
For whole work, 



$935 55 
750 00 

800 00 
50 00 



$1,931,324 31 



i Contract based upon this bid. 



L82 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Contracts hade and pending during tiik Yeab 1906— Watkr Works — 

Concluded. 

Summary of Contracts. 1 



Value of Work 
done Decem- 
ber 31, 1906. 



Wachuaetl Reservoir, 1 contract, 

Relocation of Central Massachusetts Railroad, 1 contract, 

Wachusett Dam, 6 contracts, 

Distribution Department, 2 contracts, 

Total of 9 contracts made and pending during the year 1906, 
282 contracts completed from 1896 to 1905, inclusive, . 



Deduct for work done on 11 Sudbury Reservoir contracts by the city of Boston, 
Total of 302 contracts, . 



$9,900 00 

286,521 00 

1,616,167 76 

15,000 00 



$1,927, 

13,716,781 17 



$15,644,369 93 

512,000 00 

$15,132,369 93 



i In this summary, contracts charged to maintenance are excluded. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



183 



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cm 


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CD 

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s 

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a 
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1M 



METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Tablk No. 2. — Rainfall in Inches at Jefferson, Mass., in 1906. 



Day of Month. 


>> 

u 
3 
§ 


| 

5 


a 

G 

1 


'Z, 

< 


>> 

■ 


a 
3 




3 

bo 
3 
< 


J 

a 
1 

Pa 

i 


! 

B 
O 


1! 
1 

a 

> 

to 


J 

a 

■ 

B 

V 

Q 


1, 
J, 
3, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


- 






- 


- 


- 


- 


1 

0.10* 










1 


_ 


1 


_ 


0.21 


■ 




- 


0.51 


- 


- 


4, 










0.95a 


- 


1.75 


0.06 


- 






0.72 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5, 










- 


- 


- 


1 


1 






- 


- 


0.24 


- 


- 


6, 










0.032 


- 


- 


0.40 


0.75 






0.04 


- 


- 


- 


0.903 


7, 
8, 










0.042 


- 


- 


- 


- 






0.76 


- 


- 


- 




9, 










- 


1.203 


0.123 


1 


1 






- 


- 


1.25 


- 


1 


10, 










- 


- 


- 


1 


0.25 






1 


- 


- 


- 


1 


11, 










- 


- 


l 


1.903 








0.02 


- 


- 


0.982 


0.952 


12, 
13, 
14, 










0.45 


- 


0.282 


- • 


- 






- 


- 


- 


- 


- 










0.122 


1 


_ 


- 


_ 






- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


15, 
16, 
IT, 
18, 










0.58 
0.243 


0.363 


1 
1.252 


0.57 


0.12 


BO 

M 

O 
3 

<y 
M 



00 

U 

O 

O 


- 


- 


- 


0.492 
0.08 


0.24 


19, 










- 


-. 


1 


- 


- 






- 


0.15 


- 


- 


- 


20, 










0.05 


- 


1.453 


- 


- 






1 


0.48 


1.88 


- 


1 


21, 










- 


1 


- 


- 


- 






1.00 


0.30 


- 


1 


0.33 


22, 










- 


0.75 


- 


- 


- 






0.07 


0.84 


- 


0.33 


1 


23, 










1 


- 


- 


0.22 


- 






1 


- 


- 


- 


0.462 


24, 










0.40 


- 


- 


- 


0.50 






0.52 


- 


- 


- 


- 


25, 










- 


1 


- 


- 


0.60 






- 


- 


1.17 


- 


- 


26, 










- 


0.50 


1 


- 


- 






- 


- 


- 


0.07 


- 


27, 










- 


- 


0.32 


- 


1 






1.42 


0.10 


- 


- 


- 


28, . 

9Q 










- 


- 


- 


- 


4.75 






- 


- 


- 


0.093 


- 


30, 










_ 


_ 


1 


0.41 


_ 






- 


0.56 


1 


- 


1 


31, . 










- 


- 


0.25 


- 


- 






- 


- 


0.19 


- 


1.30 


To 


tal, . 


2.86 


2.81 


5.42 


3.56 


7.18 


4.55 


2.94 


4.73 


2.04 


4.28 



Total for the 10 months, 40.37 inches. 
1 Rainfall included in that of following day. 2 Snow. 3 R a in and snow. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



185 





Table No. 3 


— Rainfall in Inches at Framingham, Mass., 


in 1906. 




Day of Month. 


I 

i-s 


>> 
u 

<3 

u 

X* 


4 

H 
eg 


< 


>> 


6 
a 

1-5 


>> 


01 

3 

bo 

13 


A 
02 


u 
s 

O 
+=> 

w 
O 


u 

1 

> 
o 


1 

o 
a 
A 


1. 








- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.01 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2, 










- 


- 


- 


~ 


0.13 


0.02 


0.47 


- 


- 


- 


0.033 


- 


3, 










1 


- 


l 


- 


- 


- 


l 


- 


0.04 


- 


- 


0.052 


4, 










1.003 


- 


2.20 


0.03 


- 


- 


1.02 


0.48 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5, 










- 


0.043 


- 


l 


0.04 


l 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


6, 










0.022 


- 


- 


0.28 


l 


0.27 


- 


0.22 


- 


0.07 


- 


0.743 


7, 










- 


- 


0.04 


- 


0.60 


- 


l 


l 


- 


- 


- 


- 


8, 










0.052 


l 


- 


- 


- 


0.01 


0.06 


0.16 


- 


- 


- 


l 


9, 










- 


1.183 


0.473 


l 


0.11 


0.14 


0.02 


- 


- 


1.06 


0.06 


l 


10, 










- 


- 


- 


1.59 


- 


0.11 


0.17 


0.05 


- 


-. 


- 


0.603 


U, 






* 




- 


- 


l 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.02 


- 


0.01 


l 


- 


12, 










0.14 


- 


0.202 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1.26 


- 


13, 










l 


0.02 


- 


- 


0.12 


- 


- 


- 


0.09 


- 


- 


- 


14, 










0.282 


l 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


l 


15, 










l 


0.513 


1.262 


0.49 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


l 


0.18 


16, 










0.50 


- 


- 


- 


- 


l 


0.04 


- 


- 


- 


0.943 


- 


17, 










- 


- 


- 


- 


0.05 


l 


0.21 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


18, 










0.093 


- 


- 


- 


- 


l 


0.17 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


19, 










- 


- 


l 


- 


- 


1.38 


- 


- 


0.05 


0.03 


- 


- 


20, 










0.033 


- 


1.313 


- 


- 


- 


- 


l 


l 


l 


l 


l 


21, 










.- 


0.69 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.06 


0.06 


0.65 


1.07 


0.10 


0.463 


22, 










0.01 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.38 


0.78 


- 


- 


l 


23, 










1 


- 


- 


0.193 


- 


l 


l 


0.29 


- 


- 


- 


0.352 


24, 










0.34 


- 


- 


- 


0.24 


0.26 


0.31 


- 


•- 




- 


- 


25, 










- 


0.44 


- 


- 


l 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.28 


- 


0.142 


26, 










- 


- 


0.05 


- 


0.24 


- 


0.04 


l 


- 


- 


0.04 


- 


27, 










- 


- 


0.16 


- 


l 


- 


- 


0.98 


0.08 


- 


- 


- 


28, 










0.04 


- 


- 


- 


l 


- 


0.01 


- 


- 


- 


0.063 


- 


29, 










- 


- 


- 


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3.72 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


30, 










- 


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l 


0.14 


- 


1.19 


0.54 


- 


1.22 


l 


0.013 


l 


31, 










- 


- 


0.443 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


0.59 


- 


1.87 


T( 


)tal, 


2.50 


2.88 


6.13 


2.72 


5.25 


3.38 


3.13 


2.64 


2.91 


3.11 


2.50 


4.39 



Total for the year, 41.54 inches. 
1 ,Rainfall included in that of following day. 2 Snow. 



3 Rain and snow. 



L86 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Tablh No. 1 — Rainfall in Inches at Chestnut Hill Reservoir in 1906. 



Date. 


= 
O 
= 


Duration. 


Date. 


o 

1 


Duration. 


.Jan. 4, . 

Jan. .">, . 
Jan. 8, . 

Jan. Si, . 
Jan. 12, . 
Jan. 14, . 
.Tan. 1"), . 
Jan. i*>, . 
Jan. is, . 

Jan. 10, . 
Jan. 21, . 
Jan. 22, . 
Jan. 23, . 
Jan. 27, . 
Jan. 28, . 


( L.iei 

Jo. 17' 
0.17 

o.5a ' 

{ M.v-J 

0.09 

0.04 

J 0.53 

0.06 
0.02 


11.00 A.M. to 

6.00 r.M. 
6.80 i'.m. to 

4.45 A.M. 

4.60 L.M. to 2.45 r.M. 
5.15 a.m. to 8.00 r.M. 
9.40 r.M. to 

3.15 r.M. 
10.30 r.M. to 

6.00 A.M. 
1.30 A.M. tO 5.00 A.M. 
9.00 P.M. to 

6.30 A.M. 


June 2, . 
June 5, . 
June 8, . 

June <;, . 
June 6, . 
June 7, . 
June 8, . 
June 9, . 
June lo, . 
June 16, . 
June 19, . 
June 23, . 
June 24, . 
June 29, . 
June 30, . 
July 1, . . 

Total, 


0.08 
j 0.10 

0.02 
J 0.12 

0.04 

0.16 

0.09 

j 1 .09 

0.18 
0.02 

3.56 


1.30 P.M. to 2.00 r.M. 
7.50 P.M. to 

7.00 A.M. 
3.00 I'.M. to 3.30 P.M. 
9.10 P.M. to 

1.00 P.M. 
7.00 A.M. to 9.16 A.M. 
7.45 P.M. to 11.85 I'.M. 
6.00 P.M. to 9.00 I'.M. 
1.30 P.M. to 

9.30 A.M. 
12.30 P.M. to 

12.40 a.m. 
7.30 A.M. to 11.00 A.M. 
6.15 A.M. to 


Total, . 


3.65 


7.00 A.M. 


Feb. 9, . 
Feb. 13, . 
Feb. 14, . 
Feb. 15, . 
Feb. 21, . 
Feb. 22, . 
Feb. 25, . 
Feb. 26, . 


1.33 2 
0.15 

J 0.40 2 
0.88 
0.41 


3.05 A.M. to 3.15 P.M. 
7.15 A.M. tO 5.00 P.M.. 
3.45 P.M. tO 

1.00 A.M. 
2.50 P.M. to 

12.50 A.M. 
9.00 P.M. to 

12.25 a.m. 




July 2, . 
July 2, . 
July 3, . . . 
July 3, . 
July 4, . 
July 7, . 
July 8, . 
July 9, . 
July 10, . 
July 15, . 
July 17, . 
July 18, . 
July 21, . 
July 23, . 
July 23, . 
July 24, . 
July 24, . 
July 26. . 
July 27, . 
July 28, . 
July 29, . 
July 30, . 

Total, 


0.20 
j 0.09 

0.94 

0.17 

0.03 
0.25 
0.05 
0.12 
0.09 
0.67 
0.04 

J 0.17 
0.03 

j 0.09 
0.03 

| 1.16 

4.13 


4.25 A.M. tO 7.10 A.M. 
3.30 P.M. to 

2.50 A.M. 
4.30 P.M. to 

5.30 P.M. 
5.40 P.M. to 


Total, . 


3.17 


6.00 A.M. 
8.15 A.M. to 10.00 A.M. 


Mar. 3, . 
Mar. 4, . 
Mar. 7, . 
Mar. 8, . 
Mar. 9, . 
Mar. 11, . 
Mar. 12, . 
Mar. 15, . 
Mar. 16, . 
Mar. 19, . 
Mar 20, . 
Mar. 26, . 
Mar. 27, . 
Mar. 30, . 
Mar. 31, . 

Total, . 


j 2.63 

0.09 

0.431 

j 0.201 

j 1.391 

1.961 

0.07 
0.11 

j 0-55 
7.42 


10.30 A.M. tO 

5.20 A.M. 
1.45 P.M. to 

2.25 A.M. 
7.15 A.M. to 8.40 P.M. 
11.55 P.M. to 

6.30 A.M. 
9.15 A.M. to 

1.30 A.M. 
2.15 P.M. to 

2.50 A.M. 
6.40 P.M. to 11.50 P.M. 
8.05 A.M. to 9.00 P.M. 
2.45 P.M. to 

10.30 A.M. 


3.15 P.M. to 5.40 P.M. 
1.25 A.M. to 5.10 A.M. 
6.20 P.M. to 7.30 P.M. 
9.30 P.M. to 10.10 P.M. 
11.30 A.M. to 10.30 P.M. 
7.45 A.M. to 2.00 P.M. 
5.15 P.M. to 

5.40 A.M. 
7.15 P.M. to 9.30 P.M. 
3.30 P.M. to 

2.45 A.M. 
6.40 A.M. to 7.40 P.M. 
11.40 P.M. to 

8.00 A.M. 


Aug. 2, . 
Aug. 3, . . 
Aug. 3, . 
Aug. 4, . 
Aug. 6, . - . 
Aug. 8, . . 
Aug. S, . 
Aug. 10, . . 
Aug. 21, . 
Aug. 21, . 
Aug. 23, . 
Aug. 24, . 
Aug. 27, . - 
Aug. 27, . 

Total, 


j 0.09 

0.30 

0.02 
0.06 
0.10 
0.05 
0.05 
0.05 

J 0.35 

0.03 
0.72 

1.82 




Apr. 4, . 
Apr. 5, . 
Apr. 6, . 
Apr. 9, . 
Apr. 10, . 
Apr. 10, . 
Apr. 11, . 
Apr. 15, . 
Apr. 23, . 
Apr. 30, . 


0.04 
j 0.32 

j 1.09 

j 0.25 

0.48 
0.15 
0.29 


7.30 P.M. to 10.15 P.M. 
11.35 P.M. to 

6.20 A.M. 
6.15 P.M. to 

11.30 A.M. 
8.30 P.M. to 

1.40 A.M. 
1.30 A.M. to 3.15 P.M. 
5.27 A.M. tO 4.00 P.M. 
3.50 A.M. tO 10.30 A.M. 


8.30 P.M. to 

11.30 A.M. 
7.40 P.M. to 

7.25 P.M. 
3.45 P.M. to 5.30 P.M. 
2.10 A.M. to 5.10 A.M. 
8.30 A.M. to 10.30 A.M. 
4.30 P.M. to 8.30 P.M. 
2.00 A.M. to 3.10 A.M. 
11.30 A.M. to 12.25 P.M. 
9.05 P.M. to 

5.00 A.M. 
1.10 A.M. to 7.10 A.M. 
7.25 P.M. to 11.30 P.M. 


Total, . 


2.62 


May 2, . 
May 5, . 
Mav 7, . 


0.18 
J 0.83 

j 0.20 

j 0.08 

0.12 
0.13 

j 3.89 


5.20 P.M. to 9.30 P.M. 
1.30 P.M. to 

11.30 A.M. 
6.30 P.M. to 

12.40 A.M. 
745 P.M. to 

12.20 A.M. 
6.00 P.M. to 8.00 P.M. 
6.00 P.M. to 8.00 P.M. 
2.40 P.M. to 

9.00 A.M. 


May 9, . 

Mav 10, . 
Mav 13, . 
May 14, . 
May 24, . 
May 25, . 
May 27, . 
May 29, . 


Sept. 3, . 
Sept. 14, . 
Sept. 20, . 
Sept. 21, . 
Sept. 22, . 
Sept. 27, . 
Sept. 30, . 

Total, 


0.10 
0.05 

j 0.68 

0.74 
0.15 
1.20 


4.10 A.M. to 1.05 P.M. 
12.55 A.M. to 5.05 A.M. 
10.10 P.M. to 

7.00 A.M. 
11.00 A.M. to 11.45 P.M. 

8.20 A.M. to 3.15 P.M. 

2.25 A.M. to 8.35 A.M. 


Total, . 


5.43 


2.92 





i Snow. 



2 Rain and snow. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



187 



Table No. 4. 



Rainfall in Inches at Chestnut Hill Reservoir in 1906 
Concluded. 



Date. 


a 

o 

a 

<! 


Duration. 


Date. 


+3 

a 

o 

B 


Duration. 


Oct. 6, 
Oct. 9, 
Oct. 10, 
Oct. 20, 
Oct. 21, 
Oct. 25, 
Oct. 30, 
Oct. 31, 

Total, 






0.16 

J 1.80 

j 0.55 

0.24 
J 0.96 

3.71 


3.30 P.M. to 8.20 P.M. 
4.55 P.M. to 

9.30 A.M. 
2.40 P.M. to 

7.15 A.M. 
5.45 A.M. to 12.00 M. 
12.30 P.M. to 

7.30 P.M. 


Dec. 3, . 
Dec. 6, . 
Dec. 8, . 
Dec. 11, . 
Dec. 15, . 
Dec. 20, . 
Dec. 21, . 
Dec. 22, . 
Dec. 23, . 
Dec. 25, . 
Dec. 26, . 
Dec. 31, . 
Dec. 31, . 
Jan. 1, 1907, . 

Total, 


0.16 2 
0.741 

J 0.811 

0.28 

j 0.64 

J 0.64 2 

J 0.16 2 

0.04 
j 1.89 

5.36 


8.00 A.M. to 5.20 P.M. 
4.10 A.M. to 4.30 P.M. 
10 00 P.M. to 

3.15 A.M. 
3.05 A.M. to 7.00 P.M. 
4.00 P.M. to 

5.00 P.M. 
7.00 P.M. to 

3.45 P.M. 
8.00 A.M. to 

1.25 A.M. 


Nov. 2, 
Nov. 9, 
Nov. 10, 
Nov. 11, 
Nov. 12, 
Nov. 15, 
Nov. 16, 
Nov. 21, 
Nov. 22, 
Nov. 26, 
Nov. 27, 

Total, 


* 




0.041 
J 0.06 

1 1.42 

1.471 

0.29 

0.05 
0.041 

3.37 


4.45 A.M. to 11.30 A.M. 
11.20 P.M. to 

1.10 A.M. 
9.50 A.M. to 

2.15 A.M. 
1.00 P.M. to 

9.30 A.M. 
7.15 AJM. to 

10.00 A.M. 

9.15 P.M. to 10.00 P.M. 

10.00 A.M. to 9.00 P.M. 


2.12 A.M. to 5.15 A.M. 
8.15 A.M. to 

5.00 A.M. 



Total for the year, 47.16 inches, 
i Rain and snow. 2 Snow. 



188 



M KTKOPOLITAN WATER. 



[Pub. Doc. 



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AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



197 



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METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



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AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



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204 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Taiilk No. 19. — Average Daily Consumption of Water during the Year 1906, 
in the Cities and Towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water Works, including 
Boston, Sotncrville, Chelsea, Maiden, Everett, Quincy, Medford, Melrose, Revere, 
Wd'crfown, Arlington, Lexington, Milton, Sto?ieham, Winthrop, Swampscott, 
Belmont, Nahant and a Small Portion of Saugus. (For Consumption of 
Water in Whole Metropolitan Water District, see Table No. 23.) 



Month. 



Average 

Daily 

Consumption 

(Gallons). 



Estimated 
Population. 



Consumption 

per 

Inhabitant 

(Gallons) . 



January, . 
February, 

March, 
April, 
May, . 
June, . 
July, . 
August, 
September, 
October, . 
November, 
December, 

For the year, 



119,697,300 
123,351,700 
117,477,900 
112,039,000 
116,444,700 
118,834,000 
116,620,500 
118,389,300 
118,196,500 
112,341,300 
109,952,800 
127,156,000 



907,040 
907,950 
908,850 
909,760 
912,670 
915,570 
918,210 
919,850 
920,490 
920,130 
919,770 
921,410 



132 
136 
129 
123 
128 
130 
127 
129 
129 
122 
119 
138 



117,524,600 



915,040 



128 



In addition to the above quantities, the United States Government Reservation on Peddocks 
Island was supplied with 16,250,000 gallons, equivalent to a daily average rate of 45,000 gallons. 



Table No. 20. — Average Daily Consumption of Water, in Gallons, from the 

Low-service System in 1906. 



Month. 



January, 
February, 
March, . 
April, . 
May, 
June, 
July, . 
August, 
September, . 
October, 
November, . 
December, . 

For the year, 



Southern 
Low Service. 



Boston, 

excluding 

East Boston 

and 
Charlestown. 



48,851,900 
50,872,800 
47,919,700 
45,426,300 
45,930,900 
46,923,000 
46,701,600 
47,259,600 
47,026,700 
46,494,800 
46,598,300 
53,367,100 



47,769,800 



Northern 
Low Service. 



Portions of Charles- 
town, Somerville, 
Chelsea, Everett, 
Maiden, Medford, 
East Boston and 
Arlington. 



27,732,500 
29,026,100 
26,945,400 
25,072,400 
25,479,600 
25,811,000 
25,722,500 
26,383,000 
25,799,900 
24,078,600 
23,216,900 
29,932,400 



26,258,200 



Total 

Low-service 

Consumption. 



76,584,400 
79,898,900 
74,865,100 
70,498,700 
71,410,500 
72,734,000 
72,424,100 
73,642,600 
72,826,600 
70,573,400 
69,815,200 
83,299,500 



74,028,000 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



205 



Table No. 21 — Average Daily Consumption of Water, in Gallons, from the 
High-service and Extra High-service Systems in 1906. 











southern 
High 

Service. 


Southern 

Extra High 

Service. 


Northern 
High Service. 


Northern 

Extra High 

Service. 


Month. 


Quincy, Water- 
town, Belmont, 
and Portions 
of Boston and 
Milton. 


Portions of 

Boston 
and Milton. 


Revere, Winthrop, 

Swampscott, Nahant, 

Stoneham, Melrose, 

and Portions of 

Boston, Chelsea, 

Everett, Maiden, 

Medford, Somerville 

and Saugus. 


Lexington 

and 

Portion 

of Arlington. 


January, 








34,363,200 


651,900 


7,558,800 


539,000 


February, 








34,480,600 


652,000 


7,762,100 


558,100 


March, . 








33,949,000 


650,300 


7,451,900 


561,600 


April, . 








32,894,700 


652,000 


7,389,600 


604,000 


May, 








35,254,900 


787,400 


. 8,277,400 


714,500 


June, 


» 






35,478,100 


830,600 


9,033,300 


758,000 


July, 








33,362,800 


788,400 


9,300,100 


745,100 


August, • 








33,800,400 


621,300 


9,564,700 


760,300 


September, 








34,500,200 


635,400 


9,417,900 


816,400 


October, . 








32,381,800 


535,800 


8,140,300 


710,000 


November, 








31,389,000 


478,000 


7,624,600 


646,000 


December, 








34,609,000 


474,800 


8,145,300 


627,400 


For the ye 


ar, 


33,870,300 


646,400 


8,309,300 


670,600 



206 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc, 



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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



209 



Table No. 23. — Consumption of Water in the Metropolitan Water District^ as 
constituted in the Year 1906, the Town of Swampscott and a Small Section 
of the Town of Saugus, from 1893 to 1906. 

[Gallons per Day.] 



Month. 


1893. 


1894. 


1895. 


1896. 


1897. 


1898. 


1899. 


January, . 


75,209,000 


67,506,000 


68,925,000 


82,946,000 


85,366,000 


83,880,000 


96,442,000 


February, 








71,900,000 


68,944,000 


80,375,000 


87,021,000 


83,967,000 


87,475,000 


103,454,000 


March, . 








67,638,000 


62,710,000 


69,543,000 


86,111,000 


82,751,000 


85,468,000 


90,200,000 


April, 








62,309,000 


57,715,000 


62,909,000 


77,529,000 


79,914,000 


76,574,000 


86,491,000 


May, 








61,025,000 


60,676,000 


65,194,000 


73,402,000 


76,772,000 


76,677,000 


89,448,000 


June, 








63,374,000 


68,329,000 


69,905,000 


77,639,000 


77,952,000 


83,463,000 


97,691,000 


July, 








69,343,000 


73,642,000 


69,667,000 


80,000,000 


85,525,000 


88,228,000 


96,821,000 


August, . 








66,983,000 


67,995,000 


72,233,000 


78,537,000 


84,103,000 


87,558,000 


92,072,000 


September, 








64,654,000 


67,137,000 


73,724,000 


74,160,000 


84,296,000 


88,296,000 


91,478,000 


October, . 








63,770,000 


62,735,000 


67,028,000 


71,762,000 


79,551,000 


81,770,000 


89,580,000 


November, 








61,204,000 


62,231,000 


64,881,000 


71,933,000 


72,762,000 


78,177,000 


86,719,000 


December, 


* 






66,700,000 


65,108,000 


70,443,000 


79,449,000 


76,594,000 


86,355,000 


85,840,000 


Average, 


66,165,000 


65,382,000 


69,499,000 


78,360,000 


80,793,000 


83,651,000 


92,111,000 


Population, . 






723,153 


743,354 


763,557 


786,385 


809,213 


832,042 


854,870 


Per capita, 








91.5 


88.0 


91.0 


99.7 


99.8 


100.5 


107.8 



Month. 



1900. 



1901. 



1902. 



1903. 



1904. 



1905. 



1906. 



January, 
February, 
March, . 
April, . 
May, . 
June, . 
July, . 
August, 
September, 
October, 
November, 
December, 

Average, 

Population, 

Per capita, . 



100,055,000 

98,945,000 

97,753,000 

89,497,000 

87,780,000 

98,581,000 

107,786,000 

102,717,000 

103,612,000 

98,35S,000 

93,648,000 

97,844,000 



98,059,000 
877,698 
111.7 



111,275,000 
117,497,000 
105,509,000 
93,317,000 
95,567,000 
103,420,000 
106,905,000 
102,815,000 
102,103,000 
103,389,000 
101,324,000 
113,268,000 



118,435,000 
117,268,000 
108,461,000 
103,153,000 
106,692,000 
110,002,000 
108,340,000 
107,045,000 
107,752,000 
106,560,000 
105,175,000 
125,434,000 



125,176,000 
122,728,000 
111,977,000 
107,179,000 
111,589,000 
105,590,000 
107,562,000 
103,570,000 
106,772,000 
103,602,000 
103,477,000 
114,721,000 



104,645,000 
892,740 
117.2 



110,345,000 
907,780 
121.6 



110,277,000 
922,820 
119.5 



137,771,000 
143,222,000 
123,334,000 
108,688,000 
111,715,000 
111,209,000 
113,584,000 
112,836,000 
114,188,000 
108,290,000 
108,054,000 
125,119,000 



118,114,000 
937,860 
125.9 



130,878,000 
140,595,000 
120,879,000 
111,898,000 
115,804,000 
117,441,000 
124,769,000 
121,158,000 
120,103,000 
118,301,000 
116,693,000 
122,696,000 



121,671,000 
953,556 
127.6 



126,093,000 
130,766,000 
123,570,000 
118,428,000 
122,404,000 
121,882,000 
118,726,000 
120,591,000 
121,685,000 
116,561,000 
113,746,000 
130,995,000 



122,085,000 
965,990 
126.4 



This table includes the water consumed in the cities and towns enumerated in Table No. 19, 
together with the water consumed in Newton and Hyde Park, which are included in the Metro- 
politan Water District, but have not been supplied from the Metropolitan Works. The populations 
for the years 1901 to 1904 have been revised since the census of 1905 became available, and conse- 
quently differ from those published in a corresponding table in the preceding annual reports. 



210 



MKTKOPOLITAX WATER 



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© 


© 


© 




o 


o 


© 


© 


© 


<M 


© 


© 


© 


.© 


© 


© 




•UOT^mSl 


*o 


eo 


eo 


t- 


© 


© 




eo 


t- 


© 


© 


© 


* 5 


lO 


•># 


eo 


r-l 


<M 


© 




CO 


CM 


eo 


© 


CO 


o 2 

03 &< 


no ssoi 


rH 


i— i 


i— i ' 


i— ( 


rH 


rH 




rH 


^ 


T—t 


eo 


—t 




rH 


r-H 


lO 


ia 


<N. 


CO 


r~ 


© 


© 


tr- 


© 


eo 




•l^ox 


© 


© 


eo 


a 


© 


© 


© 


<M 


co 


rH 


© 


© 


eo 


CO 


CO 


CSI 


CO 


© 


CO 


co 


eo 


CO 


© 


rH 














— < 


rH 












C3 




























o 


•pj'BpU'E^g 


rH 


© 


© 


(N 


IN 


<M 


CO 


CO 


rH 


rH 


CO 


rH 


o 


nmm^'eu 


eo 


eo 


eo 


e* 


C<l 


i£5 




<N 


<M 


CM 


co 


© 


o 
































>s 


t>> 








>% 


l>. 








r>, 


t>> 






















































a> a? 


+J 


-w 


>> 


!>> 


>» 


73 


-t3 


>> 


>. 


>> 


+3 


42 


— ■-> 


p 











fl 


a 








a 


a 


a~ 


O 

s 


o 

s 


— 
Pi 


3 
=3 


-i-3 


o 


o 


73 

a 


3 

a 


rU 
*3 

a 


o 


o 

s 


M o 


s 


w 


o 

2 


O 

3 


o 

— 


B3 


s 


o 


o 


o 


s 


s 
















-t^ 






a 














o 






a 
















© 


o 


co 

CO 




2 


To 




13 




' 






• 


GO 

O 






o 


"3 

CO* 


a 
p 

o 


• 


e3 
m 
a 

eo" 


• 


© 

OS 

CO 




3 


a 


+3 

p" 


o 

.3 
5 


o 

-k3 

.3 
o 


p 

CO 


H 


42 

o 




6 


-3" 
© 

a 


o 

o 

rH" 


o 

3 

> 


3 

— 

02 

h~ 


o 

> 

3 

co 


O 

> 

3 

CO 


o 

> 


3 


«a 

M 


o 


"3 

a 

O 

a 


CO 
O 

u 


o 
> 

rH 

CP 
CO 

s 


'3 

rl 

o 

CO 


"o 

> 

o 

00 




— 


> 


CP 


£ 




hjl 


Tn 


< 


<D 
co 


Ch 




1 


09 

o 




co 


+3 
-1-3 




p 


a 
p 


■k3 

CO 






a 
o 

*3 


a 
o 

■is 








| 

'3 


*a 

CO 


o 


o 
15 


Q 

13= 


o 


o 

3 


a 
"3 


•d 
a 
co 


.S 

a 

&H 


a 

p. 

o 

M 
rH 


a 
o 



216 



MKTROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Dor. 



rs 

"a 
c 
o 
O 



SO 

SO 

g 

© 

•Si 

e 
8 



T. 



Ss. Ps 
©^ 1—1 



6 

- 
S 

«< 
H 



•ssaupjvu 



'pdlllllSUOQ UZMXQ 



<noo©o>gO'-*coo»coco 

f— i © rs O i— i f - ^ •— i rs i— i ~s 



"* ■* CO Ol Ci i- © I- © "* 

^- i- y^ ca ■*< ce ci oi co co 



'8d)U)IX 



•88;«j^i^ 



1 - 


8 


8 


re 


8 


o 


8 


8 i 


I 8 



•aauonio 



3 



•papnad 
-sns 



8 8 8 



-* C> i— i 



•p8A[08 



"t 


lO 


e 


.-. 


-r 


cc 


c 


-. 


CI 




<N 




O 


o 


O 


o 



•Wox I £ 5 



~. 






•89JJ 



<M CO CO CO 



-*> X 

CI -h 

o o 

o o 



55 fc 

o 2 



•uoi^iaSj 

UO 8801 



•[BV>I 



O CO CO 



CO 



•p-nepuu^g 



C^ ri i— ( . 



S& 



:_ - - ^ 



© 



a 2 k 



.. <N ©> 



o 


o 


> 


> 


u 


u 


<y 


o 


m 


D 


0) 


© 


pS 


- 



© 

© 

cr 



© © 5 
T3 i= |5 

i a g 



a a 3 es 



2 

s 
o 



P K 



<! < 



to 2 '/; 



o 

© 

id 

- 



© 

— 
— 

ci 



CO d CO lO 



5* H Eh 02 Eh E-t 



© 

= 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWEKAGE BOARD. 



217 



Table No. 30. 



Chemical Examinations of Water from a Faucet in Boston, 
from 1892 to 1906. 

[Parts per 100,000.] 









Color. 


Residue on 
Evaporation. 


Ammonia. 


6 
S 

6 


Nitrogen as 


T3 
99 

g 

act 

o 
o 

a 

CD 

be 

>> 

o 




Year. 


u 

t-, a 

<u « 

CD 


•6 

u 

.a -^ 

'-2 CO 

5 


"3 
o 
H 


a" 
o 

a a 

o be 

GO 
CO 

o 

Hi 


CD 


ALBUMINOID. 


CQ 
05 
4» 

a 
u 


CQ 
<D 

■g 




+5 

o 
H 


^3 

> 
■A! 

Q 


CD 
CQ CD 

5 a- 


CQ 
CQ 

<a 

a 
W 


1892, . 




.37 


37 


4.70 


1.67 


.0007 


.0168 


.0138 


.0030 


.41 


.0210 


.0001 


- 


1.9 


1893, 






.61 


53 


4.54 


1.84 


.0010 


.0174 


.0147 


.0027 


.38 


.0143 


.0001 


.60 


1.8 


1894, 






.69 


58 


4.64 


1.83 


.0006 


.0169 


.0150 


.0019 


.41 


.0106 


.0001 


.63 


1.7 


1895, 






• 72 


59 


4.90 


2.02 


.0006 


.0197 


.0175 


.0022 


.40 


.0171 


.0001 


.69 


0.7 


1896, 






.49 


45 


4.29 


1.67 


.0005 


.0165 


.0142 


.0023 


.37 


.0155 


.0001 


.56 


1.4 


1897, 






.65 


55 


4.82 


1.84 


.0009 


.0193 


.0177 


.0016 


.40 


.0137 


.0001 


.64 


1.6 


1898, 






.41 


40 


4.19 


1.60 


.0008 


.0152 


.0136 


.0016 


.29 


.0097 


.0001 


.44 


1.4 


1899, 






.23 


28 


3.70 


1.30 


.0006 


.0136 


.0122 


.0014 


.24 


.0137 


.0001 


.35 


1.1 


1900, 






.24 


29 


3.80 


1.20 


.0012 


.0157 


.0139 


.0018 


.25 


.0076 


.0001 


.38 


1.3 


1901, 






.24 


29 


4.43 


1.64 


.0013 


.0158 


.0142 


.0016 


.30 


.0173 


.0001 


.42 


1.7 


1902, 






.26 


30 


3.93 


1.56 


.0016 


.0139 


.0119 


.0020 


.29 


.0092 


.0000 


.40 


1.3 


1903, 






.25 


29 


3.98 


1.50 


.0013 


.0125 


.0110 


.0015 


.30 


.0142 


.0001 


.39 


1.5 


1904, 






- 


23 


3.93 


1.59 


.0023 


.0139 


.0121 


.0018 


.34 


.0110 


.0001 


.37 


1.5 


1905, 






- 


24 


3.86 


1.59 


.0020 


.0145 


.0124 


.0021 


.35 


.0083 


.0001 


.35 


1.4 


1906, 








24 


3.86 


1.39 


.0018 


.0159 


.0134 


.0025 


.34 


.0054 


.0001 


.36 


1.3 



Note relating to Chemical Examinations of Water, Tables Nos. 24-30. 
The chemical examinations contained in the tables were made by the 
State Board of Health. Previous to the year 1904 colors were determined 
by the Nessler standard, but the corresponding values by the platinum 
standard are also given, for the purpose of comparison with colors deter- 
mined in the laboratory of the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board, as 
given in subsequent tables. The odor recorded is taken in such a way that 
it is a much stronger odor than would be noticed in samples drawn directly 
from a tap or collected directly from a reservoir. The more important sam- 
ples are collected and examined monthly ; those of less significance, at 
intervals of two or three months. 



218 



MKTROPOLITAN WATEB 



[Pub. Doc. 



TABLE No. 81. — Colors of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan Water 
Works in 1906. {Means of Weekly Determinations.} 

[Platinum Standard.] 







Wachusett 






Sudbury 




Framinoham 

Reservoir 

No. 3. 


Spot 


Fells 






Reservoir. 




Reservoir. 


Pond. 

3 

a. 
o 
-a 


Reservoir. 


Month. 


n 


s 

a, 

• 


1 


be 

*m 

oe *> 

V <X) 

V <v 


i 

S 

■§•3 


9 

8 


■a 

a. 
o 


i 

5 


s 
9 
& 

°-- 

s 

*-> s 
o s 

a 


a, 

•a 


8 

3 
o 
A 




\ 

3 
OQ 




o 
PQ 




< 


IB 
h 

a 

CO 


T3 

S 


45 

43 
O 

pq 




it 

£ 




£ 


January, . 


23 


26 


26 


43 


24 


23 


23 


24 


38 


23 


18 


18 


February, 






28 


28 


28 


40 


28 


26 


26 


■27 


32 


27 


18 


18 


March, 






28 


28 


28 


35 


28 


26 


26 


26 


54 


26 


18 


18 


April, 






26 


26 


26 


41 


26 


26 


26 


26 


36 


26 


15 


15 


May, . 






26 


26 


26 


66 


25 


26 


26 


27 


43 


28 


16 


17 


June, 






28 


26 


26 


69 


30 


27 


26 


26 


35 


28 


17 


16 


July, 






27 


26 


25 


50 


26 


24 


24 


24 


29 


, 24 


15 


15 


August, . 






26 


26 


26 


44 


26 


23 


23 


24 


27 


23 


16 


16 


September, 






23 


23 


23 


33 


23 


20 


20 


20 


24 


20 


15 


15 


October, . 






20 


20 


21 


27 


20 


19 


18 


18 


22 


19 


18 


16 


November, 






19 


19 


19 


41 


19 


18 


18 


18 


26 


19 


17 


17 


December, 






18 


18 


18 


42 


18 


18 


18 


18 


25 


18 


16 
17 


15 


Mean, . 






24 


24 


24 


44 


24 


23 


23 


23 


33 


23 


17 



Table No. 31 — Concluded. 

[Platinum Standard.] 













Chestnut Hill 


Northern 


Southern 




Lake ijochituate. 


Reservoir. 


Service. 


Service. 


Month. 




43 




a 
a 
s 

u 

49 

CO 


43 

o 

S 2 

s ■<! 


43 

B 

43 

o o 
O 3 


6 

Is 

<5 o 


Glenwood 
, Medford 
Service). 


ire Station, 
ck Street, 
tt (High 
e). 


ap at 244 Boylston 
Street, Boston 
(Low Service). 


Ashburton 
Boston 

Service). 


• 


<x> 
5 
3 

ft 

s 


Pi 

9 

V 

33 


a 

o 

43 
43 

O 


43 

S3 
o 

3 
15 


CO 

43 


** s 


43 ^ 
G 

5 

s 

Eg 


ap at 
Yard 

(Low 


apat F 
Hanco 
Evere 
Servic 


ap at 1 
Place, 
(High 




CO 


i 


PQ 


t—i 


t— ( 


h-l 


H 


H 


H 


H 


H 


January, 


28 


29 


29 


58 


28 


23 


25 


26 


19 


24 


25 


February, 








29 


31 


32 


55 


27 


- 


25 


24 


19 


26 


26 


March, 








29 


30 


30 


60 


26 


- 


25 


24 


19 


25 


25 


April, . 








29 


29 


30 


73 


24 


27 


24 


23 


16 


24 


24 


May, 








29 


29 


35 


111 


40 


29 


33 


32 


22 


32 


33 


June, . 








29 


29 


47 


148 


30 


29 


29 


27 


18 


29 


28 


July, . 








31 


30 


91 


98 


27 


31 


25 


23 


15 


25 


26 


August, 








30 


29 


72 


57 


28 


29 


27 


25 


16 


27 


28 


September, 








28 


28 


182 


46 


25 


27 


24 


24 


• 17 


25 


27 


October, 








24 


26 


160 


54 


32 


24 


30 


28 


16 


26 


30 


November, 








28 


28 


71 


57 


20 


27 


23 


23 


18 


22 


23 


December, 








26 


26 


26 


54 


18 


25 


18 


18 


15 


18 


19 


Mean, 








28 


29 


67 


73 


27 


- 


26 


25 


18 


25 


26 



i The colors given in this column represent the combined colors of the waters of the four prin- 
cipal feeders. The color of each is determined monthly, and due weight is given, in combining 
the results, to the sizes of the streams. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



219 



Table No. 32. — Temperatures of Water from Various Parts of the Metropolitan 
Water Works in 1906. {Means of Weekly Determinations.) 

[The temperatures are taken at the same places and times as the samples for microscopical exami- 
nation; the depth given for each reservoir is the depth from high water mark.] 

[Degrees Fahrenheit.] 











Sudbury Reservoir 


Framingham Reser- 


Lake Cochituate 




Wachusett 


(Depth at Place op 


voir No. 3 (D 


EPTH 


(Depth at Place 




Reservoir. 




Observation 




at Place op O 


BSER- 


op O 


BSERVATION 












54.5 Feet) . 




vation 20.5 Feet). 


62.0 Feet). 


Month. 






























6 
u 

a 

H 

S3 
02 


43 
A 
o 

V 

9 


a 

o 

43 

o 

M 


6 
ea 

H 

S3 
W 


P. 


a 

o 
43 
43 
o 

n 


Pn-j 

O eS 


6 
u 

a 

02 


43 


a 

o 

43 
43 

o 
pq 


a 

o 
eS 

H 

S3 
02 


43 
PL, 
<D 

i 


a 

o 

43 

43 
O 

W 


January, 


35.7 


35.9 


35.9 


34.9 


35.3 


35.9 


34.5 


35.9 


36.5 


36.6 


34.9 


36.3 


36.3 


February, . 


34.5 


35.0 


35.5 


35.4 


36.4 


37.0 


34.1 


35.7 


36.3 


37.1 


36.5. 


36.9 


37.1 


March, 


35.9 


36.1 


35.9 


35.8 


36.8 


37.5 


35.1 


36.1 


36.4 


36.3 


37.4 


38.3 


38.5 


April, . 


42.0 


41.9 


41.2 


44.6 


44.6 


44.5 


42.5 


47-9 


47.6 


47.3 


45.0 


43.0 


42.0 


May, . 


54.9 


53.6 


53.0 


58.6 


56.9 


56.1 


56.5 


61.2 


60.9 


60.1 


5^4 


51.9 


46.1 


June, . 


62.3 


68.8 


68.3 


68.0 


64.8 


61.8 


65.8 


71.3 


70.0 


68.8 


68.1 


54.9 


47.0 


July, . 


75.7 


63.8 


59.0 


75.1 


70.7 


67.2 


73.1 


75.0 


74.8 


74.5 


73.4 


54.8 


46.5 


August, 


78.3 


65.5 


60.9 


76.8 


74.4 


71.8 


70.6 


77.5 


76.3 


75.6 


76.0 


55.5 


46.8 


September, . 


72.0 


67.9 


63.0 


70.9 


70.6 


70.4 


68.6 


70.9 


69.8 


69.8 


68.9 


53.6 


46.4 


October, 


61.0 


58.9 


56.8 


59.5 


59.7 


59.9 


58.6 


58.0 


58.1 


58.2 


57.3 


53.6 


46.3 


November, . 


49.8 


48.5 


49.0 


45.5 


45.4 


45.3 


46.3 


44.8 


44.6 


44.5 


46.4 


45.9 


45.1 


December, . 


34.7 


36.0 


36.0 


33.3 


33.6 


34.6 


34.0 


35.0 


34.5 


35.0 


36.0 


36.5 


36.8 


Mean, . 


53.7 


51.0 


49.5 


54.0 


52.4 


51.8 


51.6 


54.1 


53.8 


53.7 


53.3 


46.8 


42.9 



Table No. 32 — Concluded. 

[Degrees Fahrenheit.] 









Chestnut 

Hill 
Reservoir. 


Spot Pond (Depth at 

Place of Observation 

28.0 Feet). 


Northern 
Service. 


Southern 
Service. 




<n 








rcJuJ 




a a 
o o 


Jo^ 












Glenw 
, Medf 
Service) 




02 00 "-"^ 


Sh 43 <U 


Month. 






43 




IIS 

02 w 


14Boyl 
et, Bo 
Service 


Ashbu 

Bos 

Servic 




S3 


O 
F-i 


© 

3. 


a 

o 

43 
43 

o 


ap at 
Yard 

(Low 


apatF 
Hanco 
Evere 
Servic 


apat & 
Stre 
(Low 


ap at 1 
Place, 
(High 




H 


02 


u 


M 


H 


H 


H 


H 


January, 


36.2 


34.6 


34.7 


35.0 


39.0 


37.4 


40.7 


40.2 


February, 






37.5 


36.0 


36.0 


36.5 


37.9 


38.3 


40.2 


40.5 


March, . 






36.8 


35.6 


35.9 


36.0 


37.9 


37.4 


39.6 


37.7 


April, 






46.8 


44.4 


44.2 


44.1 


44.9 


44.9 


47.1 


48.1 


May, 






59.2 


57.9 


57.9 


56.4 


56.1 


57.6 


59.9 


61.0 


June, . . 






67.5 


67.4 


66.6 


61.4 


63.1 


65.1 


66.4 


67.4 


July, 






75.0 


73.6 


73.2 


64.4 


69.0 


71.9 


71.6 


74.1 


August, . 






76.3 


76.0 


75.6 


66.5 


72.3 


75.0 


73.7 


76.1 


September, 






70.4 


70.4 


70.4 


70.0 


68.9 


69.4 


70.4 


71.2 


October, 






59.0 


59.6 


59.6 


59.6 


60.0 


59.9 


62.1 


61.9 


November, 


' 




45.5 


45.1 


45.3 


45.4 


49.5 


47.3 


49.3 


48.7 


December, 






35.2 


33.5 


33.6 


34.1 


40.0 


38.1 


40.2 


38.8 


Mean, 






53.8 


52.8 


52.8 


50.8 


53.2 


53.5 


55.1 


55.5 



220 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



TABLE X<>. 33. — Temperature* of the Air at Three Stations on the Metropolitan 

Water Works m 1906. 

[Degrees Fahrenheit.] 



Month. 



January, 

February, 
March, 
April, 
May, . 
June, . 
July, . 
August, 
September, 
October, . 
November, 
December, 
Average, 



Chestnut Hii.i, 
Reservoir. 



6S.0 
61.0 
55.0 
74.0 
91.0 
88.0 
90.0 
94.0 
93.0 
73.0 
67.0 
50.0 



5.0 

—1.0 
5.0 
26.0 
34.0 
43.0 
46.0 
49.0 
35.0 
28.0 
19.0 

—1.0 



34.1 
29.9 
31.3 
17.1 
58.5 
67.2 
71.5 
73.5 
66.3 
52.7 
40.8 
27.2 
50.0 



Framinoham. 



67.0 
59.0 
55.0 
75.0 
89.0 
88.0 
88.0 
92.0 
90.0 
73.0 
64.0 
48.0 



1.0 

—6.0 

0.0 

21.0 

31.0 

38.0 

42.0 

44.0 

31.0 

22.0 

15.0 

—6.0 



M 



31.5 
27.3 
29.3 
46.0 
57.6 
65.5 
69.4 
70.9 
62.6 
49.7 
39.1 
24.2 
47.8 



Clinton. 



% 



62.0 
53.0 
52.0 
74.0 
89.5 
86.0 
87.5 
90.5 
86.0 
70.0 
60.0 
48.0 



8.0 

—6.0 

0.0 

22.0 

32.0 

38.0 

44.0 

46.0 

32.5 

25.0 

18.0 

—4.0 



H 



30.7 
25.5 
28.3 
45.1 
57.3 
65.3 
70.4 
71.0 
62.9 
50.0 
38.3 
23.3 
47.3 



No. 57.] 



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METROPOLITAN WATKR 



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224 



MKTROPOLITAX WATEB 



[Pub. Doc. 



TABLE No. :^.— Xianber of Service Ityes, Meters and Fire Hydrants in the 
Sen r<il Cities and Towns supplied by the Metropolitan Water Works in 1906. 



City OB Town. 



Services. 


Meters. 


Fire 
Hydrants. 


98,091 


5,090 


8,076 


11,489 


2,821 


1,018 


7,(131 


6,583 


428 


6,509 


952 


316 


5,090 


101 


515 


5,867 


834 


701 


4,298 


449 


504 


3,392 


132 


291" 


2,802 


133 


141 


1,845 


1,814 


332 


1,940 


652 


364 


1,284 


1,284 


304 


1,973 


45 


120 


1,311 


25 


110 


754 


754 


163 


708 


15 


104 


425 


73 


67 


1,259 


476 


136 


151,058 


22,233 


13,690 



Boston, 
Somerville, 

Maliien, 
Chelsea, 
Everett, 
Qulncy, 

M.dford, . 
Melrose, 
Revere, 
Watertown, 
Arlington, . 
Milton, 
Winthrop, . 
Stoneham, . 
Belmont, 
Lexington, . 
Xahant, 
Swampscott, 
Total, . 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



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No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOAED. 



227 



Appendix 'No. 3. 



Water Works Statistics for the Year 1906. 

The Metropolitan Water Works supply the Metropolitan Water District, 
which includes the following cities and towns : — 



City or Town. 



Population, 
Census of 1905. 



Estimated 

Population 

July 1, 1906. 



Boston, 

Somerville, 

Maiden 

Chelsea, 

Newton,i , 

Everett, . . . . • 

Quincy 

Medford 

Hyde Park,i 

Melrose, .... * 

Revere, 

Watertown, ..." 

Arlington, 

Milton 

Winthrop 

Stoneham, 

Lexington, 

Belmont, 

Nahant, 

Total population of Metropolitan Water District, 

Swampscott,2 

Saugus, 3 



595,380 

69,272 

38,037 

37,289 

36,827 

29,111 

28,076 

19,686 

14,510 

14,295 

12,659 

11,258 

9,668 

7,054 

7,034 

6,332 

4,530 

4,360 

922 



946,300 

5,141 

200 



601,430 

70,950 

39,040 

38,000 

37,560 

30,270 

28,300 

20,080 

14,720 

14,650 

13,190 

11,550 

9,940 

7,120 

7,240 

6,350 

4,730 

4,410 

930 



960,460 

5,330 

200 



1 No water supplied to these places during the year from Metropolitan Water Works. 

2 Not in the Metropolitan Water District, but has been supplied with water from the Metro- 
politan Water Works. 

3 Only a small portion of Saugus is supplied with water. 



228 



M KTROPOLITAN WATEB 



[Pub. Doc. 



Mode of Sujyply. 

27 per cent, from gravity. 
73 per cent, from pumping. 

Pumping. 
Chestnut Hill High-service Station: — 

Builders of pumping machinery, Holly Manufacturing Company, Quintard Iron 
Works and E. P. Allis Company. 

Description of coal used : — Bituminous : Quemahoning, Orenda, Georges Creek 
Cumberland, Peerless, Miller Vein, Vulcan Steam and Carbon. Anthracite: 
buckwheat and screenings. Price per gross ton in bins : bituminous $4.09 to 
$4.79, buckwheat $2.93, screenings $2.52. Average price per gross ton $4.01. 
Per cent, ashes, 11.9. 

Chestnut Hill Low-service Station : — 

Builders of pumping machinery, Holly Manufacturing Company. 

Description of coal used: — Bituminous: Quemahoning, Orenda and Carbon. 
Anthracite : buckwheat and screenings. Price per gross ton in bins : bitumi- 
nous f 4 to f 4.42, buckwheat $2.84, screenings $2.52. Average price per gross 
ton $3.82. Per cent, ashes, 13.4. 

Spot Pond Station : — 

Builders of pumping machinery, Geo. F. Blake Manufacturing Company and 
Holly Manufacturing Company. 

Description of coal used : — Bituminous : Georges Creek Cumberland. Anthracite : 
screenings. Price per gross ton in bins : bituminous $4.35 and $4.38, screenings 
$2.24. Average price per gross ton $3.97. Per cent, ashes, 12.9. 



Chestnut Hill High-service 
Station. 



Engines 

Nob. 
1 and 2. 



Engine 
No. 3. 



Engine 
No. 4. 



Daily pumping capacity (gallons), 

Coal consumed for year (pounds), 

Cost of pumping, figured on pumping station expenses, . 
Total pumpage for year, corrected for slip (million gallons), . 

Average dynamic head (feet) 

Gallons pumped per pound of coal, 

Duty on basis of plunger displacement, 

Cost per million gallons raised to reservoir, .... 
Cost per million gallons raised one foot, ...... 



16,000,000 

3,014,777 

812,646.91 

1,905.11 

120.99 

631.92 

65,670,000 

$6,638 

0.055 



20,000,000 

518,933 

$1,798.69 

514.22 

128.44 

990.91 

114,550,000 

$3,498 

0.027 



30,000,000 

8,518,537 

$30,007.55 

10,310.81 

131.57 

1,210.40 

136,740,000 

$2,910 

0.022 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



229 



• 


Chestnut Hill 

Low-service 

Station. 


Spot Pond 
Station. 


- 


Engines Nos. 5, 
6 and 7. 


Engines Nos. 8 
and 9. 


Cost of pumping, figured on pumping station expenses, . 
Total pumpage for year, corrected for slip (million gallons), . 

Cost per million gallons raised to reservoir, .... 


105,000,000 
7,955,358 
$32,004.96 
18,938.59 - 

51.15 

2,380.61 

104,520,000 

$1,690 

0.033 


30,000,000 

2,533,049 

$12,205.04 

3,031.77 

127.98 

1,196.89 

131,600,000 

$4,026 

0.031 



« Consumption. 

Estimated total population of the nineteen cities and towns sup- 
plied wholly or partially during the year 1906, . ... . 913,710 

Total consumption (gallons), 43,369,310,000 

Average daily consumption (gallons), 118,820,000 

Gallons per day to each inhabitant, . . . . . 130.0 



Distribution. 



Owned and 

operated 

by Metropolitan 

Water and 
Sewerage Board. 



Total in District 

supplied 

by Metropolitan 

Water Works. 



Kinds of pipe used 

Sizes, 

Extensions, less length abandoned (miles), 
Length in use (miles), .... 

Stop gates added 

Stop gates now in use, .... 

Service pipes added, 

Service pipes now in use, .... 

Meters added, 

Meters now in u^e 

Fire hydrants added 

Fire hydrants now in use 




-2 

60 to 4 inch. 
14.16 
1,535.11 



3,264 

151,058 

4,257 

22,233 

198 

13,690 



1 Cast-iron and cement-lined wrought iron. 

2 Cast-iron, cement-lined wrought iron and kalamine. 



230 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Appendix No. 4. 



Contracts made and pending during 
Contracts relating to the 





1. 

Num- 
ber 
of Con- 
tract. 


2. 

WORK. 


3. 

Num- 
ber of 
Bids. 


Amount op Bid. 


0. 




4. 

Next to Low- 
est. 


5. 

Lowest. 


p Contractor. 


1 


51 


Section 64, North Metro- 
politan System, Maiden 
extension, 42-inch and 
54-inch diameter, and 
28-inch by 42-inch con- 
crete sewer in open cut. 


4 


$39,388 50 


$33,577 80 


T.H. Gill & Co., Boston, 

Mass. 



Contracts relating to the 



o 


16 


Section 77, High-level 
Sewer, Eoxbury, 
pumping plant for 
Ward Street pumping 
station. 


3 


$207,000 00 


$204,000 00 


Allis-ChalmersCo., Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 


3 


52 


T w o horizontal return 
tubular boilers with 
masonry settings and 
connecting smoke flue 
for the Quincy sewer- 
age pumping station. 


2 


4,295 00 


3,850 00 


Robb-Mumford Boiler 
Company, Boston, 
Mass. 



No. 57.] 



AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



231 



Appendix No. 4. 



the Year 1906 — Sewerage Works. 

North Metropolitan System. 



7. 

Date of 
Contract. 


8. 

Date of 

Completion 

of Work. 


9. 

Prices of Principal Items of 
Contracts made in 1906. 


10. 

Value of 
Work done 
December 

31, 1906. 




Aug. 8, 1906* 




For earth excavation and refill for 42-inch diameter 
sewer, $4.60 per linear foot; for 54-inch diameter 
sewer, $5.60 per linear foot; and for 28-inch by 42- 
inch sewer, $4.20 per linear foot. Portland cement 
brick masonry, $14 per cubic yard ; Portland cement 
concrete masonry, $8 per cubic yard. Spruce piles 
driven and cut off below concrete, $0.25 per linear 
foot. Rock excavation in trench, $7 per cubic yard. 
Spruce lumber in place, $20 per M feet B.M. 


$40,148 57 


1 



South Metropolitan System. 




232 



MKTKOPOLITAN WATEB 



[Pub. Doc. 



Contracts made and tending during the Year 1906 — Sewerage Works 

— Concluded. 

Summary of Contracts. 1 



Value of Work 

done December 

31, 1900. 



North Metropolitan System, l contract, 

South Metropolitan System, 2 contracts, 



Total of 3 contracts made and pending dming the J car 1906, 



$40,148 57 
204,000 00 



$244,148 57 



i In this summary the cost of day work and contracts charged to maintenance are excluded. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 233 



Appendix No. 5. 



Financial Statement presented to the General Court on 

January 14, 1907. 

The Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board respectfully presents the 
following abstract of the account of its doings, receipts, expenditures, dis- 
bursements, assets and liabilities for the eleven months ending November 
30, 1906, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 235 of the Acts of 
the year 1906. 

Metropolitan Water Works. 

The appropriations under the Metropolitan Water Acts, the receipts 
which are added to these appropriations, the expenditures for the construc- 
tion and acquisition of works, and the balance available on December 1, 
1906, have been as follows : — 

Appropriations under Metropolitan Water Acts, .... $40,500,000 00 
Receipts from the sales of real estate, and from labor, tools and 
supplies, which are placed to the credit of the Metropolitan 
Water Loan Fund : — 
For the eleven months ending November 30, 

1906, $17,506 01 

For years previous to 1906, .... 123,765 50 

141,271 51 



,641,271 51 



Amount approved for payment by the Board, out of the Metropoli- 
tan Water Loan Fund : — • 

For the eleven months ending November 30, 

1906, $1,219,883 78 

For years previous to 1906, .... 39,044,214 23 



40,264,098 01 

Balance December 1, 1906, $377,173 50 

The amount approved by the Board for maintenance and operation of 
the Metropolitan Water Works during the eleven months ending November 
30, 1906, was $356,159.77: 



234 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 

The following receipts, from sales of water to municipalities- not belong- 
ing to the District and to water companies, have been distributed back to 
the towns and cities of the District by the Treasurer of the Commonwealth, 
as provided by section 3 of the Metropolitan Water Act : — 

For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, .... $5,575 18 
For years previous to 190G (including sums received from munici- 
palities for admission to the District), 214,290 47 



$219,865 65 



The Board has also received the following sums from rentals, land prod- 
ucts and other sources, which, according to section 18 of the Metropolitan 
Water Act, are applied by the Treasurer of the Commonwealth to the pay- 
ment of interest on the Metropolitan Water Loan, to sinking fund require- 
ments, and expenses of maintenance and operation of works : — 

For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, .... $6,667 65 

For years previous to 1906, ........ 124,164 39 



$130,832 04 
Metropolitan Sewerage Works. 

The appropriations for the construction of the Metropolitan Sewerage 
Works, the receipts which are added to the appropriations, and the expendi- 
tures for construction, are given below, as follows : — 



North Metropolitan System. 

Appropriations under the various acts, including 
those for the Revere, Belmont and Maiden exten- 
sions, $6,160,865 73 

Receipts from sales of real estate and from miscel- 
laneous sources, which are placed to the credit of 
the Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Fund : — 

Forthe eleven months ending November 30, 1906, 
For years previous to 1906, .... 17,153 40 

Amount approved for payment by the Board ' out of 
the Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Fund, North Sys- 
tem : — ' 
For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, - $39,754 65 

For years previous to 1906, .... - 6,088,830 56 



$6,178,019 13 $6,128,585 21 

Balance, North Metropolitan System, December 1, 1906, . $49,433 92 

i The -word "Board" refers to the Metropolitan Sewerage Commission and the Metropolitan 
Water and Sewerage Board. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 235 



South Metropolitan System. 
Charles River Valley Sewer. 

Appropriations under the various acts, . . . $800,046 27 
Amount approved by the Metropolitan Sewerage 

Commission for payment to December 1, 1906, . - $ 800,046 27 

Neponset Valley Sewer. 

Appropriations under the various acts, t . . . 904,000 00 
Receipts for pumping, which are placed to the credit 

of the South Metropolitan System, . . . 109 50 

Amount approved by Board for payment on account 
of the Neponset Valley Sewer : — 
For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, - 5,797 66 

For years previous to 1906, .... - 905,733 80 

High-level Sewer. 

Appropriations under the various acts, . . . $7,163,000 00 
Receipts from sales of real estate and from miscel- 
laneous sources, which are placed to the credit of 
the South Metropolitan System : — 
For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, 256 20 

For years previous to 1906, .... 6,512 77 

Amount approved by the Board for payments on 
account of the High-level Sewer : — 
For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, - 42,972 65 

For years previous to 1906 - 5,918,262 59 



$8,873,924 74 $7,672,812 97 

Balance, South Metropolitan System, December 1, 1906, . $1,201,111 77 

For the maintenance and operation of sewerage works annual appropria- 
tions are made. The balances, appropriations and expenditures for the 
eleven months ending November 30, 1906, are as follows : — 

Maintenance of North Metropolitan System. 

Balance January 1, 1906 $32,897 15 

Appropriated for the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, . 115,986 50 



$148,883 65 



Receipts from pumping and from other sources, which are returned 
to the appropriation : — 
For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, . . . 1,013 43 



$149,897 08 



Amount approved for payment by the Board : — 

For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, . . 105,880 85 



Balance December 1, 1906, $44,016 23 



236 METROPOLITAN WATER [Pub. Doc. 



Maintenance of South Metropolitan System. 

Balance January 1, 1906, $139 99 

Appropriated for the eleven months ending November 30, 1900, . 87,375 00 



$87,514 99 



Receipts from sales of property and for pumping, which are re- 
turned to the appropriation : — 
For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, ... 51 50 



$87,566f 49 



Amount approved for payment by the Board : — 

For the eleven months ending November 30, 1906, . . . 76,101 62 



Balance December 1, 1906, . .. . . - . . « . .$11,464 87 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 237 



Appendix No. 6. 



Legislation of the Year 1906 affecting the Metro- 
politan Water and Sewerage Board. 



ACTS OF 1906. 

[Chapter 153.] 

An Act making an appropriation for operating the north 
metropolitan system of sewage disposal. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. A sum not exceeding one hundred fifteen thou- North Metro- 

. politan system 

sand nine hundred eighty-six dollars and fifty cents is hereby of sewage 

° J . disposal. 

appropriated, to be paid out of the North Metropolitan Sys- 
tem Maintenance Fund, for the maintenance and operation of 
the system of sewage disposal for the cities and towns in- 
cluded in what is known as the north metropolitan system, 
during the eleven months ending on the thirtieth day of No- 
vember, nineteen hundred and six. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved March 12, 1906. 



[Chapter 154.] 

An Act making an appropriation for operating the south 
metropolitan system of sewage disposal. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. « A sum not exceeding eighty-seven thousand pontansy^tem 
three hundred and seventy-five dollars is hereby appropriated, 2i 8 p e osafi e 
to be paid out of the South Metropolitan System Maintenance 
Fund, for the cost of maintenance and operation of the south 
metropolitan system of sewage disposal, comprising a part of 
Boston, the cities of Newton and Waltham, and the towns of 
Brookline, Watertown, Dedham, Hyde Park and Milton, dur- 



238 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



ing the eleven months ending on the thirtieth day of Novem- 
ber, nineteen hundred and six. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved March 12, 1906. 



Reports of 
Metropolitan 
Water and 
Sewerage 
Board. 



[Chapter 235.] 

An Act relative to the annual reports of the metropolitan 
"water and sewerage board. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. The metropolitan water and sewerage board 
shall, on or before the third Wednesday in January in each 
year, in accordance with the provisions of 'chapter two hun- 
dred and eleven of the acts of Hhe year nineteen hundred and 
five, report to the general court an abstract of its receipts, 
expenditures, disbursements, assets and liabilities for the pre- 
ceding fiscal year, as required by said act, together with all 
recommendations for legislation which it deems desirable, and 
shall in the month of February present a more detailed state- 
ment of its doings for the calendar year next preceding, the 
same to be printed as its annual report for the year. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved April 2, 1906. 



The Metropoli- 
tan sewer to 
be extended 
in Maiden. 



Authority of 
the Metropoli- 
tan Water and 
Sewerage 
Board. 



[Chapter 319.] 

An Act to provide for an extension of the metropolitan 
sewer in the city of malden. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The metropolitan water and sewerage board 
shall extend the metropolitan sewer in Linden avenue, in the 
city of Maiden, from a point near Waverly street, through 
Linden avenue, Pleasant street and private lands, Jackson 
street and private lands, to a point in the north metropolitan 
system about five hundred feet south of Charles street, and 
shall connect the same by overflow and proper appurtenances 
with the tidal flow of the Maiden river. 

Section 2. For the purpose of constructing and maintain- 
ing this addition to the extension of the metropolitan sewers, 
the metropolitan water and sewerage board shall have and 
exercise all the authority conferred upon the metropolitan 
sewerage commissioners and their successors by chapter four 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 239 

hundred and thirty-nine of the acts of the year eighteen hun- 
dred and eighty-nine and acts in amendment thereof and in 
addition thereto, regarding the original system or anything 
relating thereto, and the provisions of said chapter and of 
such other acts are hereby made applicable to this additional 
construction unless herein otherwise provided. 

Section 3. To meet the expenses incurred under the pro- Treasurer and 

receiver sren- 

visions of this act for the construction of the sewerage work erai to issue 
recommended, the treasurer and receiver general shall, with 
the approval of the governor and council, issue from time to 
time bonds, in the name and behalf of the Commonwealth 
and under its seal, to an amount not exceeding fifty-five thou- 
sand dollars. The provisions of section twelve of said chap- 
ter four hundred and thirty-nine and of acts in amendment 
thereof and in addition thereto relative to the indebtedness 
authorized, by and incurred under that chapter, shall, so far 
as they may be applicable, apply to the indebtedness author- 
ized by this act, in the same manner as if the said provisions 
had been inserted herein, except that any premiums which 
may be realized from the-sale of said bonds shall be applied in 
the same manner in which the proceeds of the sale of such 
bonds, exclusive of the amounts received from premiums, are 
now applied. 

Section" 4. The interest and sinking fund requirements interest and 
on account of the moneys expended in constructing the ex- requirements, 
tension of the metropolitan sewer in Maiden provided for in 
this act, and the cost of maintenance thereof, shall be deemed 
a part of the interest, sinking fund requirements and costs 
provided for by section fifteen of said chapter four hundred 
and thirty-nine, and shall be apportioned, assessed and col- 
lected in the manner provided by that chapter and by acts in 
amendment thereof or in addition thereto. 

Section 5. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved April 28, 1906. 



[Chapter 337.] 

An Act relative to premiums received from the sale of met- 
ropolitan WATER LOAN BONDS. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. Premiums received from the sale of bonds Premiums 

from sale of 

issued on account of the Metropolitan Water Loan, under sec- securities to 

* t i t i • /• be paid into 

tion seventeen of chapter four hundred and eighty-eight of sinking fund. 



240 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc, 



Premiums 
from sale of 
securities to 
be paid iuto 
sinking fund. 



the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-five, and acts 
in amendment thereof and in addition thereto, shall hereafter 
be paid into the sinking fund for the extinguishment of the 
principal indebtedness. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved April 80, 1906. 



[Chapter 338.] 

An Act relative to premiums received from the sale of met- 
ropolitan SEWERAGE LOAN BONDS. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. Premiums received from the sale of scrip, cer- 
tificates of debt or bonds, issued N on account of the metropoli- 
tan sewerage works, shall hereafter be paid into the sinking 
fund for the extinguishment of the principal indebtedness. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved April 80, 1906. 



Additional 
Metropolitan 
water loan. 



[Chapter 367.] 
An Act to provide for an additional metropolitan water 

LOAN. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The treasurer and receiver general shall from 
time to time, upon the request of the metropolitan water and 
sewerage board, issue negotiable bonds in the name and behalf 
of the Commonwealth and under its seal, designated on the 
face thereof, Metropolitan Water Loan, to an amount not ex- 
ceeding five hundred thousand dollars in addition to the forty 
million dollars authorized to be issued under the provisions of 
section seventeen of chapter four hundred and eighty-eight 
of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-five, and 
of chapter four hundred and fifty-three of the acts of the 
year nineteen hundred and one; and the provisions of said 
chapter four hundred and eighty-eight and of acts in amend- 
ment thereof and in addition thereto shall apply to this addi- 
tional loan to the same extent as if the amount authorized by 
said act had been forty million five hundred thousand dollars 
instead of twenty-seven million dollars. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved May 8, 1906. 



Xo. 57.1 AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 241 



[Chapter 369.] 

An Act to establish the basis for determining the annual 

assessments upon the municipalities within the metro- 
politan sewerage districts for interest and sinking fund 
requirements and cost of maintenance and operation. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. The proportions in which each of the cities - Proportion of 

,,..,-, . , expense of the 

and towns belonging m whole or in part to the north metro- Metropolitan 

, . . sewerage sys- 

politan and south metropolitan sewerage districts, respectively, tem to be borne 

1 L ° ' l J ' by cities and 

shall annually pay money into the treasury of the Common- towns, etc. 
wealth to meet the interest and sinking fund requirements for 
each year, as estimated by the treasurer of the Commonwealth, 
and to meet any deficiency in the amount previously paid in, 
as found by said treasurer, shall be based upon the respective 
taxable valuations of the property of said cities and towns, as 
last established by the general court for the purpose of con- 
stituting a basis of apportionment for state and county taxes. 

Section 2. The proportions in which each of the cities Proportion of 
and towns belonging in whole or in part to the north metro- be 'based on 
politan and south metropolitan sewerage districts, respectively, etc. 
shall annually pay money into the treasury of the Common- 
wealth to meet the cost of maintenance and operation of the 
respective sewerage systems, as estimated by the metropolitan 
water and sewerage board and certified by the treasurer of the 
Commonwealth, and to meet any deficiency in the amount 
previously paid in, as found by said treasurer, shall be based 
upon the respective populations of said cities and towns as 
ascertained by the last preceding state or United States census. 

Section 3. If less than the whole area of any city or town Proportion 
is included in either of said metropolitan sewerage systems, city Swn is 
the valuation and population only of that part of the city or 
town which is included in either of said systems, as deter- 
mined by the metropolitan water and sewerage board, shall be 
used as a basis in determining the proportion and amount 
which it shall pay as its share of interest and sinking fund 
requirements and of the cost of maintenance and operation of 
works. 

Section 4. The metropolitan water and sewerage board Tn ,e Metep- 

1 ° politan Water 

shall annuallv, in accordance with the provisions of the fore- and Sewerage 

•'r L Board to fix 

going sections, determine for each system the proportion in tbepropor. 

I 1 U II 8 y C 10 • 

which each of the cities and towns belonging in whole or in 



242 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



l atorest and 
sinking fund 
requirements. 



Not to affect 
any decree of 
the supreme 
judicial court. 



part to such system, shall annually pay money into the treas- 
ury of the Commonwealth to meet the interest and sinking 
fund requirements and to meet the cost of maintenance and 
operation of such system, and shall transmit the determina- 
tions of the board to the treasurer of the^ Commonwea 1th. 

Section 5. The amount of money required each year from 
every Buch city or town to meet the interest and sinking fund 
requirements and cost aforesaid for that system in which it is 
included, and the deficiency, if any, shall be estimated by the 
treasurer of the Commonwealth in accordance with the pro- 
portions as determined aforesaid by the metropolitan water 
and sewerage board, and shall be included and made a part 
of the sum charged to such city or town, and shall be paid by 
the city or town into the treasury of the Commonwealth at the 
time required for the payment of its proportion of the state 
tax. 

Section 6. This act shall take effect upon its passage, 
but shall not modify or affect any decree of the supreme judi- 
cial court heretofore made. [Approved May 8, 1906. 



Sums received 
to be applied 
to cost of con- 
necting water 
pipes, etc. 



Repeal. 



[Chapter 404.] 

An Act relative to the disposition of the money- received 
from municipalities for admission to the metropolitan 
water district. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. All sums of money which shall hereafter be 
received under section three of chapter four hundred and 
eighty-eight of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and 
ninety-five, providing for a metropolitan water supply, for the 
admission of a city or town into the metropolitan water dis- 
trict, shall be applied to the payment of the cost of connecting 
such city or town with the pipes and works of the metropoli- 
tan water district, and after such cost is paid the balance shall 
be applied by the treasurer and receiver general to the sink- 
ing fund established for the payment of bonds issued on ac- 
count of the metropolitan water district. 

Section 2. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith 
are hereby repealed. 

Section 3. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved May 21, 1906. 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 243 

[Chapter 406.] 

An Act to provide for an extension of the south metro- 
politan SEWER THROUGH THE DISTRICTS OF WEST ROXBURY ; 
BROOKLINE AND BRIGHTON. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The metropolitan water and sewerage board The south 

± ° Metropolitan 

snail construct, maintain and operate as part of the south sewerage 

■*■ x system to be 

metropolitan system of sewage disposal, a sewer extending extended, etc. 
from the corner of Centre and Perkins streets in Jamaica 
Plain, through West Roxbury, Brookline and as far as Oak 
Square in Brighton, substantially as outlined in the fourth 
annual report of said board, and in part execution of the plan 
outlined in said report. 

Section 2. For the purpose of constructing and maintain- certain v powers 
ing this additional sewer, the metropolitan water and sewerage 
board shall have and exercise all the authority conferred upon 
the metropolitan sewerage commissioners and their successors 
by chapter four hundreof and twenty-four of the acts of the 
year eighteen hundred and ninety-nine and acts in amend- 
ment thereof and in addition thereto, and all the provisions 
of said chapter and other acts are hereby made applicable to 
this additional construction, unless herein otherwise provided. 

Section 3. To meet the expenses incurred under the pro- Treasurer and 
visions of this act the treasurer and receiver general shall, erai to issue 
with the approval of the governor and council, issue from time 
to time bonds in the name and behalf of the Commonwealth, 
and under its seal, to an amount not exceeding one million 
one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars. The provi- certain pro- 

J x visions of law 

sions of section fourteen of said chapter four hundred and to apply, 
twenty-four and of all acts in amendment thereof and in addi- 
tion thereto relative to the indebtedness authorized by and 
incurred under that chapter shall, so far as they may be appli- 
cable, apply to the indebtedness authorized by this act, in the 
same manner as if the said provisions had been inserted 
herein. Any premium realized on the sale of said bonds shall 
be paid into the Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Sinking Fund, 
South System. 

Section 4. The interest and sinking fund requirements Assessment 

,. p ., -, -, . , .. ,, and collection 

on account ot the moneys expended in constructing the ex- of interest, etc . 
tension of the south metropolitan sewer provided for in this 
act, and the cost and maintenance thereof shall be deemed a 



244 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



part of llu 1 interest and sinking fund requirements and costs 
provided for in said chapter four hundred and twenty-four, 
and shall be apportioned, assessed and collected in the manner 
provided by that chapter and by acts x in amendment thereof 
and in addition thereto. 

Section 5. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved May 21, 1906. 



Apportion- 
ment of cost 
to cities and 
towns in the 
Metropolitan 
water district 
to be based 
partly on 
valuation and 
partly on con- 
sumption of 
water. 



Provisos. 



[Chapter 457.] 

An Act relative to the apportionment of the annual assess- 
ments REQUIRED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF 
THE METROPOLITAN WATER SYSTEM. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

The treasurer of the Commonwealth, for the purpose of 
making the apportionment to the cities and towns in the met- 
ropolitan water district of the amount required in each year 
to pay the interest, sinking fund requirements and expenses 
of maintenance and operation of the metropolitan water sys- 
tem provided for by section nineteen of chapter four hundred 
and eighty-eight of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and 
ninety-five, as amended by chapter four hundred and eighty- 
nine of the acts of the year nineteen hundred and one, shall, 
in the year nineteen hundred and seven, and in each year 
thereafter, apportion such amount to the cities and towns in 
said district, one third in proportion to their respective valua- 
tions for the preceding year and the remaining two thirds in 
proportion to the consumption by the cities and towns, respec- 
tively, in the preceding year, of water received from all sources 
of supply as determined by the metropolitan water and sewer- 
age board, and certified to said treasurer: provided, however, 
that there shall be included in reckoning such proportion only 
one fifth of the total valuation, and nothing for consumption 
of water, for any city or town which has not reached the safe 
capacity of its present sources of supply or of the sources of 
supply of the water company by which it is supplied, deter- 
mined as aforesaid, or which has not made application to said 
board for water ; and provided, further, that any city or town 
assessed upon its full valuation which obtains a part of its 
water supply from its own works or receives a supply from a 
water company shall be allowed and credited in its apportion- 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 245 

ment with a sum equal to twelve dollars for each million gal- 
lons of water furnished as aforesaid, as determined by said 
board and certified to said treasurer. The treasurer shall an- 
nually notify each city and town of the amount of its assess- 
ment, and the same shall be paid by the city or town into the 
treasury of the Commonwealth at the time required for the 
payment of and as part of its state tax. [Approved June 6> 
1906. 



[Chapter 498.] 

An Act to make effective the award of the committee ap- 
pointed BY THE GOVERNOR TO DETERMINE THE DAMAGES CAUSED 
TO THE TOWN OF CLINTON BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE METRO- 
POLITAN WATER SYSTEM. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : » 

Section 1. The treasurer of the Commonwealth shall pay a certain sum 
to the town of Clinton as a part of the expense of the metro- town of cunton 
politan water system, -the sum of sixty-four thousand nine construction 
hundred and eighty-eight dollars on or before the fifteenth poiitan water 

svstem 

day of November in the year nineteen hundred and six. 

Section 2. All property held by the metropolitan water Taxation, 
and sewerage board, or its successors, in the town of Clinton, 
outside of the dam and dike, used in the generation or sale of 
electricity for power or for manufacturing purposes, shall be 
subject to taxation. The provisions for the assessment and 
collection of taxes contained in chapters twelve and thirteen 
of the Revised Laws shall apply to such property. 

Section 3. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent here- Repeal. 
with are hereby repealed. 

Section 4. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved June 18, 1906. 



[Chapter 500.] 

An Act to provide for improvements and additions at certain 

state institutions. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. To provide funds for the construction prisons and 

i i j. , • it • j.'x x- i • so. hospitals loan. 

or enlargement ot certain public institutions hereinafter 
named, . . . 



246 



METROPOLITAN WATER 



[Pub. Doc. 



Trustees ol the 
Westborough 
Insane ho 
plUl. 



Proviso. 



Section 2. From the aforesaid loan expenditures may be 
made as follows: — 

By the trustees of the Westborough insane hospital, a sum 
ttol exceeding forty thousand dollars, for the following pur- 
poses : — For constructing and furnishing buildings for tuber- 
culous patients, a sum not exceeding five thousand dollars, 
and for obtaining and installing a new water supply, a sum 
not exceeding thirty-five thousand dollars; and the said trus- 
tees and the metropolitan water and sewerage board are au- 
thorized to arrange for taking water from the metropolitan 
aqueduct, so-called, near the said hospital, upon such terms as 
the said trustees and the said board may establish: provided, 
however, that the rate to be charged for the water used there- 
from for the said hospital shall not exceed thirty dollars per 
million gallons. 



Section 3. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved June 20, 1906. 



Eight hours to 
constitute a 
day's work 
for public 
employees, etc. 



Contracts to 
contain a cer- 
tain stipula- 
tion, etc. 



[Chapter 517.] 

An Act to constitute eight hours a maximum day's work 

for public employees. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. Eight hours shall constitute a day's work for 
all laborers, workmen and mechanics now or hereafter em- 
ployed, by or on behalf of the Commonwealth, or of any county 
therein, or of any city or town which has accepted the provi- 
sions of section twenty of chapter one hundred and six of the 
Revised Laws; but in cases where a Saturday half -holiday is 
given the hours of labor upon the other working days of the 
week may be increased sufficiently to make a total of forty- 
eight hours for the week's work. 

Section 2. Every contract, excluding contracts for the pur- 
chase of material or supplies, to which the Commonwealth, or 
of any county therein, or of any city or town which has ac- 
cepted the provisions of section twenty of chapter one hundred 
and six of the Revised Laws, is a party which may involve the 
employment of laborers, workmen or mechanics shall contain 
a stipulation that no laborer, workman or mechanic in the 
employ of the contractor, sub-contractor or other person doing 



No. 57.] AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 247 

or contracting to do the whole or a part of the work contem- 
plated by the contract shall be required to work more than 
eight hours in any one calendar day. 

Section 3. This act shall apply to all laborers., workmen to whom the 

? -, . act shall apply . 

or mechanics engaged upon any works which are or are in- 
tended to be the property of the Commonwealth, or of any 
county therein, or of any city or town which has accepted the 
provisions of section twenty of chapter one hundred and six 
of the Revised Laws, whether such laborers,, workmen or me- 
chanics are employed by public authority or by a contractor 
or other private person. 

Section 4. Any agent or official of the Commonwealth or Penalty, 
of any county, city or town who violates any provision of this 
act shall be subject to a penalty of fifty dollars for each 
offence. 

Section 5. The provisions of this act shall not apply to or Not t© apply 
affect contractors or sub-contractors for work, contracts for persons, 
which were entered into prior to the passage of this act. 

Section 6. So much of any act as is inconsistent herewith Repeal, 
is hereby repealed. 

Section 7. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved June 22, 1906. 



[Chapter 530.] 

An Act to authorize the metropolitan water and sewerage 
board to sell certain property for the relocation of a 
public way in the town of framingham. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The metropolitan water and sewerage board Property held 

r & . by the Corn- 

may, in its discretion sell, lease or exchange by public or pri- monweaithin 

vate sale anv propertv of the Commonwealth held and used Framingham 

J ± x J # m may be sold, 

for water supply purposes, situated in the town of Framing- etc. 
ham, southerly of and abutting on or adjacent to the Boston 
and Worcester turnpike, so-called, whether taken by the Com- 
monwealth by eminent domain or otherwise, if such property 
is deemed necessary for the alteration, relocation or widening 
of any public way upon which said property abuts, and is not 
deemed necessary by said board for public purposes. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved June 27, 1906. 



248 



METROPOLITAN WATKR 



[Pub. Doc. 



Certain sums 
to be paid 
annually to 
the town of 
Bolden, etc 



Proviso. 



Words " real 
estate" de- 
fined. 



[Chapter 533.] 

A\ A.CT TO PROVIDE FOB CERTAIN ANNUAL PAYMENTS TO THE TOWN 
OF 1 1 OLDEN ON ACCOUNT OF THE CONSTRUCTION OP THE .METRO- 
POLITAN WATER SYSTEM. 

He it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. The treasurer of the Commonwealth shall pay 
annually, as a part of the expenses of the metropolitan water 
system, on or before the thirty-first day of December, to the 
town of Holden an amount equal to the average assessment 
made by the assessors of said town for the three years pre- 
ceding the purchase of said property by the Commonwealth 
on all real estate taken or-.acquired and held by the Common- 
wealth as a part of the metropolitan water system, on the first 
day of May. in each year, such payment to be in place of taxes, 
and any other payments required by law on such property: 
provided, that, if any buildings standing on land taken or 
acquired and held by the Commonwealth, as aforesaid, are 
removed and remain in said town, the value of such buildings, 
as newly located, shall be deducted by the assessors from the 
said amount. The words "real estate" as used in this sec- 
tion shall include water rights, and in the case of mills, all 
machinery therein. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved June 29, 1906. 



Appropria- 
tions. 



[Chapter 536.] 

An Act in addition to the several acts making appropria- 
tions FOR SUNDRY AND MISCELLANEOUS EXPENSES AUTHORIZED 
DURING THE PRESENT YEAR. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The sums hereinafter mentioned are appropri- 
ated, to be paid out of the treasury of the Commonwealth from 
the ordinary revenue, except as otherwise provided herein, for 
the purposes specified in certain acts and resolves of the pres- 
ent year, and for certain other expenses authorized by law, to 
wit: — 



Town of 
Clinton. 



For the town of Clinton, being an award for damages caused 
by the construction of the metropolitan water system, as pro- 



No. 57.} AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 249 

vided for by chapter -four hundred and ninety-eight of the acts 
of the present year, the sum of sixty-four thousand nine hun- 
dred and eighty-eight dollars, to be paid out of the Metro- 
politan Water Maintenance Fund on or before the fifteenth 
day of November of the present year; said sum to be assessed 
on the metropolitan water district by the treasurer and re- 
ceiver general during the present year. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 
[Approved June 29, 1906. 



Index to Legislation of the Year 1906 



AFFECTING THE 



METROPOLITAN WATER AND SEWERAGE BOARD. 



A. 

AGREEMENT. Chap. Sect. 

Westborough Insane Hospital, with Board, as to water supply, . . . 500 2 

ANNUAL REPORT. 

time for filing, etc., of, 235 1 

APPROPRIATIONS. 

award to Clinton, for, 498 1 

North Metropolitan System of sewage disposal, for maintenance of, . . 153 1 

South Metropolitan System of sewage disposal, for maintenance of, . . 154 1 

ASSESSMENTS. 

apportionment of, to cities and towns, sewer, . 369 

apportionment of, to cities and towns, water, 457 



B. 

BRIGHTON. 

extension of South Metropolitan Sewer in, 406 1 

BROOKLINE. 

extension of South Metropolitan Sewer in, 406 1 



C. 

CITIES AND TOWNS. 

money paid by, for admission to Metropolitan Water District, to be applied 
to payment of costs of connecting pipes, etc., 404 1 

CLINTON. 

damages to, treasurer to pay, on account water works, 498 1 

appropriation for, how assessed, etc., 536 1 

property in, held by Board, subject to taxation, when, 498 2 

CONTRACTS. 

affecting labor, to contain eight-hour provision 517 2 



E. 

ELECTRICITY. 

production of, property used in Clinton, to be taxed, 498 2 

EMPLOYEES. 

public, eight hours to be a maximum day's work for, 517 1 



252 INDKX. 



F. 

FRAMINGHAM. Chap. Sect. 

land in. Hoard may sell, etc., for highway purposes 530 1 



H. \ 

HOLDEN. 

town of, to provide for certain payments to, on account of construction of 

Metropolitan Water System, in lieu of taxes, 533 1 



L. 

LABOR. 

hours of, for public employees, 517 1 

LAND. 

Board may sell, etc., in Framingham, 530 1 



M. . . 

MALDEN. 

extension of North Metropolitan Sewer in, - ... . . . 319 1 

METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE SYSTEM. 

basis of determining annual assessments for, 369 

see North Metropolitan System and South Metropolitan System. 

METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE LOAN. 

bonds, issue of, for extension in Maiden, . . . . . , . 319 3 

bonds, issue of, for extension in West Roxbury, etc., 406 3 

bonds, premiums from the sale of, relative to, 338 1 

METROPOLITAN WATER DISTRICT. 

disposition of money received from municipalities for admission to, . . 4.04 1 

METROPOLITAN WATER LOAN. 

to provide for an additional, 367 1 

bonds, premiums from sale of, relative to, . 337 1 

METROPOLITAN WATER SYSTEM. 

apportionment of annual assessments for construction of, ... . 457 
relative to damages to town of Clinton caused by construction of, . . . 498 1 
to provide for certain payments to town of Holden on account of construc- 
tion of, 533 1 



N. 

NORTH METROPOLITAN SYSTEM OF SEWAGE DISPOSAL. 

appropriation for operation, etc., of, 153 1 

extension of, in Maiden, 319 1 



P. 

PREMIUMS. 

from sale of Metropolitan Sewerage Loan Bonds, disposition of, . . . 338 1 
from sale of Metropolitan Water Loan Bonds, disposition of, . . . . 337 1 

R. 

REPORTS. 

see Annual Report. 



INDEX. 253 



s. 



SOUTH METROPOLITAN SYSTEM OF SEWAGE DISPOSAL. Chap. Sect. 

appropriation for operation of, . . . 154 1 

extension of, in West Roxbury, Brookline and Brighton, .... 406 1 



T. 

TAXES. 

Clinton property held by Board, liable for, when, 498 2 

payments in lieu of, to Holden, . 533 1 



W. 

WESTBOROUGH INSANE HOSPITAL. 

water supply of, to obtain from Board, . 500 2 

WEST ROXBURY. 

extension of South Metropolitan Sewer in, 406 1